Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

3 parārthānumānam

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2007
  • Proof Reader:
    Miroj Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
Parallel Devanāgarī version

3 परार्थानुमानम्

parārthānumānam

parārthānumānalakṣaṇam

trirupaliṅgākhyānaṃ parārthānumānam | anvayavyatirekapakṣadharmatāsaṃjñakāni trīṇi rupāṇi, yena vacanena prakhyāpyante tadvacanamupacārādanumānaśabdenocyate||

tasya dvaividhyam

tad dvividham sādharmyavadvaidharmyavacca | sādhyadharmidṛṣṭāntadhamiṇorhetu sattākṛtaṃ sādṛśyaṃ sādharmyam | tadyasyāsti tat sādharmyavat sādhanavākyam | sādhyadharmidṛṣṭāntadharmiṇorhetusattākṛtaṃ vaisādṛśyaṃ vaidharmyam | tadyasyāsti tadvaidharmyavata sādhanavākyam |

svabhāvahetossādharmyavatprayoganirupaṇam , saṃskṛtasya sarvasya kṣaṇika tvasamarthanaṃ ca

tatra svabhāvahetoḥ sādharmyavantaṃ prayogaṃ darśayituṃ sautrāntikamatamāśritya bhagavatā yaduktaṃ -

'saṃskṛtaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ sarvaṃ ' iti|

tad vyutpādyate | sametya sambhūya hetupratyayaiḥ kṛtaṃ vastujātaṃ saṃskṛtam| kṣaṇikamiti utpattikṣaṇa eva sattvāt |

sarvasaṃkṛtavināśanirupaṇam



' sarvaṃ tāvat ghaṭādikaṃ vastu mudgarādisannidhau nāśaṃ gacchat dṛśyate | tatra yena svarupeṇa antyāvasthāyāṃ ghaṭādikaṃ vinaśyati taccet svarupamutpannamātrasya vidyate tadānīmutpādānantarameva tena vinaṣṭavyamiti vyaktamasya kṣaṇikatvam |'

athedṛśa eva svabhāvastasya svahetorjātaḥ , yat kiyantaṃ kālaṃ sthitvā vinaśyatīti |



' evaṃ tarhi mudgarādisannidhāne ca eṣa eva asya svabhava iti punarapyanena tāvantameva kālaṃ sthātavyam , punarapyevamiti naiva vinaśyediti | tasmāt kṣaṇadvayasthāyitvenāpyutpattau prathamakṣaṇavad dvitīyakṣaṇe'pi kṣaṇadvayasthāyitvāt punaraparaṃ kṣaṇadvayamavatiṣṭheta | evaṃ tṛtīye'pi kṣaṇe tatsvabhāvatvānnaiva vinaśyatīti |'



syādetat , sthāvarameva tadvastu svahetorjātam , balena virodhakena mudgarādinā vināśyata iti ? tadasat , kathaṃ punaretadyujyate, na ca tadvinaśyati sthāvaratvāt , vināśaśca tasya virodhina balena kriyata iti ? na hyetatsambhavati jīvati devadatto maraṇaṃ cāsya bhavatīti |



atha vinaśyati , kathaṃ tarhyavinaśvaraṃ tadvastu svahetorjātam ? na hi mriyate cāmaraṇadharmā ceti yujyate vaktum | tasmādanaśvaratve kadācidapi naśāyogāt , dṛṣṭatvācca nāśasya , naśvarameva tadvastu svahetorupajāta ityaṅgīkurmaḥ | tasmādutpannamātrameva vinaśyati | tatha ca kṣaṇakṣayitvaṃ sidhdaṃ bhavati | prayogaḥ punarevaṃ kartavyaḥ - yadyat vinaśvarasvarupaṃ tattadanantarānavasthāyi yathā antyakṣaṇavartighaṭasya svarupam | vinaśvararupaṃ ca rupādikamudayakāla iti svabhāvahetuḥ |

nirviśeṣaṇasvabhāvahetoḥ prayogaḥ

yadi kṣaṇakṣayiṇo bhāvāḥ, kathaṃ tarhi sa evāyamiti pratyabhijñānaṃ syāt ? ucyate - nirantarasadṛśāparāparotpādādavidyānubandhācca pūrvakṣaṇavināśakāla eva tatsadṛśaṃ kṣaṇāntaramudayate | tenākāreṇa vailakṣaṇyasyābhāvād bhāvena cāvyavadhānāt bhede'pi sa evāyamityabhedādhyavasāyapratyayaḥ pṛthagjanānāṃ prasūyate | atyantabhinneṣvapi ca lūnapunarjātakuśakeśādiṣvapi dṛṣṭa eva sa evāyamiti pratyayaḥ | tathehāpi kiṃ na sambhāvyate? tasmātsarva saṃskṛtaṃ kṣaṇikamiti sidhdamevaitat nirviśeṣaṇasya svabhāvahetorayaṃ prayoga iti ||

tathā'paro'pi nirviśeṣaṇaprayogaḥ - yatsat tatsarvamanityaṃ , yathā ghaṭaḥ | santaścāmī pramāṇapratītāḥ | tathā'paro'pi vedasya pauruṣayatvasādhanāya svabhāvahetuḥ| yadvākyaṃ tatpauruṣeyaṃ , yathā rathyāpuruṣa vākyam | vākyaṃ cedam -



'agnihotraṃ juhuyātsvargakāma' iti|

saviśeṣaṇasvabhāvahetoḥ prayogaḥ

saviśeṣaṇaprayogo yathā - yadyadutpattimat tatsarvamanityaṃ , yathā ghaṭaḥ | utpattimāṃśca śabdaḥ | anutpannebhyo vyāvṛtto bhāva utpanna ucyate | yadā saiva vyāvṛttirvyāvṛttyantaravyavacchedena vyatiriktocyate bhāvasyotpattiriti tadā kalpitena bhedena svabhāvabhūtadharmeṇa viśiṣṭaḥ svabhāvo hetuḥ |

bhinnaviśeṣaṇasvabhāvahetoḥ prayogaḥ



tathā bhinnaviśeṣaṇasya prayogaḥ - yatkṛtakaṃ tadanityaṃ yathā ghaṭaḥ, kṛtakaśca śabdaḥ |

nanu citraguriti bhinnaviśeṣaṇasya prayogaḥ , yathā cātra citragośabde bhinnaviśeṣaṇavācako'sti na tathā kṛtakaśabde bhinnaviśeṣaṇavācakaṃ kimapyasti | tatkathaṃ bhinnaviśeṣaṇasyodāharaṇamiti ced ? ucyate - apekṣitaparavyāpāro hi svabhāvaniṣpattau bhāvaḥ kṛtakaḥ ityucyate | tatraḥ kṛtakaśabdaḥ paravyāpārasāpekṣaṃ svabhābaṃ prakṛtyaiva vadan bhinnaviśeṣaṇamevāha ||

prayuktabhinnaviśeṣaṇasvabhāvahetoḥ prayogaḥ

prayuktabhinnaviśeṣaṇasya svabhāvasya prayogaḥ - yaḥ pratyayabhedabhedī sa kṛtakaḥ , yathā dhūmaḥ , pratyayabhedabhedī ca śabdaḥ | pratyayaḥ kāraṇaṃ , tasya bhedastena bhettuṃ śīlaṃ yasya sa pratyayabhedabhedī | kāraṇamahattvena mahattvaṃ kāraṇālpatvenālpatvaṃ yasyetyarthaḥ pratyayabhedabhediśabdasya bhinnaviśeṣaṇavācakasyātra prayuktatvāt prayuktabhinnaviśeṣaṇo'yam | svabhāvahetoḥ nānāprabhedadarśanaṃ ca vyāmohanivṛttaye dharmabhedakalpanayāpi svabhāvahetureva prayujyata iti pratipādayitum |

svabhāvahetorvaidharmyavatprayoganirupaṇam



svabhāvahetorvaidharmyavān prayogo yathā - yadyadā'nantarānavasthāyi na bhavati na tattadā vinaśvararupaṃ, yathā''kāśam | vinaśvararupaṃ ca rupādikamudayakāle | vyatirekaprayoge sādhanābhāvena sādhyābhāvasya vyāptatvāt sādhyābhāvaḥ sādhanābhāve niyato bhavatīti bodhdavyam | tathā'paro'pi vaidharmyavān prayogaḥ - yatra kṣaṇikatvaṃ nāsti tatra sattvamapi nāsti, yathā gaganāravinde | saṃśca śabdaḥ | tathā yatrānityatvaṃ nivṛttaṃ tatrotpattimattvamapi, yathā kūrmaromṇi | utpattimāṃśca śabdaḥ | yatrānityatvaṃ nivṛttaṃ tatra kṛtakamapi, yathā śaśaśriṅge| kṛtakaśca śabdaḥ | yatra kṛtakatvaṃ nāsti tatra pratyayabhedabheditvamapi nāsti, yathā gagane | pratyayabhedabhedī ca śabda iti||



kāryahetoḥ sādharmyavadvaidharmyavatprayoganirupaṇam







kāryahetoḥ sādharmyavān prayogo yathā - yatra yatra dhūmastatra tatrāgniḥ, yathā mahānase , dhūmaścātra| kāryaheturapi pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāṃ sidhda eva kāryakāraṇabhāve sati kāraṇe sādhye prayoktavyaḥ | vaidharmyaprayogo yathā asatyagnau na bhavatyeva dhūmaḥ yathā - mahāhrade| asti ceha dhūma iti|

anupalabdhessādharmyavad prayogaḥ

anupalabdheḥ sādharmyavan prayogo'vayavinirākaraṇāya yathā - yadyatropalavdhilakṣaṇaprāptaṃ sannopalabhyate tattatrāsadvyavahārayogyam , yathā naraśirasi śṛṅgam | nopalabhyate cātropalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptaḥ parābhimato'vayavī ghaṭaśabdavācyeṣu kapāleṣu|

vaidharmyavatprayoganirupaṇam

anupalabdhervaidharmyavān prayogo yathā - yatsadupalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptaṃ tadupalabhyata eva, yathā nīlādiviśeṣaḥ | neha upalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptasya sata upalabdhirghaṭasyeti|

sādhyasādhanayorvyāptiḥ

sarvatra sādharmyavati sādhanavākye sādhyena sādhanaṃ vyāptam | baidharmyavati [punaḥ] sādhanavākye sādhanābhāvena sādhyābhāvo vyāpta iti pratipattavyam| sādhanasya ca sādhye

niyatatvakathanaṃ sādhyābhāvasya sādhanābhāve niyatatvakathanaṃ nāma vyāptirabhidhīyate | tataḥ pramāṇena vyāptisidhdau satyāṃ nedaṃ kvāpi śaṅkanīyaṃ sādhanaṃ ca syāta, sādhyaṃ ca tatra dharmiṇi na syāditi |

parāṅgīkṛteśvarasādhakānumānasya nirasanam

yatra pramāṇena sarvopasaṃhāravatī vyāptireva na sidhdā , tatra śaṅkāprasaro'nivāryaḥ | yatheśvarasidhdau kāryatvānumāne | tathā hi teṣāṃ sādhanopanyāsaḥ | ihānyaḥ sarvajño bhagavān bhavatu vā mā bhūt , īśvaraḥ punassarvajñaḥ śakyate sādhayitum | tathā hi , loke trayaḥ khalu bhāvāḥ kecinniścitakartṛkāḥ , yathā ghaṭādayaḥ | kecinniścita- kartṛnivṛttayaḥ , yathā vyomādayaḥ | anye punaḥ sandigdhakartṛkāḥ , yathā kṣityādayaḥ | na punaretebhyo'nyaḥ prakāro'sti | tatra ye dṛśyamānotpattayo vanaspatyādayo ye ca cirotpannā viśvambharādayaḥ te sarve sandigdhakartṛtvena vyavatiṣṭhamānā budhdimatkartṛkāḥ kāryatvāt , ghaṭādivat | nāyamasidhdo hetuḥ , kāryatvasya sarvoṣāṃ pramāṇasidhdatvāt | nāpi virudhdaḥ , sapakṣe bhāvāt | na cānaikāntaḥ , sādhyaviparyaye bādhakapramāṇasadbhāvāt | tathāhi - kārya tāvat budhdimataḥ kumbhakārādupajāyamānaṃ bhūyodarśanasahāyena mānasa pratyakṣeṇopalabdham |



tadyadi budhdimantareṇāpi syāt tadānīṃ budhdimataḥ sakāśātkadācidapi nopajāyeta | kāraṇābhāve kāryasya sakṛdapyutpādāyogāt | tasmānnedaṃ kvāpi śaṅkanīyaṃ kāryaṃ ca syāt na budhdimaddhetukamiti | atredamabhidhīte - sādhanaṃ khalu sarvatra sādhyasādhanayoḥ sarvopasaṃhareṇa pramāṇena vyāptau sidhdāyāṃ sādhyaṃ gamayediti sarvavādisammatam | tatra yadi dṛsyaśarīraviśiṣṭena budhdimatā vyāptirgṛhyate tadā tathābhūtasādhyamantareṇāpi jāyamāne tṛṇādau kāryatvasya darśanāt prameyatvādivat sādhāraṇānaikāntiko'yaṃ hetuḥ | tṛṇādayaḥ pakṣīkṛtā ityapi na vaktavyam | na hi vyabhicāraviṣaya eva pakṣo bhavitumarhati-

'sandigdhe hetuvacanāt vyasto hetoranāśraya' iti nyāyāt |

athāśakyārohaṇe'pi parvate dahanamantareṇa ca dhūmadarśanāt , evaṃ dhūme'pi vyabhicāro vaktuṃ sulabha eva? tanna | aśakyārohaṇatvena parvate dahanasya draṣṭumaśakyatvāt yuktaṃ tatra sandigdhaviṣayatvam | prastute tu dṛśyaśarīraviśiṣṭena budhdimatā vyāptau gṛhyamāṇāyāṃ dṛśyānupalambhena budhdimato bādho bhavatīti yuktam | atha dṛśyaśarīreṇa budhdimanmātreṇa vā vyāptiravagamyate tadā adṛśyasya budhdimanmātrasya vā sādhyasya dṛśyānupalambhena vyatirekāsidhdeḥ sandigdhavipakṣavyāvṛttiko'yaṃ hetuḥ |

sādhyābhāvaprayuktasya sādhānābhāvasya [kāśadāva] sidhdatvena vyāpterabhāvāt tathā coktam jñānaśrīmitrapādaiḥ |

kāryatvasya vipakṣavṛttihataye sambhāvyate'tīndriyaḥ |

kartā cedvayatirekasidhdividhurā vyāptiḥ kathaṃ sidhyati ||

dṛśyo'tha vyatirekasidhdimanasā kartā samāśrīyate |

tattyogo'pi tadā tṛṇādikamiti vyaktaṃ vipakṣekṣaṇam ||

trilocanābhyupagatasya vahnidhūmayoḥ svābhāvavika sambandhavādasya nirasanam

yacca trilocanenoktam-

'yathā svābhāvikaḥ sambandho dhūmādīnāṃ vahnayādibhissaha tathā

kāryatvasya budhdimatā sārdham , tadupādheranupalabhyamānatvāt ,

kvacidvyabhicārasyādarśanāt ' iti|



tanna yuktam | yato'rthāntaraṃ kiñcidapekṣaṇīyamupādhiśabdenābhidhīyate | na cārthāntaramavaśyaṃ dṛśyaṃ syāt | adṛśyamapi deśakālasvabhāvaviprakṛsṭam sambhāvyate | ato dhūmasya dahanena saha sambandhe bhaviṣyatyupādhiḥ | na copalabhyata iti kathamadarśanamātreṇa nāstyevetyucyate | yadapyuktaṃ vyabhicārasyādarśanāditi sādhanaṃ , tadapi sandigdhāsidhdam | pratyayāntaravaikalyenāhatya vyabhicārasyādarśane'pi sarvatra niṣeddhumaśakyatvāt | na caitāvatā prāmaṇikalokayātrātikramaḥ | prāmāṇikaireva sādhakabādhakapramāṇābhāve saṃśayasya vihitatvāt | na ca caivaṃ saṃśayena sarvatrapravṛttiprasaṅgaḥ , pramāṇādarthasandehācca pravṛtterupapatteḥ | yadapyuktam -

'yathā'nyatvāviśeṣe'pi baudhdānāṃ kiñcideva vastu kāryaṃ syāt ,

kiñcideva kāraṇaṃ , na sarva, tathā mamāpyanyatvāviśeṣe'pi kiñcideva

dhūmādikaṃ vastu svābhāvika sambandhena sambadhdaṃ na sarvam' iti |



tanna yuktam |yathā dhūmākhyaṃ vastu dahanāyattamiti pramāṇasidhdiṃ tathā kiṃ svābhāvikasambandho'pi pramāṇasidhdaḥ , yenaivamucyate ? kiñca svābhāvikasambandha iti ko'rthaḥ ? kiṃ svato bhūtaḥ , svahetorvā bhūtaḥ ahetuko vā iti trayo vikalpāḥ | tatra na tāvadādyaḥ pakṣaḥ, svātmani kriyāvirodhāt | nāpi dvitīyaḥ , tadutpattisambandhasvīkāraprasaṅgāt | athāhetukaḥ , tadā deśakālasvabhāvaniyamābhāvādatīvāsaṅgataḥ svābhāvikasambandhavādaḥ |



kiñca sādharmyeṇa vaidharmyeṇa vā dṛṣṭāntamātramastīti na vyāptisidhdiḥ | yadṛcchayā militayorapi karabhagadarbhayostathābhāvaprasaṅgāt | tasmānnidarśanaṃ nāma [ dṛṣṭānta ucyate | sa ca ] gṛhītavismṛtapratibandhasādhaka pramāṇasmaraṇadvāreṇaiva hetāvupayujyate , na svasannidhimātreṇa | tathāhi -na tāvadākāśe sādhyābhāvena sadhanābhāvaḥ pratīyate | ākāśe hi yathā budhdimatkāraṇanivṛttistathā acetanasyāpi kāraṇasya nivṛttirnāstyeva | tatkasyābhāvaprayuktakāryatvābhāvaḥ pratīyatāṃ , yena sādhyābhāvaprayuktasādhanābhāva vyatirekaḥ sidhyatīti | nāpi ghaṭe kāryatvasya budhdimadanvayadarśanādākāśe'pi budhdimadabhāvādeva kāryatvābhāvo vaktuṃ yujyate, yasmādanayostādātmyaṃ tadutpattiranyo vā svābhāvikādisambandhaḥ pūrvapramāṇena na prasādhitaḥ syādityuktam|

adarśanamātreṇa vyatireko'sidhdaḥ

kiñcādarśanamātrena vyatireko na sidhyati | tathā hi , vipakṣe heturnopalabhyata ityanena tadupalambhakapramāṇa nivṛttirucyate| pramāṇaṃ ca prameyasya kāryam , ' nākāraṇaṃ viṣaya ' iti nyāyāt | na ca kāryanivṛttau kāraṇanivṛttiryujyate , nirdhūmasyāpi vahnerbhānāt | yadi punaḥ pramāṇasattayā prameyasattā vyāptā syāt , tadā yuktamevaitat | kevalamiyameva vyāptirasambhāvinī , sarvasya sarvadarśitvaprasaṅgāt | tasmānnādarśanamātreṇa vyatirekaḥ sidhyati |yathoktam -

'sarvā'dṛṣṭiśca sandigdhā svā'dṛṣṭirvyabhicāriṇī |

bhūjalāntargatasyāpi bījasyāsattvadarśanāt ||' iti ||

vācaspatimatanirasanam

yadapi vācaspatirāha -

' viśeṣasmṛtyapekṣa eva saṃśayo bhavati tato yathādarśanameva śaṅkitumucitam ' iti |

atrocyate - nāyaṃ nyāyaḥ sārvatrikaḥ | tathā cābhyupagamyāpi brūmaḥ | tathā hi - [ kāryatvadhūmatvayoḥ ] tādātmyatadutpattisambandha viyogitvena sādhāraṇena dharmeṇa prameyatvadhūmatvakāryatvādīnāṃ tanmatenāpi sajātīyatvam | tatra prameyatvasyavyabhicāradarśanamevānyatrāpi śaṅkāmupasthāpayatīti yathādarśanamevedamāśaṅkitam | ataḥ sandigdhavipakṣavyāvṛttikatvaṃ nāma hetudūṣaṇaṃ durvārameva | etacca saddūṣaṇameva | ato yadanenoktam - ' nāyaṃ hetudoṣaḥ , ato na parihartavyaḥ, tasya copanyāso'doṣodbhāvanaṃ nāma nigrahasthānam ' iti | tadidānīṃ svamatenaivānena vādinā niranuyojyānuyogalakṣaṇena nigrahasthānenātmā bādhita ityupekṣaṇiyo'yaṃ devānāṃ priyaḥ ||



īśvarasādhakānumāne anupapattiḥ

nanu yadi dṛśyāgnidhūmasāmānyayoriva dṛśyātmanoreva kāryakāraṇasāmānyayoḥ pratyakṣānulambhato vyāptistadā santānāntarānumānaṃ na syāt , paracittasyādṛśyātmakatayā vyāptigrahaṇakāle'nantarbhāvāditi cet ? na | svasaṃvedanaṃ hi tatra vyāptigrāhakam | svasaṃvedanamātrāpekṣayā paricittasyāpi dṛśyatvāt | na caivaṃ vyāvahārikendriyapratyakṣamātrabudhdimanmātraṃ jaṭharacitrasādhāraṇaṃ vahnimātraṃ vā gocaro yujyate , yenāsyāpi dṛśyatā syāt | tasmāt dṛśyenaiva vahninā dhūmasya pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāṃ vyāptiriti nyāyaḥ ||

kiñca yadi budhdimanmātrapūrvakatvamanena sādhyate , tadā sidhdasādhanatādūṣaṇaṃ sādhanasya | atha eko nityaḥ sarvajña ityādiviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭabudhdimatpūrvakatvaṃ sādhyate , tadā evaṃ viśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭena sādhyena saha kāryatvasya sādhanasya dṛṣṭāntadharmiṇi pramāṇena vyāpterasidhderanaikāntikatvam | atha sāmānyena vyāptimādāya viśeṣasya pakṣadharmatābalāt sidhdirucyate ? tanna yuktam | yena sādhyagatena viśeṣaṇena vinā hetorvṛttirdharmiṇi na ghaṭate, tasya viśeṣasya pakṣadharmabalādyuktā sidhdiḥ | yathā dhūmāt parvatadeśavṛttitvasya dahanadharmasya , na tu tārṇatvādīnāṃ viśeṣāṇām | tārṇatāmantareṇāpi parvate dhūmadarśanāt | tadvad budhdimato'pi śarīrādivṛttitvaṃ yadi sidhyati, siddhyatu| na punaratyantavilakṣaṇaṃ sarvajñatvam | asarvajñatve'pi kāryatvasya sambhavāt | upādānādyabhijñatvādapi na sarvajñatvasidhdiḥ , ekatvasidhdau sidhtyetat | na caikatvaṃ sidhdam | anekakartṛpūrvakatve'pi kāryatvasya sambhavāt | yathā'nekakīṭikāniṣpāditaḥ śakramūrdhā | atha śakramūrdhno'pīśvarapūrvakatvaṃ sādhyaṃ , tarhi ghaṭasyāpīśvarapūrvakatvasidhdau kuto dṛṣṭāntatvam ? atha kumbhakārasya kartṛtvaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ kathamapākriyate ? kīṭakādīnāṃ ca hetutvaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ tadapi kathaṃ vāryate ? nāpi bahūnāṃ kāraṇatve vipratipattisambhāvanā , dṛṣṭatvādeveti | tasmāt sādhyasādhanayoḥ sarvopasaṃhāravatī vyāptirdṛṣṭāntadharmiṇi pramāṇenāvaśyaṃ darśayitavyeti sthitam | kiñca nityaikasarvajñe budhdimati sādhye virudhdo'pyeṣaḥ | anityānekāsarvajñena budhdimatā vyāptatvāt kāryatvasya | tathā hi , sādhyaviparyayasādhanādiha virudhda ucyate | ayaṃ ca sādhyaviparītaṃ sādhyatītyāstāṃ tāvat prastāvāyāteśvaradūṣaṇodbhāvanānibandhakaraṇam ||



sādharmyavaidharmyaprayogeṣu trairupyāsiddhyāśaṃṅkā tannirasanañca



nanu sādharmyavati sādhanavākye anvaya evoktaḥ na tu vyatirekaḥ | vaidharmyavati ca vyatireka evoktaḥ , na tvanvayaḥ | tatkathamābhyāṃ trirupaṃ liṅgaṃ kathyata iti cet , naiṣa doṣaḥ | yasmāt sādharmyavati ca sādhanavākye , upanyaste sāmarthyādeva vyatireko'vagamyate | vyatirekāgṛhītau ca sādhyābhāve'pi na sādhanābhāva iti viparyayaḥ sambhāvayitavyaḥ | evaṃ cānvayasyaivābhāvaḥ syāt | satyapi sādhane sādhyābhāvāditi sāmarthyam | tathā vaidharmyavati sādhanavākye upanyaste sāmarthyādevānvayo'vagamyate, anvayagṛhītau hi sādhanaṃ ca syāt sādhyaṃ ca na bhavediti viparyayaḥ sambhāvayitavyaḥ | evaṃ ca vyatireka eva na bhavet | sādhyābhāve'pi sādhanasya bhāvāditi sāmarthyam | tasmāt dvāvapi prayogau trirupaliṅgaprakāśakāvityadoṣaḥ ||

vyaptigrāhaka pramāṇanirupaṇam



samprati sādhyasādhanayorvyāptiḥ yatra dharmiṇi grahītavyā ,yena ca pramāṇena, tadubhayaṃ sukhāvabodhārtha kathyate - svabhāvahetoḥ sattvalakṣaṇasya kṣaṇikatvena vyāptiḥ sādhyadharmiṇyeva grahītavyeti kecit | teṣāmantarvyāptipakṣo'bhimataḥ | prasaṅgaprasaṅgaviparyayābhyāṃ dṛṣṭāntadharmiṇi ghaṭādau vyāptirgrahītavyetyanye | teṣāṃ bahirvyāptipakṣo'bhimataḥ | sattvādanyeṣāṃ svabhāvahetūnāṃ kāryahetūnāmanupalambhahetūnāṃ ca dṛṣṭānta eva vyāptirgrahītavyā | tatra śiṃśipātvasya vṛkṣatvavyavahāre, sādhye dṛṣṭānte pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāṃ vyāptirgrāhyā | sattvakṣaṇikatvayostu prasaṅgaprasaṅgaviparyayābhyāṃ pramāṇābhyāṃ , sādhyaviparyayabādhakapramāṇena vā kramayaugapadyanivṛttilakṣaṇena svasaṃvedanasāmarthyasidhdervikalpasidhdervā vastutvāvastutvābhyāṃ sandihyamāne vipakṣe dharmiṇi, kāryahetordhūmādervahnyādinā mahānasādau dṛṣṭāntadharmiṇi trividhapratyakṣānupalambhataḥ , pañcavidhapratyakṣānupalambhato vā vyāptirgrahītavyā |, anupalambhasya tu asadvyavahārayogyatvena saha vyāptiḥ pratyakṣeṇaiva | , anyeṣāṃ tu svabhāvahetūnāṃ kāryahetūnāṃ vā keṣāñcit , yathāsvabhāvaṃ pramāṇenonnīya grahītavyeti ||



hetvābhāsanirupaṇam



vyāptyaniścaye hetoranaikāntiko doṣaḥ | sa ca trividhaḥ - asādhāraṇānaikāntikaḥ sādhāraṇānaikāntikaḥ , sandhigdhavipakṣavyāāvṛttikaśceti | tatra

asādhāraṇānaikāntiko yathā - sātmakaṃ jīvaccharīram , prāṇādimattvāt aparajīvaccharīravat , ghaṭavat | ayaṃ heturaparajīvaccharīre ātmanā vyāpta iti na niścitaḥ |ghaṭe ca vipakṣe ātmano'bhāvānnivṛtta iti na niścitaḥ | dharmiṇi tu jīvaccharīre vidyata iti asādhāraṇānaikāntika ucyate | aparaścāsādhāraṇo yathā - anityaśabdaḥ śrāvaṇatvāt , ghaṭavat , ākāśavaditi | sādhāraṇanaikāntiko yathā - nityaḥ śabdaḥ prameyatvāt , ghaṭavat ākāśavat | , sandigdhavipakṣavyāvṛttiko yathā - saḥ śyāmastatputratvāt , paridṛśyamānatatputravaditi ||



yaduktaṃ prāk , sattvasya kṣaṇikatvena saha vyāptiḥ prasaṅgaprasaṅgaviparpayābhyāṃ grahītavyeti , tatra ko'yaṃ prasaṅgo nāma ? pramāṇaprasidhdavyāptikena vākyena parasyāniṣṭatvāpādanāya prasañjanam prasaṅgaḥ , yathā - sāmānyasya , anekavṛttitvābhyupagame anekatvaprasañjanam | tathā hi - yadanekavṛtti tadanekaṃ yathā anekabhājanagataṃ tālafam | anekavṛtti ca sāmānyam | tasmādanenāpyanekena bhavitavyamiti prasaṅgaḥ |

prasaṅgasya kāryam

athānekatvaṃ neṣyate, tadā'nekavṛttitvaṃ ca mā svīkurvīthāḥ |

nanu yadyetat prasaṅgākhyaṃ sādhanaṃ pramāṇa , na bhavati [trairupyābhāvāt ] kathamasyopanyāsa iti , vyāptismaraṇārthaṃ vyāpyaikadeśakathanavaditi | yaduktam -

' prasaṅgo dvayasambandhādekābhāve'nyahānaye ' iti |

asyāyamarthaḥ - vyāpyavyāpakayoḥ sambandhe sati yadi vyāpakaṃ neṣyate tadā vyāpyamapi neṣyatām | atha vyāpyamiṣyate tadā vyāpakamapīṣyatāmiti |

vādinā sādhanā upanyaste prativādinā tatra dūṣaṇaṃ vaktavyamiti nyāyaḥ | asidhdavirudhdānaikāntikānāmanyatamasyodbhāvanaṃ dūṣaṇam| yathoktam -

'dūṣaṇāni nyūnatādyukti' iti |

hetudūṣaṇam

nanveṣāmevodbhāvanaṃ yadi dūṣaṇaṃ ,kva tarhi vaiyarthyāsāmarthyātiprasaṅgādīnāmantarbhāvaḥ ? atraiva triṣu | tatra vaiyarthyaṃ tāvadasidhde'ntarbhavati | sandigdhasādhyadharmo hi

heturucyate | vaiyarthyaṃ tu yatropanyasyate tatra sandigdhasādhyadharmakatvaṃ hetorlakṣaṇaṃ hetau na sambhavatīti asidhda ucyate | [ hetorlakṣaṇasyāsidhdeḥ] yaduktam -

' sandigdhe hetuvacanāt vyasto hetoranāśrayaḥ ' iti |

asāmarthyaṃ tu svarupāsidhdāvantarbhavati | na hi hetoḥ sāmarthya nāma hetusvarupādanyat | hetoravastutvaprasaṅgāt | atiprasaṅgaścānaikāntike'ntarbhāvyaḥ , sādhyadharmamatikramya vipakṣe'pi prasakteriti ||

ātmanirasanam

yatra tu dharmiṇi sādhyaṃ sādhayitumārabdhaṃ tasya dharmiṇaḥ pramāṇabādhitve āśrayāsidhdirhetordūṣaṇam | yathā sarvagata ātmā sarvatropalabhyamānaguṇatvāt | tadiha baudhdasyātmaiva na sidhdaḥ , kiṃ punasasya sarvadeśopalabhyamānaguṇatvaṃ setsyati | tathā hi , tairthikāḥ khalvevaṃ bruvanti | śarīrādivastuvyatiriktaṃ śubhāśubhakarmakartṛtatfalabhoktṛ nityavyāpirupamātmākhyaṃ dravyāntaramasti | tena ca yadi nāma viśvaṃ vyāptaṃ tadapi yadupabhogāyatanatayā pareṇa parigṛhītaṃ jīvaccharīraṃ tadeva sātmakamabhidhīyata iti | etaccāyuktam | ātmanaḥ sidhdaye pramāṇābhāvāt | na hi pratyakṣeṇa ātmā pratīyate|

cakṣurādijñānānāṃ rupādiviṣayapañcakaniyatatvāt | mānasasyāpyahaṃpratyayasya śarīrādiviṣayatvāt gauro'haṃ sthūlo'haṃ gacchāmyahamityādyākāreṇa ahaṃ pratyaya utpadyate yadāha alaṅkārakāraḥ -

ahamityapi yajjñānaṃ taccharīrendriyāṃśavit |

ahaṃ kāṇassukhī gauraḥ samānādhāravedanāt ||

na cāsya śarīravyatiriktasya taddharmo gauratvaṃ sthūlatvaṃ vā | na ca vibhoramūrttasya mūrtadravyānuvidhāyinī gamanakriyā yuktimatī | na cāyaṃ māṇavake siṃhapratyaya eva bhākto yuktaḥ , skhaladvṛttiprasaṅgāt | nāpyanumānena pratīyate , kāryasvabhāvaliṅgābhāvāt | nityaparokṣeṇa deśakālākāravyatirekavikalenātmanā saha kasyacidanvayavyatirekātmakāryakāraṇabhāvāsidhdeḥ kāryaliṅgāyogat | dharmisattāyāścāsidhdatvāt svabhāvaliṅgānupapatteḥ | na cānyalliṅgamasti | anyenāpi liṅgena bhavatā sādhyavyāptena bhavitavyam | tasya ca sarvathā'sidhdeḥ, kathaṃ tena vyāptatvaṃ liṅgasya niścīyatām ? kiñca , kiyamātmā bodharupaḥ , abodharupo vā ? yadi bodharupo nityaśca tadā cakṣurādivaifalyaprasaṅgo durvāraḥ | athānityo bodharupastadājñānasyaivātmeti nāma kṛtam , na vipratipattiḥ | athābodharupo dṛśyaśca tadā'nupalambho'sya sattāṃ na kṣamata iti nirātmasidhdiranavadyā | tasmāt sarvaṃ saṃskṛtaṃ vastu nirātmakamiti ||

svarupāsiddhyāpi hetvabhāsanirupaṇam

svarupāsidhdayā'pyasidhdo hetvābhāso bhavati | yathā anityaśśabdaḥ cākṣuṣatvāditi | nanu vyāptyasidhdirapi dūṣaṇam , tenāpi pareṣṭārthāsidhdeḥ | tatkiṃ nocyate? anaikāntikadūṣaṇenaiva gatārthatvāt pṛthaḍnoktam | tathā hi - na svalakṣaṇābhyāṃ vyāptirgrahītuṃ śakyā |svalakṣaṇasya deśakālākāraniyatatvenāpyanyatrānugamābhāvāt | api tu sādhyasādhanasāmānyābhyāmeva vyāptirgrahītavyā | tatra ca yadi sādhanaṃ sādhyena vyāptaṃ na pratīyate tadā sādhanaṃ ca syāt sādhyaṃ ca na syādityanaikāntikameva bhavati ||

apohanirupaṇam , sāmānyanirasanaṃ ca

nanu sāmānyaṃ cedaprasidhdaṃ , tatkathaṃ sādhyasādhanasāmānyābhyāṃ sarvopasaṃhāravatī vyāptiḥ pramāṇena gṛhyate ? naiṣa doṣaḥ | yato yādṛśaṃ sāmānyaṃ paraiḥ parikalpyate tādṛśaṃ pramāṇena bādhyata iti nābhyupeyate tatsaugataiḥ | na tu vyavahāraprasidhdamanyavyāvṛttilakṣaṇamapohasaṃjñitamapi | nanu ko'yamapoho nāma ? yathādhyavasāyaṃ bāhya eva ghaṭādirartha apoha ityabhidhīyate , apohyate'smādanyadvijātīyamiti kṛtvā | yathāpratibhāsaṃ buddhyākāro vā'pohaḥ , apohyate pṛthak kriyate'smin buddhyākāre vijātīyamiti kṛtvā | yathātattvaṃ nivṛttimātraṃ prasajyarupo vā'pohaḥ , apohanamapoha iti kṛtvā |

nanu yathādhyavasāyaṃ vidhireva , tarhi kevalo visāya ityāgatam | na apohaviśiṣṭo vidhirabhipretaḥ | yattu gopratītau na gavātmā agavātmeti sāmarthyādapohaḥ paścānniścīyata iti vidhivādināṃ matam | anyāpohapratipattau ca sāmarthyādanyapoḍho gavādirartho'vadhāryata iti nivṛttyapohavādināṃ matam | tanna yuktam , vyavahārakāle prathamaṃ vartamānasyāpi pratītikramādarśanāt | na hi vidhiṃ pratipadya kaścidarthāpattitaḥ paścādapohamavagacchati , apohaṃ vā pratipadya paścādanyāpoḍhamavagacchati | tasmāt gopratipattireva anyāpoḍha pratipattirucyate | yadyapi gośabdāduccaritādanyāpoḍhaśabdānullekha uktaḥ , tathā'pi nāpratipattireva viśeṣaṇabhūtasyānyāpohasya | agavāpoḍha eva vastuni gośabdasya saṃketitatvāt | yathā nīlotpalasaṃketitendīvaraśabdāt utpalapratītau tatkāla eva nīlamasfuraṇamanivāryaṃ tathā gośabdādapyagavāpoḍha eva vastuni saṃketitāt gopratītau tulyakālameva viśeṣaṇatvāt apohasya agavāpoha- sfuraṇamanivāryam | yathā ca pratyakṣasya prasajyapratiṣedharupābhāvagrahaṇamabhāva vikalpotpādanaśaktireva , tathā vidhivikalpānāmapi tadanurupānuṣṭhānaśaktirevābhāva - grahaṇamabhidhīyate | anyathā yadi gośabdādarthapratipattikāle nāvagataḥ parāpohaḥ , kathaṃ tarhi anyaparihāreṇa pratipattā gavi vartatām | tatto gāṃ badhāneti codito'śvānapi badhnīyāditi | tasmāt sthitametat ,bāhyārtho'dhyavasāyādeva śabdavācye vyavasthāpyate, na tu svalakṣaṇaparisfūrtyā , pratyakṣaddyeśakālākārāvasthāniyata pravyaktasvalakṣaṇāsfuraṇāt | yadāha nyāyaparameśvaraḥ -

' śabdenāvyāpṛtākṣasya budhdāvapratibhāsanāt |

arthasya dṛṣṭāviva ' iti ||

kiñca svalakṣaṇātmani vastuni vācye sarvātmanā pratipatteḥ vidhiniṣedhayorayogaḥ | tasya hi sadbhāve astīti vyartham , nāstītyasamartham | asadbhāve tu nāstīti vyartham ,astitya samartham | asti cāstyādipadaprayogaḥ | tasmāt paramārthato na svalakṣaṇaṃ śabdairabhidhīyata iti sthitam ||



nanu yathā pratyakṣeṇa ghaṭasvarupe gṛhīte'paścāttatraiva kṣaṇikatvādiniścayārtha pramāṇāntaraṃ pravartate , tathā vṛkṣaśabdena vṛkṣatvāṃśe pratipādite satvāṃśaniścayārthameva sadādipadaprayogo bhaviṣyatīti cet , na | pratyakṣasyāniśyātmakatvādanabhyastasvarupaviṣaye pramāṇāntaraṃ vartata iti yuktam | vikalpasya tu svayaṃ niśyātmakatvāt , gṛhīte svarupe kiṃ pramāṇāntareṇa paraṃ grahītavyamiti ||

paraparikalpitasāmānyanirasanam



yādṛśaṃ sāmānyaṃ paraiḥ parikalpyate , anekavyaktisamavetaṃ dṛśyamekaṃ nityaṃ tādṛśasya sattāsādhakaṃ na kiñcitpramāṇāmupalabhāmahe | tataḥ saditi vyavasthāpayituṃ tanna yuktam | tathā hi - gavādivyaktyanubhavakāle varṇāsaṃsthānādyātmakaṃ vyaktisvarupamapahāya nānyat kiñcidekamanuyāyi pratyakṣe bhāsate | tādṛśasyānubhavābhāvāt | nāpi svalakṣaṇānubhānantaramekākāraparāmarśapratyayāt anyathā'nupapattyā sāmānyaparikalpanaṃ yuktisaṅgatam | vyaktibhya eva svahetudattaśaktibhyo'sya pratyayasya paramparayotpatteḥ | bhede'pi kāścideva vyaktayo'sya jananāya samarthāḥ, na sarvāḥ , ityatra kāryakāraṇabhāvasya pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāṃ dṛṣṭasyātivartayitumaśakyatvāt | dṛṣṭaṃ cedaṃ sāmarthyaṃ bhedāviśeṣe'pi kāsāñcideva vyaktīnām | yathā jvarādipraśamane guḍūcīnimbādīnām | yathoktam -

' ekapratyavamarśārthajñānādyekārthasādhane |

bhede'pi niyatāḥ kecitsvabhāvenendriyādivat' ||iti||

kiñca sarvagate vijātīyād vyāvṛtte satyapi sāmānye kiṃ bhedāviśeṣe'pi govyaktiṣveva samavetaṃ tat sāmānyaṃ tatraiva caikākārāṃ budhdiṃ janayatīti praśne svabhāvenaivetyuttaraṃ parasya | tacca pramāṇāsaṅgatam | asmākaṃ tu svabhāvenottaraṃ pramāṇāsidhdatvāt yuktisaṅgatameva ||



tathedamaparaṃ jātisādhanāya sādhanaṃ parasya | yad viśiṣṭaṃ jñānaṃ tad viśeṣaṇagrahaṇanāntarīyakam , yathā daṇḍijñānam | viśiṣṭajñānaṃ cedaṃ gaurayamityarthataḥ kāryahetuḥ | atrocyate - viśiṣṭabudhderbhinnaviśeṣaṇagrahaṇanāntarīyakatvaṃ sādhyaṃ , viśeṣaṇamātrānubhavanāntarīyakatvaṃ vā | prathamapakṣe pratyakṣabādhā |vastugrāhiṇi pratyakṣe ubhayapratibhāsābhāvāt | viśiṣṭabudhditvaṃ ca sāmānyamityanaikāntiko hetuḥ syāt ,bhinnaviśeṣaṇagrahaṇamantareṇāpi tasya darśanāt | yathā svarupavānayaṃ ghaṭaḥ , gotvasāmānyamiti vā | dvitīyapakṣe tu sidhdasādhanam , svarupavān ghaṭa ityādivat gotvādijātimān piṇḍa iti parikalpitabhedamupādāya viśeṣaṇaviśeṣya bhāvasyeṣṭatvāt |

agovyāvṛttyanubhavabhāvitvāt gaurayamiti vyavahārasya | tadevaṃ ato'pi sādhanānna sāmānyasidhdiriti | tadevaṃ paraparikalpitasāmānyasya vicārāsahatvāt , atadrūpaparāvṛttavastumātrameva sāmānyamapohaśabdavācyaṃ vyavahārāṅgaṃ yathādhyavasāyamanavadyamiti sthitam |

sāmānyasya niṣedhāya prayogaḥ punarevaṃ kartavyaḥ - yadyatropalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptaṃ sannopalabhyate tattatra asadvyavahāraviṣayaḥ ,yathā turaṅgamottamāṃge śṛṅgaṃ , nopalabhyate copalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptaṃ sāmānyaṃ paridṛśyamānāsu vyaktiṣviti svabhāvānupalabdhiḥ | na cāsidhdasambhāvanā | varṇasaṃsthānalakṣaṇaṃ vyaktisvarupamapahāya dvitīyasyānuyāyino rupasya nipuṇamapi nirupyamāṇasya sarvathā darśanābhāvāt , nāpi jñānavaddarśanābhāve'pi pratyakṣasidhdatvamasyābhidhātumucitam | jñānaṃ hi svasaṃvedanapramāṇasidhdam , na tu cakṣurvijñānagrāhyam | idaṃ [ tu sāmānyaṃ ] cakṣurvijñānagrāhyamarthadharmatvāt | pratyakṣaṃ ca parairiṣṭamiti | tadevaṃ paraparikalpitasāmānyasya vicārāsahatvāt , atadrūpaparāvṛttavastumātrameva sāmānyamuktam | tasmāt sarvaṃ saṃskṛtaṃ vastu paraparikalpitasāmānyena śūnyamiti sthitam ||



īśvarasādhananirasanam

nāpi kenacidbudhdimatoparacittamityapi vijñeyam | tathā hi - asya jagataḥ karttā bhavan nityo vā bhavedanityo vā | tatra na tāvannityo yuktaḥ , nitye karttari samarthe sati sargasthitipralayānāṃ niyamena yaugapadyaprasaṅgāt | yena hi svarupeṇa sthitipralayayoḥ sa karttā tadasya svarupaṃ sargakāle'pi sannihitamiti tadaiva sthitipralayau kuryāt | sahakārivirahānna karotīti cet , tadasat | na hi nityena sahakāriṇā kadācidapyayaṃ virahitaḥ sadā sannihitatvāt | nāpyanityena sahakāriṇā virahitaḥ , anityasahakāriṇo'pi tadāyattajanmatvāt | tata ekadā sarvakaraṇādiprasaṅgaḥ ||



nanu budhdimattvādīśvarasya naiṣa doṣaḥ | budhdiśūnyo hi svasattāmātrajanyaṃ kāryamakrameṇaiva kuryāt | budhdimāṃstu karttumīśāno'pi anicchanna karotīti kastasyopālambhaḥ ? ucyate - tā apīcchāḥ svasattāmātranibandhanāḥ kiṃ na karotīti sa evāsyopālambhaḥ | atha svarupeṇa sāmarthye satyapi eṣa eva tasya svabhāvaḥ , yatsahakārilakṣaṇayā'gantukaśaktyā vinā na karotīti cet , tarhi mātā'pi sati vandhyā sā prakṛtyaivaitadapi vaktavyaṃ bhavedbhavatāmiti yatkiñcidetat ||



nanveṣa eva kāryasvabhāvaḥ , kevalāt samarthādapi nodeti , sahakāriṇamapekṣyaiva paścādbhavati [ nāsyopālambha iti ] tanna yuktam | samartho hi sahakāryapekṣāmanādṛtya balādeva kāryaṃ kuryāt | anyathā [ hyasya ] asamarthatvaprasaṅgāt |

nityasya kramakāritvaniṣedhanam

nāpi nityaḥ krameṇa kāryakārīti yuktam , nirapekṣatvāt | yadāha diṅmaṇḍalavikhyātakīrtirdharmakīrtiḥ -



nityasya nirapekṣatvāt kramotpattirna yujyate |

kriyāyāmakriyāyāṃ ca kālayoḥ sadṛśātmanaḥ ||iti||

etena ātmādīnāmakṣaṇikānāṃ ghaṭādīnāṃ kṣaṇikānāṃ ca krameṇa kāryakaraṇaṃ pratyuktam | na cātra pratyakṣavirodhaḥ , pratyakṣeṇākṣaṇikasya grahaṇāyogāt | na hi kṣaṇikaṃ pratyakṣamakṣaṇikamīkṣituṃ kṣamate| anikakṣaṇavyāpāro hyakṣaṇikaḥ | sa kathamekakṣaṇabhāvinādhyakṣeṇa grahītuṃ śakyaḥ | na hi prāgūrdhvaṃ cāvasthānamadhunā prakāśate| tasyāpyadhunātanatāprasaṅgāt | janmavināśāvadhipratibhāsaprasaṅgāditi nedaṃ pratyakṣaṃ pūrvāparakālavyāptamarthaṃ kañcidapi grahītumalam |

pratyabhijñānasya pratyakṣatvaṃ nirasanam

etena pratyabhijñānasyāpratyakṣatvamākhyātam | sākṣātkāri hi jñānaṃ pratyakṣam | na ca prāgavasthamadhunā sākṣātkartavyam , api tu smartavyam | na ca smaraṇasvarupam pratyakṣam |

atha mataṃ bhavedidaṃ smaraṇaṃ yadidānīntanamavasthānaṃ na sākṣātkuryāt , tatsākṣātkaraṇapravaṇaṃ kathamidaṃ smaraṇaṃ nāma ? yadāha bhaṭṭaḥ-

' pūrvapramitamātre hi jāyate sa iti smṛtiḥ |

sa evāyamitīyaṃ tu pratyabhijñā'tirekiṇi ||' iti ||



smaraṇagrahaṇasvarupaṃ tarhi pratyabhijñānaṃ syāt , na tu grahaṇasvarupameva | smaryamāṇe grahaṇāyogāt , gṛhyamāṇe ca smaraṇāyogāt | na caikasya smaraṇagrahaṇe sambhavataḥ , parasparavirodhāt | yena hi svarupeṇa smaraṇaṃ na tena svarupeṇa grahaṇamityanunmattena śakyate vaktum | rupāntareṇa caikasya smaraṇagrahaṇe na syātām | bhāve'pi pratyakṣāpratyakṣe syātām | na tu smaryamāṇe pratyakṣameva , pratyakṣāyogāt | tasmāt pratyabhijñāpratyayo bhrānta eva ,nirviṣayatvāt |

prayogaścaivam -yaḥ pratyabhijñāpratyayaḥ sa tattvato naikālambanaḥ , yathā lūnapunarjātatṛṇādiṣu | pratyabhijñā pratyayaścāyaṃ tadevedaṃ nīlādīti pratyaya iti virudhdavyāptopalabdhiḥ | ekatvānekatvayoḥ parasparavirodhāt tadviṣayakasaṃvedanayorapi virodhaḥ tenaikālambanatvena anekālambanatvavirudhdena anekālambanatvena pūrvoktyā nītyā pratyabhijñāpratyayo vyāpta iti na pratyabhijñānaṃ kṣaṇikānumānabādhakam | na ca keśādiṣvapi sāmānyālambanatayā ekālambanatvam keśādivyaktereva pratyabhijñāyamānatvāt | sāmānye pratyabhijñāyamāne tadevedaṃ keśādīti syāt , na tadevedaṃ keśādīti | ata evaikālambanatve pratyabhijñāpratyayasya krametarābhyāmutpattivirodhāt , virudhdānaikāntikatve nāśaṅkanīye | na ca pratyabhijñānameva tadavasthāpakam , yasyaiva vicāryamāṇatvāt | tasmāt sthitametat nityaḥ kartā nāstīti | yadi nityaḥ kartā jagato na kāraṇaṃ , kimasya tarhi kāraṇam ?

sattvānāṃ śubhakarmaṇaḥ jagataḥ kāraṇatvasamarthanam

sattvānāṃ śubhāśubhākhyaṃ karma | yathoktam -

sattvalokamatha bhājanalokaṃ

cittameva racayatyaticitram |

karmajaṃ hi jagaduktamaśeṣaṃ

karma cittamavadhūya na cāsti ||iti||

vaibhāṣikamāśritya punarbhagavatā sarvajñena coktam -

' ākāśaṃ dvau nirodhau ca nityaṃ trayamasaṃskṛtam |

saṃskṛtaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ sarvamātmaśūnyamakartṛkam ||' iti||

sarvajñasamarthanam bhavaparamparāsamarthanaṃ ca



nanu sarvajñasidhdau hi tadvacanaṃ nidarśanīkartumucitam | sarvajñasidhdaye kiṃ pramāṇamiti cet ? ucyate | yo yaḥ sādaranirantaradīrghakālābhyāsakalitacetoguṇaḥ sa sarvaḥ sphuṭībhāvayogyaḥ , yathā yuvatyākāraḥ kāminaḥ puruṣasya | yathoktābhyāsakalitacetoguṇāścāmī caturāryasatyaviṣayākārā iti svabhāvahetuḥ |

na tāvadāśrayadvāreṇa hetudvāreṇa vāsidhdasambhāvanā | saṅkalparuḍhānāṃ caturāryasatyaviṣayākārāṇāṃ dharmiṇāṃ cetoguṇamātrasya ca hetoḥ pratyātmavedyatvāt | na caiṣa virudhdaḥ , sapakṣe kāminyākāre sambhavāt | na cānaikāntikaḥ , abhyāsena sahitacetoguṇasfuṭapratibhāsayoḥ kāraṇakāryayoḥ kumbhakāraghaṭayoriva sarvopasaṃhāreṇa pratyakṣānupalambhataḥ kāryakāraṇabhāvasidhdau abhyāsasahitacetoguṇatvasya sādhanasya sfuṭapratibhāsakāraṇayogyatayā vyāptisidhdeḥ | tathā hi - vyāptyadhikaraṇe kāmāturavartini yuvatyākāre sādaranirantaradīrghakālābhyāsasahitacetoguṇāt pūrvamanupalabdhiḥ sfuṭābhatvasya paścādabhyāsasaṃvedanaṃ ,sfuṭābhasaṃvedanamiti trividhapratyakṣānupalambhasādhyaḥ kāryakāraṇabhāvaḥ sfuṭapratibhāsābhyāsa sahitacittākārayorityupapannā sarvopasaṃhāravatī vyāptiḥ | ato'naikāntikatvābhāvāt anavadyo hetuḥ ||



nanvanena sādhanena caturāryasatyākārāṇāṃ sākṣātkaraṇāt caturāryasatyākārasākṣatkārī vivakṣitassarvajñaḥ sidhyati , na tvaviśeṣeṇa sarvadharmasākṣatkārī , tatastatsidhdaye sādhanāntaramabhidheyam | ucyate - yatpramāṇasaṃvādi niścitārthaṃ vacanaṃ , tat sākṣāt pāramparyeṇa vā tadarthasākṣatkārijñānapūrvakaṃ , yathā dahano dāhaka iti vacanam , pramāṇasaṃvādi niścitārtha cedaṃ vacanaṃ , kṣaṇikāḥ sarvasaṃskārā iti arthataḥ kāryahetuḥ | nāsyāsidhdiḥ , sarvadharmakṣaṇabhaṅgaprasādhanādasya vacanasya satyārthatvāt | nāpi virudhdaḥ , sapekṣe bhāvāt | na cānaikāntikatā , vacanamātrasya saṃśayaviparyāsapūrvakatve'pi pramāṇa saṃvādi ] niścitārthasya [ vacanasya ] sākṣāt pāramparyeṇa vā tadarthasākṣātkārijñānapūrvakatvena pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāmupalambhāt | anyathā dhūmādāvapi hetutyāgaprasaṅgādaśeṣakāryahetūcchedaprasaṅgaḥ ||

bhavaparamparānirupaṇam

syādetat | anekabhavaparamparālakṣaṇena dīrghakālena bhāvyasya saṅkalpāruḍhasya sfuṭābhatvaṃ sambhāvyate | bhavaparamparāsidhdaye tu kiṃ pramāṇam ? ucyate | yaccittaṃ tat cittāntaraṃ pratisandhatte , yathedānīntanaṃ cittam | cittaṃ ca maraṇakālabhāvīti svabhāvahetuḥ | na cārhaccaramacittena vyabhicāraḥ | tasyāgamamātrapratītatvāt niḥ kleśacittāntarajananādvā| hetoḥ kleśe sati | viśeṣāpekṣaṇādi tyanāgatabhavasidhdiḥ | iha pūrvajanmābhyāsāt tapodānādhyayanādau sarvasattvānāmabhyāse pravṛttiriti pravādaḥ | tatastatsidhdaye pramāṇamucyate - yaccittaṃ tat cittāntarapūrvakaṃ yathedānīntanaṃ cittam | cittaṃ ca janmasamayabhāvītyarthataḥ kāryahetuḥ ||

vaibhāṣikamatanirupaṇam

nanu tattvasākṣātkāraṇānmuktiḥ | tattvaṃ caikameva, yathoktam -



' muktistu śūnyatādṛṣṭistadarthāśeṣabhāvanā ' iti |

tatkathaṃ sarvajñadvaitaṃ, baudhdaprabhedaśceti ? naiṣa doṣaḥ | yasmātsarvametad bhūtārthe sattvānavatārayituṃ bhagavatā pratipāditam | tathā hi vaibhāṣikāṇāṃ matam -

' ākāśaṃ dvau nirodhau ca nityaṃ trayamasaṃskṛtam |

saṃskṛtaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ sarvamātmaśūnyamakartṛkam ||'iti ||

sautrāntikānāṃ matam

jñānamevedaṃ sarvaṃ nīlādyākāreṇa pratibhāsate, na bāhyo'rthaḥ , jaḍasya prakāśāyogāt | yathoktam -

'svakārajñānajanakā dṛśyā nendriyagocārāḥ ' ||iti ||

alaṅkāreṇāpyuktam -

yadi saṃvedyate nīlaṃ kathaṃ bāhyaṃ taducyate |

na cetsaṃvedyate nīlaṃ kathaṃ bāhyaṃ taducyate ||

nanu yadi prakāśamānaṃ jñānamevadaṃ , tadā'sti bāhyo'rtha iti kutaḥ ? bāhyārthasidhdistu syādvayatirekataḥ | na hi sarvatra sarvadā nīlādaya ākārāḥ prakāśante|

na caitat svopādānamātrabalabhāvitve sati yujyate | niyataviṣaye pravṛttyayogāt | tasmādasti kiñcideṣāṃ samanantarapratyayavyatiriktaṃ yadbalena kvacit kadācit bhavantīti śakyamavasātum | sa eva bāhyo'rtha iti , na punarasau bāhyo'rthaḥ avayavī , guṇādayo dharmāḥ dravyāśrayiṇaḥ parābhimatāḥ, navavidhaṃ dravyaṃ paramāṇāvo veti | tatra na tāvat guṇādayaḥ , dravyaniṣedhenaiva teṣāṃ niṣedhāt | na cāsati samavāyini dravye samavāya iti tadduṣaṇamatra nādriyate | dravyaṃ ca pṛthivyāpastejovāyurākāśaṃ kālo digātmā mana iti navavidham |



ātmākāśakāladiṅmanasāṃ nirasanam

tatrātmaniṣedhāyedamapi sādhanam - yatkādācitkaṃ jñānaṃ tatkādācitkakāraṇapūrvakam , yathā saudāminījñānam | kādācitkaṃ cedamahaṃkārajñānamityarthataḥ kāryahetuḥ | nāyamasidhdaḥ ahaṃkāre dharmiṇi jñānatvasya pratyakṣasidhdatvāt | nāpi kādācitkaviśeṣaṇamasidhdam , sarvadā'hamiti jñānābhāvāt | nāpi virudhdaḥ , sapakṣe darśanāt | na cānaikāntikaḥ , dhūmapāvakayoriva kādācitkajñānakādācitkakāraṇayoḥ pratyakṣānupalambhābhyāṃ vyāptisidhdeḥ | kādācitkajñānasya cākādācitkakāraṇādutpattau kādācitkakāraṇādanutpattiprasaṅgaḥ | aniyatahetukatāyāṃ cāhetukatāprasaṅgaḥ , tathā'pyanaikāntikatve prasidhdadhūmādiheturapyanaikāntikaḥ syāt , viśeṣābhāvāt | api cāhaṃkārasya akādācitkakāraṇapūrvakatve sadaivodayaprasaṅgaḥ | kāraṇasya kurvadrūpatvāt , akurvataścopacārataḥ kāraṇatvāt , kurvadakurvatoraikyābhāvāt | bhāve vā kurvato'pyakurvadrūpatāpattiḥ , tatsvabhāvatvāt | kiñcāhaṃkārasya akādācitka kāraṇādutpāde yugapadevotpādaprasaṅgaḥ , avyagrasāmagrīkatvāt | nanvahaṃkārasyālambanamātmā na kāraṇamiti cenna | akāraṇasyālambanatvāyogādatiprasaṅgāditi ||



atha kimākāśaṃ nāma kiñcidvastubhūtamasti? uta nāsti vā ? nāstyevaitat | yatra hi sapratighaṃ dravyamasti na tatrākāśamavakāśaṃ vā dadāti | yatra nāsti tatra tadabhāvādevāvakāśaḥ sidhda iti kva vā''kāśamavakāśaṃ dadyāt ? [ yasmādavakāśapradamākāśaṃ bhaṇyate ] tasmāt satyasmin sarvadā sarvathā sarvatrāvakāśaḥ syāt | na caitadasti | tasmānnāstyevākāśamiti pratīmaḥ | etacca vaibhāṣīkamatapekṣya dūṣaṇamuktam |

paraistvākāśaṃ śabdaguṇakamiṣyate | taccaikamiti cet samānadeśatvāt sarvaśabdānāṃ vibhāgena śravaṇaṃ na syāt | tatassannihitadeśa iva dūradeśābhimato'pi śabdaḥ śrūyeta | na vānyo'pītyekāntaḥ | dikkālayoścaikatvāt pūrvāparādipratyayānupapattiḥ | etena nityasyāpi manaso'sambhava eva | tathā hi - yugapajjñānānutpattyā mano'numīyate tadvādibhiḥ | anubhūyanta eva yugapadbahūni jñānāni narttakīdarśanādau | yadi punarmano [ nityaṃ ] syāttadānīmetāni jñānāni na yujyante | tasmānnāstyeva mano'pi ||

avayavinirasanapūrvakaṃ paramāṇumātrasamarthanam



pṛthivyādayo'vaśiṣyante | te cāvayaviparamāṇubhedena dvidhā iṣyante | tatra yo'vayavī ghaṭādiḥ paramāṇubhidvaryaṇukādi krameṇārabdhaḥ prasidhdaḥ , tasya upalabdhi lakṣaṇaprāptasyānupalambho bādhaka ityuktam | yadyavayavī nāsti kathaṃ tarhyayamekatvena pratibhāsata iti cet -

bhāgā eva bhāsante sanniviṣṭāstathā tathā |

tadvānnaiva punaḥ kaścinnirbhāgaḥ sampratīyate ||

ityuktam | nanu ko'yaṃ bhāgapratibhāso nāma ? nānādigdeśāvaṣṣṭambhena sañcitaḥ paramāṇupratibhāsa eva | yadyevaṃ kathaṃ ' pratibhāsadharmaḥ sthaulyam ' ityuktaṃ dharmottareṇa,tatrāpyayamevārthaḥ arthasya svarupeṇa nāsti vedanam, 'bhāktaṃ syādarthavedanam' iti vacanāt | tasmādyo'yaṃ nīlādiprabhāso nānādeśavyāpitvenānubhūyate sa eva sthūlapratibhāsa ityadoṣaḥ ye'pi tadārambhakāḥ paramāṇavo vaiśeṣikāṇāṃ , sākṣādadhyakṣyagocarā vaibhāṣikāṇāṃ darśane, svasvākārasamarpaṇapravaṇāḥ sautrāntikānāṃ mate , te'pi yogācārāṇāṃ darśane na sambhavanti | na khalvekaḥ paramāṇuḥ prasidhdimadhyāste | tasyādharottaracaturdikṣu paramāṇumadhyāsīnasya niyamena ṣaḍaṃśatāpatteḥ |yo hyasya svabhāvaḥ pūrvaparamāṇupratyāsannaḥ na sa evāparaparamāṇupratyāsanno ghaṭate | tayorekadeśatāprāpteḥ | evaṃ ca sa pūrvaparamāṇusannihitasvabhāvo'paraparamāṇuṃ pratyāsīdedyadi so'pi tatra syāt | asatyāmapi pratyāsattāvābhimukhyamātre'pyayameva vṛttāntaḥ | tataśca paramāṇumātraṃ piṇḍaḥ prasaktaḥ ||



yogācārasya matam

athavā'yaṃ vicāraḥ , yadetatpratibhāsamānaṃ tadekaṃ tāvanna yuktam , anantaroktavicārāt | nāpyanekaṃ , paramāṇuśaḥ paramāṇorayogāt | tathā hi - yadyasau sāṃśaḥ kathaṃ paramāṇuḥ ? atha niraṃśaḥ tadā saṃyuktāḥ paramāṇāvaḥ sarvātmanā saṃyogāt parasparamabhinnadeśāḥ syuriti sarvaḥ piṇḍaḥ paramāṇumātraṃ syāt , parvato'pi kṣitirapīti| tasmādavaśyaṃ tayoḥ svabhāvayorbhedo'bhyupetavyaḥ | yathā cānayostathā 'dharottaradakṣiṇottaraparamāṇupratyāsannānāṃ svabhābānāṃ ca bheda iti ṣaḍaṃśataiva paramāṇornyāyabalādāpatati | yadāha -

ṣaṭkena yugapadyogāt paramāṇoḥ ṣaḍāṃśatā |

ṣaṇṇāṃ samānadeśatvāt piṇḍaḥ syādaṇumātrakaḥ ||iti|



na caikāsiddhau anekasyāpi sidhdiriti na santi paramāṇavaḥ | yadi bāhyo'rtho nāsti kiṃ viṣayastarhyayaṃ pratibhāsaḥ ? pratibhāsaḥ khalveṣo'nādivitathavāsanātaḥ pravartamāno nirālambana eva lakṣyate | tathā hi -sati viṣaye sālambanatā syāt | tena cāvayavinā bhavitavyam , paramāṇupracayena vā | sa cāyamubhayo'pyanantarokta bādhakapramāṇa [ grāha ] grastavigraho na vyomatāmarasamatiśete yathoktam -

[ na sannāvayavī nāma na santi paramāṇavaḥ |]

pratibhāso nirālambhaḥ svapnānubhavasannibhaḥ ||iti||

nirālambanavādaḥ

svapnajñānaṃ nirālambanaṃ viditameva | na ca svaprajāgradanubhavayorbhedaḥ kaścidapyasti | sarvaprakārasādharmyadarśanāt | na cānālambanādanavāptarupaviśeṣaṃ vijñānaṃ sālambanasambandhamanubhavitumutsahate | yadanālambanādaviśiṣṭaṃ tadanālambanam , yathaikasmādākāśakeśadarśanāt dvitīyam [ jñānaṃ ] anālambanācca svapnajñānādaviśiṣṭaṃ vivādāspadībhūtaṃ jāgradvijñānamiti svabhāvahetuḥ ||

vijñānasyasya sākāratvanirākāratvapakṣabhedaḥ

yadi bāhyo'rtho nāsti kiṃ tarhi paramārthasat ? grāhyagrāhakādikalaṅkānaṅkitaṃ niṣprapañcavijñānamātraṃ paramārthasat | yathoktam -

' grāhyagrāhakanirmuktaṃ vijñānaṃ paramārthasat ' iti |

punaścoktam -

' nānyo'nubhāvyo budhdyā'sti tasyā nānubhavo'paraḥ |

grāhyagrāhakavaidhuryāt svayaṃ saiva prakāśate ||'

uktaṃ caitadbhagavatā -

' bāhyo na vidyate hyartho yathā bālairvikalpyate |

vāsanāluṭhitaṃ cittamarthābhāsaṃ pravarttate ||'iti ||

sākāravādināṃ matam

tatra kecidevamāhuḥ - vijñānamevedaṃ sarva sarvaśarīraviṣayabhāvena prasidhdam , tacca svasaṃvedanamiti na kasyacit grāhyaṃ grāhakaṃ vā | kalpanayā tu grāhyagrāhakabhāva iti vyavasthāpyate | tataḥ parikalpitagrāhyagrāhakabhāvarahitaṃ vijñānaṃ [ sākāraṃ ] satyamiti |

nirākāravādināṃ matam

anye tu sakalākārakalaṅkānaṅkitaṃ śudhdasfaṭikasaṃkāśaṃ vāstavaṃ vijñānam | ākārāstvamī vitathā evāvidyayā darśitāḥ prakāśante | tasmāt grāhyaṃ nāma nāstyeva grāhyābhāvāt tadapekṣayā yadgrāhakatvaṃ vijñānasya tadapi nāstīti | mādhyamikānāṃ tu darśane tadapi vijñānaṃ na paramārthasat , vicārāsahatvāt | svabhāvena hi yuktaṃ pāramārthika mucyate loke | na cāsya vicārataḥ kaścitsvabhāvo ghaṭate, eko vā'neko vā , pūrvavicārāsahatvāt | yathoktam -

' neṣṭaṃ tadapi dhīrāṇā vijñānaṃ pāramārthikam |

ekānekasvabhāvena viyogādganābjavat ||'iti ||

kīrtipādairapyuktam -

' bhāvā yena nirupyante tadrūpaṃ nāsti tattvataḥ |

yasmādekamanekaṃ vā rupaṃ teṣu na vidyate ||' iti||

tathā'laṅkārakāreṇāpyuktam -

' yadā tu na vikalpasya na cānyasya pramāṇatā |

tadā viśīryamāṇe'pi sarvasmin ko'parādhyatu ||'

'badhdamuktādi bhedo'pi naivāsti paramārthataḥ |

bhedo hi nāvabhātyeva sarvatra samadarśinām ||'iti||



prayogaḥ punarevam - yadekānekasvabhāvaṃ na bhavati na tatparamārthasat , yathā vyomakamalam ,ekānekasvabhāvaṃ ca na bhavati vijñānamiti vyāpakānupalabdhiḥ | na tāvadayamasidhdo hetuḥ | sākāre jñāne bahirartha iva ekānesvabhāvāyogyatvasya parisfuṭatvāt | yatra hi lokasya bāhyārthavyavahārastadeva sākāravādino jñānam , tato yattasya bahirbhāve bādhakaṃ tadevāntarbhāve'pi bādhakam | na hi sthūlamekamanekaṃ ca paramāṇurupamapīṣyate | vijñānātmakānāmayamākāro yadyekaḥ sthūlo yati vā'nekaḥ paramāṇuśo bhinnaḥ , ubhayathā'pi bāhyārthapakṣabhāvi dūṣaṇamaśakyamurdhdatum | na hi tadvijñāne bahirbhāvanibandhanaṃ dūṣaṇam! yena tadbhāvena bhavet | mūrtinimittaṃ bādhakam,



nāmūrte vijñānātmani ityapi nissāram | sākāratāyāṃ vijñānasyāpi mūrtatvāt | ayameva hi deśāvitānavā [ nākāro ] mūrtiriti ||

śrīmanmahājagaddalavihārīya mahāpaṇḍita bhikṣumokṣākaraguptaviracitāyāṃ tarkabhāṣāyaṃ parārthānumānaparicchedaḥ tṛtīyaḥ samāptaḥ ||

granthāgraṃ ślokamānaṃ 840

tarkabhāṣāmimāṃ kṛtvā puṇyamāsādi yanmayā |

tena yuṇyena loko'yaṃ budhdatvamadhigacchatu ||



* yādṛśaṃ pustake dṛṣṭaṃ tādṛśaṃ likhitaṃ mayā |

yadi śudhdamaśudhdaṃ vā mama doṣo na dīyate ||



udakānalacaurebhyaḥ mūrkhakebhyastathaiva ca |

kaṣṭena likhitaṃ śāstraṃ yatnena paripālayet ||*



tarkabhāṣā samāptā
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