Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

2 svārthānumānam

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2007
  • Proof Reader:
    Miroj Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
Parallel Devanāgarī version

2 स्वार्थानुमानम्

svārthānumānam



anumānasya dvaividhyam svārthānumānalakṣaṇam



anumānaṃ dvividham - svārthaṃ parārthaṃ ca | svasmai yattat svārthamanumānaṃ jñānātmakam | parvatādau dharmiṇi dhūmādikaṃ dṛṣṭvā yasya pratipattuḥ vahnijñānamutpadyate, sa eva tena jñānena parokṣamarthaṃ pratipadyate nānya iti svārthānumānamucyate | parasmai yattat parārtham | parārthānumānaṃ vacanātmakam | trirupaliṅgapratipādakaṃ vacanaṃ paraṃ pratipādayati jñāpayatīti kṛtvā vacanamapyanumānaśabdenocyate, upacārāt , yathā āyurghṛtamiti |

anumānasya kāryam

tatra svārtha trirupaliṅgādyadanumeye jñānam | rupatrayayuktālliṅgādanumeye parokṣaviṣaye yad jñānaṃ rpatipatturutpadyate , tat svārthānumānam | tacca dharmaviśeṣa sambandhitayā sādhyāvinābhāvitvaniścaya ityeke | agnyadhyavasāya ityanye |

liṅgasya trirupatvam

samprati liṅgasya trirupatvamucyate - anumeye satvameva niścitam | anumeye parvatādau dharmiṇi liṅgasyāstitvameva niścitaṃ , tadekaṃ rupaṃ pakṣadharmatāsaṃjñakam | atra sattvagrahaṇenāsidhdasya nirāsaḥ , yathā -anityaśśabdaścākṣuṣatvāt , cākṣuṣatvaṃ cakṣurvijñānagrāhyatvamucyate , tacca śabde dharmiṇi nāsti | evakāreṇa pakṣaikadeśāsidhdasya nirāsaḥ , yathā digambaraprayogaḥ - cetanāstaravaḥ svāpāt | patrasaṅkocalakṣaṇo hi svāpaḥ , sa ca sarveṣu taruṣvasidhdaḥ | niścitagrahaṇena sandigdhāsiddhasya nirāsaḥ , yathā - agniratra vāṣpāditvena sandihyamānād bhūtasaṃghātāt | satvaśabdātpaścādevakāreṇa asādhāraṇasya nirāsaḥ , yathā- anityaśśabdaḥ śrāvaṇatvāt ghaṭavat ||

sapakṣanirupaṇam



sapakṣa eva sattvaṃ niścitamiti vartate| samānaḥ pakṣaḥ sapakṣaḥ | pakṣeṇa saha sadṛśo dṛṣṭāntadharmītyarthaḥ | sapakṣa eva satvaṃ niścitamityanvayasaṃjñakaṃ dvitīyaṃ rupam | atra sattvagrahaṇena virudhdasya nirāsaḥ , yathā - śabdo nityaḥ kṛtakatvāt ghaṭavat | kṛtakatva hi nityatvavipakṣeṇānityatvena vyāptamiti virudhdamucyate | evakāreṇa sādhāraṇasya nirāsaḥ , yathā - nityaśśabdaḥ prameyatvāt ghaṭavat | prameyatvaṃ hi vikalpaviṣayīkṛtatvam , tacca sapakṣe ākāśādau vipakṣe ca ghaṭādau sarvatrāstīti sādhāraṇamucyate | sattvaśabdāt pūrvasminnevakāreṇa sarvasapakṣāvyāpino'pi prayatnānantarīyakasya hetutvaṃ kathitam | yathā - anityaśśavdaḥ prayatnānantarīyakatvādghaṭavadvidyudvat | niścitagrahaṇena sandigdhānvayasya nirāsaḥ , yathā - asarvajño'yaṃ kaścit vaktṛtvādiṣṭapuru ṣavat | iṣṭapuruṣe sapakṣe ca vaktṛtvamasarvajñatvena vyāptamavyāptaṃ vā na jñāyate ||

vipakṣanirupaṇam

asapakṣe cāsattvameva niścitam | na sapakṣo'sapakṣaḥ | tatrāsattvameva niścitaṃ vyatirekasaṃjñakaṃ tṛtīyaṃ rupam | atrāpyasattvagrahaṇena virudhdasya nirāsaḥ | yathā nityaśśabdaḥ kṛtakatvādghaṭavat | virudhdo hi vipakṣe'sti | evakāreṇa sādhāraṇasya vipakṣaikadeśavṛtternirāsaḥ | prayatnānantarīyakatve sādhye anityatvaṃ vipakṣaikadeśe vidhudādāvasti | ākāśādau nāsti | tato niyamenāsya nirāsaḥ | asattvavacanātpūrvasminnavadhāraṇe ayamarthaḥ syāt | vipakṣa eva yo nāsti sa hetuḥ | tathā ca prayatnānantarīyakatvaṃ sapakṣe'pi nāsti , tato na hetuḥ syāt , tataḥ pūrva na kṛtamiti | niścitagrahaṇena sandigdhavipakṣavyāvṛttikasya nirāsaḥ | yathā'vītarāgo'yaṃ puruṣo vaktṛtvāt , rathyāpuruṣavat | yatrā'vītarāgatvaṃ nāsti tatra vaktṛtvamapi nāsti , yathopalakhaṇḍe | yadi nāma pāṣaṇakhaṇḍādubhayaṃ vyāvṛttaṃ tathāpi na jñāyate kimavītarāgatvanivṛttyā pāṣaṇakhaṇḍādbaktṛtvaṃ nivṛttaṃ , ahosvit svata eveti| tataḥ sandigdhavyatireko'yamanaikāntikaḥ | asattvaśabdātpaścādevakāreṇa vipakṣaikadeśavṛtternirāsaḥ | yathā - prayatnānantarīyakaśśabdo'nityatvāt | anityatvaṃ vipakṣādākāśānnivṛttaṃ , na vidyutaḥ | tato vipakṣaikadeśavṛttitvamasya||



trirupaprayogasya prayojanam

nanu sapakṣa eva sattyamityukte sāmārthyādevāsapakṣe cāsattvamiti gamyate | tatkimarthamubhayorupādanamiti cet ? vipakṣaniyamārthamiti pūrvavṛddhāḥ | te ca trividha eva vipakṣo bhavatīti manyante | sādhyābhāvamātraṃ , sādhyādanyaḥ , sādhyena saha viruddhaśca prayoganiyamārthamiti kecit | anvayaprayogo vyatirekaprayogo vā niyamavānekaḥ prayoktavyo na dvāvapīti | sādharmyavaidharmyaprayogasūcanārthamiti kecit|

triliṅgabhedanirupaṇam

trirupāṇi ca trīṇyeva liṅgāni | trīṇi rupāṇi yeṣāṃ tāni trirupāṇi trīṇyeva liṅgāni | kāryaṃ trirupaṃ liṅgam | svābhāvastrirupaṃ liṅgam | anupalabdhistrirupaṃ liṅgam | sādhanaṃ jñāpakaṃ heturvyāpyaṃ ceti liṅgāparanāmāni |

kāryahetunirupaṇam

tatra kāryaṃ yathā - yatra dhūmastatrāgniryathā mahānase , dhūmaścātreti | vyāptipakṣadharmatāsaṃjñakaṃ dvayavayavameva sādhanavākyaṃ saugatānām | anye tu pratijñāhetudṛṣṭāntopanayanigamanaṃ ceti pañcāvayavaṃ sādhanavākyamāhuḥ | upanyāsaścedṛśaḥ - agniratra , dhūmāt , yatra dhūmastatrāgniryathā mahānase , tathā cāyaṃ, tasmādagniriti | etaccāyuktam | pratijñāvacanamātrātsambandharahitāt sādhyapratipatterayogāt | sambandhābhāvastu śabdārthayoḥ sambandhadūṣaṇe pratipāditatvānna punarucyate | pratijñāmantareṇa pañcapyantahetuprayogo'pyayuktaḥ | hetuṃ vinopanayadṛṣṭāntāvapyayuktau| yatra pratijñaiva nāsti tatra pratijñāyāḥ punarvacanaṃ nigamanaṃ kuto bhaviṣyatīti sarvamāmūlaṃ viśīrṇam |

kāryasambandhanirapaṇam

ayaṃ ca kāryaheturviṣayabhedena trividhaḥ | agnyādau sādhye dhūmādiḥ trividhapratyakṣānupalambhena niścetavyaḥ | cakṣurādau sādhye jñānaṃ kādācitkāryotpādānniścīyate | rupādau sādhye rasādirekasāmagryadhīnatayā niścīyate, yathā mātuluṅgafale rasādrūpānumānam | na rupādrasānumānam | atra rupe janayitavye pūrvakaṃ rupamupādānam | rasastu sahakārikāraṇam | pūrvapuñjāduttarapuñjasyotpattau nyāya eṣaḥ | nanūpādānasahakārikāraṇayoranvayavyatirekānuvidhānasya kāryaṃ prati tulyatvātko bhedaḥ ? ucyate, yadvikriyayā yanniṣpattirekasantāne tatkāryaṃ pratipūrvakamupādānam | yatsantānāntare viśeṣodayanimittaṃ tatsahakārikāraṇam | yathā śālyaṅkure janayitavye śālibījamupādānam , kṣitisalilādi tatra sahakāri | tadevaṃ kāryahetustadutpattisambandhād gamaka iti sthitam ||

svabhāvahetunirupaṇam

svabhāvo yathā - svabhāvaḥ svasattāmātrabhāvini sādhyadharme yo heturucyate sa tasya sādhyasya dharmasya svabhāvo boddhavyaḥ | yathā- vṛkṣavyavahārayogyo'yaṃ śiṃśapāvyavahārayogyatvāt | ayamiti puraḥ paridṛśyamānaḥ padārtho dharmī | śiṃśapāvyavahārayogyatvāditi hetuḥ | śiṃśapāvyavahārayogyatvāditi ko'rthaḥ ? śākhāpatravarṇasaṃsthānaviśeṣavyavahārayogyatvādityarthaḥ | vṛkṣavyavahārayogyatvaṃ sādhyam| nanvekatve sādhyasādhanabhāvo na yuktaḥ , pratijñārthaikadeśatvāt ? na | abhede'pi kaścitpratipattā śiṃśapāvyavahāraṃ kṛtvā tatra vṛkṣavyavahāraṃ prāk kṛtamapi vyāmohāt kiñcidāropya punarna karoti | sa idāniṃ svabhāvahetunā vyavahāryate | tasmādetayoḥ paramārthata ekatve'pi vikalpabuddhau vyāvṛttisamāśrayeṇa samutpannāyāṃ bhedena pratibhāsanāt sādhyasādhanatvaṃ na virudhyata iti ||

anupalabdhihetunirupaṇam

anupalabdhiryathā - nāstīha pradeśe ghaṭaḥ , upalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptasyānupalabdheḥ | upalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptasyeti dṛśyasyetyarthaḥ |

nanvasataḥ kathaṃ dṛśyatā ? ekendriyajñānagrāhyo pradeśādāvupalabhyamāne yadi ghaṭaḥ syāt dṛśya eva bhavediti| upalambhapratyayāntarasākalyāt dṛśtayā sambhāvitaḥ , na tu dṛśya eva | tasyānupalabdheriti hetuḥ | sa caikajñānasaṃsargipadārthādekajñānasaṃsargipadārthopalambhādvā niścīyata iti tadubhayaṃ karmakartṛbhāvena paryudāsavṛttyā anupalabdhirucyate , na tu prasajyavṛttyā upalabdhinivṛttimātram | taddhi svayameva na kiñciditi kathaṃ sādhanaṃ syāt | nāpi pratiṣedhyādanyasya jñānamātram , rupopalambhādapi nāraṅgarasaniṣedhaprasaṅgāt | tasmānniṣedhyādanyadviśiṣṭameva vastudvayaṃ pradeśaḥ pradeśajñānaṃ vā'nupalabdhiriti sthitam |

abhāvo'sādhyaḥ

ata evābhāvo na sādhyate | tasya ghaṭaviviktapradeśagrāhiṇā pratyakṣeṇaiva siddhatvāt | abhāvavyavahārastu mṛḍhaṃ prati anulambhena sādhyate | tathā hi - kaścinmūḍho rajaḥprabhṛtiṣu sāṃkhyaprasiddheṣu guṇeṣvanupalambhena pravarttitābhāvabyavahāro'pi punaḥ sarvaṃ sarvatrāstīti svasiddhāntābhyāsāt kvā'pi pradeśādau ghaṭānupalambhe satyapi nābhāvavyavahāraṃ karotītyanupalambhena trividho vyavahāraḥ kāryate | tatra niḥ śaṅkagamanāgamanalakṣaṇaḥ kāyiko vyavahāraḥ | ghaṭo nāstīti vācikaḥ | īdṛśa eva antarjalpākāro mānasikaśceti |

anupalabdhertādātmyatadutpattisambandhanirupaṇam

anupalambhasya karmadharmapakṣe sādhyena saha [sādṛśye] tādātmyalakṣaṇa eva sambandho boddhavyaḥ | kartṛdharmapakṣe tu tadutpattiḥ | tathā hi - ghaṭaviviktapradeśaḥ pradeśajñānaṃ vā'nupalabdhirityuktam | asadvyavahārayogyatvaṃ ca tasya svabhāvaḥ [na kārya ] jñānaṃ tu pradeśasya kāryamiti ||

anupalabdhervyapadeśaḥ

nanu yadyanupalabdherapi tādātmyatadutpattī eva sambandhau , kathaṃ tarhi kāryasvabhāvābhyāmanupalabdherbhedaḥ ? pratiṣedhasādhanāt bhedau na vastutaḥ | yathoktamācāryeṇa -

atra dvau vastusādhanau , ekaḥ pratiṣedhahetuḥ iti |

upalavdhilakṣaṇaprāptatvaviśiṣṭena deśavipakṛṣṭe sumervādau kālaviprakṛṣṭe bhaviṣyacchaṅkhacakravartyādau svabhāvaviprakṛṣṭe piśācādāvanupalambhamātrasambhave'pi nābhāvavyavahāra ityuktaṃ bhavati |

anupalabdhervartamānakāle anāgatakāle ca pramāṇam

iyaṃ cānupalabdhirvartamānakāle pramāṇaṃ viśiṣṭasmaraṇasadbhāve'tītakāle ca , anāgatakāletvanupalabdhiḥ svayameva sandigdharupā | tato na pramāṇam | [anayā'nulabdhyā'bhāvavyahāraḥ sādhyate, na tvabhāvaḥ | tasya pratyakṣeṇaiva sidhdatvādityuktaṃ prāk ] yathā''hanyāyavādī -



amūḍhasmṛtisaṃskārasyātītasya vartamānasya ca pratipattṛpratyakṣasya

nivṛttiranupalabdhi rabhāvavyavahārasādhanī iti|

anupalabdhibhedāḥ

tatra yadā dūratvānniṣedhyasyāyogyadeśatvaṃ syāt , tadā dṛśyānupalabdhiḥ sākṣātprayoktuṃ na śakyata iti kāryānupalabdhyādayaḥ prayujyante | ata eveyaṃ prayogabhedena ṣoḍaśadhā bhavati | (1) tatra svabhāvānupalabdhiryathā- nāstyatra dhūmaḥ , upalabdhilakṣaṇaprāptasyānupalabdheḥ | pratiṣedhyasya dhūmasya yaḥ svabhāvaḥ tasyehānupalabdhiḥ | (2) kāryānupalabdhiryathā- nehāpratibaddhasāmarthyāni dhūmakāraṇāni santi , dhūmābhāvāt | pratiṣedhyānāṃ hi dhūmakāraṇānāṃ kārya dhūmaḥ , tasyehānupalabdhiḥ | (3) kāraṇānupalavdhiryathā- nāstyatra dhūmaḥ dahanābhāvāt | pratiṣedhyasya dhūmasya kāraṇaṃ dahanaḥ , tasyehānupalabdhiḥ | (4) vyāpakānupalabdhiryathā - nātra śiṃśapā , vṛkṣābhāvāt | pratiṣedhyāyāḥ śiṃpāyāḥ vyāpako vṛkṣaḥ , tāsyehānupalabdhiḥ | (5) svabhāvaviruddhopalabdhiryathā- nātra śītasparśaḥ , vahneriti | pratiṣedhyasy śītasparśasya yaḥ

svabhāvaḥ tasya virudhdo vahniḥ tasya cehopalabdhiḥ |(6) kāryaviruddhopalavdiryathā -nehāpratibadhdasāmarthyāni śītakāraṇāni santi , vahneriti| antyadaśāprāptameva kāraṇaṃ kāryaṃ janayati , na sarvaṃ kāraṇām , tato viśeṣaṇopādānam | pratiṣedhyānāṃ śītakāraṇānāṃ kāryaṃ śītaṃ , tasya viruddho vahniḥ , tasyehopalabdhiḥ | (7) kāraṇaviruddhopalabdhiryathā -nāsya romaharṣādiviśeṣāḥ santi , sannihitadahanaviśeṣatvāt | pratiṣedhyānāṃ romaharṣādiviśeṣāṇāṃ kāraṇaṃ śīta , tasya viruddho dahanaviśeṣaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (8) vyāpakaviruddhopalavdhiryathā - nātra tuṣārasparśaḥ , dahanāt | pratiṣedhyasya tuṣārasparśasya vyāpakaṃ śītaṃ , tasya viruddho dahanaviśeṣaḥ tasyehopalabdhiḥ | (9) svabhāvaviruddhakāryopalabdhiryathā, nātra śītasparśaḥ, dhūmāt | pratiṣedhyasya śītasparśasya yaḥ svabhāvastasya viruddho'gniḥ, tasya kārya dhūmaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (10) kāryaviruddhakāryopalabdhiryathā-nehāpratibadhdasāmarthyāni śītakāraṃṇāni santi dhūmāditi | pratiṣedhyānāṃ śītakāraṇānāṃ kāryaṃ śītaṃ , tasya viruddho vahniḥ , tasya kāryaṃ dhūmaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (11) kāraṇaviruddhakāryopalabdhiryathā -na romaharṣādiviśeṣayukta sparśavānayaṃ pradeśo dhūmāditi | pratiṣedhyānāṃ hi romaharṣādisparśaviśeṣāṇāṃ kāraṇaṃ śītam , tasya viruddho'gniḥ , tasya kāryaṃ dhūmaḥ, tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (12) vyāpakaviruddhakāryopalabdhiryathā - nātra tuṣārasparśaḥ , dhūmāditi | niṣedhyasya tuṣārasparśasya vyāpakaṃ śītam , tasya viruddho'gniḥ , tasya kāryaṃ dhūmaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ |

(13) svabhāvaviruddhavyāptopalabdhiryathā - nātra vahniḥ , tuṣārasparśāt | pratiṣedhyasya hi vahneryaḥ svabhāvastasya viruddhaṃ śītam , tena vyāptastuṣārasparśaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (14) kāryaviruddha - vyāptopalabdhiryathā - nehāpratibaddhasāmarthyāni vahnikāraṇāni santi , tuṣārasparśāditi | pratiṣedhyānāṃ vahnikāraṇānāṃ kāryaṃ vahniḥ , tasya viruddhaṃ śītam , tena vyāptastuṣārasparśaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ | (15) kāraṇaviruddhavyāptopalabdhiryathā - nātra dhūmastuṣārasparśāditi | pratiṣedhyasya dhūmasya yatkāraṇamagniḥ , tasya viruddhaṃ śītam , tena vyāptastuṣārasparśaḥ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ|

(16) vyāpakaviruddha -vyāptopalabdhiryathā - nāyaṃ nityaḥ , kadācitkāryakāritvāt | pratiṣedhyasya nityatvasya niratiśayatvaṃ vyāpakaṃ, tasya viruddhaṃ sātiśayatvaṃ , tena vyāptaṃ kadācitkāryakāritvaṃ , tasya cehopalabdhiḥ |

ete ca kāryānupalabdhyādayaḥ pañcadaśa prayogāḥ svabhāvānupalabdhisvabhāvā eva pratipattavyāḥ | prayuktibhedena paraṃ bhedaḥ | tatra svabhāvānupalambhenāsad vyavahārayogyatvaṃ sādhyate, na tvābhāvaḥ | tasya ca pratyakṣeṇaiva siddhatvāt | aparaiśca sarvairabhāvo'bhāvabyavahāraśca sādhyate , teṣāṃ parokṣaviṣayatvāt ||

iti tarkabhāṣāyāṃ svārthānumānaparicchedo dvitīyaḥ samāptaḥ ||
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