Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

5 atha mārgasatyaskandhaḥ

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2008
  • Proof Reader:
    Miroj Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
atha mārgasatyaskandhaḥ
155 mārgasatyaskandhe samādhyadhikāre
samādhihetuvargaḥ

śāstramāha-idānīṃ mārgasatyaṃ vicāryate| mārgasatyam-āryo'ṣṭāṅgiko mārgaḥ samyak dṛṣṭiryāvat samyak samādhiḥ| āryo'ṣṭāṅgiko mārgaḥ saṃkṣipya dvividhaḥ (1) samādhiḥ parikaraśca (2) jñānamiti|

idānīṃ samādhirvicārayitavyaḥ| (pṛ) kiṃlakṣaṇā samādhiḥ| (u) cittasyaikatrāvasthānaṃ samādhilakṣaṇam| (pṛ) kathaṃ cittamekatrāvatiṣṭhate| (u) bahulīkṛtabhāvanayā tatrāvatiṣṭhate| yadi bahuvāraṃ na bhāvayati tadā kṣiprameva vikṣipyate| (pṛ) kathaṃ bhāvayitavyam| (u) yathāsukhaṃ bhāvayitavyam| (pṛ) kathaṃ sukhayati| (u) kāyacittayordauṣṭhalyaṃ duḥkham| praśrabdhidharmeṇa kāyacittayordauṣṭhalye'panīte sukhaṃ bhavati| (pṛ) kathaṃ praśrabdhirbhavati| (u) prītipratyayaṃ kāyacitte dānte bhavataḥ| (pṛ) kathaṃ prītirbhavati| (u) triratnasmaraṇadharmaśravaṇādinā cittaprāmodyāt bhavati| (pṛ) kathaṃ cittaprāmodyaṃ bhavati| (u) pariśuddhaśīladhāraṇāt cittasyaukaukṛtye bhavati|

(pṛ) uktaḥ samādhihetuḥ| idānīṃ kasya samādhirhetuḥ| (u) ayaṃ yathābhūtajñānasya hetuḥ| yathābhūtajñānaṃ śūnyatājñānam| yathoktaṃ yogāvacaraḥ samāhitacitto viśuddhacitto vinīvaraṇacittaścittaratho'calacitto yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti duḥkhamāryasatyaṃ duḥkhasamudayaṃ dukhanirodhaṃ duḥkhanirodhagāmimārgamāryasatyam iti| ato yathābhūtajñānalipsunā samādhi bhāvanāyāṃ vīryamārabdhavyam| vikṣiptacittasya laukikasūtraśilpādihitameva na bhavati| kiṃ punarlokottaraṃ hitam| ato jñāyate laukikaṃ lokottarañca hitaṃ samāhitacittenaiva labhyate| sarvañca sat kuśalaṃ samyak jñānādhīnam| sarvamasadakuśalaṃ mithyājñānādhīnam| yathoktaṃ sūtre avidyā bhikṣavaḥ pūrvaṅgamā'kuśalānāṃ dharmāṇāṃ samāpattaye| anvagevāhrīkyamanapatrāpyam| vidyā bhikṣavaḥ pūrvaṅgamā kuśalānāṃ dharmāṇāṃ samāpattaye anvageva hrīḥ apatrāpyam| iti| samādhistu samyagjñānasya hetuḥ| ato jñāyate sarvaṃ satkuśalaṃ samādhimupādāya bhavatīti| tasmāt bhāvanāyāṃ yogaḥ kartavyaḥ||

samādhihetuvargaḥ pañcapañcāduttaraśatatamaḥ|

156 samādhilakṣaṇavargaḥ

(pṛ) uktaṃ bhavatā cittasyaikatrāvasthānaṃ samādhilakṣaṇamiti tatra samādhiścittañcaikaṃ uta bhinnam| (u) na te bhinne| kecidāhu-samādhiścittañca bhinne| samādhilabdhacittamekatrāvatiṣṭhata iti| sadapīdaṃ vacanamayuktārthakam| yadi cittaṃ samādhilabdhamālambane'vatiṣṭhata iti| samādhiriyamapi ālambane'vatiṣṭhamānā samādhyantaramupādāyāvatiṣṭheta| evamanavasthā bhavati| tattu na sambhavati| yadīyaṃ samādhiḥ prakṛtito'vasthānamiti| cittamapi na samādhimupādāyāvatiṣṭheta| ataḥ samādheranyat cittamiti yadvacanaṃ tadaprakṛṣṭārthakam| vedanāsaṃjñādayaścetasikadharmā apyālambane'vatiṣṭhante| te'pi kaṃ dharmamupādāyāvatiṣṭhanta itīdaṃ vaktavyam| yadi vedanāsaṃjñādīnāṃ pratyekaṃ samādhirasti| tulyaḥ pūrvadoṣaḥ syāt| sūtre ca cittasyaikāgratā samādhilakṣaṇamiti kevalamuktam| na tu cittaṃ samādhilabdhamavatiṣṭhata iti| ato jñāyate na yuktamiti| cittasyaikāgratetyukte nānyadharmaḥ prakāśito bhavati| yathā pūrvamuktam-yatra cittaṃ sukhi bhavati tasminnālambane'vatiṣṭhata iti| cittasya koṭiḥ samādhirna pṛthagbhavatīti draṣṭavyam| yathā cittaṃ dīrghakālāvasthānaṃ samādhirityucyate|

(pṛ) samādhiriyaṃ kiṃ sāsravā utānāsravā| (u) samādhirdvividhā sāsravā anāsravā ceti| laukikā dhyānasamādhayaḥ sāsravāḥ| dharmāvasthāmupasampannasya samādhayo'nāsravā ityucyante| kasmāt| kālo'yaṃ yathābhūtajñānadarśanamityucyate| tasya kālasya dvividhaṃ nāma samādhiriti prajñā ceti| cittasamādhānāt samādhiḥ| yathābhūtaprajñānāt prajñā| cittasamādhānaṃ trividhaṃ kuśalamakuśalamavyākṛtamiti| tatra kuśalena cittasamādhānameva samādhiḥ| natvakuśalena avyākṛtena vā| sā samādhirdvividhā ekā vimuktihetuḥ aparā avimuktihetuḥ| vimuktiheturnāma niyatamūlakam| kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ- anāsravasamādhireva niyatamūlamiti| sa vādo na yuktaḥ| sāsravā'nāsravā yadi vimuktiṃ karoti| sā sarvā'pi niyatamūlamityucyeta|

samādhiriyaṃ yathālambanāvasthānaṃ tridhā vibhajyate| parīttā vipulā apramāṇā ceti| cittaṃ kiñcitkālamavasthāya yadi parīttamālambanaṃ paśyati[tadā] parīttetyucyate| anye dve api tathā| samayavaśātrividhaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ bhavati| pragrahalakṣaṇaṃ vyutthānalakṣaṇaṃ tyāgalakṣaṇamiti| citte'balīne vyutthānalakṣaṇamupayoktavyam| citta uddhata pragrahalakṣaṇaṃ prayoktavyam| dānte ca citte tyāgalakṣaṇaṃ prayoktavyam| yathā suvarṇakāraḥ suvarṇaṃ dravayati tāpayati secayati kāle ca sthapayati| yadi sadā tāpayati| tadā dravībhavati| sadā secane ghanībhavati| sadā sthapanesphūryate| evaṃ yogāvacarasya cittamapi| kampitasyāpragrahe sadā vikṣepaḥ| avalīnasyāvyutthāne kausīdyam| dāntasyātyāge punaradamanam| yathā ca dānto'śvaḥ pravege pragṛhyate| dandhaḥ [kaśayā]tāḍyate| dāntaḥ parityajyate| evaṃ yogāvacarasya dāntaṃ cittamapi|

samādherasyāstrividha upāyaḥ samādhyavatāropāyaḥ samādhyavasthānopāyaḥ samādhivyutthānopāya iti| yathādharmaṃ samādhāvatarati| ayaṃ samādhyavatāropāyaḥ| samādhisthito na calati| ayaṃ samādhyavasthānopāyaḥ| yathādharmaṃ samādhervyuttiṣṭhate| ayaṃ samādhivyutthānopāyaḥ| (pṛ) kathamimān trividhānupāyān pratilabhate| (u) yogāvacaraḥ svacittalakṣaṇaṃ gṛhṇan evaṃ pragṛhṇan evaṃ vyuttiṣṭhan evaṃ parityajan samādhāvavatarati| tathā nirgacchati ca| (pṛ) sākṣādeva samādhigrahe ka upayoga upāyasya| (u) trividhopāyān pravartamānasya ādīnavo bhavati| yathepsitañca na vindate| avataritumicchan vyutiṣṭheta vyutthātumicchan punaravataret| itīdṛśā doṣāḥ santi| lābhaṃ hāniṃ manyeta| hāniñca lābham| yathā kiñcidviśuddharūpaṃ kiñcitprakāśarūpañca dṛṣṭvā vadeta-mahāhitaṃ labdhamiti| anityaṃ duḥkhaṃ śūnyamityādyanusmarataḥ cittaṃ na sukhi bhavati| pratyuta hānikaramiti vadet|

(pṛ) yogāvacarasya kasmāt kadācitsamādhilābho'sti kadācinnāsti| (u) samādhilābhasya catvāraḥ pratyayāḥ-(1) ihādhvani yunakti, (2) pūrvakāyapratyayaḥ (3) samādhilakṣaṇaṃ sugṛhṇāti, (4) śrutvā samādhidharmānanuvartayati iti| samādhibhāvanāścaturvidhāḥ-(1) sadāprayogī naikāgraṃ carati| (2) ekāgraṃ carati na sadāprayukto bhavati| (3) sadāprayuktaśca bhavati ekāgrañca carati| (4) na sadā prayukto naikāgraṃ carati| kiñca santi caturvidhāḥ bahukuśalaḥ alpaprajñaḥ, alpakuśalo bahuprajñaḥ, bahukuśalo bahuprajñaḥ, alpakuśalo'lpaprajña iti| eṣutṛtīyo yogāvacaro'vaśyaṃ labhate| caturtho nāvaśyaṃ labhate| prathamadvitīyau yadi dāntau samau tadā labhete||

samādhilakṣaṇavargaḥ ṣaṭpañcāśaduttaraśatatamaḥ|

157 trisamādhivargaḥ

(pṛ) uktaṃ sūtre-trayaḥ samādhayaḥ ekāṅgabhāvanasamādhiḥ, ubhayāṅgabhāvanasamādhiḥ aryaḥ samyaksamādhiriti| kimidam| (u) ekāṅgabhāvana iti yat samādhiṃ bhāvayati na prajñām| prajñāṃ vā bhāvayati na samādhim| ubhayāṅgabhāvana iti samādhiṃ bhāvayati prajñāñca bhāvayati| ayaṃ laukikasamādhirūṣmādidharmagataḥ| āryaḥ samyaksamādhiriti yaddharmāvasthāmupasampanno nirodhasatyaṃ sākṣātkaroti| sa āryaḥ samyagityucyate| kenedaṃ jñāyate| yathā sthaviro bhikṣurāha-yogāvacaraḥ samādhinā cittaṃ bhāvayan prajñāmupādāya kleśān pratiṣedhayati| prajñayā cittaṃ bhāvayan samādhimupādāya kleśān pratiṣedhayati| samādhinā prajñayā ca cittaṃ bhāvayan svabhāvamupādāya vimucyate| svabhāvo nāma yaḥ prahāṇasvabhāvaḥ viyogasvabhāvo nirodhasvabhāvaḥ| samādhiprajñayoryugapatprapūraṇādāryaḥ samyagityucyate| yathā samādhiprajñābhyāṃ vimuktilabdhaḥ sarvaśo vimuktaityucyate|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-ekāṅgabhāvana iti yadi samādhimupādāya raśmiṃ paśyati na rūpāṇi| yadi(vā)rūpāṇi paśyati na raśmim| ubhayāṅgabhāvana iti yat rūpañca paśyati raśmiñca paśyati| āryaḥ samyaksamādhiriti yat śaikṣāśaikṣābhyāṃ pratilabdhaḥ samādhiḥ iti| kathamidam| (u) raśmimātraṃ paśyati na rūpamiti nāsti kiñcana sūtram sūtre kevalamuktam-ahaṃ prakṛtito raśmimapaśyaṃ rūpamapyapaśyam| idānīṃ raśmirvinaṣṭaḥ, rūpamapi na paśyāmīti| bhavatā ca vaktavyaṃ kena kāraṇena raśmiṃ paśyati na rūpam ityādi| iti nāvocaḥ|

(pṛ) sūtrauktaṃ-trayaḥ samādhayaḥ śūnyato'nimitto'praṇihita iti| eṣāṃ trayāṇāṃ samādhīnāṃ ko bhedaḥ| (u) yadi yogāvacaro na paśyati sattvaṃ nāpi dharmam| ayamucyate śūnyataḥ [samādhi]riti| īdṛśe śūnye[yadi]grāhyanimittaṃ nāsti| ayaṃ śūnya evānimittaḥ| śūnye ca nāsti praṇihitaṃ kiñcana| ayaṃ śūnyaḥ[samādhi]revāpraṇihita ityucyate| atastrayo'pyekārthakāḥ| (pṛ) tathā cet kasmāt traya ityucyante| (u) śūnyaṃ bhāvayediti śūnyatāsamartha āha| śūnyaṃ bhāvayan hitaṃ labhate yaduta nimittaṃ na paśyatīti| nimittādarśanādanimittaḥ| animittatvādapraṇihītaḥ| apraṇihitatvānna kāyaṃ vedayate| kāyāvedanātsarvaduḥkhānmucyate| ityādi hitāni śūnyatābhāvanayā labhate| ata ucyate traya iti|

kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ yaḥ samādhiḥ śūnyānātmākāreṇa bhavati ayaṃ śūnya ityucyate| ya ākāro'nityato duḥkhato hetutaḥ samudayato janakataḥ pratyayato mārgato yathāvadācarato niryāṇato bhavati| ayamapraṇihitaḥ| ya ākāro nirodhata upaśamataḥ praṇītato viyogato bhavati| ayamanimitta iti| kathamidam| (u) yadāha bhavān-anityato duḥkhata ākāraḥ apraṇihita iti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| bhagavān sadā vadati yadanityaṃ tadeva duḥkham| yat dukhaṃ tadevānātmakam iti| nairātmyaṃ prajānan na punaḥ praṇidadhāti| ato jñāyate śūnyatvācca na praṇidadhātīti| hetutaḥ samudayato janakataḥ pratyayata ākāra iti matam| tat tathaiva syāt| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi sūtre-yatkiñcitsamudayalakṣaṇaṃ sarvaṃ tannirodhalakṣaṇamiti paśyan nirvidyate iti| mārge ca na bhavedapraṇihita ākāraḥ| kasmāt| praṇidhānaṃ hi tṛṣṇāṅgam| yathāsūtramuktam hīnaṃ madhyamaṃ praṇidhānaṃ na mārga āsaktijanakam| ato na bhavedapraṇihita ākāraḥ| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-pañcānāṃ skandhānāṃ nirodhānnirodha ityucyate iti jñātavyam| śūnya eva nirodha ityucyate| na tatrāsti praṇidhānam| kāyatṛṣṇā hi praṇidhānaṃ bhavati| ato jñāyate ime traya ekārthakā iti na syādbheda iti|

(pṛ) kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-trayaḥ samādhayaḥ śūnyaśūnyaḥ, apraṇitāpraṇihitaḥ, animittānimitta iti| kathamidam| (u) śūnyena pañcaskandhān śūnyān dṛṣṭvā ekena śūnyena punarimaṃ śūnyaṃ śūnyīkaroti| ayaṃ śūnyaśūnya ityucyate| apraṇihitena pañcaskandhān nirvidya apraṇihitena punarimamapraṇihitaṃ nirvedayati| ayamapraṇihitāpraṇihitaḥ| animittena pañcaskandhān praśāntān dṛṣṭvā animittena punaranimittaṃ na gṛhṇāti| ayamanimittānimittaḥ|

(pṛ) ābhidharmikā āhuḥ-traya ime samādhayaḥ sāsravā iti| kathamidam| (u) ime na sāsravāḥ| kasmāt| samayasyāsyā nāsravānuśayatvāt| samādhirayaṃ śūnyādipradhānaḥ| kathaṃ sāsravo bhavet| (pṛ) yadi śūnyādayaḥ samādhayo vastutaḥ prajñātmakāḥ| kathaṃ samādhirityucyate| (u) samādhīnāṃ bhedāt| samādhiśca yathābhūtajñānadarśanādhāyakatvāt samādhirityucyate| phale hetūpacārāt|

(pṛ) kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ- śūnyaśūnyādayaḥ samādhayo'śaikṣajanamātralabhyā nānyairiti| kathamidam| (u) śaikṣajanā api labheyuḥ| kasmāt| yogāvacareṇa hi sāsravāṇāmanāsravāṇāṃ sarveṣāṃ dharmāṇāṃ nirodho'dhigantavyaḥ| ataḥ śaikṣajanairapi anāsravadharmāṇāṃ nirodho'dhigantavyaḥ syāt||

trisamādhivargaḥ saptapañcāśaduttaraśatatamaḥ|

158 catussamādhibhāvanāvargaḥ

asti samādhibhāvanā dṛṣṭadharmasukha [vihāra]āyaṃ saṃvartate| asti samādhibhāvanā jñānadarśana[pratilābha]āya saṃvartate| asti samādhibhāvanā smṛtisamprajanyāya saṃvartate| asti samādhibhāvanā āsravāṇāṃ kṣayāya saṃvartate| yaḥ samādhiḥ dṛṣṭadharmasukhaprāpako yaduta dvitīyadhyānādayaḥ| [sā prathamā bhavanā|]kenedaṃ jñāyate| bhagavānāha-dvitīyadhyānaṃ samādhijaṃ prītisukhaṃ nāmne saṃvartate anyadharmāya saṃvartate yathā piṇḍapātāya śrāvastyāṃ praveśa iti|

(pṛ) prathamaṃ dhyānamapi saprītisukham| kasmānnocyate sa dṛṣṭadharmasukhavihāra iti| (u) prathamadhyānasya cittavikṣepakavitarkavicāravyāmiśritatvāt na taducyate dṛṣṭadharmasukhamiti (pṛ) dvitīyadhyānasyāpi santi prītyādayaścittavikṣepakā dharmāḥ| kasmāducyate sukhamiti| (u) sarvavitarkavicārapūrvakaṃ cittaparigrahāt prītyādayaḥ sukhamityucyante, duḥkhākārataḥ paraṃ sarvaṃ duḥkhamityucyate| prathamadhyāne duḥkhamaudārikam| dvitīyadhyānādiṣu duḥkhaṃ sūkṣmam| sūkṣmaduḥkhatvāt sukhamityākhyāṃ labhate|

(pṛ) dvitīyadhyānādayaḥ sāṃparāyikasukhavihārā api bhavanti| kasmāt dṛṣṭadharmasukhavihāramātramucyate| (u) yathā'jātaśatroḥ sāndṛṣṭikaṃ śrāmaṇyaphalamuktam| pratyāsatyocyate [tathā]| pañcakāmasukhānāṃ bhedāyocyate dṛṣṭadharmasukha[vihāra i]ti| yadi pañcakāmasukhāsaktaḥ kaścit, ato na dhyānabhāgbhavati| tadarthamāha-pañcakāmasukhānāṃ viyoge paramaṃ dṛṣṭadharmasukhaṃ pratilabhadhva iti| buddhā na sāṃparāyikakāyavedanaṃ praśaṃsanti| ato nābhidadhati sāmparāyikaṃ sukham| laukikā vadanti sukhaṃ gṛhasthasya na pravrajitasyeti| ato bhagavānāha-idaṃ pravrajitasya dṛṣṭadharme sukhamiti|

imāścatasraḥ samādhibhāvanāḥ sarvā dṛṣṭadharmasukha[vihārā]ya saṃvartante| prathamāyā nāmopacārāt kevalamucyate dṛṣṭadharmasukha[vihārāye]ti|

(pṛ) yadīmāścasraḥ samādhibhāvanā nānāhitāni sādhayanti| kasmātkevalamucyante catvārīmāni hitāni| (u) hitaṃ dvividhaṃ laukikaṃ lokottaramiti| dvitīyā samādhibhāvanā laukikahitāya bhavati yaduta jñānadarśanam| jñānaṃ nāmāṣṭavimokṣāyatanadaśakṛtsnāyatanādihitam| darśanaṃ pañcābhijñādihitam| kasmāt| cakṣuṣā dṛśyamānatvāt hitamidaṃ darśanamityucyate| idaṃ raśmigrahamupādāya siddhatvāt jñānadarśanamiti bhavati| yat raśmilakṣaṇamityucyate dvitīyamidaṃ lokottaraṃ hitam|

pañcaskandhān samprajānātīti samprajanyam| ataḥ sūtra uktam-sasmṛtisamprajanyo yogāvacaro yā vedanā vitarkāḥ saṃjñā utpadyante sarvā[stāḥ] pratijānāti iti| vedanānāṃ prajñānaṃ nāma sparśapratyayā vedanā, nāsti tu vedaka iti| vitarkānāṃ prajñānaṃ nāma ahamiti vitarkaḥ; kathaṃ [sa] na bhavet| yaḥ strīpuruṣādiprajñaptisaṃjñāvikalpaḥ, tatsaṃjñāpratibhedanā vitarkā na bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-vitarkaḥ kiṃ nidānaḥ| [vitarkaḥ] [prapañca] saṃjñā [saṃkhyā] nidāna iti| ato jñāyate prajñaptisaṃjñāpratibhedanāt smṛtisamprajanyaṃ nāma| smṛtisamprajanyenāsravakṣayo labhyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogāvacaraḥ pañcānāṃ skandhānāmudayavyayānudarśī skandhānāṃ nirodhaṃ sākṣātkaroti iti| ato jñāyate| sarvāṇi laukikāni lokottarāṇi hitāni caturṣu saṅgṛhītānīti|

(pṛ) kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ-caturthadhyāne'rhatphalaṃ pratilabhamānasya ānantaryamārga āsravakṣaya ityucyate iti| kathamidam| (u) na hi tatrāsti viśiṣṭahetuḥ caturthadhyānamātrasyānantaryamārga āsravakṣayo nānyasyeti| ata[sta]nna yujyate|

samādhibhāvanā ca trividhahitāya saṃvartate-(1) dṛṣṭadharmasukha[vihārā]ya, (2) jñānadarśana [pratilābhā]ya, (3) āsravakṣayāya ca| dvividhāya vā saṃvartate| uktavadekāntakṣayārthatvāt suviśuddhyarthatvāt, saṃsārakṣayārthatvāt, nānāsvabhāvavivekārthatvāt mārgamupadiśati cakṣuṣmān| tatra pūrve trayaḥ prahāṇasyābhidhānam, antimo jñānasya| nātra bhagavān dṛṣṭadharmasukha[vihāra]māha|

catussamādhibhāvanāvargo'ṣṭapañcāśaduttaraśatatamaḥ|

159 caturapramāṇasamādhivargaḥ

maitrī karuṇā muditā upekṣā| [tatra] maitrī nāma vyāpādaviruddhaṃ kuśalacittam| yathā suvijñaḥ suvijñāya sadā hitaṃ prārthayate| tathā yogāvacaro'pi sarvasatvānāṃ kṛte sadā sukhaṃ prārthayate| ato'yaṃ sarvasattvānāṃ suvijño bhavati| (pṛ) kiṃ nāma suvijñasya lakṣaṇam| (u) nityaṃ lakṣyata aihikāmuṣmikahitasukhaprakarṣaprārthanāṃ kurvan naiva viruddhāsukhaprārthanām| tathā yogāvacaro'pi sattvānāṃ sukhameva prārthayate nāsukham |

karuṇā vihiṃsāviruddhaṃ maitracittam| kasmāt| sattvānāṃ sukhaprārthanatvāt| (pṛ) dveṣavihiṃsayoḥ ko bhedaḥ| (u) citte dveṣasmṛtimutpādya satvān tāḍayituṃ vihisituṃ vā icchati| dveṣoddhitaṃ kāyavākkarma vihiṃsetyucyate| dveṣo vihiṃsāyā hetuḥ| dveṣākāṃkṣī avaśyaṃ pradāśamācarati|

muditā īrṣyāviruddhaṃ maitracittam| īrṣyā nāma parasyotkarṣaṃ dṛṣṭvā akṣamamāṇasyotpanno'sūyāvyāpādaḥ| yogāvacarasya sarvasattvānāṃ lābhaprakarṣaṃ dṛṣṭvā mahatī prītirbhavati yathātmano hitalābhe|

(pṛ) kimimāni trīṇi maitrī[rūpāṇi]ā (u) maitracittasyaiva trayaḥ prakārāḥ| kasmāt| avyāpādo maitrī| na kaścidadviṣan duḥkhinaṃ sattvaṃ dṛṣṭvā dayate| yadā sarveṣu sattveṣu paramaṃ maitracittaṃ kaścidduḥkhopadravasambhrāntaṃ putraṃ dṛṣṭveva samācaratitasmin samaye pravṛttaṃ maitracittaṃ karuṇetyucyate| atha vā kaścit parasya duḥkhe karuṇāmutpādayannapi na parasyotkarṣe pramuditacitto bhavati| kenedaṃ jñāyate| kaścitsapatnasya duḥkhaṃ dṛṣṭavaiva karuṇāyate| kiṃ punarlabdhavijayaṃ putraṃ dṛṣṭvā[na] pramodyata iti| yogāvacaraḥ sarvasattvān samṛddhilābhino dṛṣṭvā svābhedataḥ pramuditacitto bhavati| iyaṃ muditetyucyate| ato jñāyate maitrīcittaviśeṣaḥ karuṇā muditā ceti|

(pṛ) kasyopekṣayā upekṣā| (u) śatruṃ mitrañca paśyato maitracittaṃ na samamasti| mitre'dhikam| udāsīne na tulyam| śatrau tu alpam| tathā karuṇā muditā'pi| ato yogāvacaro mitre maitramupekṣya śatrau śātravamupekṣya cittasāmyaṃ cikīrṣati| paścāt sarvasattveṣu samacitto bhavati| tathā karuṇā muditā'pi| ataḥ sūtra uktam-rāgapratighaprahāṇāyopekṣāṃ bhāvaya iti| (pṛ) tathā cet na pṛthagastyupekṣācittam| cittasāmyamātramupekṣāṃ bhavati| (u) pūrvamevoktaṃ mayā maitracittaviśeṣāḥ karuṇāmuditādaya iti| maitracittañcottamādhamamadhyadharmaistrividham| trayāṇāmeṣāṃ samabhāva upekṣā| yathā vadanti uttamamaitracittena trīṇi dhyānāni bhāvayatīti|

(pṛ) kenopāyena tanmaitracittaṃ pratilabhate| (u) uttaratna vakṣyante pratighasyādīnavāḥ| tānādīnavān prajñāya maitracittaṃ bhāvayati| maitracittasya hitaguṇañca paśyati| yathoktaṃ sutre maitracetovihārī sukhaṃ svapiti| sukhaṃpratipadyate| na pāpakaṃ svapnaṃ paśyati| devatā rakṣanti| manuṣyāṇāṃ priyo bhavati| [amanuṣyāṇāṃ priyo bhavati|] nāsmai agnirvā viṣaṃ vā śastraṃ vā kramate| [uttaramapratividhyan brahmalokopago bhavati] iti| imānyāniśaṃsāni śrutvā bhāvayati| yogāvacaro'nusmarati-ahaṃ vyāpādamutpādya ahameva vipākamanubhavāmi nānya iti| ato vyāpādamakṛtvā maitracittaṃ bhāvayati| kiñca yogāvacaro manasi karoti ahamalpakena pāpakena anyasya kṛtena bahūni pāpakāni tacchataguṇāni tadabhinnānyanubhavāmi| ataḥ pāpakāni parivarjayediti| uktañca sūtre-pañca dveṣaprahāṇakāraṇāni sadā'nusmartavyānīti| vyāpādaśca yogāvacarasya nālaṃ bhavati| aṣṭa kuśalāniṃśasāni pūrvamanusmaret| pāpakāni varjayato vyāpādaḥ śāmyati| puruṣasya pūrvādhvani mātā vā syāt, garbhiṇī prasavitrī ca madarthaḥ duḥkhaṃ vyavasyamānā syāt| atha vā syāt mama pitā bhrātā bhāryā putro vā| kathaṃ dveṣṭavyam| iti| anusmareccāgāminyadhvani mama pitā mātā bhrātā vā bhavet iti| arhan pratyekabuddho buddho vā bhavediti [anusmaraṇaṃ] kuryāt| kathaṃ dveṣṭavyam| durjanān dṛṣṭvā pāpakamācaran ubhayoradhvanorduḥkhaṃ vedayate| ato na dveṣṭavyam| pūrvañca nibhṛtaṃ paśyet janasya svabhāvaḥ kuśalo'kuśala iti| yadi durjano mama [akuśala] mādadhāti, kasmādahaṃ dviṣāmi| yathā'gninā dagdho nā[gniṃ]dviṣet| kleśopahataḥ piśācapīḍita iva na svātantryabhāgbhavati| iti pūrvaṃ paśyan kimarthaṃ dviṣati| yena pratyayena kṣāntiṃ bhāvayati| taṃ dharmamanusmaret| tadā vyāpādaḥ śāmyati, maitracittañca vardhate| kṣāntiguṇo yogāvacaro'nuvicintayati-ahaṃ yadi paraṃ dviṣāmi| tadā pṛthagjanasya grāmīṇasya tasya [mama] ca nāsti bhedaḥ| ataḥ kṣantavyamiti| yathāha bhagavān gāthām-

suvinīto yathā hastī sahate śaramastrakam
tathā cāhamapīhaiva titikṣe sarvapāpakam|| iti|

api cāha gāthām-
aślīlamapavādañca vigarhāṃ pratighaṃ tathā|
na kṣametādhamaḥ sattvaḥ śilavṛṣṭiṃ yathā khagaḥ||
aślīlamapavādañca vigarhīṃ pratighaṃ tathā|
kṣameta hi māhasattvaḥ puṣpavṛṣṭiṃ yathā gajaḥ|| iti|

ataḥ kṣantavyam| tadakuśalaṃ guṇaḥ pariṇamate| akuśalebhyo guṇasaṃsiddheḥ| yogāvacara ime sattvā mūḍhā avijñā bālasamānā na vidveṣyā iti prajānāti| ityanenopāyena maitracittaṃ bhāvayati|

(pṛ) kathaṃ karuṇāṃ bhāvayati| (u) yogāvacaro'lpasukhino duḥkhabahulān dṛṣṭvā karuṇāyate| kathamahaṃ duḥkhini sattve punarduḥkhamāadhyām iti| atyantasukhāsaktān dṛṣṭvā ca cintayati-kathamahaṃ parapraṇihitaṃ hāpayeyamiti| ataḥ karuṇāyate| duḥkhinaṃ sattvaṃ dṛṣṭvā dṛṣṭadharme duḥkhitvāt duḥkhī bhavati| sukhinaṃ sattvaṃ dṛṣṭvā anitya[sukha]tvāt duḥkhī bhavati| ataḥ sarve sattvā duḥkhabhāgina ādāvante vā na vimuktilābhina ityanena pratyayena karuṇāyate|

(pṛ) kathaṃ muditāṃ bhāvayati| (u) yogāvacaraḥ parahiterṣyālutā pṛthagjanalakṣaṇamiti dṛṣṭvā muditāṃ bhāvayati| cintayati caivam-sattvānāṃ sukhamutpādayeyamiti| [yadi] paraḥ svayaṃ labhate| tadā sa māṃ satkaroti| ato muditāmutpādayet| taderṣyādṛṣṭirvṛthā nāsti kimapi hitam| na paramupahanti| pratyutātmānameva hiṃsati| yathoktañca sūtre-īrṣyā saṃyojanā iti| tatsaṃyojanaparijihīrṣayā muditāmutpādayati|

(pṛ) kathamupekṣāṃ carati| (u) viṣamacitte doṣaṃ dṛṣṭvā cittasāmyacikīrṣayā upekṣāṃ carati| yogāvacaro rāgapratighacitte doṣadarśanādupekṣācaryāṃ bhāvayati|

(pṛ) idamapramāṇacittaṃ kasyāṃ bhūmau vartate| (u) triṣu dhātuṣu vartate| (pṛ) ābhidharmikāḥ kecidāhuḥ-tṛtīyadhyānādūrdhvaṃ nāsti saumanasyendriyam iti| kathamidam| (u) nāhaṃ vadāmi muditacittaṃ saumanasyendriyasvabhāvamiti| kintu parahite'kaluṣamuditacittatā muditetyucyate| catvārīmānyapramāṇāni prajñāsvabhāvāni|

(pṛ) kathamārūpyadhātau catvāryapramāṇāni bhavanti| rūpalakṣaṇena hi sattvo vikalpyate| tatra rūpaṇe rūpalakṣaṇaṃ kathaṃ bhavet| (u) arūpasattvā api vikalpanīyāḥ| yathoktaṃsūtre-sarūpārūpyādiṣu kuryāditi| kiñcoktaṃsūtre-śubhavipākapratilābhaparamāṃ maitracetovimuktiṃ bhāvayati| ākāśānantyāyatanapratilābhaparamāṃ karuṇā[cetovimuktiṃ] bhāvayati| vijñānānantyāyatanapratilābhaparamāṃ muditā[cetovimuktiṃ]bhāvayati| ākiñcanyāyatanapratilābhaparamāmupekṣā[cetovimuktiṃ]bhāvayati| iti| ato jñāyate ārūpye'pi santyapramāṇānīti| (pṛ) ekaikasyāṃ bhūmāvekamapramāṇamasti| kiṃ naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatane kimapi nāsti| (u) sarveṣvapyāyataneṣu sarvāṇi santi| atyadhimaitrībhāvanayā paraṃ śubhāyatanamutpadyate| karmaṇāṃ sarūpavipākajanakatvāt| yaḥ sattvānāṃ sukhākāṃkṣī sa sukhavipākaṃ labhate| tathā karuṇā'pi| kāyādhīnatayā bhūyasā duḥkhānāṃ samudayaḥ| ākāśe ca rūpaṃ nāstītyato vijñānānantyāyatanacittasyālambane paramasukhavihāritvāt| ākiñcanyāyatanaparamā upekṣeti| yogāvacaraḥ saṃjñāpariklāntatvādākiñcanyāyatanamupasampadya viharati| naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatane'pi apramāṇamasti| atisūkṣmātvānnopalabhyata iti nocyate| sarveṣvapyāyataneṣu sarvamasti iti bāhulyavaśāt ucyate| śubhe maitryāṃḥ paramādhikyāt ityevamādi| dhyānasamādhiṣu catvāryapramāṇacittāni vipākavedanāpradhānāni sattvālambanatvāt|

(pṛ) ābhidharmikā āhuḥ-catvāryapramāṇāni kāmadhātukasattvamātrālambanā nīti| tatkatham| (u) kasmānnānyasattvālambanāni tāni| vaktavyo'tra hetuḥ| bhagavānapramāṇasūtra āha-iha bhikṣurmaitrasahagatena cetasā ekāṃ diśaṃ[sphuritvā viharati| tathā] dvitīyāṃ tathā tṛtīyāṃ caturthī ityurdhvamadhastiryak[sarvadā sarvatratāyai] sarvāvantaṃ lokaṃ [maitrasahagatena cetasā] sphuritvā viharati iti| rūpārūpyakadhātukasattvā anityā bhaṅgurā durgati gāmina ityasti hetuḥ|

(pṛ) ābhidharmikā āhuḥ-kāmadhātugato yogāvacara evāpramāṇānyupasampadya viharatīti| kathamidam| (u) sarvāyatanajātāḥ sarva upasampadya viharanti| (pṛ) yadi tanna jātā api upasampadya viharanti| tadā na puṇyaṃ kṣīyeta| tatra nityamutpadyeran| (u) yathā tatra dhyānādīn kuśaladharmānusampadya viharanto'pi[tato]nivartante| tathā maitrādīnapi (pṛ) yadyayaṃ nyāyaḥ| kasmānna kṣipraṃ nivartante| (u) astīdṛśaṃ karma satyapi nivṛttihetau na nivartante| yathā kāma[dhātuka]devādayaḥ satyapi kuśalakarmaṇi durgatāvupapadyante| tathedamapi||

(pṛ) maitrasamādhivihāriṇaṃ kasmānna viṣaṃśastramagnirvā kramate| (u) kuśalapuṇyaghanagabhīramakuśalāni nādhitiṣṭhanti devaiḥ surakṣitatvāt| (pṛ) sūtramāha-maitrasahagataṃ smṛtisambodhyaṅgaṃ bhāvayati iti| sāsravānāsravayoḥ kathaṃ sahabhāvanā| (u) maitrī [smṛti] sambodhyaṅgenānugatā bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yadi kaścidekāgracittena dharmaṃ śṛṇoti| tadā pañcanīvaraṇāni prahāya saptasambodhyaṅgāni bhāvayati| dharmāśravaṇe'pi sambodhyaṅgāni bhāvayati| iti| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-bhāvayatha bhikṣavo maitracittam, pratijānāmi anāgāmiphalaṃ prāpsyatheti| maitracittaṃ yadyapi na saṃyojanaṃ hāpayati| [tathāpi]pūrvameva maitracittena puṇyaguṇajñānahitasañcayādāryamārgaprajñāṃ labdhvā saṃyojanāni prajahāti| ata ucyate maitrī bhāvanayā anāgāmiphalaṃ labhata iti| maitrī bhāvanayā sambodhyaṅgamapyevam|

(pṛ) arhan prahīṇasattvasaṃjñaḥ| kathamapramāṇāni bhāvayati| (u) arhan maitracittamupasampadya viharannapi namaitrakarmasiddhiṃ sañcinoti| upapattivedanā'bhāvāt| (pṛ) buddhānāṃ bhagavatāṃ mahākaruṇā katham| (u) buddhānāṃ bhagavatāṃ naiva mīmāṃsājñānamasti| dharmāṇāmatyantaśūnyatāṃ prajānanto'pi pṛthagjaneṣu gabhīraṃ mahākaruṇāmācaranti|

(pṛ) karuṇāyā mahākaruṇāyāśca ko bhedaḥ| (u) kṛpācittamātraṃ karuṇā| kriyāṃ sādhayatīti mahākaruṇā| kasmāt| bodhisattvaḥ sattvānāṃ duḥkhaṃ dṛṣṭvā tatkṣayāya vīryamārabhate| apramāṇakalpeṣu bhāvanāsādhyatvānmahākaruṇetyucyate| ājñendriyeṇa sattvānāṃ duḥkhaṃ dṛṣṭvā [tat] apaneṣyāmīti niyamena cittoddhāpanaṃ mahākaruṇā| upakārabahuleti mahākaruṇā| apratihateti mahākaruṇā| kutaḥ| karuṇācittaṃ hi parasya pāpakaṃ smṛtvā pratighātamutpādayet| mahākaruṇā tu nānāvidhaparamapāpakeṣvapi apratihatagatirbhavati| karuṇācittaṃ kadācit ghanaṃ, kadācit tanīyaḥ, na samaṃ bhavati| sarvatra sameti mahākaruṇā| ātmano hitaṃ tyaktvā parasya hitamātramākāṃkṣata iti mahākaruṇā| karuṇā tu naivamityayaṃ bhedaḥ| buddhe maitryādi mahadityucyate| karuṇā tu [kadācit] duḥkhākāṃkṣiṇīti kevaletyucyate||

caturapramāṇasamādhivarga ekonaṣaṣṭuttaraśatatamaḥ|

160 pañcāṅgāryasamādhivargaḥ

uktaṃ hi sūtre-pañcāṅga[bhūtā] āryasamādhayaḥ yaduta prītiḥ sukhaṃ cittaviśuddhiḥ prakāśalakṣaṇaṃ bhāvanālakṣaṇamiti| prītiḥ prathamadvitīyadhyānayoḥ| prītilakṣaṇaṃ samamiti ekāṅgamucyate| tṛtīyadhyāne prītivirahāt sukhaṃ pṛthagekamaṅgamucyate| caturthadhyāne cittaviśuddhistṛtīyamaṅgamucyate| imāni trīṇyaṅgānyāśrityotpadyate prakāśabhāvanālakṣaṇam| prakāśalakṣaṇaṃ bhāvanālakṣaṇasya hetuṃ kṛtvā pañcaskandhān paribhedayati| pañcaskandhānāṃ śūnyatābhāvanaṃ bhāvanālakṣaṇamityucyate| nirvāṇagāmitvādāryam|

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-pañca āryasamādhijñānāni| katamāni imāni| (u) bhagavān svayamāha-yogī cintayati mamāyaṃ samādhirāryo nirāmiṣa iti prathamajñānamutpadyate| samādhirayamakāpuruṣasevita iti dvitīyajñānamutpadyate| samādhirayaṃ śāntaḥ praṇītaḥ prītipraśrabdhilabdha iti tṛtīyajñānamutpadyate| ayaṃ samādhiḥ pratyutpannasukha āyatyāñca sukhavipāka iti caturthajñānamutpadyate| sa khalu punarahamimaṃ samādhiṃ smṛta eva samāpadye smṛta eva vyuttiṣṭhāmīti pañcamaṃ jñānamutpadyate| iti| anena samādhāvapi jñānamastīti bhagavān prakāśayati| cittadhāraṇā paraṃ nāsti| samādhiṃ bhāvayato yadi kleśā bhavanti| [tadā tān] tatrotpannaṃ jñānamapanayati| samādhiṃ kṛtvā āryaṃ nirāmiṣaṃ chandayāmītīdaṃ prathamajñānamucyate| āryo nirāmiṣo yadutākāpuruṣasevita ityayaṃ paṇḍitapragītaḥ| akāpuruṣā yadāryajanāḥ| jñānalābhitvātkāpuruṣā na bhavanti| [yat] jñānaṃ prajñaptiṃ bhinatti| idaṃ dvitīyajñānamityucyate| rāgādikleśānāmalpīyasāṃ nirodhāt śāntam| śāntatvāt praṇītam| kleśādīnāṃ visaṃyogāllabdhaṃ visaṃyogalabdhamityucyate| ayaṃ vītarāgamārgaḥ-idaṃ tṛtīyajñānaṃ bhavati| kleśaprahāṇasākṣātkārāt kṣemaṃ śāntaṃ labhate| tāpavinirmuktaṃ sukhaṃ pratyutpannasukhamāyatīsukham, pratyutpannaṃ sukhaṃ kleśavinirmuktaṃ sukham| āyatyāṃ sukhaṃ yannirvāṇasukham| idaṃ caturthajñānaṃ bhavati| yogī nityamanimittacitto viharati| ato nityaṃ smṛto vyuttiṣṭhati smṛtaḥ samādhimusampadyate| idaṃ pañcamaṃ jñānaṃ bhavati| tasmādyadi pañcamajñānamidaṃ notpannaṃ, utpādayitavyam| yadyutpannaṃ samādhiphalaṃ labdhameva||

pañcāṅgāryasamādhivargaḥ ṣaṣṭyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

161 ṣaṭsamādhivargaḥ

(pṛ) uktaṃ sūtre-samādhayaḥ ṣaṭ aṣṭyekalakṣaṇabhāvanā ekalakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartate| astyekalakṣaṇabhāvanā nānālakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartate| astyekalakṣaṇabhāvanā ekalakṣaṇanānālakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartate| evaṃ nānālakṣaṇabhāvanā'pi| katamānīmāni| (u) ekalakṣaṇamitīdaṃ dhyānasamādhiḥ syāt| dhyānasamādherekālambana ekāgratāviharaṇāt| nānālakṣaṇamitīdaṃ jñānadarśanaṃ bhavet| dharmāṇāṃ nānāsvabhāvasya [pari] jñānāt| pañcaskandhādidharmāṇāmupāyatvāt| (pṛ) kathamekalakṣaṇā bhāvanā ekalakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartata iti| (u) yat kaścit samādhimupādāya punaḥ samādhimutpādayati| ekalakṣaṇā nānālakṣatvāya saṃvartata iti yadi kaścit samādhimupādāya jñānadarśanamutpādayati| ekalakṣaṇā bhāvanā ekalakṣaṇanānālakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartata iti yadi kaścit samādhimupādāya dhyānasamādhiṃ pañcaskandhopāya ñcotpādayati| evaṃ nānālakṣaṇabhāvanā'pi|

(pṛ) kecidārmidharmikā āhuḥ-ekalakṣaṇā bhāvanā ekalakṣaṇatvāya saṃvartata iti yadi kaścit caturthadhyānamupādāya arhatphalaṃ sākṣātkaroti tat| ekalakṣaṇā bhāvanā nānālakṣaṇāya saṃvartata iti yat kaścit caturthadhyānamupādāya pañcābhijñāḥ sākṣātkaroti tat| ekalakṣaṇā bhāvanā ekalakṣaṇanānālakṣaṇāya saṃvartata iti yat kaścit caturthaṃ dhyānamupādāyārhatphalaṃ pañcābhijñāśca sākṣātkaroti tat| nānālakṣaṇā bhāvanā nānālakṣaṇāya saṃvartata iti yat kaścit pañcāṅgabhūtasamādhīnupādāyārhatphalaṃ pañcābhijñāśca sākṣātkaroti| tathā anyau dvāvapi| kathamidam| (u) [atra] heturvaktavyaḥ| kasmāt caturthadhyānamarhatphalañcaikalakṣaṇam| pañcāṅga[bhūta] samādhiḥ pañcābhijñāśca nānālakṣaṇā iti| pañcāṅgāni nāśrīyante| pañcāṅgasamādhiścaturṇāṃ dhyānānāṃ prakāśalakṣaṇo bhāvanālakṣaṇaḥ| kathaṃ tānyāśritya arhatphalaṃ labhate| kasmāt| avaśyaṃ dhyānamekamāśritya arhatphalaṃ labhate| kiñca prakāśalakṣaṇamāśrityāpi arhatphalaṃ labheta| tasmānnāsti [hetuḥ]|

kecidāhuḥ-ṣaḍvidhāḥ samādhisamāpattayaḥ ānulomikasamāpattiḥ, prātilomikasamāpattiḥ ānulomikaprātilomikasamāpattiḥ ānulomikavyutkrāntiḥ prātilomikavyutkrāntiḥ ānulomikaprātilomikavyutkrāntiriti| kathamidam| (u) kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ yogī nirodhasamāpattāvatāramicchatītyato dhyāneṣu samāpatti (= praveśa) vyutthāne kramike| tasmānna syāt yadi vānulomyena yadi vā prātilomyena yadi vā'nulomyaprātilomyena vyutkramādiḥ| pañcasamāpattivyutthānaiḥ kiṃ hitaṃ labhate| yogī nirodhasamāpattiṃ prāpayituravaśyaṃ kramaśo'vataret kramaśaśca vyuttiṣṭhet| yadyuttamabhūmibhāk kasmātpunaradho bhūmimavatarati| adhobhūmiḥ kaṇṭakabhūtā| yathā na kaścitpunarbālakrīḍāyāmabhiramate| yathā ca vidagdho jano na punarabhiramate mūḍhe| tathedamapi syāt|

yaduktaṃ vyutkrāmatīti| idamayuktam| sūtre kevalamuktaṃ kramikā dhyānasamādhīnāṃ samāpattaya iti| yadi yogī vyutkrāmati ātṛtīyam| kasmānna vyutkrāmati ācaturthapañcamam| balānubhāvasadṛśamidamiti yadi matam| yathā kaścit śreṇimāruhya ekaṃ sopānaṃ vyutkramet na dvau| dṛṣṭānto'yamapi naikāntikaḥ| mahābaliṣṭhaḥ kaścit catvāri sopānānyapi vyutkramet| śataṃ pakramān prakramamāṇo'pi kaścidasti| ato na yujyate| sūtre yadyapyuktaṃ bhagavatā nirvāṇaṃ samāpadyamāno'nulomapratilomaṃ vyutkramya dhyānasamādhīn samāpadyata iti| sūtramidaṃ samyagarthaviruddham| na średdheyam| satyapi vacane'smin nāyamartho yuktaḥ| kasmāt| yadi yogino nirodhasamāpattāvatāraṃ vadati tadā''nulomyena samāpattiḥ syāt naikakṣaṇe pañcadhā| yogī yadi sākṣānnirodhasamāpattyavatāramicchati tadā naikakṣaṇe syāt| yadi dhyānasamādhiṣu svacittaṃ bubhukṣati, vaśitvāparihāṇitvāt anulomapratilomaṃ vyuttiṣṭhati samāpadyate vyutkrāmati ca| yathā kaścidaśvamārūḍho yadi pratibalaruddhaḥ, tadā nāvaśyaṃ pratinivartate| yadi damanaṃ niṣevitumicchati| tadā rahasi [karoti]|

yaduktam-adhobhūmiḥ kaṇṭaka[bhūtā]| na[tatra] samāpadyeteti| adhobhūmera jayāt punaḥ samāpadyate| yogigocaramārgatvāt| yaduktaṃ yathā na kaścit bālakrīḍāyāmabhiramata iti| [tatra] nidānaṃ kadācidbālakrīḍātmakaṃ bhavati| yathā kaścidvṛddho naṭaḥ sarvadā nṛtyati na tṛpto bhavati| śikṣaṇārthatvāt| evamāryaḥ anulomapratilomaṃ dhyāneṣu vyuttiṣṭhati samāpadyate vyutkrāmati ca devamanuṣyāṇāṃ pradarśanakāmitvāt maharṣīṇāṃ samādhiṣu vaśitābalācca| bhagavān parinirvāṇagamanakāle paramapraṇītadhyānasamādhibhirvāsitaśarīratvāt svatantraṃ samāpadyata vyudatiṣṭhat anulomaṃ pratilomaṃ vyudakrāmīt| anupadhiśeṣanirvāṇagataṃ bhagavantaṃ paśyan sarvebhyo'kuśalasaṃskārebhyo nirvidyeta| ato bhagavānasmin dharme'dbhutaṃ premāviścakāra|

idaṃ sūtraṃ samyagarthaviruddhamiti yat bhavānavocat| tadidamayuktam| yat bhavatoktaṃ kasmānna vyutkrāmati yāvaccaturthamiti| [tat] bodhisattvapiṭaka uktaṃ vyuktrāntilakṣaṇam-prathamadhyānāt vyutkramya nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpadyate| nirodhasamāpattervyutkramya yāvadvikṣiptacittamavatarati iti| cittabala mahimnā evaṃ śankoti||

ṣaṭsamādhivarga ekaṣaṣṭayuttaraśatatamaḥ|

162 saptasamādhivargaḥ

śāstramāha-sapta niśrayāḥ prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ niśrityāsravakṣayaṃ labhate| yavadākiñcanyāyatanaṃ niśrityāsravakṣayaṃ labhata iti| niśrayo nāma yat saptadhyānānyupādāyāryajñānaṃ pratilabhate| yathoktam-samāhitasya yathābhūtajñānamutpadyata iti| pratilabdhadhyānasamādhimātraṃ kañcana sampannaṃ vadati| ato bhagavānāha-nāyaṃ sampanna iti| samādhimimaṃ niśritya āsravāṇāṃ kṣayākhyaṃ viśiṣṭaṃ dharmaṃ prārthayīta| ata ucyate niśraya iti|

(pṛ) kathamimān dhyānasamādhīn niśrityāsravāṇāṃ kṣayaṃ labhate| (u) bhagavānāha-yogī yenākāreṇa yenālambanena prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ samāpadyate sa yogī tadākāraṃ tadālambanaṃ na punaḥ smarati| kintu paśyati prathamadhyāne yadrūpāṇi yadi vā vedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskāravijñānāni rogato gaṇḍataḥ śalyato'ghato'nityato duḥkhataḥ śūnyato'nātmataḥ| evaṃ paśyataścittamāsravebhyo vimokṣāya nirvidyate| yāvadākiñcanyāyatanamapyevam| parantu trīṇyākāśānantyāyatanā[dī]ni ārūpyadarśanīyāni| yogī kāmadhātumohitaḥ prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ nirvāṇamiti paśyati| tattu paścāllabhate| ato bhagavānāha-mā manyadhvaṃ nirvāṇasukhalakṣaṇamiti| kintu paśyata prathamadhyāne pañcaskandhānāmaṣṭādīnavān iti| tathā niśrayāntareṣvapi|

(pṛ) kāmadhātuḥ kasmānna niśraya ityucyate| (u) uktaṃ hi susīmasūtre- atikramya sapta niśrayān asti āryamārgapratilambhanam iti| ato jñāyate kāmadhāturapyastīti|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-prathamadhyānasāmantakamaprāptabhūmiṃ niśritya [api] arhatphalaṃ labhata iti| kathamidam| (u) maivam| yadyaprāptā bhūmirniśrayo bhavati| tadā'sti doṣaḥ| yadyaprāptāṃ bhūmiṃ labdhuṃ śaknoti| kasmānna prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ samāpadyate| ato na yuktamidam| (pṛ) naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanaṃ kasmānna niśraya ityucyate| (u) na tatrāsti saṃjñānam| samādhau bhūyasā prajñā'lpīyasī| ato nocyate [sa] niśrayo bhavatīti| saptasaṃjñāsamādhayastu sapta niśrayā bhavanti| kasmādāha bhagavān saptaniśrayāḥ sapta saṃjñāsamādhaya iti| (u) tīrthikā atattvajñatvāt saṃjñāmātramāśrayante| sarve niśryāḥ saṃjñākaluṣitā na vimokṣāya bhavanti ityataḥ saṃjñāsamādhirityākhyā| āryāstu saṃjñāṃ bhaṅktvā samādhimimaṃ niśritya āsravāṇāṃ kṣayamupādadate| ato niśraya ityākhyā| yathoktaṃ yogī dharmānimān paśyati rogato gaṇḍata iti| naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanamapi saṃjñayā asaṃjñānānna saṃjñāsamādhirityucyate|

saptasamādhivargo dviṣaṣṭayuttaraśatatamaḥ|

163 aṣṭavimokṣavargaḥ

śāstramāha-sūtra uktaṃ-aṣṭau vimokṣāḥ-adhyātmaṃ rūpasaṃjñī bahirdhā rūpāṇi paśyati iti prathamo vimokṣaḥ| yogāvacaro'nena vimokṣeṇa rūpāṇyabhibhāvayati| kenedaṃ jñāyate| dvitīyavimokṣe hyuktam-adhyātmamarūpasaṃjñī bahirdhā rūpāṇi iti| adhyātmarūpaparibhedanādāha-ādhyātmamarūpasaṃjñīti| ato jñāyate yogāvacaraḥ prathamavimokṣe krameṇa kāyarūpamabhibhavatīti| dvitīyavimokṣaṃ prāpya tatra rūpamabhibhūtameva| bāhyarūpamātramasti| tṛtīyavimokṣe bāhyarūpamapyabhibhūtam| ato na paśyati adhyātmaṃ bahirdhā rūpañca| idaṃ rūpaśūnyamityākhyāyate| yathoktaṃ pārāyaṇasūtre-

rūpalakṣaṇavidhvaṃsī sarvān kāmān jahāti ca|
antarbahiśca no paśyan ahaṃ pṛcchāmi vastvidam|| iti|

[ata ūrdhvaṃ] caturṣu vimokṣeṣu cittaṃ vijñānaśūnyamityāha| yathoktaṃ ṣaḍdhātusūtre-yo bhikṣavaḥ pañcasu dhātuṣu atyantanirviṇṇaḥ, [tasya] anyat jñānamātramasti iti| jñātavyaṃ caturṣu vimokṣeṣu vijñānānyanubhavatīti| aṣṭamavimokṣe sarveṣāṃ kṣayaḥ| kasmāt rūpanirodhe cittanirodhe saṃskṛtānāmātyantikanirodhaḥ| idamevārhatphalamityucyate| evaṃ krameṇa kṣayabhāk bhavati| ime'ṣṭavimokṣāḥ|

kaścidāha-prathamau dvau vimokṣāvaviśuddhau| tṛtīyastu viśuddha iti| nedaṃ yujyate| kasmāt ayaṃ vimokṣa iti nāsti [yatkiñcit| yasya] aviśuddhabhāvanayā vimokṣaṃ labhate| viśuddhabhāvanayāpi nāsti vimokṣaḥ| kevalaṃ śūnyabhāvanayā vimokṣaṃ labhate| tīrthikā viśuddhāviśuddhabhāvanāṃ bhajantena vimokṣabhāgina ityākhyāyante|

(pṛ) tīrthikā api rūpalakṣaṇaṃ vināśa(ya)nti| kathamidam| (u) tīrthikā vimokṣādhimuktyā rūpalakṣaṇaṃ vināśayanti na tu śūnyabhāvanayā| kasmāt| yathābhāvanādhimuktiprayogaṃ mṛtaparityaktaṃ kāyaṃ śmāśānikakṛmayo bhakṣayanti ityādi paśyanti| (pṛ) tīrti(rthi)kā rūpavinirmuktamārūpyasamādhiṃ vindante| [teṣāṃ] ārūpyavimokṣo bhavet| (u) tīrthikānāṃ satyapi ārūpyasamādhau [tatra] āsaṅgānna[sa] vimokṣa ityucyate| āryāḥ punarārūpyasamādhimupādāya caturaḥ skandhān rogata ityādyaṣṭabhirākāraiḥ

paśyanti| ato vimokṣa ityucyate|

(pṛ) bhavānavocat-nirodhasamāpattirarhatphalamiti| idamayuktam| kasmāt| śaikṣā api aṣṭavimokṣabhāja ucyante| nirodhasamāpattirāsravakṣayātmiketi bhavatoktam| tathā ca śaikṣā āsravakṣayabhājaḥ syuḥ| (u) sūtre sāmānyalakṣaṇena nirodha uktaḥ| na tu vivicya ayaṃ cittanirodhaḥ ayaṃ kleśakṣaya iti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-nirodho dvividhaḥ [kṣaya]nirodhaḥ anupūrvanirodha iti| dvividhaṃ nirvāṇaṃ dṛṣṭadharmanirvāṇam ātyantikanirvāṇamiti| kiñcāha kṣemo dvividhaḥ-[avara]kṣemaḥ paramakṣema iti| kṣemalābho'pi dvividhaḥ [avara]kṣemalābhaḥ paramakṣemalābha iti| ataḥ śaikṣajanānāṃ pratilabdho na pāramāthikanirodhaḥ| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre nirodhasamāpattimupasampanno bhikṣuḥ kṛtakaraṇīya iti| yadi nirodhasamāpattirnārhatphalam, tadā kṛtakaraṇīya iti nābhidadhyāt|

(pṛ) kiṃ śaikṣā vastuto nāṣṭavimokṣān labhante| (u) sūtra uktaṃ śaikṣo navānupūrvasamādhīn labhata iti| na tūktaṃ kṣayanirodhaṃ pratilabhata iti| yogāvacaro yadi kṣayanirodhaṃ pratilabdhvā na dhyānasamādhīn samāpadyate| ayaṃ prajñāvimukta ityucyate| yadi dhyānasamādhīn samāpadyate na kṣayanirodhaṃ labhate| [tadā] kāyasākṣītyucyate| yadyubhayaṃ labhate| tadā ubhayato vimukta ityucyate| kasmāt| kleśā eko bhāgaḥ| dhyānasamādhyāvaraṇadharmā aparo bhāgaḥ| ubhābhyāṃ bhāgābhyāṃ vimukta ubhayato[bhāga] vimukta ityucyate| (pṛ) anupūrva[vihāre]ṣu nirodho vimokṣeṣu nirodhaśca kiṃ nānā| (u) vyañjanamekam| arthastu nānā| anupūrveṣu nirodhaścittacaittānāṃ nirodhaḥ| vimokṣeṣu nirodhaḥ kleśānāṃ nirodhaḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-saṃskārāṇāmanupūrvanirodhaḥ| tathāhi-prathamadhyānaṃ samāpannasya vāk nirudhyate| dvitīyadhyānaṃ samāpannasya vitarkavicārā niruddhā bhavanti| tṛtīyadhyānaṃ samāpannasya prītirnirudhyate| caturthadhyānaṃ samāpannasya sukhaṃ nirudhyate| ākāśānantyāyatanaṃ samāpannasya rupasaṃjñā niruddhā bhavati| vijñānānantyāyatanaṃ samāpannasya ākāśānantyāyatanasaṃjñā niruddhā bhavati| ākiñcanyāyatanaṃ samāpannasya vijñānānantyāyatanasaṃjñā niruddhā bhavati| naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanaṃ samāpannasya ākiñca nyāyatanasaṃjñā niruddhā bhavati| nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannasya saṃjñā ca vedanā ca niruddhā bhavati| iti| eṣu nirodheṣu nirodho viśiṣṭo yaduta yogāvacaro rāgadveṣamohebhyo nirviṇṇo vimucyate|

(pṛ) kathaṃ jñāyate anupūrveṣu cittacaittānāṃ nirodhaḥ vimokṣeṣu kleśānāṃ nirodha iti| (u) nirodhastulyārtho'pi medavān syāt| anupūrveṣūcyate saṃjñāvedayitanirodha iti| vimokṣeṣu avidyāvedanāsparśanirodha iti| kasmāt| prajñaptito hi vedanotpadyate| prajñaptibhede vedanā nirudhyate| sūtreṣvastīdṛśo vibhāgaḥ| yadyāha-kaṇṭhato yogāvacaraḥ kṣayanirodhalābhīti| tadā [sa] kṛtakaraṇīya iti| jñātavyaṃ nirvāṇaṃ sakṣātkurvataḥ sarve kleśā nirudhyanta iti| na tvāha cittacaittā nirudhyanta iti| (pṛ) yadyaṣṭavimokṣāḥ kleśanirodhadharmakāḥ| tadā sarve'rhantaḥ sarvadā labheran| (u) sarve labhante| na tu samāpadyante| ye dhyānasamādhīn sākṣātkurvanti te samāpadyante| (pṛ) yogāvacarasya yadi na santi dhyānasamādhayaḥ| kathaṃ sa kāyacittaśūnyatāṃ labhate kleśāṃśca kṣapayati| (u) ayaṃ samādhiyukto'pi na sākṣātkaroti| asti punastaṭidupamasamādhiḥ| [imaṃ] samādhimupādāya kleśān kṣapayati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-mama bhikṣavaścīvaramupāditsoḥ kleśo bhavati| cīvaramupādāya punaḥ kleśo na bhavati| ityādi| kasmāt| taṭidupamasamādhicittaṃ vajropamaṃ tattvajñānaṃ kleśān bhinatti| artho'yaṃ bhagavatā tṛtīyabala uktaḥ yaduta dhyānavimokṣasamādhisamāpattisaṃkleśavyavadānavibhāgayathābhūtajñānam| tatra dhyānaṃ nāma catvāri dhyānāni| kecidāhuḥ-catvāri dhyānāni catvāro'rūpasamādhayaḥ sarve dhyānamityucyante| vimokṣaḥ aṣṭavimokṣāḥ| samādhirekakṣaṇataṭidupamasamādhiḥ| samāpattiḥ dhyānavimokṣasamādhiṣu vaśitābalalābhaḥ yathāha-śāriputraḥ-saptabodhyaṅgeṣu samāpattiṃ vyutthānañca vaśīkaromi iti| ato jñāyate prajñāvimuktasyārhataḥ santi dhyānasamādhayaḥ| kintu na[tatra] samāpadyate| abhyāsaprakarṣāt samāpattiṃ vaśīkaroti|

(pṛ) kasmādarhan na dhyānasamādhīnāṃ prakṛṣṭamabhyastā bhavati| (u) puruṣo'yaṃ pratilabdhamārgaḥ kṛtakṛtyo bhavati| upekṣābhinavāt na samyagabhyasyati| yadyupekṣācittaṃ nāsti tadāsamāpattiṃ samāpadyate iti nāsti dūṣaṇam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogāvacaraścatura ṛddhipādān samyagabhyasan himavantaṃ parvatarājaṃ tathā dhamati yathā reṇuparyavasannaṃ bhavati| kiṃ punarmaraṇamavidyām iti| ato jñāyate aṣṭavimokṣeṣūcyate āsravakṣayanirodhaḥ na nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpadyata iti| uktañca sūtre-asti vidyāsvabhāvaḥ asti śūnyasvabhāvaḥ, astyākāśānantyāyanasvabhāvaḥ, asti vijñānānantyāyata(na)svabhāvaḥ astyākiñcanyāyatanasvabhāvaḥ asti naivasaṃjñāsaṃjñāyatanasvabhāvaḥ asti nirodhasvabhāvaḥ| avidyāmupādāyāsti vidyāsvabhāvaḥ| aśūnyamupādayāsti śūnyasvabhāvaḥ| rūpamupādāyāstyākāśānantyāyatanasvabhāvaḥ| akāśānantyāyatanasvabhāvamupādāyāsti vijñānānantyāyatanasvabhāvaḥ| vijñānānantyāyatanasvabhāvamupādāyāstyākiñcanyāyatanasvabhāvaḥ| ākiñcanyāyatanasvabhāvamupādāyāsti naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanasvabhāvaḥ| pañcaskandhānupādāyāsti nirodhasvabhāva iti| pañcaskandhān prajñaptilakṣaṇān yo na paribhedayati tasyā'vidyā bhavati| yastān paribhedayati| tasya bhavati vidyāsvabhāvaḥ| yathā bhagavān ekaṃ bhikṣumanuśāsti-śūnyeṣu sarvasaṃskāreṣu saṃskārān śūnyān bhāvayitvā damaya svacittam iti| yathā kaścitpradīpamādāya śūnyāgāraṃ praviśya paśyati sarvaṃ śūnyamiti| [tathā] yogāvacaro rūpamupādāyādhigacchati rūpamidaṃ niruddhamiti| ayaṃ śūnyasvabhāva ityucyate| tīrthikā ākāśānantyāyanamupādāya pratilabhante rūpādviyujyante| yāvannaivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanamupādāya ākiñcanyāyatanāt viyujyante|

skandhānupādāyāsti nirodhasvabhāva iti| yogāvacara[ścintayati]-yatkiñcanamanaskāraḥ yatkiñcanakṛtakaraṇam sarveṣāṃ nirodhaḥ śreyāniti| ayaṃ skandhānupādāyāsti nirodhasvabhāva iti|

(pṛ) ime svabhāvāḥ kaṃ samādhiṃ niśritya pratilabhyante| (u) sūtra uktam-vidyāsvabhāvo yāvat naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanasvabhāvaḥ sarvaṃ khayaṃ samādhisamāpattiviharaṇātpratilabhate yaduta saṃskṛtamārgaviharaṇātpratilabhata iti| kasmāt| ādyo rūpajñānālambano vidyāsvabhāvaḥ| dvitīyasvabhāvo'pi rūpopādāno rupamupādāya tathā vivecayati yathā śūnyaṃ bhavati| evaṃ yāvannaivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanasvabhāvaḥ, sarve saṃskṛtadharmāḥ śūnyā iti nirodhasamāpattyā nirodhaṃ pratilabhate| atra sarveṣāṃ saṃskṛtadharmāṇāṃ kṣayanirodhāt| ato jñāyate atrokto nirodhaḥ kṣayanirodho nirvāṇamiti|

(pṛ) ime vimokṣāḥ kasyāṃ bhūmau bhavanti| (u) yogāvacaro rūpaparibhedecchayā kāmadhātupratilabdhaṃ samādhiṃ vā rūpadhātupratilabdhaṃ vā samādhiṃ niśrayamāṇo rūpaṃ śūnyaṃ pratilabhate| sarvabhūmigataṃ cittañca śūnyaṃ pratilabhate| (pṛ) eṣu vimokṣeṣu kati sāsravāḥ kati anāsravāḥ| (u) śūnyasvabhāvatvāt sarve'nāsravāḥ||

aṣṭavimokṣavargastriṣaṣṭyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

164 aṣṭābhibhvāyatanavargaḥ

adhyātmaṃ rūpasaṃjñī [eko] bahirdhā rūpāṇi paśyati parīttāni suvarṇadurvarṇāni| tānyabhibhūya jānāti paśyati| evaṃ saṃjñī ca bhavati| idaṃ prathamamabhibhvāyatanam| adhyātmaṃ rūpasaṃjñī bahirdhā rūpāṇi paśyati adhimātrāṇi[suvarṇadurvarṇānīti vistaro yāvat] idaṃ dvitīya[mabhibhvāyatana]m| adhyātmamarūpasaṃjñī bahirdhā rūpāṇi paśyati parīttāni [suvarṇadurvarṇānīti yāvat] idaṃ tṛtīya[mabhibhvāyatana]m| adhyātmamarūpasaṃjñī bahirdhī rūpāṇi paśyati adhimātrāṇi [suvarṇadurvarṇānīti yāvat] idaṃ [caturthamabhibhvāyatana]m| adhyātmamarūpasaṃjñī bahirdhā rūpāṇi paśyati nīlāni nīlavarṇāni nīlanirbhāsāni tadyathā umakāpuṣpaṃ[sampannaṃ] vārāṇaseyaṃ vā vastraṃ[nīlaṃ nīlavarṇaṃ nīlanidarśanaṃ nīlanirbhāsam| tāni khalu rūpāṇyabhibhūya jānāti paśyati| evaṃsaṃjñī ca bhavatīdaṃ] pañcama[mabhibhvāyatana]m| ṣaṣṭhaṃ pītāni paśyati| saptamaṃ-raktāni paśyati| aṣṭamaṃ-avadātāni paśyati| yogāvacara evamapramāṇāni rūpāṇi paśyati| kasmāt| na kevalaṃ santīmāni nīlādīni catvāri rūpāṇi| saṃkṣipyakathanādaṣṭābhibhvāyatanāni bhavanti| yogāvacaro yadā śūnyatayā rūpāṇi paribhedayati| tadā abhibhvāyatanamityucyate|

(pṛ) ka idaṃ pratilabhate| (u) ime bhagavataḥ śrāvakā nānye| (pṛ) imānyaṣṭābhibhvāyatanāni kasyā bhūmau bhavanti| (u) kāmadhātau bhavanti| (pṛ) kiṃ sāsravāṇi utānāsravāṇi| (u) pūrvaṃ sāsravāṇi santi śūnyatayā rūpāṇāṃ paribhede'nāsravāṇi bhavanti| (pṛ) kasmādayaṃ dharmaḥ kevalamabhibhvāyatanamityucyate| (u) idaṃ yogāvacarāṇāmabhyāsaktamāyatam| ato bhagavān śrāvakāṇāṃ kṛta āha-abhibhvāyatanamiti| tadālambanābhibhavapradarśanārtham||

aṣṭābhibhvāyatanavarga ścatuṣpaṣṭayuttaraśatatamaḥ|

165 navānupūrva[vihāreṣu]prathamadhyānavargaḥ

navānupūrvavihārāḥ-catvāri dhyānāni catasra ārūpyasamāpattayaḥ nirodhasamāpattiśca| prathamaṃ dhyānam-yathoktaṃ sūtre yogāvacaro vivicyaiva kāmai rvivicyākuśalai dharmaiḥ savitarkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ prītisukhaṃ prathamaṃ dhyānamupasampadya viharatīti| (pṛ) prathamadhyānalakṣaṇamātraṃ vaktavyam| kasmātpunarucyate vivicyaiva kāmairiti| (u) kecidapavadanti nāsti kāmavivikto loka iti| laukikānāṃ [sadā] pañcakāmeṣu sthitatvāt| na hi kaściccakṣuṣā rūpaṃ na paśyati| śrotreṇa śabdaṃ na śṛṇoti, ghrāṇena gandhaṃ na jighrati, rasanayā rasaṃ na rasayati, kāyena na sparśānanubhavatīti| ata ucyate vivicyaiva kāmairiti| kāmo nāma kāmacittaṃ na rūpādiḥ| yathoktam-rūpādayaḥ padārthā na kāmā iti| kathaṃ tajjānīmaḥ| vyavasāyī khalu rūpādiṣu sthitvaiva kāmaṃ prajahāti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-rūpādayastadbhāgā na kāmā bhavanti iti| ato rāgacittaṃ kāma ityucyate| yasya rāgacittaṃ bhavati sa kāmān paryeṣate| kāmaparyeṣaṇāpratyayaṃ rāgapratidhavadhavihiṃsā akuśalā dharmā anuvartante| yathoktaṃ mahānidānasūtre-tṛṣṇāṃ pratītya paryeṣaṇā ityādi| ato jñāyate kāmarāgairviviktatvāt vivicyaiva kāmairiti| kecidāhuḥ- rūpādibhiḥ pañcakāma[guṇai] rviviktaṃ kāmairviviktamiti| vivicyākuśalai rdharmairiti pañcanīvaraṇairviviktam|

prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ vikṣiptacittāsannatvātsavitarkam| yogāvacarasyāpariniṣpannasamādhibalasya cittavikṣepasyodayātsavitarkam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-savitarka savicāraṃ vihāraṃ viharāmīti| [ato] jñātavyaṃ bhagavānavocat-vikṣiptacittaṃ vitarka iti| vitarko'yaṃ kramaśaścittasamādhānapravṛttau vicāro bhavati| yadā samādhipariniṣpattyā cittaṃ na bhūyasā vikṣipati tadā vicāraḥ| vicāro'yaṃ yogāvacamanutartayan dhyānāntarālaṃ prāpnoti| vitarkavicāraviviktasya prītilābhe vivekajā prītiricyate| prītiriyaṃ prathamalabdhā kāyaṃ sukhayatīti sukhaṃ bhavati| vitarkavicāraviveka[jā] prītirekālambanasthitā dhyānamityucyate| dhyānasyāsya vitarkavicāravyākulatvāt kāyāntaravipākaṃ pratilabhate| asyottamamadhyamādhamavibhāgātsanti brahmakāyikā brahmapurohitā mahābrahmāṇaḥ|

(pṛ) yadi vitarkavicāraviveka [jā] prītiḥ prathamaṃ dhyānam| tadā na syāt pañcāṅgaṃ prathamaṃ dhyānam| yadi vitarkavicāravivekaḥ, dvitīyadhyānasya ko bhedaḥ| uktañca sūtre-prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ savitarkaṃ savicāram| anyat praśrabdhisukham anyā ca prītiriti| yadi prītireva sukham, tadā saptasambodhyaṅgeṣu prasrabdhibodhyaṅgaṃ na pṛthaguktaṃ syāt| (u) prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ na syātpañcāṅgamiti bhavadvacanamayuktam| na hyucyate pañcāṅgāni prathamadhyānasvabhāvā iti| prathamadhyānasyāsannabhūmāvimau vitarkavicārau sta ityaṅgamityucyete|

(pṛ) yadyāsannabhūmiko dharmagaṇo'ṅgamiti| prathamaṃ dhyānamapi pañcakāma[guṇā]nāṃ pratyāsannamiti [te] aṅgāni vaktavyāni syuḥ| (u) pañcakāma[guṇā]na pratyāsannā bhavanti| yogāvacaracittaṃ hi [ta]dviviktameva| prathamadhyānānantarañca na kāmacittamudeti| pañcakāmaguṇāśca na prathamadhyānasyāṅgāni vartante| aṅgaṃ nāma kāraṇam| bhāga eva kāraṇam| yathāryamārgāṅgāni sañcitāni kāraṇānityādi| tathā vitarkavicārāvapi prathamadhyānasya kāraṇam| yat yogāvacara ālambane samāhitaḥ, [tato] vyāvartane punassamādhinimittamupādāya tatrālambane cittaṃ samādhāya maulikaṃ nimittaṃ manasi karoti| imau vitarkavicārau| ato jñāyate vitarkavicārau prathamadhyānasya kāraṇamiti| dvitīyadhyāne cittasamādhānaṃ sthitameva| ato na tau kāraṇam| dhyānadvayasamanantarañca na vitarkavicārau bhavataḥ|

yadāha bhavān prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ vitarkavicārasahagatamiti| tadayuktam| prathamadhyāna utpanne'tha vitarkavicārau bhavataḥ| tayoḥ pratyāsannatvāt tatsahagatamityucyate| yathā śiṣyeṇa saha gacchatīti kiñcidviprarṣe'pi sahetyucyate| amyā bhūmerjananahetukatayā vitarkavicārau staḥ| yathā bhūtapīḍitaḥ puruṣo [bhūta] anudgrame'pi pīḍita ityucyate| puruṣasyāsya bhūtadūṣitasya punarudbhavapratyayo'stīti [kṛtvā] pīḍita ityucyate| sukhavedanaiva prītiḥ| kintu vibhajyocyate| praśrabdhito'pi sukhaṃ pṛthagucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-praśrabdhakāyaḥ sukhaṃ vedayata iti|

(pṛ) tathā cet kathaṃ prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ pañcāṅgamityucyate| (u) kālataḥ pañcocyante| yathā saptabodhyaṅgāni kālābhisandhiṃ labdhvā caturdaśa bhavanti| tatrocyate asti kāyapraśrabdhiḥ asti cittapraśrabdhiriti| na tu vastuto'sti kāyapraśrabdhiḥ| cittameva sukhitamiti [tat] kāyo'pi vedayate| evaṃ prītirapi prathamataḥ kāyagatā prītisukhamityucyate| prītiḥ prathamalabdhalakṣaṇā sukhaṃ bhavati| paścātparaṃ prītirityāyate| kālabhedāt| na hyasti pṛthak praśrabdhidharmaḥ| prītau jātamātrāyāṃ kāyacitte aduṣṭhule sukumāre dānte ca bhavata ityataḥ praśrabdhirityucyate| yathā rogiṇaścaturmahābhūtānāṃ nirodhaḥ, arogiṇaścaturmahābhūtānāmudayaḥ tadā ayaṃ puruṣaḥ sukhīti nāma| evaṃ praśrabdhirapi| praśamane'pi praśrabdhirityuktam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-saṃskārāṇāmanupūrvanirodhaḥ-tathāhi-prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ samāpannasya vāk niruddhā bhavati| yāvannirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannasya saṃjñā vedanā ca niruddhā bhavati| iti| ato nāsti pṛthak praśrabdhidharmaḥ|

yadi mataṃ prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ vitarkavicārasamprayuktamiti tadapi na yuktam| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi sūtre-yadi yogāvacaraḥ prathamaṃ dhyānaṃ samāpadyate| tadā vāk niruddhā bhavati iti vitarkavicārau ca vāco hetuḥ| kathaṃ vāco heturasti, vāk ca niruddhā bhavati| yadi mataṃ vitarkavicārau yadyapi vartete| vyavahāramātraṃ niruddhaṃ bhavatīti| tadā kasyacit kāmadhātukacittagatasya avyavahārakāle'pi [viatarkavicāra]rodho bhavet|

(pṛ) prathamadhyāne vitarkavicārau na staḥ| āryastṛṣṇīṃbhāvaḥ syāt| bhavāṃstu dvitīyadhyānamāryatūṣṇīṃbhāvamāha| na prathamadhyānam| ato jñāyate prathamadhyāne vitarkavicārau syātām iti| (u) vitarkavicārapratyāsannatvānnāha āryatūṣṇīṃbhāva iti| na tu vitarkavicārasamprayuktatvāt| uktañca sūtre-prathamadhyānasya śabdaḥ kaṇṭaka iti| ato nāha tūṣṇībhāva iti| (pṛ) prathamadhyānasya kasmāt śabdaḥ kaṇṭako bhavati| (u) prathamadhyāne samādhigataṃ cittaṃ kusume salilavat peśalam| dvitīyadhyānādau samādhigataṃ cittaṃ sarjarasrasataruvat sudṛḍhan| sparśādayo'pi prathamadhyānasya kaṇṭakāḥ| sparśasya prathamadhyānasyotthāpakatvāt| na tathā dvitīyadhyānādeḥ| kasmāt| prathamadhyāne pañcavijñānānāmavyupaśabhāt| dvitīyadhyānādau ca teṣāṃ vyupaśamāt||

navānupūrva [vihāre]ṣu prathamadhyānavargaḥ pañcaṣaṣṭyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

166 dvitīyadhyānavargaḥ

[punaśca yogāvacaraḥ] vitarkavicārāṇāṃ vyupaśamāt adhyātmaṃ samprasādanaṃ cetasa ekotibhāvamavitarkamavicāraṃ samādhijaṃ prītisukhaṃ dvitīyadhyānamupasampadya viharati| (pṛ) yadi vitarkavicārāṇāṃ vyupaśamāt dvitīyadhyānam, tarhi prathamadhyānaṃ savitarkaṃ savicārameṣṭavyam| yathā dvitīyadhyāne prītirastīti vyupaśāntaprīti tṛtīyadhyānamityucyate| (u) yathā prathamadhyāne duḥkhendriye'satyapi dvitīyadhyāne duḥkhendriyavyupaśama ucyate| tathedamapi| (pṛ) prathamadhyāne duḥkhendriye'satyapi [pañca] vijñānāni santi| vijñānāni ca duḥkhendriyasyāśrayāḥ| ata ucyate prathamadhyāne duḥkhendriyasyāvyupaśamaḥ| (u) prathamadhyāne santyapi vijñānāni na duḥkhendriyasyāśrayā bhavanti| (pṛ)pañcavijñānasvabhāvo duḥkhendriyasyāśraya[tā]| svābhāvyātprathamaṃ dhyānaṃ saduḥkhamucyate| (u) tathā ce ddaurmanasyendriyaṃ manovijñānasvabhāvajamiti sarvatra bhavet| (pṛ) adhunā kasmāducyate prathamadhyāne duḥkhendriyavyupaśamaḥ| (u) prathamadhyānasamādhicittapratyāsannam| asamāhitacittaḥ kāmadhātukapratīsaṃyuktāni vijñānānyutpādayati| tatra duḥkhendriyaṃ bhavati| ato nocyate prathamadhyāne duḥkhe[ndriya]vyupaśamaḥ| (pṛ) tathā cet prathamadhyānamapi daurmanasyendriyapratyāsannam| tat daurmanasyendriyamapi vaktavyaṃ yadi dvitīyatṛtīyadhyānayorniruddham| (u) kāmāśrayaṃ daurmanasyendriyaṃ kāmaśrayaprītijananam| suviśuddhaprītilābhino'viśuddhaprītirnirudhyate| ataḥ prathamadhyāne nāsti daurmanasyendriyam| asamādhiṃ niśritya duḥkhendriyamutpadyate| prathamadhyānasya vikṣiptacittapratyāsannatvāt na[tasya] vyupaśama ucyate| yathā tṛtīyadhyāne duḥkhaṃ nāsti| ucyate ca duḥkhasya sukhasya ca prahāṇāt caturthadhyānamupasampadya viharatīti| tathedamapi|

yogāvacaraḥ prathamadhyāne'paripūrṇasamādhiḥ sadā vitarkavicārābhyāṃ vikṣipyata ityata ucyate dvitīdhyāne vitarkavicārāṇāṃ vyupaśama iti| adhyātmaṃ samprasādanamiti| dvitīyadhyāne nibhṛtaścittasamādhānādvikṣepaḥ sadā nāvakāśaṃ labhate| adhyātmamavikṣiptacittatvādadhyātmaṃ samprasādanamityākhyā| idaṃ dvitīyadhyānasya rūpam| cetasa ekotibhāvamavitarkamavicāramiti| cetasa ekotibhāvaścetasa ekasmin mārge viharaṇaṃ dhyānamityucyate| idamevādhyātmaṃ samprasādanam| etatsamādhilābhāt vitarkavicārau na bhavataḥ| na yathā prathamadhyāne caittā vitarkavicārasthāḥ| uta ucyate avitarkamavicāramiti|

samādhijaṃ prītisukhamiti| prathamadhyāne vivekātprītiṃ labhate| atra tu samādhipariniṣpattyā prītiṃ labhate| ata āha samādhijamiti| (pṛ) prathamadhyānagataprīteḥ dvitīyadhyānagataprīteśca ko bhedaḥ| (u) prathamadhyāne daurmanasyavyupaśamāt prītiḥ| dvītīyadhyāne duḥkhavyupaśamāt prītiḥ| prathamadhyāne prītiraviśuddhaprītivirodhitayā labhyate| yadyubhe api prīti tṛṣṇāpratyaye| tathāpi prathamadhyāne sā'tipeśalā|

(pṛ) etādṛśo'rthaḥ kiṃ sāsravaḥ kimanāsravaḥ| (u) sarvaṃ sāsravam| ātmasaṃjñāyāṃ satyāmasti prītiḥ| yasyānāsravaṃ cittam| tasya nāstyātma[saṃjñā]| ātmano'sattvānnāsti prītiḥ|

(pṛ) asatyāsrave nāsti prītiritīdamapyayuktam| bhagavān saptasambodhyaṅgeṣu prītisambodhyaṅgamāha| prītisambodhyaṅgantu anāsravam| ato jñāuyate'styanāsravā prītiriti| uktañca sūtre-prītimanaskasya kāyaḥ praśrabhyati| praśrabdhakāyaḥ sukhaṃ vedayate iti| yadi nāstyanāsravā prītiḥ| nāstyanāsravā praśrabdhiḥ nāstanāsravaṃ sukhamityapi bhavet| paramakuśaladharmacāriṇaḥ pariṣadgaṇān paśyato bhagavataḥ prītirbhavati| ato jñāyate'styanāsravā prītiriti| (u) saptabhiḥ sambodhyaṅgairanāsravāṃ prītimadhigacchatīti tava[mata] midamayuktam| sambodhyaṅgaṃ dvividhaṃ sāsravamanāsravañceti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yasmin samaye yogāvacaro dharmaṃ śṛṇoti| asya pañca nīvaraṇāni tasmin samaye na bhavanti, saptabodhyaṅgāni ca tasmin samaye bhāvanāparipūriṃ gacchanti| sambodhiśca asaṃmbodhijñānasyākhyā| yadi sambodhāya bhavanti| aviśuddhādidharmāṇāmācaraṇaṃ sambodhyaṅgamucyeta| bhavānāha-nāstyanāsravā prītirityapi syāditi| pūrvaṃ prītau samutpannāyāṃ paścādanāsravaṃ yadyathābhūtadarśanaṃ pratilabhate| na ca sarvāḥ praśrabdhayaḥ prītiṃ pratītya bhavanti| yathā dvitīyadhyāne prītirnāsti, asti ca praśrabdhiḥ| na vayaṃ brūmo jñānavinirmukto'sti pṛthagvedanādharma iti| idamanāsravaṃ prathamataścittagataṃ sukhamityucyate| ato'styanāsravaṃ sukham| na tu prītiṃ pratītya bhavati| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-kāyacittayordauṣṭhalyāpanayanaṃ praśrabdhiḥ| anāsrava[jñāna]pratilambhakāle kāyacittayordāntatvāt astyanāsravā praśrabdhiḥ| bhagavān sadopekṣācitte viharatītyata āha-asti bhagavataḥ prītiriti| idaṃ vastu prakāśayitavyam|

yasya nāstyātmā| na tasyāsti prītiḥ| yadyarhato'sti prītiḥ| daurmanasyamapi bhavet| vastutastu nāsti daurmanasyam| ato jñāyate nāsti prītiriti| (pṛ) yathā dvitīyadhyāye'sti prītiḥ nāsti tu daurmanasyam| tathā arhato'pi prītirasti na daurmanasyam| ko doṣaḥ| (u) sarveṣu dhyānasamādhiṣu asti daurmanasyaṃ yathā indriyārtheṣūcyate| daurmanasyaṃ prītiśca yāvadbhavāgraṃ[bhavati]| sukhaduḥkhe ca yāvaccatvāri dhyānāni kāyamanugacchataḥ| kiñca tṛtīyadhyānagataḥ prītervirāgādupekṣako viharatītyucyate| ato nāstyanāsravā prītiriti| yadyasti, kathaṃ virāgāditi vacanaṃ bhavet| anāsrave citte ca prīti rna bhavet| prītayaḥ sarvāḥ prajñaptisaṃjñāvikalpaṃ niśritya bhavanti|

(pṛ) tathā cet prathamadvitīyadhyānayornāstyanāsravā vedanā| uktaṃ hi sūtre-prathamadvitīyadhyānayoḥ kevalaṃ prītirasti na caitasikaṃ sukhamiti| idānīṃ prītirapi nāsti| kimasti punaḥ| (u) iyaṃ prītiḥ prītervirāgādityādi nānāsravaṃ dhyānamāha| kiñcitpunaḥ sūtramāha-anāsravaṃ dhyānam, yadyogāvacaro yadākāraṃ yadālambanaṃ prathamadhyānamupasampadya viharati| na tadākāraṃ tadālambanaṃ smarati| kintu paśyati prathamadhyānagatāni rūpavedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskāravijñānāni rogato gaṇḍato yāvadanātmataḥ|

(pṛ) rogato gaṇḍataḥ śalyato'ghata ityetāni catvāri lokacaritāni nānāsravāṇi| ata idaṃ sūtraṃ pramāṇīkṛtya nānāsravaṃ sādhayituṃ śaknoṣi| (u) ime catvāra ākārā duḥkhasya nāmāntarāṇi| ato'nāsravāṇi| (pṛ)śaikṣasyāpi kiṃ nāstyanāsravā prītiḥ| (u) mārgacittagatasya nāsti prītiḥ| vyavahāragatasya tvasti| aśaikṣasya sarvadā nāsti| (pṛ) uktaṃ hi sūtre-prītisukhacittena catvāri satyāni pratilabhata iti| kathamāha-nāstyanāsravā prītiriti| (u) anātmacittameva sukham| yogāvacaraḥ pratilabdhānātmacitto viparyayaṃ vināśayati| paramārthajñānāttu cittaṃ pramodyate| na pṛthagasti prītiḥ| kiñca tatsūtraṃ prakāśayati na prītyā paramārthajñānaṃ pratilabhata iti| ata evamucyate||

dvitīyadhyānavargaḥ ṣaṭṣaṣṭyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

167 tṛtīyadhyānavargaḥ

prītyāśca virāgādupekṣako viharati smṛtaḥ samprajānan sukhañca kāyena pratisaṃvedayate yadāryā ācakṣante upekṣakaḥ smṛtimān sukhavihārīti tṛtīyaṃ dhyānamupasampadya viharati|

(pṛ) kasmāt prītyāśca virāgāditi| (u) yogāvacaraḥ prītau paribhramediti virāgaḥ| prītiśceyaṃ saṃjñāvikalpajā, cañcalā pravṛttilakṣaṇā| prathamata ārabhya duḥkhānuyāyinī| hetunānena virāgaḥ| yogāvacaraḥ śāntaṃ tṛtīyadhyānaṃ labhamāno dvitīyadhyānaṃ prajahāti| prītijaṃ sukhañca mandam| prītivirāgajaṃ sukhaṃ gabhīram| yathā kaścit putrabhāryādibhiḥ sadā na prīto bhavati| prīteḥ saṃjñāvikalpajatvāt| sukhaṃ na saṃjñāvikalpajamiti sadā bhavati| tathā yogāvacaro'pi prītiṃ prathamata āgatāṃ tu sukhaṃ manyate| paścāttu[tato] nirvidyate|

(pṛ) yadi kaściddharmapīḍitaḥ, sa tu śītaṃ sukhaṃ manyate| yogāvacaraḥ kena duḥkhena pīḍitaḥ tṛtīyaṃ dhyānaṃ sukhaṃ manyate| (u) dvitīyadhyāne prītiścañcalasaṃjñoditā kaṇṭakāhativat, yogāvacaro'nayā prītyā pīḍita iti aprītisamādhau sukhasaṃjñāṃ karoti| (pṛ) dharmaduḥkhāstitvavaśāt śītaṃ sukhaṃ bhavati| yadi dharmavivikto bhavati| na tadā śītaṃ sukhaṃ bhavati| yogāvacaraḥ prītiviviktaḥ kasmātpunastṛtīyadhyāne sukhasaṃjñāṃ karoti| (u) sukhajananaṃ dvitīyadhyānaṃ kadācit duḥkhavartanātsambhavati| yathā dharmaduḥkhinaḥ śītaṃ sukhaṃ bhavati| kadācit duḥkhavivekāt sambhavati| yathā vipriyavivekaḥ| yathā bhagavān kauśāmbibhikṣuvivikta āha-ahaṃ sukhīti| tathedamapi calasaṃjñāviviktaḥ tṛtīyadhyāne sukhasaṃjñā karoti| yathā pañcakāmaguṇavivekātprathamaṃ dhyānaṃ sukhaṃ bhavati|

upekṣaka iti| prītervirāgāditi śāntaṃ bhavati| yogāvacaraḥ pūrvaṃ prītisaṃsaktamanā bahudhā vikṣiptaḥ| idānīṃ tato virāgāccittaṃ śāmyati| ata upekṣaka ityucyate| smṛtaḥ samprajānan iti| prītyādīnavādetadubhayaṃ sadopanīyate| na tena prītirāgatā prabhinnā bhavati| kiñca smṛta iti prīterādīnavaṃ smarati| samprajānān prītāvādīnavaṃ paśyati| sukhañca kāyena pratisaṃvedayata iti| prītiviraktasyopekṣakasyopekṣaiva sukham| aniñjanānīṣatvāt| nedaṃ sukhaṃ saṃjñāvikalpajam| ataḥ sukhañca kāyena pratisaṃvedayata iti nāma| yattadāryā ācakṣanta upekṣaka iti| ācakṣaṇaṃ nāma laukikānanusṛtya sukhamiti kathanam| yathācakṣante naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanamiti| anāsaktacittatvāt upekṣaka iti| smṛtimān sukhavihārīti| puruṣo'yaṃ prajñāyopekṣate yat prītāvādīnavaṃ dṛṣṭvā nirvidyata ityataḥ sūpekṣāṃ labhate| kalyāṇasmaraṇaṃ yat prītāvādīnavasmaraṇam| tatrāpi vaktavyaṃ samprajānan iti| smṛtyā sāhacaryāt nocyate| sukhamiti paramasukham| ata āryā ācakṣanta upekṣaka iti|

(pṛ) tṛtīyadhyāne'sti sukhapratisaṃvedanam| kasmādāha-upekṣāsukhamiti| (u) nāhamasmin śāstre vadāmi vedanāvyatiriktaṃ pṛthagasti upekṣāsukhamiti| sukhaprītisaṃvedanamevopekṣāsukham| (pṛ) tathā cet caturthadhyāne sukhapratisaṃvedanaṃ vaktavyam| upekṣāyāḥ sattvāt| (u) caturthadhyāne'pi sukhapratisaṃvedanamastīti vadāmi| kintu tṛtīyadhyānasukhasya prahāṇādevamucyate| (pṛ) yadi sukhapratisaṃvedanasamanvitam| kasmāt| prathamadvitīyadhyānayoḥ prītirityākhyā| tṛtīyadhyāne sukhamiti| (u) saṃjñāvikalpasya sattvāt prītiḥ| tasyābhāvāt sukham| yogāvacarasya tṛtīyadhyāne samāhitacittavṛttitvena saṃjñāvikalpasyābhāvāt sukhamityucyate| tṛtīyadhyānapravṛttyupaśamasya lābhācca sukhamityucyate| yatā iñjanamīṣaṇacittamāryā duḥkhamiti vadanti| iñjanaṃ nāma vikalpasyābhidhānam| tadeva sukham||

tṛtīyadhyānavargaḥ saptaṣaṣṭyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

168 caturthadhyānavargaḥ

sukhasya ca duḥkhasya ca prahāṇātpūrvameva saumanasyadaurmanasyānāmastaṅgamādaduḥkhamasukhamupekṣāsmṛtipariśuddhaṃ caturthaṃ dhyānamupasampadya viharati| (pṛ) yadi pūrvamevaduḥkhasya prahāṇam| kasmādatrocyate| yadyavaśyaṃ vaktumiṣṭam, vaktavyaṃ pūrvameva prahāṇāditi| yathā pūrvameva saumanasyadaurmanasyānāmastaṅgamāditi| (u) caturthadhyānamaniñjanam| tadāniñjanalakṣaṇasādhanāyocyate nāsti caturthī vedaneti| kasmāt| iñjanaṃ nāma kampanārambhaḥ| yogāvacarasya sukhasukhābhidrutasya cittamiñjate| citta iñjite rāgadveṣau bhavataḥ| sukhasya duḥkhasya ca prahāṇāt cittaṃ neñjate|

(pṛ) yadi caturthadhyānaṃ hitatamaṃ vedyate| kasmātsukhamiti nocyate| (u) vedanāyā astaṅgamādaduḥkhamasukhamityucyate| yatredaṃ sukhamiti cittaṃ smarati prajānāti| tat sukhamityucyate| tṛtīyadhyānakasukhaviviktasya caturthadhyānasya lābhānna sukhamiti gaṇyate|

upekṣāsmṛtipariśuddhamiti| atropekṣā pariśuddhā| anīṣaṇatvāt| triṣu dhyāneṣvasti īṣaṇaṃ yadidaṃ sukhamiti| asmiṃśca dhyāne smṛtirapi pariśuddhā| kasmāt| tṛtīyadhyāne sukhāsaṅgitvāt smṛtirvyākulā| caturthadhyānaṃ prāpya sukharāgasya prahāṇāt smṛtiḥ pariśuddhā|

(pṛ) kasmāccaturthadhyāne na samprajanyamuktam| (u) yadyuktaṃ smṛtipariśuddhamiti| samprajanyamuktameveti veditavyam| anayordvayordharmayormitho'vyabhicārāt| kiñcāyaṃ dhyānasamādhimārgaḥ na samprajanyamārgaḥ| samprajanyasya prajñā[rūpa]tvānnocyate| tṛtīyadhyānasya caramabhāge'pi nocyate samprajanyam| upekṣakaḥ smṛtimān sukhavihārīti kevalamucyate| nocyate upekṣakaḥ smṛtisamprajanyavān sukhavihārīti| smṛtiriyaṃ dhyānasamādhiṃ sādhayati| yadi kasyacit samādhirasiddhā, [tasya] saṃjñāmādāya smṛtiḥ sādhayati| tena kevalamucyate| uttamaguṇamupekṣāṃ prāptasya nādhamaguṇo manaskāro'pekṣyate| ataḥ samprajanyaṃ nocyate|

(pṛ) aduḥkhāsukhā vedanā avidyāṅgam| caturthadhyāne bhūyasā samprajanyaviruddham| ato nocyate samprajanyam| (u) tathā cet aduḥkhāsukhā vedanā nānāsravā syāt| sukhavedanāyāḥ kāmāṅgatvāt| na ca [sā-] nāsravā| (pṛ) tṛtīyadhyāne svabhūmidoṣavirodhāyocyate samprajanyam| parabhūmidoṣavirodhāya cocyate smṛtiḥ| caturthadhyāne svabhūmirnaivaṃ duṣṭetyatyato nocyate samprajanyam| (u) caturthadhyāne'pi asti kāmādidoṣaḥ| ato vaktavyaṃ samprajanyam| atra kāmadoṣo'tisūkṣmaḥ duravabodhaḥ ato'vaśyaṃ vaktavyaṃ syāt| anyabhūmau vaktavyamapi nocyate| ato jñāyate yathāsmatprativacanaṃ syāditi|

(pṛ) kasmāccaturthadhyāna āśvāsapraśvāsanirodhaḥ| (u) praśvāsaḥ kāyaṃ cittañcāśrayate| kenedaṃ jñāyate| yadā cittaṃ sūkṣmaṃ, tadā śvāso'pi sūkṣmaḥ| caturthadhyāne cittamacalamityata āśvāsapraśvāsau niruddhau| yathā kaścit paramaklānto bhāraṃ vahati| parvataṃ vā ārohati tadāśvāsaḥ sthūlo bhavati| śvasanakāle [punaḥ] sūkṣmaḥ| tathā caturthadhyāne'pyevamacalasaṃjñayā cittamupaśāntamityata āśvāsapraśvāsau niruddhau| kecidvadanti yoginaścaturthadhyānakacaturmahābhūtalābhitayā kāyagataromakūpāḥ saṃvṛtāḥ| ataḥ śvāso niruddha iti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| annapānarasapravāhaḥ kāyamabhivyāpnoti| yadi romakūpāḥ saṃvṛtāḥ, na samudācaret| vastutastu na sambhavati| ato jñāyate caturthadhyānacittabalameva śvāsanirodhakamiti|

(pṛ) caturthadhyāne nāsti sukhā vedanā| tatra kathamasti tṛṣṇānuśayaḥ| uktaṃ hi sūtre-sukhavedanāyāṃ tṛṣṇānuśaya iti| (u) tatrāsti sūkṣmā sukhā vedanā| audārikasukhaprahāṇātparamucyate aduḥkhamasukhamiti| yathā samīraṇaprakampitapradīpaḥ| yadi nigūḍhagṛhe nikṣipyate| tadā na kampate| tatrāvaśyamasti khalu sūkṣmo vātaḥ| audārikavātābhāvāttu na kampate| tathā caturthadhyāne'pyasti sūkṣmaṃ sukham| audārikasukhaduḥkhaprahāṇādaduḥkhamasukhamityākhyāyate||

caturthadhyānavargo'ṣṭaṣaṣṭhyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

169 ākāśānantyāyatanavargaḥ

sarvaśo rūpasaṃjñānāṃ samatikramāt pratighasaṃjñānāmastaṅgamāt nānātvasaṃjñānāmamanaskārā danantam ākāśam ityākāśānantyāyatanamupasampadya viharati| rūpasaṃjñā nāma rūparasagandhasparśasaṃjñāḥ| yogāvacaraḥ kasmāt[tāḥ] samatikrāmati| yadeṣu rūpeṣu pratighaḥ antarāyaḥ| nānātvasaṃjñā yat ghaṇṭābheryādayaḥ| etāḥ saṃjñā vividhakleśānāṃ vividhakarmaṇāṃ vividhaduḥkhānāṃ hetavaḥ| ato hetoḥ samatikrāmati| sarvaśo rūpasaṃjñānāṃ samatikrāntasya pratighasaṃjñā nirudhyate| pratighasaṃjñānirodhe nānātvasaṃjñā na bhavati| tatra saṃkṣepānnoktam asya samatikramādasya nirodha iti|

kecidāhuḥ- sarvaśo rūpasaṃjñeti cakṣurvijñānāśritā saṃjñā iti| pratighasaṃjñeti śrotraghrāṇajihvākāyavijñānāśritā saṃjñā| nānātvasaṃjñeti manovijñānāśritā saṃjñā| iti| idamayuktam| kasmāt| pratighasaṃjñā nirudhyata iti vadato rūpaṃ saṅgrahītameva| kasmāt pṛthagucyate| rūpasaṃjñāṃ pratighasaṃjñāñca vinā nāsti pṛthaṅmanovijñānāśritaṃ rūpam| ato na vaktavyaṃ pṛthaṅ nānātvasaṃjñeti| iti yathāpūrvaṃ vaktavyam|

ākāśānantyāyatanamupasampadya viharatīti| yogāvacaraḥ rūpasaṃjñābhibhavapariśrāntatvādākāśānantyāyatanaṃ bhāvayati| antaścakṣurghrāṇagrīvādyākāśasaṃjñāṃ gṛhṇāti| bahiḥ kūpaguhādvārāntarvṛkṣavāṭikādyākāśasaṃjñāṃ gṛhṇāti| kiñcāyaṃ kāyo maraṇavipannaḥ smaśānāgninā dagdhaḥ praṇaśyati| ato jñāyate kāyo'yaṃ pūrvaṃ sākāśa iti|

(pṛ) ayamākāśasamādhiḥ kimālambanena bhavati| (u) ādita ākāśālambanaḥ svīyaskandhālambanaḥ parakīyaskandhālambanaśca siddho bhavati| kasmāt| karuṇāśīrṣaka evaṃ cintayati-sattvā dayanīyā rūpasaṃjñāpīḍitā iti| (pṛ) samādhirayaṃ kaṃ sattvamavalambate| (u) sarvasattvānavalambate| (pṛ) yogāvacaro'yaṃ rūpasaṃjñāviviktaḥ| kathaṃ rūpasattvānavalambate| (u) ayaṃ rūpamavalambate| rūpe tu cittaṃ na suprabuddhaṃ nābhiraktaṃ nābhyāsaktam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-āryaḥ pañcakāmaguṇān dṛṣṭvā saṃsmaran na tatrābhinandati na prabodhayati nādhyavasāya tiṣṭhati| tato bhīto nivartate| yathā tāpāt carmacchedaḥ| nirvāṇamanusmarataścittaṃ tatra suprabuddhaṃ bhavati iti| evamayamapi rūpamavalambamāno na[tatrā] bhinandyādhyavasāya tiṣṭhati| yathā ca yogāvacaro rūpasaṃjñāvivikto'pi ākāśāntena caturthadhyānamavalambate| yathā arūpasamādhiranāsravaṃ rūpamabalambate| na tatra doṣo'sti| akleśāyatanatvāt| tathānyadapi syāt|

(pṛ) ākāśaṃ rūpāyatanasvabhāvam| kathamidamālambya rūpasaṃjñāḥ samatikrāmati| (u) samādhirayamasaṃskṛtākāśāvalambitvāt rūpāṇi samatikrāmati| (pṛ) samādhirayaṃ nāsaṃskṛtamākāśamavalambate| kasmāt| asmin samādhyupāye cakṣurādimadhya[gata] mākāśamuktam| ato jñāyate saṃskṛtamākāśamavalambata iti| na coktaṃ sūtre asaṃskṛtākāśasya lakṣaṇam| saṃskṛtākāśalakṣaṇamatramuktaṃ yatra rūpaṃ nāsti tadākāśamiti| ato nāsaṃskṛtamākāśam| (u) na rūpasvabhāvāmākāśamucyate| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi sūtre ākāśamarūpamadṛśyamapratighamiti| (pṛ) asti punaḥ sūtravacanam-ālokaṃ pratītyākāśaṃ jānīma iti| na rūpaṃ vihāyāstyanyo dharma ālokaṃ pratītya jñāpyaḥ| (u) rūpābhāva ākāśa ityucyate| rūpāṇyālokena jñāpyāni| ata ālokaṃ pratītya rūpābhāvo jñāyate| natvākāśamasti|

tamasyapi ākāśaṃ jñāyate| andho hastenāpi ākāśaṃ jānāti| daṇḍenāpi ākāśamidamiti jānāti| ato jñāyate ākāśaṃ na rūpasvabhāvamiti| na rūpamebhiḥ pratyayairjñāpyate| rūpamidañca sapratigham| ākāśamapratigham| ānyādiḥ rūpāṇyatyantaṃ kṣapayati| natvākāśam| yadyākāśaṃ kṣīyate, kimātmakaṃ bhavet| (pṛ) rūpasyotpādesatyākāśamastameti| yathā bhittāvudbhūtāyāṃ na punarākāśamasti| (u) tatra rūpamutpannam| nānena rūpeṇa yatkiñcit kṣīyate| kasmāt| rūpābhāvo hyākāśam| nahyabhāvaḥ punarabhāvaḥ kartuṃ śakyaḥ| ato na rūpākāśaṃ kṣapayati| bhavānāha-ākāśaṃ rūpamiti| na tatrāstikāraṇaṃ yenedaṃ rūpaṃ bhavet| (pṛ) paśyāmaḥ khalu dvārādāvākāśam| pratyakṣadṛṣṭe na kāraṇāpekṣā| (u) ākāśaṃ na pratyakṣadṛśyamiti pūrvameva dūṣitatvāt-yat tamasyapi jñāpyamityādi|

(pṛ) yadyākāśaṃ na rūpam| ko dharma idaṃ bhavati| (u) abhāvadharma ākāśam| yatra[rūpaṃ] nāstīti vacanam tatrākāśaṃ bhavati| (pṛ) uktañca sūtre-ṣaḍ dhāturayaṃ puruṣakāya iti| kiñcāha-ākāśamadṛśyamarūpamapratighamiti| yadyabhāvadharmaḥ, naiva vaktuṃ śakyate| na hi śaśaśṛṅgadṛśyamarūpamapratighamityucyate| (u) yo vastusan dharmaḥ sa sarvaḥ pratiṣṭhito bhavati| yathā nāma rūpāśritam, rūpañca nāmāśritam| ākāśantvanāśritamato'bhāvadharma iti jñāyate| yadbhabhavānāha-ākāśaṃ dhāturiti| tadapi na yuktam| kasmāt| rūpe rūpaṃ pratihanyate rūpamasati viruddharūpe vivardhate| anenārthenāha bhagavān-ṣaḍdhātuko'yaṃ puruṣakāya iti| [yat] bhavānāha-na hi śaśaśṛṅga madṛśyamarūpamapratighamityucyata iti| tadapyayuktam| kasmāt| sarvathā ākāśavaśāllabhyate| asti kṛtakamatītānāgatavastvādi| nedṛśamasti śaśaśṛṅgādau| (pṛ) cittamapyevamarūpamamūrtamapratigham| nāstīti vaktavyam| (u) cittantu karma karoti yadālambanamupādatte| ākāśamakarmakam| abhāvamātreṇa kṛtakāstitālābhādabhāvadharma iti jñāyate ato'yaṃ samādhiradita ākāśamavalambate|

(pṛ) samādhirayaṃ katamāṃ bhūmimavalambate| (u) sarvā bhūmiḥ nirodhamārgañcāvalambate| (pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-arūpasamāpattayo nirodhālambanā api ayaṃ anumānajñānabhāgīyaṃ nirodhamātramālambate| na dṛṣṭajñānabhāgīyaṃ nirodham| iti| tatkatham| (u) sarvaṃ nirodhamavalambate| dṛṣṭadharmajñānena pratyutpannasvabhūmi[gata] nirodhamavalamyate| anumānajñānenānyanirodhamavalambate| evaṃ mārgo'pi| sarvapratipakṣāvalambitvāt|

(pṛ) ārūpyadhātugatāḥ sattvā anyabhūmikacittamutpādayanti na vā| (u) anyabhūmikacittamanāsravacittañcotpādayanti| (pṛ) tathā cet kathaṃ na cyutirbhavati| (u) karmavipāke vartamānattvānna cyavate| yathā kāmadhātau rūpadhātau cābhijñābalādanyasmin rūpe anyasmin citte sthito'pi na cyavate| tathā tatrāpi| (pṛ) ākāśānantyāyatanasamādherākāśāyatanasya kṛtsnāyatanasya ca ko bhedaḥ| (u) ākāśānantyāyatanaṃ samāpitsorupāyamārgaḥ kṛtsnamityākhyāyate| samādhisamāpattiḥ sampannā ākāśasamādhisamāpattiḥ ?| tatra samādherhetuphala[bhāvo] bhūmiḥ sarvā sāsravā [vā]anāsravā| yadi samādhiḥ, samādhiṃ vinā yadi saṃkleśaḥ yadi vā vvavadānam sarvamākāśānantyāyatanamityākhyāyate ?||

ākāśānantyāyatanavarga ekonasaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

170 ārūpyasamādhitritayavargaḥ

sarvaśa ākāśānantyāyatanaṃ samatikramya [anantaṃ vijñānamiti] vijñānānantyāyatanamupasampadya viharati| yogāvacaro rūpātparamanirviṇṇo rūpapratipakṣadharmamapyupekṣate| yathā nadīṃ tīrtvā uḍupaṃ tyajati| yathā vā coraṃ niṣkāsya nivartayitumicchati| tathā yogāvacaro'pi ākāśaṃ pratītya rūpaṃ paribhedayan [ākāśa]mapi parijihīrṣati|

vijñānānantyāyatanamiti yogāvacaro vijñānenānantamākāśamityavalambamānaḥ tadā anantaṃ vijñāna [mapi ālambate]| ata ākāśamupekṣya vijñānamavalambate| yathā rūpapariśrānta ākāśamālambate| tathā ākāśapariśrānta upaśamecchayā vijñānamātramālambate| pudgalo'yaṃ vijñānenākāśamālambata ityato vijñānapradhāna ityucyate| ato vijñānamātramālambate|

yogāvacaro vijñānenālambanamanuvartayan kālamanuvartata ityato'nantamasti| tatpariśramanirviṇṇo vijñānaṃ paribhidya tatparijihīrṣayā ākiñcanyāyatanamupasampadya viharati| [tadā] evaṃ cintayati vijñānamasti tatra duḥkham| mama yadyasti anantaṃ vijñānam, tadā avaśyamante duḥkhena bhāvyam iti| ato vijñānālambanacittaṃ pragṛhṇāti| cittasya [parama] sūkṣmatvāt ākiñcanyamityucyate|

punarevaṃ cintayati-akiñcanyamitīyaṃ saṃjñā| saṃjñā ca duḥkhopāyāyāsāya bhavati rogato gaṇḍataḥ| yasya saṃjñā nāsti sa punarmūḍho bhavati| yadākiñcanyaṃ paśyāmi tadeva kiñcidbhavati| ataḥ saṃjñābhyo na vimokṣalabdhaḥ| yogāvacaraḥ saṃjñāṃ vipadaṃ āsajñikaṃ sammohaṃ paśyati| iti naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanamupasampadya viharati| śāntaṃ praṇītañca yat naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanamityucyate| pṛthagjanāḥ sadotrastā asaṃjñāṃ sammohaṃ manyante| ato nātyantaṃ cittaṃ niroddhumalaṃ bhavanti|

kecidāhuḥ-asaṃjñisattvā api cittaṃ niroddhumalamiti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| yadi rūpadhātau cittaṃ niroddhumalaṃ bhavanti kasmādārūpyadhātau nālam| (pṛ) rūpadhātuḥ rūpavānityataścittaṃ nirodhayanti| ārūpyadhātau prāgeva rūpaṃ niruddham, idānīṃ punaścittaṃ nirudhyate rūpacittayoryugapannirodhaṃ paśyata utrāsasammohaḥ syāt| (u) yat tatra vartamānaṃ na [tat] nirodhakam| tadantarājāyamānantu nirodhakaṃ syāt| yathā nirodhasamāpattau| (pṛ) cittanirodhasya phalamāsaṃjñikam| ato rūpacittanirodhe'tyantadoṣāya bhavati| (u) nirodhasamāpatterapi sacittakatā phalam| tathedamapi| yadi phalamasamucchinnam, [tadā] phalastha iti nāma| yathā nirmitagataṃ rūpam nirmitacitte punaḥ phalamutpādayati| ato nātyantaṃ nirudhyate| ato rūpadhātau na cittanirodho vaktavyaḥ| yadyucyate| arūpadhātāvapi vaktavyaḥ syāt|

asaṃjñi samāpattau ca na cittaṃ nirudhyeta| kasmāt| yogāvacaro'vaśyaṃ cittanirvedāt cittavirāgāt cittaṃ nirodhayati| yadi cittanirviṇṇa evārūpadhātau notpadyeta| kiṃ punaḥ rūpadhātāvutpadyeta iti| pṛthagjanāścitte gabhīramātmasaṃjñāmutpādayanti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-dīrgharātraṃ [hyetat bhikṣavaḥ] aśrutavataḥ] pṛthagjanasya adhyavasitaṃ mamāyitaṃ parāmṛṣṭam etanmama eṣo'hamasmi eṣa ma ātmeti| ato na niśśeṣaṃ nirvidyate virajyate| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-tīrthikāḥ trayāṇāmupādānānāṃ samucchedaṃ nirodhamupadiśanti nātmavādopādānasya iti| ato na cittaṃ niroddhumalam| yathā markaṭopamasūtram [aśrutavān] pṛthagjanaḥ kāyaṃ virajyeta na cittam| varaṃ [bhikṣavaḥ aśrutavān] pṛthagjana imaṃ cāturmahābhautikaṃ kāya[mātmata] upagacchet na tveva cittam| tatkasya hetoḥ| dṛśyate'yaṃ [bhikṣava ścāturmahābhautikaḥ] kāya [ekamapi varṣaṃ] tiṣṭhan.....daśa varṣāṇi [tiṣṭhan] yāvacchatavarṣāṇyapi tiṣṭhan| yacca khalu [etadbhikṣava] ucyate cittamityapi mana ityapi vijñānamityapi tat rātyāśca divasasya cātyayena anyadevotpadyate anyannirudhyate| tadyathā [bhikṣavaḥ] markaṭa [araṇya upavane caran] śākhāṃ gṛhṇāti| tāṃ muktvā anyāṃ gṛhṇāti| ekameva bhikṣavo yadidamucyate cittamityapi mana ityapi vijñānamityapi| tat rātyāśca divasasya cātyāyena anyadevotpadyate anyannirudhyate|] tatra śrutavān [bhikṣavaḥ] āryaśrāvakaḥ pratītya samutpādameva sādhukaṃ yoniśo manasikaroti| ato'nityamityeva prajānāti iti| pratītyasamutpādasyājñātā vedanāviśeṣādijñānaṃ vikalpayati| sarve tīrthikā avikalpapratyayajñānatvāt na cittaṃ nirodhayitumalam| pṛthagjanāśca rūpavirāgiṇo['pi] cittāvirāgitvānnālaṃ vimoktum| ye yugapaccittaṃ niroddhumalam| te kasmānnālaṃ vimoktum|

kiñca pṛthagjanāḥ [citta] nirodhabhīrutayā nirvāṇe nālaṃ śāntaśivasaṃjñāmutpādayitum| yathoktaṃ sūtre-naiṣo'hamasmi, naitanmameti pṛthagjanānāmutrāsapadam śāntaśivasaṃjñāṃ notpādayati| kathaṃ cittaṃ niroddhumalaṃ bhavet| pṛthagjanānāñca dharmo [yat] uttamāṃ bhūmiṃ pratītyāvarāṃ bhūmiṃ vijahāti| ato nāsti cittanirodhapratyayaḥ| kintu samādhibalena sūkṣmasaṃjñāmabhimukhīkṛtya cittasya prabodhāt vadati nāsti saṃjñeti| audārikasaṃjñāmutpādayan tadaiva [tataḥ] cyutaḥ patati| [sa cāsaṃjñītyucyate|] yathā alpajño'jña iti| yathā vā alpadaśano'daśana iti| yathā vā sammūrchābhraṣṭacetanāḥ suṣuptāḥ krimayaḥ śītibhūtamakarāḥ| yathā vā naivasaṃjñānasaṃjñāyatanamityucyate| tathā tatrāpi vastutaḥ saṃjñāyāṃ satyāmapi saṃvṛtito'saṃjñītyucyate|

ārūpyasamādhitrayavargaḥ saptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

171 nirodhasamāpattivargaḥ

sarvaśonaivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanaṃ samatikramya saṃjñāvedayitanirodhaṃ kāyena spṛṣṭvā viharati| (pṛ) dhyāneṣu kasmānnocyate sarvaśaḥ samatikramyeti| arūpasamāpattiṣu ca nokto'staṅgamaḥ| (u) uktaṃ khalvasmābhiḥ dhyānasamādhiṣu santi vitarkavicāraprītisukhādayo dharmā iti ato nocyate sarvaśaḥ samatikramyeti| (pṛ) ākāśānantyāyatane rūpacittamastīti pratipāditameva| ato'rūpeṣvapi na vaktavyaṃ sarvaśaḥ samatikramyeti (u) ākāśānantyāyatanasamāpattiṃ samāpanno rūpacittādvimucyate, na vitarkavicārādibhyo dharmebhyaḥ| kecidāhuḥ-samatikramo vyupaśamo'staṅgamaḥ sarvamekārthakam, vyañjanameva nānā iti| ārūpyasamāpattiṣu ca cittaṃ susthiram| avarabhūmau cittaṃ vikṣepakampyam| ato nocyate sarvaśaḥ samatikramyeti| (pṛ) yat sahaivoktaṃ asti kaṇṭako yaduta rūpasaṃjñā ityādi| tat kasmāducyate cittaṃ susthiramiti| (u) yadyapi sahaivokta masti kaṇṭaka iti| tathāpi caturthadhyānamacalamityākhyāyate| evamarūpasamāpattiṣu samāpattibalamahimnā susthiramityākhyā labhyate|

(pṛ) śaikṣo na nirodhasamāpattiṃ labheta| naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanasya sarvaśo'natikramāt| (u) śaikṣo naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatane sarvasaṃskārāṇāṃ vyupaśamaṃ paśyati| kintu na paśyati teṣāmanutpādam| ata uktadoṣo labhyate| yat bhavatā pūrvamuktaṃ navānupūrvikeṣu cittacaittānāṃ nirodha iti tat virudhyate| (u) nirodhasamāpattirdvividhā-kleśānāṃ kṣayarūpā kleśānāmakṣayarūpā iti| kleśānāṃ kṣayarūpā vimokṣeṣu vartate kleśānāmakṣayarūpā anupūrvaṃ [vihāre]ṣu vartate| (1) kleśānāṃ nirodhānnirodhasamāpattiḥ, (2) cittacaittānāṃ nirodhānnirodhasamāpattiḥ| kleśānāṃ nirodho'ṣṭamavimokṣaḥ| tedevārhatphalam| arhatphalañca sarvasaṃjñānāṃ punaranutpādako vyupaśama eva| atra saṃjñānāṃ vyupaśame'pi anyasaṃyojanānāṃ sattvāt punaranutpādikā na bhavati|

(pṛ) yadi yogavacaro navānupūrvavihāraiścittaṃ nirodhayati| srotaāpannādayaḥ kathaṃ cittanirodhadharmaṃ sākṣātkurvanti| (u) anupūrvavihāreṣu nirodho mahānirodhaḥ| yadi kaścit dhyānasamāpattīḥ sādhu bhāvayati, mārgacittabaladārḍhyādimaṃ nirodhaṃ labhate| yadi nāsti tadbalam, tadā nirodhasamāpattirnedṛśaṃ mahābalaṃ vindate| ato'nupūrvavihārā uktāḥ| anyatrāpyasti nirodhacittam| yathā caturthadhyāne cittacaittān nirundhya āsaṃjñike praviśati| prathamadhyānādau kasmānna nirodhaḥ| anyatrāpi ca nirodhacittārtho bhavet| yathoktaṃ sūtre srotaāpannādayo nirodhaṃ sākṣātkurvanti| niruddhacittameva nirodha ityucyate na punaranyo'sti dharmo nirodha iti| ato jñāyate imā navabhūmīrvihāyāpyasti cittanirodha iti|

(pṛ) yadi nirodhasamāpattau sarvacittacaittān nirodhayati| kasmātsaṃjñāvedayitanirodhamātramucyate| (u) sarvāṇi cittāni veditānītyucyante| veditañcedaṃ dvividhaṃ-saṃjñāveditaṃ prajñāveditamiti| saṃjñāveditaṃ saṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittam| saṃjñākārāṇāṃ prajñaptigatatvāt prajñaptiśca dvividhā-hetusaṃghātaprajñaptiḥ dharmaprajñaptiśceti| ataḥ sarvasaṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittaṃ saṃjñā bhavati| prajñāveditaṃ asaṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittam| ataḥ saṃjñāveditanirodha ityuktau sarvanirodha ukto bhavati|

(pṛ) sarveṣu cittacaitteṣu prādhānyāt saṃjñāveditaṃ kevalamucyate| kasmāt| kleśānāmasti bhāgadvayam-tṛṣṇābhāgo dṛṣṭibhāga iti| veditādutpadyate tṛṣṇābhāgaḥ| saṃjñāto dṛṣṭibhāgaḥ| kāmadhātau rūpadhātau ca veditaṃ pradhānam| arūpyadhātau tu saṃjñā pradhānā| ato dvividhamevoktam| vijñānasthitiṣu ca saṃjñāveditamātramuktam| vijñānasthitīnāṃ cittādutthitatvādeva saṃskāra ityākhyā| saṃjñāveditanirodha ityuktau ca sarvacittacaittānāṃ nirodha ukto bhavati| cittacaittānāṃ tato'vyabhicārāt| (u) maivam| bhavānāha-prādhānyāt [saṃjñāveditaṃ] kevalamucyata iti| [tadā] cittamātraṃ vaktavyam| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi tatra tatra (?) sūtre-cittaṃ khalvadhipattiḥ dvividhānāṃ kleśānāmāśrayaḥ| cittasyaiva vikalpāt saṃjñāveditamityucyate| iti| ato vaktavyaṃ cittameva| citte cokte sugamam| ato bhavaduktirna [saṃbhavati]|

(pṛ) samāpattiriyaṃ kasmāducyate kāyena spṛṣṭvā viharatīti| (u) aṣṭavimokṣāḥ sarve kāyena spṛṣṭvā viharantīti vaktavyāḥ| ayaṃ nirodhadharmaḥ anabhilāpavedyatvāt kāyena sākṣātkarotītyāha| tadyathā apāṃ spraṣṭā tacchaityaṃ prajānāti| na tu śrotā prajānāti| tathedamapi| acittadharmatvāt iyaṃ kāyena sākṣātkarotīti syāt|

(pṛ) yadbhavānāha-nirodhasamāpattiracittadharma iti| na tat yujyate| kasmāt| samāpattimimāṃ samāpannaḥ sattva [eva] bhavati| loke ca nāsti ko'pi sattvo'cittaka ityato'yuktam| uktañca sūtre-āyurūsma vijñānamime trayo dharmāḥ sadā'vyabhicāriṇa iti| ato nāsti niruddhacittaḥ [sattvaḥ]| sarve ca sattvāścaturbhirāhārairjīvanti| nirodhasamāpattimupasampannasya na santyāhārāḥ| kasmāt| nahyayaṃ kabalīkāramāhāraṃ bhunakti| sparśādayo'pi niruddhāḥ| ato nāstyāhāraḥ| cittañca cittādutpadyate| citte'smin niruddhe nānyaccittamutpadyate| samanantarapratyayābhāvāt kathamūrdhvabhāvi cittamutpadyeta| kiñcānupadhiśeṣanirvāṇapraviṣṭamātraṃ cittaṃ samucchinnasantati sat nirudhyate| nānyatra[gataṃ] nirudhyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-rūpeṇa kāmān samatikrāmati| arūpeṇa rūpaṃ samatikrāmati| nirodhena sarvacetanāmanaskārān samatikrāmati iti| cittameva cetanā manaskāro bhavatītyavaśyaṃ nirodhena taṃ samatikrāmati| sopadhiśeṣanirvāṇalābhinaḥ kliṣṭaṃ cittaṃ nirudhyate| nirūpadhiśeṣanirvāṇalābhino'kliṣṭaṃ cittaṃ nirudhyate| ityayameva tathāgataśāsane samyagarthaḥ| nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannaśca na mṛta ityucyate| cittanirodho hi maraṇam| yadi niruddhaṃ cittaṃ punarjāyate| mṛtaśca punarjāyeta| nirvāṇaṃ praviṣṭo'pi punarjāyeta| tadā tu naiva vimokṣaḥ| vastutastu na tathā| ataścittaṃ na nirudhyate|

atrocyate| yadbhavānāha-nāstyacittakaḥ sattva iti acitta[tā] sāmye'pi maraṇe'sti bhedaḥ| yathā sūtre paripṛcchati-yo'yaṃ [bhante] mṛtaḥ [kālakṛtaḥ] yaścāyaṃ saṃjñāvedayitanirodhaṃ samāpannaḥ| anayoḥ kiṃ nānākaraṇam| pratyāha-yo'yaṃ [gṛhapate] mṛtaḥ [kālakṛtaḥ]| tasya āyurūṣma vijñānamitīmāni trīṇyekāntaniruddhāni| yaścāyaṃ [gṛhapate] saṃjñāvedayitanirodhaṃ samāpannaḥ| tasya cittamātraṃ niruddham, āyurūṣma tu kāyād vibhaktaṃ vartate iti| ato'cittakaḥ sattvo bhavediti| puruṣasyāsya cittaṃ sa tatasthitilābhi bhavati| [sthiti] lābhabalāt sacitta ityākhyā| na tu sa tarupāṣāṇasamaḥ| yadbhavānavocat-trīṇi vastūnyavyabhicārīṇīti| tat kāmarūpadhātukasattvārthatayoktam| arūpadhātāvastyāyuḥ, asti vijñānam, natvasti ūṣma| nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannasya cāstyāyuḥ astyūṣma, natvasti vijñānam| asmin sūtre'pyuktam vijñānaṃ kāyādvibhaktamiti| atastrīṇyavibhaktānīti yat vacanaṃ, tat yatra santi tatroktam|

yadavocadbhavān-āhāraṃ vinā kathaṃ jīvediti| kāyo'yaṃ pūrvatanīnamanaḥ sañcetanāhārāt pratyutpanne vartate| śītādisparśāt kāyaṃ sandhatte| yaduktaṃ bhavatā cittaṃ pratītya cittamutpadyata| [tatra] cittaṃ cittāntarasya kārakahetuḥ| kārakahetau niruddhe cittāntaramutpādayati| (pṛ) kathaṃ niruddhaṃ cittaṃ cittāntaramutpādayati| yathā cakṣū niruddhaṃ sat na tadvijñānaṃ janayati| (u) yathā niruddhaṃ karma vipākamutpādayati| tathedamapi| yanmanaḥ yacca manovijñānam ime dve mithaḥ pratisambandhinī| na tathā cakṣuścakṣurvijñānam| ato'hetuḥ| yadavocaḥ santānasamuccheda eva cittaṃ nirudhyata iti| tadayuktam| trividho hi nirodhaḥ-rūpanirodhaḥ cittanirodhaḥ kadācidrūpacittobhayanirodhaḥ, kadācidrūpasya nirodho na tu cittasya yathā nirodhasamāpattisamāpanne| kadācidrūpacittobhayanirodhaḥ yathā santānasamucchede|

yadavocaḥ nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpanno na mṛta ityucyata iti| puruṣasyāsya nāyurūṣma niruddham| mṛtasya trīṇyapi niruddhānīti| ayaṃ bhedaḥ| puruṣasyāsya ca āyurūṣma pratītya cittaṃ punarutpadyate| na tathā mṛtasya| yaduktaṃ bhavatā-yadi niruddhaṃ cittaṃ punarjāyate, tadā na vimokṣa iti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| nirvāṇaṃ praviṣṭasya pūrvakarmavedyāni āyurūṣmavijñānāni niruddhāni| na punarutpadyante| asya tu āyurūṣmaṇoranirodhe pūrvakālīnaṃ cittamutpadyate| yathā nirodhasamāpattivarga uktam-nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannaḥ ṣaḍāyatanāni kāyajīvitañca pratītya punarvyuttiṣṭhata iti| ataścittaṃ punarutpadyate| nirvāṇaṃ praviṣṭasya cittaṃ paraṃ na punarutpadyate| ato jñāyate samāpattiriyamacittaketi|

(pṛ) kasmādetatsamāpattervyutthitasya dattaṃ dṛṣṭadharme vipākaṃ prāpayati| (u) etatsamāpattervyutthitasya cittaṃ paramaśāntam| yathoktaṃ sūtre- nirodhasamāpattervyutthitasya cittaṃ nirvāṇabhāgīyam iti| asya ca dhyānasamāpattibalaṃ sudṛḍham| tadāśritya prajñā'pi mahatī| prajñāmahimnā dāyako viśiṣṭaṃ vipākaṃ vindate| yathā śatasahasraśrāvakāṇāṃ satkārako naikabuddhasya [satkāra] samāno bhavati| atra prajñayaiva viśeṣo na saṃyojanasamucchede| tathedamapi| imāṃ samāpattiṃ samāpannasya bahulasaddharmavāsitacittatvāt mahāphalamutpadyate| yathā sukṛṣṭe kṣetre sasyamavaśyaṃ bahulaṃ bhavati| lokānnirviṇṇasya dānaṃ mahāvipākaṃ prāpayati| nirodhasamāpattervyutthito lokātparamanirviṇṇa ityatastatsatkāro viśiṣṭaḥ| viśuddhacittasya dānaṃ mahāvipākaprāpakam| nāviśuddhacittasya puruṣo'yaṃ prajñaptyāpi na kliṣṭacittaḥ| ata[sta]tsatkāro mahāvipākaprāpakaḥ| kiñcāyaṃ sadā paramārthasatye tiṣṭhati| anye saṃvṛtisatye vartante| puruṣo'yaṃ sadā saraṇadharme vartate| kasmāt| saṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittaṃ saraṇaṃ bhavati| uktañca sūtre-

tṛṇadoṣāṇi kṣetrāṇi rāgadoṣā iyaṃ prajā|
tasmāddhi vītarāgeṣu dattamasti mahāphalam|| iti|

rāgapratyayā prajñaptisaṃjñā| asyāḥ samāpattervyutthito nirvāṇālambana ityataḥ prajñaptisaṃjñayā viviktaḥ| api coktaṃ sūtre-yasya dānapateḥ satkāraṃ bhuṅktvā apramāṇasamādhimupasampadya viharati| ayaṃ dānapattiḥ tatpratyayamapramāṇapuṇyaṃ labhate iti| nirodhasamāpattervyutthitasya [yat] nirvāṇālambanaṃ cittam| idamucyate'pramāṇam| ato dṛṣṭa eva vipākaṃ labhate| kiñca aṣṭabhirguṇai ralaṅkṛtamidaṃ puṇyakṣetram-samyak dṛṣṭiḥ, nirvāṇālambanaṃ cittaṃ anyāni cāṅgāni taiḥ samanvāgataṃ bhavati| ata [statra dattaṃ] dṛṣṭavipākaṃ janayati|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-nirodhasamāpattiścittaviprayuktasaṃskāro laukikadharmaśceti| tatkatham| (u) yathoktavat etatsamāpattervyutthitasya paramaśāntyādayo guṇā bhavanti| neme guṇā laukikāḥ syuḥ| (pṛ) nirodhasamāpattirdharmāṇāṃ pratirodhārthā| tena dharmeṇa hi cittaṃ notpādayati| ataścittaviprayuktasaṃskāraḥ syāt| yathā tapte'yasmi kārṣṇyaṃ na bhavati| tāpāpagame punarbhavati| tathedamapi syāt| (u) tathā cet nirvāṇamapi cittaviprayuktasaṃskāraḥ syāt| kasmāt| nirvāṇaṃ pratītya hi nānye skandhāḥ samutpadyante| yadi nirvāṇaṃ na cittaviprayuktasaṃskāra iti| iyaṃ samāpattirapi na cittaviprayuktasaṃskāraḥ syāt| yogāvacarāṇāmīdṛśo dharmaḥ syāt nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpanne praṇihitānugamanāccittaṃ na pravartate| ato na vaktavyo viprayuktasaṃskāra iti|

(pṛ) imāṃ samāpattimevānupūrvaṃ samāpadyata iti kimanupūrvameva vyuttiṣṭheta| (u) anupūrvameva vyuttiṣṭhate| krameṇa caudārikaṃ cittaṃ samāpadyate| (pṛ) sūtra uktamnirodhasamāpattervyutthitaṃ cittaṃ prathamaṃ trayaḥ sparśāḥ spṛśanti-aniñjyaḥ [sparśaḥ] animittaḥ [sparśaḥ] apraṇihitaḥ [sparśa] iti| kasmādevam| (u) asaṃskṛtālambane citte vidyamānaḥ sparśaḥ aniñjyaḥ animittaḥ apraṇihita iti nāma| śūnyata evāniñjyaḥ| saṃskṛtālambanasya cittasya laghutvādastīñjanaṃ yadrūpavedanādīnāṃ grahaṇam| śūnye[sati] animittam| animitte [sati] rāgādi kimapi nāsti| acittako'yaṃ prathamaṃ nirvāṇamālambya tataḥ saṃskṛtamālambate| ata ucyate vyutthāne trayaḥ sparśāḥ spṛśantīti|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpannasya cittaṃ sāsravam| samāpattivyutthitasya cittaṃ sāsravaṃ kadācidanāsravaṃ kadāciditi| kathamidam| (u) na sāsravam| yogāvacara etatsamāpattisamīpsayā prathamata eva sarvān saṃskārān paribhedayati| paribhedātsamāpadyate| vyutthitasya nirvāṇālambanaṃ cittamevābhimukhī bhavati| ato jñāyate sarvathā anāsravamiti|

sūtra uktam-[saṃjñāvedayita] nirodhasamāpattiṃ samāpadyamānasya bhikṣornaivaṃ bhavati [ahaṃ [saṃjñāvedayita] nirodhaṃ samāpadye iti| vyutthitasya api naivaṃ bhavati [ahaṃ vyuttiṣṭhāmīti| tathā cen kathaṃ samāpadyate| (u) nityaṃ bhāvitatvāt samāpattibalaṃ sudṛḍhaṃ bhavati| tathā cintanāsattve'pi samāpadyate| yogāvacaro'yaṃ saṃskṛtā-[lambana] samucchedāt tathābhūtaṃ nirodhaṃ samāpadyate| yadi cittamagṛhya saṃskṛtamālambate| tadā na samāpanno nāma| ataḥ sūtramāha [atha khalvasya] pūrvameva tathācittaṃ bhāvitaṃ bhāvati [yat tat tathātvāya] upanayati iti|

(pṛ) yadi nāsti śūnyādanyadupalabhyam| tadā asaṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittaṃ bhāvayitvā kamupakāraṃ labhate| (u) dīrghakālaṃ bhāvitatvāt samāpattidārḍhye jñānadarśanaṃ suniścitaṃ bhavati| yathā saṃskṛtālambanaṃ cittaṃ paśyato'pi nāsti kṣaṇikādanyat| dīrghakāla bhāvitaṃ cittamātrantu sudṛḍhaṃ bhavati| tathedamapi syāt||

nirodhasamāpattivarga ekasaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

172 daśakṛtsnāyatanavargaḥ

pūrvālambanamakampayitvā cittabalavaśitā kṛtsnāyatanamityucyate| yogāvacaraḥ parīttanimittaṃ gṛhītavān adhimuktibalena tat vipulayati| kasmāt| samāhitacittabalāt tattve'vatarataḥ sarvaṃ śūnyaṃ bhavati| adhimuktāvavatarataḥ pūrvagṛhītaṃ nimittamanuvartate| (pṛ) ko'yamadhimuktisvabhāvaḥ| (u) nīlādīni rūpāṇyapramāṇāni| tanmūlāni saṃkṣipya catvāri, pṛthivyādīni catvāri mahābhūtāni, catvāri ca rūpāṇāṃ mūlāni etadaṣṭakaparicchinnamidamākāśam| vijñānamanantamākāśaṃ prajānātīti anantamapi| yasmāt sāntadharmo nānantaṃ gṛhṇāti| imāni daśa bhavanti|

(pṛ) pṛthivyāmasti tu dravyato'bādi| yogī kathaṃ pṛthivīmātraṃ bhāvayati| (u) dīrghakālaṃ tat bhāvayan sadā pṛthivīnimittaṃ gṛhṇāti| tataḥ pṛthivīmātraṃ paśyati nānyadvastu| (pṛ) yoginā dṛṣṭaṃ pṛthivīnimittaṃ dravyataḥ pṛthivī na vā| (u) adhimuktibalāt darśane pṛthivī bhavati na dravyato bhavati pṛthivī| (pṛ) nirmāṇabalāt bhūyamānaṃ nirmitamapi kiṃ na dravyam| (u) nirmitaṃ samādhibalātsiddhamityataḥ kṛtakaṃ vastu yaduta prabhā aptejādi ca|

(pṛ) kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ-aṣṭakṛtsnāyatanāni caturthadhyānamātre vartanta iti| tat katham| (u) yadi vartanta kāmadhātau triṣu dhyāneṣu ca ko doṣaḥ| antime dve kṛtsnāyatane pratyekaṃ svabhūmau bhavetām| tāni ca daśa sāsravāṇi| ālambanākampitvāt| (pṛ) ākāśaṃ kiṃ rūpapratighalakṣaṇam| (u) yogī adhimuktyā ca cakṣuḥśrotrādyākāśalakṣaṇaṃ śūnyaṃ gṛhṇāti| na sākṣādravyasadrūpaṃ paribhedayati| ato'pi ādhimuktikamityākhyā [tasya]|

(pṛ) uktañca sūtre-sarvapṛthivīsamādhiṃ samāpannasyaivaṃ bhavati-ahameva pṛthivī, pṛthivyevāhamiti| kasmādevaṃ bhavati| (u) [sva]cittaṃ sarvavyāpi paśyati| ataścintayati sarvamahamiti| (pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-ayaṃ samādhiḥ kāmadhātvāptapṛthivyādimātramālambata iti| kathamidam| (u) yadi kāmadhātvāptapṛthivyādi sarvamālambate ko doṣaḥ| prajñaptyācāyaṃ samādhiranyān dharmānavalambate| tatra kaḥ punardoṣo'sti| kiñcāyaṃ samādhiradhimuktito'bhūtamālambanaṃ bhāvayati| nāsti tu kiñcidabhūtaṃ pṛthivyādi| (pṛ) bhagavataḥ śrāvakā api bhūmyādi bhāvayanti| kathamidam| (u) yadi śaikṣajanā bhāvayanti| sarvaṃ tat paribhedārtham| (pṛ) vastuto nāsti khalu sarvaṃ pṛthivī ityādīni| kathamayaṃ samādhirviparyasto na bhavati| (u) bhāvanāyāmasyāmasti mohabhāgaḥ| tatrātmadṛṣṭeḥ samudbhavāt| aśubhādibhāvanā yadyapi na paramārthasatyam| tathāpi vairāgyānukūlā bhavati| na tathā bhāvaneyam| ato'sti mohabhāgaḥ|

(pṛ) kasmānna bhāvayati anantaṃ vedanādi| vijñānamātrantu bhāvayati| (u) grāhyaṃ pṛthivyādi| vijñānaṃ grāhakam| ato vijñānaṃ bhāvayati na vedanādi| vedanādi ca cittasya prabheda iti pratipāditameva pūrvam| kiñca yogī na paśyati vedanādi sarvatra vyāpi| sarvatra suḥkhaduḥkhavedanayorabhāvāt| bhagavataḥ śrāvakā ye'smin samādhau viharanti| teṣāmavināśārthālambanatvāt| yatastadālambanaṃ yogino'bhiniveśāyatanaṃ bhavati| yadi tadvinaśyati tadā pṛthagjanasamaḥ syāt||

daśakṛtsnāyatanavargo dvisaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

173 daśasaṃjñāsu anityasaṃjñāvargaḥ

anityasaṃjñā, duḥkhasaṃjñā, anātmasaṃjñā, āhāre pratikūlasaṃjñā, sarvaloke'nabhiratisaṃjñā, aśubhasaṃjñā, maraṇasaṃjñā, prahāṇasaṃjñā, virāgasaṃjñā, nirodhasaṃjñā [cetidaśa saṃjñāḥ]| anityasaṃjñā yadanitye anityamiti samāhitaḥ prajānāti| (pṛ) kasmātsarvamanityam| (u) sarve hi dharmāḥ pratītyasamutpannāḥ| hetupratyayavināśātsarve'nityatāṃ yānti|

(pṛ) na yuktamidam| keciddharmāḥ pratītyasamutpannā api nānityāḥ| yathā tīrthikānāṃ sūtramāha-triṇāciketasya kartā śāśvate pade jāyate iti| brahmakāuyikāśca śāśvatāḥ| (u) bhavatāṃ śāsane'pyuktam śakro devānāmindraḥ kratuśataṃ kṛtvā punaḥ patatīti| uktañca gāthāyām-śakrādayaḥ śatasahasrādhikānāṃ kratūnāmanuṣṭhātāro'nityāḥ kṣīyanta itri| kratūnāṃ śatasahasramapi na vartate| ato jñāyate triṇāciketo'nitya iti| śakro devānāmindro devendrādikāyabhāgaśca kṣīyate| ataḥpratītyasamutpannā dharmā anityāḥ| kiñca bhavatāṃ vedaḥ pūjyo'bhimataḥ| vede punaruktam-vidyayā amṛtamaśnuta iti| yathāha-ādityavarṇo mahāpuruṣo lokasvabhāvamatītaḥ| tatpuruṣānugatamanasko'mṛtamaśnute| na punaranyo mārgo'stīti| “aṇoḥ puruṣasyāṇurātmā, mahato mahānātmā sadā kāye śete| ya imamātmānaṃ na veda| tasya vedādāvadhīyānasyāpi na kaścanopakāra iti|

brahmakāyikāśca sarve'nityāḥ| kasmāt| bhavatāṃ śāsane hyuktam-brahmā sahāṃpatirapi guṇānāṃ[prakarṣāya] sadā kratuṃ yajamāno vrataṃ dhatte iti| yadi kāyo nitya iti prajānāti| kasmāt puṇyaṃ karoti| śrūyate ca bhavatāṃ granthe vacanam-asti brahmaṇaḥ [sahāṃ] patermaithunarāgaḥ| sati ca tasmin dveṣādayaḥ sarve kleśā avaśyaṃ bhavanti| satsu kleśeṣu avaśyamasti pāpakarma| evaṃ pāpī kathaṃ nityaṃ vimokṣaṃ pratilabheta| na ca sarva ṛṣayo devān yajante| nāpi sarve brahmayānaṃ caranti| yadīdaṃ nityaṃ, tadā sarvathā tadācareyuḥ| sarve ca padārthā anityāḥ| kasmāt| yāni pṛthivyaptejovāyavo bhūtāni| tāni kalpāvasāne kṣīyamāṇāni na kiñcidavaśiṣyante| kālaśca cakravatpravartate| ato jñāyate'nityānīti| śīlasamādhiprajñādyapramāṇaguṇasampannā mahānto dīpaṅkarabuddhādayaḥ pratyekabuddhā mahāsammatādayaḥ kalpādyā rājānaḥ sarve'pyanityāḥ| kaḥ padārtho nityo bhavet| api ca bhagavānāha-yatkiñcitsamudayadharma, sarvaṃ tat vyayadharma iti| yathoktaṃ gomayapiṇḍisūtre-atha khalu bhagavān parīttaṃ gomayapiṇḍaṃ pāṇinā gṛhītvā taṃ bhikṣumetadavocat-nāsti kiñcidīdṛśaṃ rūpaṃ [yat rūpaṃ] nityaṃ dhruvaṃ [śāśvataṃ] avipariṇāmadharma [śāśvatasaṃjñam] iti| asminneva sūtre punarvistaraśa uktam-śakrabrahmacakravartirājānāṃ [ye] phalavipākāḥ [te sarve]'pi atītā niruddhā vipariṇatā iti| ato jñāyate sarvamanityamiti|

traidhātukasya sarvasyāyuḥ parimitam| avīcinarakasya paramāyurekaḥ kalpaḥ| saṅghātanarakasya kalpārdham| anyeṣāṃ kiñcidūnaṃ vā adhikaṃ vā| nāgādīnāmāyuradhikataramekaḥ kalpaḥ| pretānāmadhikataramāyuḥ saptavarṣasahasrāṇi| [pūrva] videhānāmāyuḥ pañcāśaduttaravarṣaśatadvayam| [avara] godānīyānāmāyuḥ pañcavarṣasahasrāṇi| uttarakurūṇāṃ niyatāmāyurvarṣasahasram| jambūdvīpināmāyurapramāṇakalpā vā daśavarṣāṇi vāyuḥ| cāturmahārājikānāṃ devānāmāyuḥ pañcavarṣasahasrāṇi| yāvadbhavāgrāṇāmāyuraṣṭavarṣasahasrāṇi| ato jñāyate traidhātukaṃ sarvamanityamiti|

tribhiḥ śraddhābhiśca śraddhīyate'nityamiti| dṛṣṭe nāsti kaściddharmo nityaḥ| āptavacane'pi na kaściddharmo nityaḥ| anumitijñāne'pi nāsti kaścinnityaḥ| dṛṣṭapūrvakatvādanumānasya| yadyasti kiñcinnityaṃ sthānam| ko vidvān sarvadharmanirodha[pūrvaṃ] vimuktimabhilaṣet| ko vā neṣyāt| sukhavedināṃ sadā saṃvāsaṃ priyaṃ vā vastutastu vidvān sarvathā vimuktimeva prārthayate| ato jñāyate samudayadharma na nityaṃ bhavatīti| atha punarvaktavyaṃ samudayadharma sarvaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ muhūrtamapi na tiṣṭhati| kaḥ punarvādo nityaṃ bhavatīti|

(pṛ) anityasaṃjñāśraddhā kiṃ karoti| (u) kleśān vināśayati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-anityasaṃjñā bhāvitā [bahulīkṛtā] sarvaṃ kāmarāgaṃ paryādāti| sarvaṃ

rūparāgaṃ [paryādāti| sarvaṃ] bhavarāgaṃ [paryādāti]| sarvamasmimānaṃ [paryādāti sarvā]mavidyāṃ paryādāti iti| (pṛ)

(pṛ) maivam| anityasaṃjñeyaṃ kāmarāgamapi vardhayati| yathā kaścit subhikṣakālo na dīrgha iti budhyan maithunarāga āsajyate| kusumaṃ nāticiraṃ navaṃ bhavatīti jānan sukhāyāśu tadupabhuṅkte| parasya [dayitājanasya] surūpaṃ na nityaṃ bhavatīti jānan maithunarāgaṃ drutataraṃ vardhayati| evamanityajñānavaśātkāmarāga utpadyate| ato nānityasaṃjñā kāmarāgaṃ vināśayati| kecidanityamiti jānanto vadhādikamapi kurvanti| yāvattiryañcaḥ anityamiti jānanto'pi na kleśān bhindanti| ato'nityasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayato na kaścidupakāro bhavati| (u) anityatvādviyogaduḥkhamutprekṣamāṇaḥ subhikṣakālasukhajīvitadhanamānāni tyajanti| viduṣo nānena prīticittamutpadyate| prīticittābhāve na kāmacittamutpadyate| vedanāṃ pratītya hi tṛṣṇā bhavati| vedanānirodhe tṛṣṇā nirudhyate| ato jñāyate anityasaṃjñā kāmarāgaṃ samucchedayatyeva| yaśca dharmo'nityaḥ, so'nātmā ityanityamanātma ca bhāvayato yogino nātmabuddhirbhavati| ātmabuddhyabhāve ātmīyabuddhirna bhavati| ātmīyabuddhyabhāvāt kutra kāmarāgaḥ syāt| anityasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayan svaparakāyaṃ kṣaṇikaṃ maraṇa[dharma] ca paśyati| kathaṃ rāgamutpādayet| yogī prārthitaṃ sarvamanityaṃ vipralopanamiti anuyāti| tadā tucchaṃ bhavati| tucchatvāt na kāmarāgamutpādayati| yathā kaścidvālakaḥ śūnye hastaḥ tuccha iti jñātvaiva na [tatra]saṅgaṃ janayati| kiñca sattvā nādhruvavastuṣu prīyante| yathā kaścit bhaṅguratvāt bhājane na pramudyate| yathāpi ca kācinnārī amukasya puruṣasyāyurna saptadinānyeṣyatīti śrutvā [vadati] satsvapi subhikṣakālārjavabahumānadhanaprabhāvabaleṣu ko vā prīyeta iti| jano'yaṃ samyaganityasaṃjñā-[bhāvana]yā na kāmarāgamutpādayati| vidvān hi punarāvṛttipatanādiduḥkhamanusmaran yāvaddivyakāmeṣvapi nāsajyate| kevalamuktimeva prārthayate| anityasaṃjñā kāmarāgaṃ vardhayatīti yadbhavānavocat tadayuktam|

yadi kaścidaprahīṇāsmimāno bhavati| tadā sa bāhyaṃ vastvanityaṃ paśyan śocyate| priyabaloviparihāṇyā ca kāmaprārthatāṃ karoti| pṛthagjano'yaṃ prahīṇakāmasukho['pi] na viyogaduḥkhaṃ prajānāti| tadyathā kaścidbālako mātrā tāḍitaḥ punarmātaramevāyāti| vidvāṃstu duḥkhahetau sthita eva na duḥkhaṃ nirodhyamiti jñātvā tyajati duḥkhahetuṃ yaduta pañcaskandhān| ayaṃ yogī ābhyantaraskandhān paribhettuṃ anātmasaṃjñāṃ pratilabhate| bāhyavastuvināśe'pi na śokena pīḍyate| anātmapratilābhī kiṃ punaḥ prārthayīta anityasajñyapi na kiñcitprārthayate|

anityasaṃjñā ceyaṃ yadi duḥkhe'nātmasaṃjñāṃ notpādayati| tadā sā kleśavināśanasampannā na bhavati| ata uktaṃ sūtre-ekāgreṇa cittena pañcaskandhānanityān bhāvayet| ya ādhyātmikān skandhān aparibhidya bahirdhā vastu anityaṃ paśyati| tasya sātmasaṃjñatvāt śoka utpadyate| tadeyamasamyagbhāvanā bhavati| iti| anityamiti paśyatāmapi na nirvedavirāga utpadyate| yathā aurabhrikavyādhādīnām| eṣāṃ satyapi anityajñāne na sādhubhāvanā bhavati| kaścitsamyagbhāvayannapi nānavarataṃ bhāvanāṃ vyavasyati| tasya kāmacittamante viparyasyati| ata ucyate-ekagracitteteti| kiñca kaścit anitya[saṃjñā] malpakālaṃ bhāvayati| kleśāstu bahavaḥ| na [tān] paribhettumalaṃ bhavati| yathā alpamauṣadhaṃ bahvī rvyādhīrna vināśayati| tathedamapi| ata ucyate-ekāgracittena anityamiti samyambhāvanā kleśān vināśayati | iti|

dharmā anityā iti jñānameva tattvajñānam| sati tattvajñāne na bhavanti kāmādayaḥ kleśāḥ| kasmāt| avidyāpratyayatvāt kāmādīnām| iti anitya[saṃjñā] na kāmarāgasaṃvardhanīti veditavyam| kiñcānityasaṃjñā sarvān kleśānupaśamayati| yogī yadi prajānāti vastvidamanityamiti| na tadā [tatra]sakāmo bhavati| puruṣo'yamavaśyaṃ mariṣyatīti prajānan kasmai dviṣyāt| kaḥ sacetano mriyamāṇaṃ dviṣyāt| yadi dharmā anityāḥ, kathaṃ tata uddhatasaṃjñāmutpādayet| dharmā anityā iti jñānānna moha utyadyate| mohānudayānnavicikitsādayo bhavanti| ato jñāyate anitya[saṃjñā] kleśānāṃ virodhinīti||

anityasaṃjñāvargastrisaptattyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

174 duḥkhasaṃjñāvargaḥ

yo dharmo bādhātmakaḥ tad duḥkhamityucyate| tatrividham-duḥkhaduḥkhaṃ vipariṇāmaduḥkhaṃ saṃskāraduḥkhamiti| pratyutpanne vastuto duḥkhaṃ yadasiśastrādi tad duḥkhaduḥkham| priyāṇāṃ punarbhāryādīnāṃ viyogakāle yadbhavati duḥkham, idaṃ vipariṇāmaduḥkham| śūnyānātmajñānalābhino yaccittaṃ bhavati saṃskṛtadharmāḥ sarve viheṭhanā iti| tatsaṃskāraduḥkham| tadduḥkhānuyāyi cittaṃ duḥkhasaṃjñā|

(pṛ) duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayatā kiṃ hitaṃ labhyate| (u) duḥkhasaṃjñāyāṃ phalānnirvedo bhavati| kasmāt| na hi duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayitā kāmaprītiṃ sevate| tatprītyabhāvānna tṛṣṇā bhavati| yogī yadi dharmā duḥkhamiti prajānāti| tadā na saṃskārānanubhavati| dharmā anityā anātmakā api na duḥkhajanakāḥ tadā naiva tyājyāḥ| duḥkhatvāttu tyājyāḥ| duḥkhatyāgādvimucyate| sarve sattvā atitarāṃ bhītā bhavanti yadidaṃ duḥkhamiti| yadi taruṇo vṛddho vā pāmaraḥ paṇḍito vā āḍhyo daridro vā jānāti idaṃ duḥkhalakṣaṇamiti| [tadā] sarve te nirviṇṇā bhavanti| sarve yogacāriṇaḥ puruṣā nirvāṇe śāntopaśamasaṃjñotpādakā bhavanti| sarveṣāṃ saṃsāre duḥkhasaṃjñotpādanāt| kenedaṃ jñāyate| ye sattvāḥ kāmadhātvāptaduḥkhopadrutā bhavanti| te prathamadhyāne śāntasaṃjñāmutpādayanti| evaṃ bhavāgraduḥkhopadrutā nirvāṇe śāntasaṃjñāmutpādayanti|

saṃsāre'styavadyaṃ yaduta duḥkham| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yat rūpaṇamanityaṃ duḥkhaṃ vipariṇāmadharma, ayaṃ rūpasyādīnava iti| avidyayābhiniviṣṭamidaṃ duḥkham| kenedaṃ jñāyate| sattvānāṃ paramārthato duḥkhe sukhasaṃjñotpādāt| paramaduḥkhasaṃjñotpādanāttu nirvidyante| ato bhagavānāha-ye duḥkhaṃ budhyanti teṣāmahaṃ duḥkhamāryasatyaṃ vyākaromi iti| tatra bhagavān lokasatyamupādāya imamarthaṃ prakāśayati| sarvadevamanuṣyāṇāṃ yatra sukhasaṃjñā bhavati| tatra mama śrāvakā duḥkhasaṃjñāmutpādayanti| utpannaduḥkhasaṃjñā nirvidyanta iti| paramamohapadaṃ yad duḥkhe sukhasaṃjñotpādanam| anayā saṃjñayā ca sarvasattvānāṃ saṃsāre yātāyātānāṃ mānasaṃ kliśyati| duḥkhasaṃjñāpratilābhinastu mucyante|

caturbhirāhāraiścordhvadehaṃ samāpadyate| tatra duḥkhasaṃjñayā āhārān prajahāti| yathā putramāṃsakhādanam, yathā vā niścarmagobhakṣaṇam, yathā aṅgārakarṣubhakṣaṇam| yathā śaktiśatadhārāvalepanam| tathābhūte'ṣvāhāreṣu sarvaṃ duḥkhārthakam| tathā duḥkhasaṃjñayā āhārān prajahāti| duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayato mano na catasṛṣu vijñānasthitiṣu sukhaṃ viharati sarvatra duḥkhadarśitvāt| yathā mugdhāḥ śalabhāḥ sukhasaṃjñayā pradīpe patanti| vidvān agnirdahatīti jñātvā [taṃ] parīharati| prākṛtā api tathā avidyāmohādūrdhvadehāgnau patanti| vidvāṃstu duḥkhasaṃjñayā vimucyate| sarvañca traidhātukaṃ duḥkhaṃ duḥkhasamudayaḥ| duḥkhā vedanā duḥkham| duḥkhajanakaṃ duḥkhasamudayaḥ| [idānī]maduḥkhamapi avaśyaṃ cirādduḥkhaṃ janayati| ato loke sarvaṃ duḥkhamiti bhāvayet| nirviṇṇacittā dharmān vedayanto vimucyante||

duḥkhasaṃjñāvargaścatussaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

175 anātmasaṃjñāvargaḥ

yogī sarve dharma bhaṅgavipariṇāmalakṣaṇā iti paśyati| yasmin rūpe āttmatayābhiniviśate idaṃ rūpaṃ vipariṇāmadharma| tadvipariṇāmadharmajñānādātmacittaṃ pariharati| tathā vedanādīnapi| yathā kaścit girinirjharānuvāhito yatkiñcidavalambya tadvihāya mucyate| tathā yogyampi tadātmatayā kalpayati| tadvipariṇāmadharma dṛṣṭvā anātmakaṃ prajānāti| ato'nātmake'nātmasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati|

(pṛ) anātmasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayan kiṃ hitaṃ labhate| (u) anātmasaṃjñābhāvayitā duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ paripūrayati| pṛthagjanā ātmasaṃjñayā paramārthato duḥkhe na duḥkhaṃ paśyanti| anātmasaṃjñayā tu atyalpe'pi duḥkhe tadupaghātaṃ budhyate| anātmasaṃjñayā copekṣācittaṃ samudācarati| kasmāt| ātmasaṃjñayā hi ātmā naśyediti bibhyanti| yadi paramārthaṃ jānāti tadā hāyapati duḥkhamanātmakaṃ vināśyamiti| tadā samudācaratyupekṣā| anātmasaṃjñayā ca nityasukhaṃ bhavati| kasmāt| sarvamanityam| tatra yadi ātmātmīyacittamutpādayati| tadā ātmā na bhavet, ātmīyamapi na bhavet, sadā duḥkhamevāsti iti vadet| nāstyātmātmīyamiti cintayato dharmeṣu vinaṣṭheṣu na duḥkhamutpadyate|

anātmasaṃjñayā ca yoginaścittaṃ viśudhyati| kasmāt| sarve hi kleśā ātmadṛṣṭisambhūtāḥ| idaṃ vastu ātmano hitamityataḥ kāmarāga utpadyate| idaṃ vastu ātmano'hitamityato dveṣapratitha utpadyate| anenātmaivābhimānajanakaḥ| ahamāyuṣo'nte kariṣyāmi na kariṣyāmiti dṛṣṭivicikitsā bhavati| evamātmanaiva sarve kleśāḥ samudbhavanti| anātmasaṃjñayā tu sarve kleśāḥ samucchidyante| kleśānāṃ samucchedāt cittaṃ viśudhyati| cittaviśuddhyā ca kāñcanaṃ loṣṭaṃ candanamasidhārāṃ praśaṃsāṃ nindāñca samaṃ manyate| priyavipriyairviviktaṃ cittaṃ sunivṛttaṃ śāntaṃ bhavati| ato jñāyate'nātmasaṃjñakasya cittaṃ viśudhyatīti| anātmasaṃjñāṃ vihāya nāstyanyo mārgo vimuktiprāpakaḥ| kasmāt| yadyātmavādī prajānāti nāstyātmā nāstātmīyamiti| evaṃ vyavasitaṃ cittamutpādayanneva vimucyate|

(pṛ) maivam| kadācidanātsaṃjñayā punaḥkāmacittamutpadyate| yathā strīrūpe rāgaḥ| tatsarvamanātmasnehāt| nairātmyamanusaranneva puṇyapāpaṃ sañcinoti| kasmāt| svakāyasyopakāre'pakāre vā na puṇyapāpam| (u) sātmakacittaḥ kāmarāgamutpādayati| svakāye puruṣasaṃjñāṃ parakāye ca strīsaṃjñāmutpādya [tatra] abhiniviśate| tadabhiniveśotpādaśca prajñaptyā bhavati| tallakṣaṇaiva prajñaptiḥ| ato na nairātmyaṃ kāmacittajanakam| anātmacittaśca na karmāṇi sañcinoti| yathā arhato'nātmasaṃjñayā na karmāṇi sañcīyante| anātmasaṃjñeyaṃ sarveṣāṃ kleśānāṃ karmaṇāñca samucchedinī| ata[stāṃ] bhāvayet||

anātmasaṃjñāvargaḥ pañcasaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

176 āhāre pratikūlasaṃjñāvargaḥ

sarvaṃ duḥkhajananamāhārakāmādbhavati| āhārācca maithunarāgaḥ sahotpadyate| kāmadhātau yāni santi duḥkhāni sarvāṇi tāni annapāna maithunarāgaṃ pratītya bhavanti| āhārakāmasamucchedāya pratikūlasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayet|

yathā kalpādau sattvāḥ svargādāgatya loke'smin upapādukā abhūvan| [te] prabhāsvarakāyāḥ khecarāḥ svatantrā bhūtvā pṛthivīrasamādāvaśnuvan| tadaśanabahulāḥ praṇaṣṭapramātiśayā abhūvan| evaṃ krameṇa jarāvyādhimaraṇaśālinaḥ yāvadvatsaraśataṃ bhūyasā duḥkhaiḥ pīḍitāḥ| āhārābhiniveśavaśāt sarve te tādṛśemyaḥ phalemyaḥ praṇaṣṭāḥ| ata āhāraṃ yoniśo bhāvayet| annapānābhiniveśānmaithunarāga utpadyate| tato'nye kleśā bhavanti| tebhyo'kuśalaṃ karma kurvanti akuśalakarmataḥ trīn doṣān vardhayitvā devamanuṣyāṇāmapakurvanti| tasmāt sarvāḥ kleśavipattaya āhārakāmāt bhavanti jarāvyādhimaraṇalakṣaṇāni annapānādhīnāni|

āhāro'yaṃ sthāne paramamabhiniveśayati| kāmarāgo gururapi na puruṣaṃ kleśayati| yathā āhārakartā| yadi vā bālo vṛddho gṛhasthaḥ pravrajito vā anāhārapīḍito bhavati| āhāramimaṃ bhuṅktvā anāsaktamanā bhavet| avirāgī atitarāṃ khidyate| yathā asidhārāvalepanī, yathā vā viṣa[siktau]ṣadhasevakaḥ| yathā vā viṣasarpapoṣakaḥ| ato bhagavānāha-bhāvitacitta idamāhārayet| nāhārakāmāya tadduḥkhapīḍitaḥ syāt iti| kecittīrthikā [api] niraśanavratamācaranti| ato bhagavānāha-nāsyāhārasyopacchedāt vimucyate| kintu yoniśo manasi kṛtvā āhārayediti| ye samucchinnāhārāḥ teṣāṃ kleśā na kṣīyante| ahitaṃ tīvramaraṇameva bhavati| ato bhagavānāha- āhāre'smin pratikūlasaṃjñāṃ janayet, nāsti tato'vadyamiti|

(pṛ) kathamāhāre pratikūlasaṃjñā kuryāt| (u) ayaṃ kāyasvabhāvo'kuśalaḥ| atyuttaramasamāhāraphalaṃ sarvamaśuci| atastato nirvindyāt| surabhigandhamadhurapānabhojanāni śucikāla eva kāyasya hitakarāṇi| dantena carvitaṃ lālayā siktaṃ liṅgaṃ vāntavadāmāśayapatitaṃ kāyasya hitakaram| ato jñāyate'śucīti| idamannapānamajñānātsukham| yadi kaścinmadhuramāhāraṃ labhamāno'pi punarvāntaṃ na bhunakti| iti jñātavyamajñānabalāttanmadhuraṃ manyata iti|

āhārapratyayaṃ kṛṣikarma sevārjanaṃ saṃrakṣaṇamityevañjātīyaduḥkhānyanubhavati| tatpratyayamapramāṇāni pāpāni kurvanti| yadaśuci sarvaṃ tadāhārādhīnam| asatyāhāre kena bhavanti tvagasthiraktamāṃsoccārādīnyaśucīni vastūni| yā durgatayorvarcaḥkuṭīkrimyādayaḥ te sarve gandharasābhiniveśādatrotpadyante| yathoktaṃ karmavarge-yastarṣito mriyate sa jalakrimibhāvenotpadyate| nibiḍasthāne mṛtaḥ pakṣiṣūtpadyate| maithunarāgeṇa mṛto yonāvutpadyate| ityevamādi| ya etadāhāravivikta sa mahāsukhaṃ pratilabhate| yathā rūpadhātau nirvāṇe cotpadyate| āhārānuvartanataḥ kṛṣṇādiduḥkhaṃ bhavati| evamāhāro'śucirduḥkha iti dṛṣṭvā pratikūlasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayet||

āhāre pratikūlasaṃjñāvargaḥ ṣaṭsaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

177 sarvaloke'nabhiratisaṃjñāvargaḥ

yogī paśyati lokeṣu sarvaṃ duḥkham, citte ca nāsti kiñcitsukhamiti| ayañca yogī bhāvayati prītiviviktaṃ samādhiṃ tadyathā anātmasaṃjñāṃ duḥkhasaṃjñāmāhāre pratikūlasaṃjñāṃ maraṇasaṃjñām| ityādi| tadā tasya cittaṃ na sarvaloke'bhiramate| api cāyaṃ paśyati-yatpriyaṃ tatkāmarāgavardhanam, yadvipriyaṃ tat dveṣapratighavardhanamiti| ata ubhayatra nābhiramate| dhanikasya pālanādiduḥkhamastīti dṛśyate| daridrasyākiñcanyaduḥkhaṃ dṛśyate| susthāniko duḥsthāne patiṣyamāṇo dṛśyate| duḥsthāniko dṛṣṭe duḥkhānyanubhavan dṛśyate| pratyutpanno dhaniko'vaśyaṃ patiṣyāmi, idañca kāmādīnāṃ vihṛtisthānamiti prajānāno dṛśyate| pratyutpanno daridro na pratyayopalabhyanirgama iti prajānānaḥ| ato na savaloke'bhiramate| alpatarāśca sattvāḥ susthāna utpannāḥ, bahutarā durgatau patanti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-alpatarāḥ susthāna utpadyante bahutarā dusthāna utpadyante| tadādīnavaṃ dṛṣṭvā nirvāṇameva prārthayante| iti| puruṣo'yaṃ paśyati kāmādayo doṣāḥ kleśāssadā santānamanuvartanta iti| yathā krodhāsevī puruṣo'vakāśe labdhe punarbadhyate| asmin vadhake kathamabhirameta| kleśādutpannamakuśalaṃ karma sadā'nuvartamānaṃ dṛśyate| naivākuśalakarmaphalānmucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-

sa cettu pāpakaṃ karma kariṣyati karoṣi vā|
na te duḥkhātpramoko'sti, utpātyāpi palāyataḥ|| iti|

ato nābhiramate| jātyādīnyaṣṭa duḥkhāni sadā sukṛtinamanuvartante| kiṃ punaḥ pāpinam| evaṃ kathaṃ loke abhirameta| tadyathā āśīviṣakaraṇḍaḥ pañcokṣiptāsikā vadhakāḥ śūnye grāme coraḥ| tādṛśānyavaratīrāṇi duḥkhāni sadā sattvānanuvartante| kathaṃ tatrābhirameta| tadyathā lavaṇatiktatṛṣṇānadīvāhitaḥ pañcakāmaguṇaviṣaśalya [viddhaḥ] avidyāndhakārāṅgārakarṣau [patitastādṛśāni] duḥkhāni sattvānanuvartante| kathaṃ [tatra] abhirameta| yogī upaśamasukhamalpaṃ vipattikleśaduḥkhāni bahūnīti prajānāti| kasmāt, [yasmāt] pratidīnaṃ lokaistūyamānā vanaṣaṇḍaprasūtasphītaphalasamṛddhiśālino['pi] bhūpā na dīrghakālasukhalābhino dṛśyante| sukhasampraharṣiṇo'lpāḥ| duḥkhavedinastu bahavaḥ| ato na sarvaloke'bhiramate|

(pṛ) saṃjñāmimāṃ bhāvayan kāni hitāni vindate| (u) nānāvidhalokalakṣaṇeṣu na cittamabhiniviśate| tāṃ saṃjñāṃ bhāvayatā kṣipraṃ mokṣo labhyate| saṃsāre ca dīrghakālaṃ [na]tiṣṭhati| ayaṃ yogī hitaṃ jñānaṃ vindate| sadā sarvatrādīnavabhāvitvāt| asya ca citte na kleśā udbhavanti| udbhave vāśu nirudhyante| yathā taptāyaḥkapāle patitaṃ jalabindu| yogī loke nābhiramata ityataḥ paramopaśame'bhiramate| yo lokānnirviṇṇaḥ sa upaśame parame'bhiramate| tasmāt sarvaloke'nabhiratisaṃjñāṃ bhāvayet||

sarvaloke'nabhiratisaṃjñāvargaḥ saptasaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

178 aśubhasaṃjñāvargaḥ

(pṛ) aśubhasaṃjñāṃ kathaṃ bhāvayet| (u) yogī paśyati kāyasya bījamaśubhaṃ yaduta mātāpitoraśucimārgajaśukraśoṇitasaṅghātaḥ| kāyo'yamaśucibhiḥ saṃsiddho yaduta jīrṇāhāraprasvedaprasnigdhaḥ| upapattisthānañcāśuci yaduta mātuḥ kukṣau paripūrṇamaśuci bhavati| viṇmūtrādyaśucipadārthāḥ sambhūya kāyaṃ kurvanti| navasu dvāreṣu sadāśucīni sravanti| kāyo'yaṃ yatra nikṣipyate tadeva sthānamamaṅgalamaśuci| annaṃ pānaṃ vastraṃ puruṣakāyagataṃ parīhitaṃ sarvaṃmaśuci bhavati| pareṣāṃ dūṣaṇañca bhavati| kāyasyāsya padārthaḥ sarvo'śuciḥ| yathā snānajalaṃ yadi vā snānapātrādi| kāyotthaṃ keśanakhaśiṅkhāṇaśleṣmādi sarvamaśuci| dṛśyate ca mṛtakāyo'śucitaḥ| kāyo'yaṃ mriyamāṇaḥ kimanyo bhavati| ādita ārabhyāyamaśuciriti veditavyam| jāyamānastu ātmabuddhiviparyayāt śucirityucyate| mṛtaspṛṣṭī aśucirbhavati| keśanakhādi sadā mṛtavastu| apramāṇā mṛtakrimayaśca sadā kāyaṃ spṛśanti| ato jñātavyaṃ kāyo'yamādita ārabhyāśuciriti| aśucilūkṣāmakṣikāmaśakādayaḥ sarvā aśucikrimayaḥ sarvadāgatya kāyaṃ spṛśantītyaścāśuciḥ| kāyo'yaṃ varcaḥkuṭīvat sadā'śucipūrṇaḥ| tatpratītya varcaḥkuṭyāṃ sahasradhā krimayo bhavanti| tathā'yaṃ kāyo'pi|

kāyo'yaṃ śmaśānasamaḥ| kasmāt| mṛtakāyasya hi sthānaṃ śmaśānamityucyate| ayaṃ kāyo'pi bahvayo mṛtakrimayo'tra tiṣṭhanti| ayaṃ kāyo'śuciṃ karoti| yāni śucisthānāni surabhikusumavastramālādīni [tāni] sarvāṇyetatkāyavaśādaśucīni bhavanti| brāhmaṇā mṛtagṛhe prasūtikāgṛhe ca nāhāramupabhuñjanti| aśucitvāt| asmin kāye tu śatasahasradhā krimayaḥ sadā jāyante mriyante ca| tadā nopabhojyānnapāno bhavet| ato jñāyate'śuciriti| loke ca narakamaśuci| kāyo'yaṃ krimiśatasahasrāṇāṃ narakam| ato'śuciḥ| kāyo'yaṃ sadā snānamapekṣate| yadi śuciḥ| kimarthaṃ snānamapekṣate| surabhikusumagandhamālālaṅkṛto'yaṃ kāyaḥ iti veditavyaṃ kāyo'yaṃ svabhāvato'śuciriti| prajñaptyā śucibhiḥ bāhyairalaṅkriyate| ayaṃ manuṣyakāyaḥ paramamaśuciḥ| yathā'nyeṣāṃ sattvānāṃ carmaromanakhadantamajjāsthimāṃsāni kadācidupayujyante| manuṣyakāye tu naikamasti grāhyam| paramāśucitvāt| yathotpalapadbhapuṇḍarīkapuṣpādīni aśucisabhūtatvādaśucīni bhavanti| na tathā kāyo'yamanyapadārthairaśucīkriyate| prakṛtita evāśuciḥ| kāyo'yaṃ yadi śuciḥ| tadā na vastreṇācchādayet| yathā puruṣo vastrācchāditamalarāśiḥ parān vañcayati| tathā strī ācchādanābharaṇācchāditakāyā puruṣaṃ mohayati| tathā puruṣo'pi| [ato] jñātavyamaśuciriti| samantato'yaṃ kāyaḥ sadā aśuci nissārayati yaduta navarandhrāṇi aśucidvārāṇi romakūpeṣu ca naikamasti śuci|

(pṛ) aśubhasaṃjñābhāvanā kasya hitasya lābhāya bhavati| (u) strīpuruṣayoḥ śubhasaṃjñayā kāmarāga utpadyate| tasmātkāmarāgātpāpakānāṃ dvāramaprāvriyate| aśubhasaṃjñābhāvanāyāntu kāmarāgāṇāṃ nigraho bhavati| kasmāt| ayaṃ hi kāyo durgandhamalairaśuciścarmāvṛtatvātparaṃ na jñāyate| vasanācchāditāśucirāśyābhāsavat śucipriyavastu parivarjayet| yogī cāyaṃ vinīlakalohitakādisaṃjñayā sarvakāyaṃ paryādāti| kāyaparyādānāt na kāmarāgo bhavati| pratyakṣaṃ dṛśyate ca vinīlakalohitakādirūpam| (pṛ) yadvastuto'vinīlakam, tat kasmādvinīlakaṃ paśyati| (u) adhimuktivalādyogī tat vinīlakaṃ gṛhṇāti| sarvāṇi rūpāṇi ca vinīlakalohitakāni paśyati|

(pṛ) bhāvaneyaṃ kasmānna viparyastā bhavati| (u) kāyo'yaṃ vinīlakalohitabhāgīyaḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-asti vṛkṣe viśuddhatā iti| vinīlakalohitakalakṣaṇaṃ sadā bhāvayan anyāni rūpāṇyabhibhavati| yathā [indra] nīlamaṇiprabhā sphaṭikarūpaṃ tiraskaroti| evaṃ vinīlakalohitakādilakṣaṇaṃ dīrghakālaṃ bhāvayato'śubha[saṃjñā] sampūrṇā bhavati| aśubhasaṃjñāyāṃ na maithu rāga utpadyate| anutpanne maithunarāge sāṃvṛtasarvāpattivimukho nirvāṇameyānuyāti| aśubhasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayata idṛśaṃ hitaṃ labhyate|

aśubhabhāvanāvargo'ṣṭasaptatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

179 maraṇasaṃjñāvargaḥ

yogīmaraṇasaṃjñayā jīvite'dhruvacitto bhavati| ityataḥ[tāṃ] bhāvayet| ayaṃ sadā kuśaladharmeṣu paramamabhirato'kuśaladharmān prajahāti| kasmāt| sattvā bhūyasā maraṇavismaraṇādakuśalaṃ karma kurvanti| yadā tu maraṇamanusmaranti tadā prajahati| satatamaraṇānusmaraṇācca mātāpitṛbhrātṛsvasṛjñātisālohitaparijanādiṣu rāgatṛṣṇā'lpīyasī bhavati| maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayataḥ svasya hitaṃ bhavati yaduta cittaikāgryeṇa kuśaladharmāṇāmupacayaḥ| laukikāḥ sattvā bhūyasā parihitābhiratā svahitaṃ tyajantyeva| kiñcāyaṃ kṣiprameva mucyate| kasmāt| ājavañjavamanughāvatāṃ hi lokānāṃ sadā maraṇaṃ bhavati| ayantu maraṇanirvedā dvimuktimeva prārthayate|

(pṛ) kathaṃ maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayet| (u) sarvamanityamiti pūrvaṃ sāmānyata uktam| idānīntu kāyo'nitya iti mātraṃ bhāvayet| skandhānāṃ santānasamucchedo maraṇa saṃjñetyucyate| kāyo'yaṃ bāhyavastvapekṣayāpyanityataraḥ| tadyathā mṛṇmaye ghaṭe'dhruvalakṣaṇam| tadapyatikrānto'yaṃ kāya iti yogī bhāvayati| kasmāt| mṛṇmayo'yaṃ ghaṭo yadi [samyak] prayogapālitaḥ kadācit ciraṃ tiṣṭhet| ayaṃ kāyastu ciratamaṃ tiṣṭhamāno na vatsaraśatamatikrāmati| adhruvatvānmaraṇasaṃjñāmanusmaret| kiñcāyaṃ kāyaḥ paripanthidharmaiḥ sambahulaḥ yadutāśiśastragadāvadhakacoraprapātapānabhojanāparipācanātiśītātigharmavātavyādhayaḥ| saṃkṣepataḥ sarve sattvā asattvāśca kāyasya paripanthino dharmā draṣṭavyāḥ| ato bhāvayenmaraṇasaṃjñām|

kiñca yogī paśyati kāyaḥ kṣaṇikanityo vipariṇāmalakṣaṇo naikaṃ kṣaṇamapyārakṣya iti| ato maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati| yogī dṛṣṭadharme ca paśyati bālyayauvanavārdhakyāni savyādhīni nirvyādhīni vā na maraṇaparihārīṇīti| evaṃ kāyenāpi bhavitavyamityanusmṛtya maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati| kiñca yogī paśyati aniyatavipākaṃ karma| na sarvakarmāṇi kṣīyante āyurvarṣaśatairapi| karmaṇo'niyatatvānmaraṇamapyaniyataṃ iti| ato maraṇasaṃjñāmanusmaret| anādau ca saṃsāre'sti karmāpramāṇama| asti kiñcitkarma anyakarmaṇo varaṇakam| mamāpi bhavedakālikamaraṇakarma| iti kathamasminnāyuṣi[yogī] śraddadhīta| kiñca yogī paśyati maraṇamatiprabhaviṣṇu, na sāntvavacanenollāpanīyaṃ dhanenānuneyaṃ vigraheṇa vā mocanīyam| yathā mahati śaile caturbhyo digbhya āgate nāsti palāyanasthānam|

(pṛ) yadi kaścidyamaṃ santaparyati| tadā maraṇānmucyate| (u) ayaṃ bālo mūḍha[evaṃ] vadati| yamaḥ prāṇināmutpādane vadhe cāsvatantrabalaḥ| kevalaṃ parāmṛśati kiṃ kuśalacārī kiṃ vākuśalacārīti| vipākavedanāyāṃ kṣīyamāṇāyāṃ hiṃsrakakāyapratyayaṃ mriyate| ato yogī kāyo'niśrayo'śaraṇo maraṇavartmagata iti paśyan maraṇasaṃjñāmanusmarati| kiñca yogī sadā paśyati kāyo'yaṃ jarāvyādhiparipīḍito'dhruvasvabhāvaḥ pratikṣaṇamutpannavināśī vijñānasantānavinaṣṭa ityato maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati| kiñcāyaṃ yogī paśyati maraṇaṃ niyataṃ jīvitamaniyatam| aniyatānniyataṃ viśiṣyata ityato maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati|

(pṛ) kasmāt jarāvyādhyādisaṃjñā anuktvā maraṇasaṃjñāmātramucyate| (u) jarāvyādhyabhibhūtaḥ puruṣo na parikṣīyate| vyādhirbalaṃ harati jarā yauvanaṃ harati| jñātisālohito dhanamanyacca[harati]| kāyastu tathāpi tiṣṭhati| maraṇaṃ punaḥ sarvamapaharati| jarāvyādhyādi ca maraṇasya pratyayaḥ| ato na pṛthagucyate| uktañca sūtre-maraṇaṃ nāma mahātāmastram araśmikamarakṣaṇam asahāyakamanupasthāpakaṃ paramabhayasthānaṃ iti| ato maraṇasaṃjñāmanusmaret| kiñca sattvā maraṇapratyayaṃ paralokādvibhyati| traidhātuke sarvasyāsti maraṇaṃ na tathā jarā vyādhiśca|

(pṛ) yadi sattvān vihāya nāsti maraṇasaṃjñā| sattvā eva prajñaptisantaḥ| yogī kasmādimāṃ saṃjñāṃ bhāvayati| (u) vinaśvarasattvalakṣaṇa[jñāna] vihīno maraṇādvibheti| yo maraṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati| na sa bibheti| ato bhāvayet| anityasaṃjñādayo mārgasya pratyāsannāḥ| aśubhāhāre pratikūlamaraṇasaṃjñādayo mārgaviprakṛṣṭāḥ| mārgapratilābhī īdṛśasaṃjñayā cittaṃ pragṛhṇāti|

maraṇasaṃjñāvarga ekonāśīttyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

180 antimasaṃjñātritayavargaḥ

prahāṇasaṃjñeti| yathā caturṣu samyakpradhāneṣūktam-utpannānāṃ pāpakānāmakuśalānāṃ dharmāṇāṃ prahāṇāya [chandaṃ janayati vyāyamati] vīryamārabhate| [cittaṃ pragṛhṇāti pradadhāti] iti| ime ca pāpakā akuśalā dharmā narakādiduḥkhakleśānāṃ pratyayāḥ| pāpakīrtiśabdānāṃ cittaparitāpādiduḥkhānāñca mūlam| tasmātprajahyāt|

(pṛ) kathaṃ prajahāti| (u) dharmāṇāmakaraṇaṃ pratibdhastasmin samaye prajahāti| ayoniśo manaskāraḥ kāmarāgādīnāṃ kleśānāṃ pratyayaḥ| tanmanaskāraprahāṇāt te dharmāḥ prahīyante| (pṛ) imāṃ prahāṇasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayan kiṃ hitaṃ vidante| (u) tāṃ saṃjñāṃ bhāvayan sadā na pāpakān dharmānanuvartate| kartavya[meva] karoti| aṣṭāvakṣaṇāṃśca varjayati| puruṣasyātmahitaṃ yadutakleśānāṃ prahāṇam| kleśaprahāṇābhirati dharmacī varasaṃvṛtaliṅgasya pravrajitasya hitam tayā nocet svakāyameva manyeta| yadi yogī prahāṇasaṃjñābhāvanāyāmabhirataḥ, tadā buddhe dharmapūjāṃ karoti|

virāgasaṃjñā nirodhasaṃjñā iti| rāge cātyantānutpanne virāgo bhavati| tadvirāgānusmaraṇameva virāgasaṃjñā| (pṛ) prahāṇasaṃjñaiva virāgasaṃjñeti matam| kasmātpunarucyate| (u) prahāṇāllabhyate virāgam| prahāṇaṃ nāma kāmarāgasyāpanayanam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-kāmarāgasya prahāṇāt pañcaskandhāḥ prahīyante iti| prahāṇasaṃjñā ca virāgasaṃjñā| kasmāt| tasmin samaye nāsti kāmaḥ, tasya dharmasya prahāṇaṃ bhavati| ato virāgasaṃjñālābhino duḥkhakleśāḥ nirudhyante| yathoktaṃ sūtre-vītarāgo vimucyate iti| vimuktilābha eva prahāṇam| anupadhiśeṣa[nirvāṇaṃ] praviṣṭhasya nirodho bhavati| uktañca sūtre-trayaḥ svabhāvāḥ prahāṇasvabhāvo virāgasvabhāvo nirodhasvabhāva iti| yaducyate prahāṇasvabhāvo virāgasvabhāva iti tadarhata eva bhavati| sa hi prahīṇasarvakleśastraidhātukaviraktaḥ soṣadhiśeṣanirvāṇe tiṣṭhati| yaducyate nirodhasvabhāva iti tadāyuṣo'nte jīvitavyapagame prahīṇasantānasya| nirupadhiśeṣanirvāṇaṃ samāpannasyaiva bhavati|

asti ca dvidhā vimuktiḥ prajñāvimuktiścetovimuktiriti| yadabhihitaṃ prahāṇamiti tat avidyāṃ prajahātīti prajñā vimucyate| yadvirāga iti tat tṛṣṇāṃ vivarjayatīti ceto vimucyate| dvayorvimuktayoḥ phalaṃ nirodho bhavati| yatprahāṇasaṃjñetyabhidhānaṃ tadevāvidyāsravaprahāṇasyābhidhānaṃ yannirodhasaṃjñeti tadanayordvayoḥ phalam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-sarvasaṃskārāṇāṃ prahāṇāt prahāṇam| sarvasaṃskāreṣu virāgādvirāgaḥ| sarvasaṃskārāṇāṃ nirodhāt nirodha iti| tathā ceme traya ekasyaiva nāmāntaram| yo'nityasaṃjñāṃ yāvannirodhasaṃjñāṃ bhāvayati sa kṛtasarvakṛtyo niruddhasarvakleśaḥ prahīṇaskandhasaṃyojanasantatirnirupadhiśeṣanirvāṇaṃ samāpadyate|

antimasaṃjñātritayavargo'śītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

181 samādhipariṣkāreṣu ādyapañcasamādhipariṣkāravargaḥ

(pṛ) pūrvamuktaṃ bhavatā-mārgasatyaṃ [dvividhaṃ] yat samādhiḥ tatpariṣkāraśceti| tatra samādhiruktaḥ| samādhipariṣkāra idānīṃ vaktavyaḥ| yasmāt sati samādhipariṣkāre samādhiḥ sidhyati na tvasati| (u) samādhipariṣkārā ya ekādaśadharmāḥ- (1) pariśuddhaśīlatā, (2) abhisambodhipratilābhaḥ, (3) indriye guptadvāratā, (4) bhojane mātrajñatā, (5) rātryā ādyāntimabhāge jāgaraṇatā, (6) kuśalavitarkasampannatā, (7) kalyāṇādhimuktisampannatā, (8) pradhānīyāṅgasampannatā, (9) vimuktyāyatanasampannatā, (10) anāvaraṇatā, (11) anāsaṅgitā iti|

pariśuddhaśīlateti| akuśalakarmaṇo viratiḥ śīlam| akuśalakarmāṇi yāni prāṇātipātādattādānakāmamithyācārāṇi trīṇi kāyikakarmāṇi| mṛṣāvāda piśunavācā paruṣavācā sampralāpa itīme catvāri vācikakarmāṇi| ebhyaḥ pāpakebhyo viratiḥ śīlam| vandanapratyudgamanānuvrajanapūjādisaddharmācaraṇamapi śīlamityucyate| śīlaṃ samādhihetuṃ karotīti samādīyate| tathā hi tadyathā suvarṇakāraḥ pūrvaṃ sthūlamalamapanayati| evaṃ prathamataḥ śīlasamādānena sthūlān śīladoṣānapanayati| paścātsamādhyādinā anyān sūkṣmadoṣānapanayati| yasmādasati śīlasamādāne dhyānasamādhirna bhavati| śīlasamādāna pratyayāttu dhyānasamādhiḥ sulabho bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-śīle mārgasya mūlaṃ sopānañceti| kiñcāha-śīla prathamaratha[vinīta]m iti| prathamaṃ ratha[vinīta] manabhiruhya dvitīyaṃ ratha[vinītaṃ]kathamabhirohati| api cāha-śīlaṃ samā bhūmiḥ| imāṃ samāṃ bhūmiṃ vyavasthāpya catvāri satyāni paśyati iti| āha ca-dve bale| [katame dve|] pratisaṃkhyābalaṃ bhāvanābalañceti| pratisaṃkhyābalaṃ śīlasamādānameva| bhāvanābalaṃ mārgaḥ| pūrva śīlabhedāpattiṃ śīlasamādānahitañca pratisaṃkhyayā vicārya śīlaṃ samādatte| paścāt pratilabdhamārgaḥ pāpakātprakṛtyā viramati| kiñcāha-śīlaṃ bodhivṛkṣasya mūlamiti| asati mūle nāsti vṛkṣaḥ| ataḥ pariśuddhaśīlā''vaśyakī|

dharma[tā] ca tathaiva syāt| asati śīlasamādāne na bhavati dhyānasamādhiḥ| tadyathā vyādhicikitsāyā auṣadhamapekṣyate| tathā kleśavyādhicikitsāyā asati śīle na sampadyata auṣadham| āha ca-pariśuddhaśīlasya cittaṃ nānutapyati| yāvadviraktacitto vimucyata iti| ime sarve guṇāḥ śīlasamādānādhīnāḥ| ataḥ samādhipariṣkāra ityucyate|

asti ca karmāvaraṇaṃ, kleśāvaraṇaṃ, anayordvayoḥ phalaṃ vipākāvaraṇam| pariśuddhaśīlasyemāni trīṇyāvaraṇāni na bhavanti| anāvṛtacittasya samādhiḥ sidhyati| pariśuddhaśīlo na vikṣipatītyato niyamena nirvāṇamadhigacchati gaṅgāstrotasi dāruskandhavat| pariśuddhaśīlasamādānāt vyavasthāṃ karoti| śīlasamādānaṃ kāyikaṃ vācikamakuśalaṃ karma pratiṣedhayati| dhyānasamāpattirmānasamakuśalaṃ karma pratiṣedhayati| evaṃ kleśānāṃ pratiṣedhe pratilabdhatattvajñānasyātyantikaprahāṇaṃ bhavati|

mārgavarge'sakṛddarśitaṃ śīlaṃ stambhabhūtamiti| dhyānasamādhicittanagarasya śīlaṃ parighā bhavati| saṃsāraughataraṇasya śīlaṃ setuḥ| sajjanapariṣadi praveśasya śīlaṃ mudrā| aṣṭāṅgikāryakṣetrasya śīlaṃ pārabhūtam| yathā pārarahite kṣetre jalaṃ na tiṣṭhati| evaṃ pariśuddhaśīle'sati samādhijalaṃ na tiṣṭhati| (pṛ) kaḥ pariśuddhaśīlaḥ| (u) yo gogī pāpakriyānabhiratādhyāśayaḥ paralokaparivādādibhyo bibhyati| [sa] pariśuddhaśīla ityucyate| kiñca yogī cittaviśuddhaye pariśuddhaśīlo bhavati| yathoktaṃ saptamaithunarāgasūtre-kāye'nāpattike'pi cittamapariśuddhamityataḥ śīlamapyapariśuddhamiti| śīlabhedapratyayāḥ sarve kleśāḥ| teṣāṃ pragrahe pariśuddhaśīlo bhavati| śrāvakāṇāṃ śīlaṃ nirvāṇārthameva| tathāgatamārgārthī mahākaruṇācittena sarvasattvānāṃ kṛte na śīlalakṣaṇaṃ samādatte| śīlamidaṃ [tathā] karoti yathā bodhisvabhāvo bhavati| īdṛśaṃ śīlaṃ pariśuddhamityucyate|

abhisambodhiriti| uktaṃ hi sūtre-dvau khalvāyuṣman pratyayau samyakdṛṣṭerutpādāya parato ghoṣo yoniśo manaskāra iti| parato ghoṣa evābhisambodhiḥ| (pṛ) tathā cet abhisambodhimātramucyate| (u) uktaṃ hi sūtre-[anyataro]'rhan bhagavantaṃ pṛcchati sma ekānte niṣaṇṇasya mama evamabhavat-abhisambodhisampadā tu mārgapratilābhasya vikalaḥ pratyaya iti| bhagavānavocat| maivaṃ vocaḥ yā'bhisaṃbodhiḥ sā tu mārgasya pratilābhasya sakalaḥ pratyayaḥ| kasmāt| jātijarāvyādhimaraṇāḥ sattvā ātmano'bhisambodhiṃ labhamānā hi jātijarāvyādhimaraṇebhyo vimucyante iti| sattvāḥ sambodhimupādāya śīlādīn pañcadharmāt vipulayanti| tadyathā sālavṛkṣo himavantamupādāya pañca vastūni vardhayati| bhagavān svayameva sambodhyabhirataḥ| yathā prathamamārgalabdhasyaivamabhavat-yadi kaścidaguraḥ, tadā so'paritrāso'satkāracittaḥ sadā akuśaladharmaviparyasto'nupaśamacaryaśca bhavati| kenācāryavān syām| kamupaniśritya tiṣṭhāmi| evaṃ cintayan sarvān matto'viśiṣṭhānadrākṣam| tadaiva smṛtirudapādi pratilabdho mayā dharmaḥ yamupādāyābhisambuddhaḥ tameva dharmamupaniśrayiṣya iti| brahmādayo deva api prāśaṃsan nāsti kaścit buddhādviśiṣṭaḥ, sarve buddhāḥ saddharmagurukā iti| abhisambodhiśca pradīpasadṛśā| yathā kaścit sacakṣuṣko'pi pradīpaṃ vinā na paśyati| tathā yoginaḥ puṇyaguṇatīkṣṇendriyatāpratyaye satyapi abhisambodhiṃ vinā na bhavati kaścanopakāraḥ| (pṛ) kā nāmābhisambodhiḥ| (u) yena puruṣaḥ saddharmān vardhayati sābhisambodhiḥ| sarve ca sajjanāḥ saddharme pratitiṣṭhanti [iti sā] sarvā devamanuṣyalokeṣvabhisambodhiḥ|

(3) indriyeṣu guptadvārateti yā samyak smṛtiḥ| yogī svātmānamanārakṣya na paśyati| ekāgracittaḥ samyak smṛtiṃ puraskṛtyaiva paśyet| saṃprajanyamiti ca [tasya] nāma| anena samprajanyena purotamālambanaṃ paryādāti| tatparyādānānna nimittamudgṛhṇāti| nimittānudgrahaṇāt na prajñaptimanusarati| indriyāṇāmagopane nimittodgrahaṇāt kleśāḥ pañcendriyāṇi strotovat pravartayanti| tadaiva śīlādīn saddharmān vināśayati| ya indriyeṣu guptadvāro bhavati tasya śīlādayaḥ sudṛḍhā bhavanti|

(4) bhojane ca mātrajñateti| na rūpabalāya [na] maithunāya[na] kāmānāmāsvādāya bhojanam| [yāvadevāsya] kāyasya yāpanāya| (pṛ) yogī kasmātkāyayāpanaṃ karoti| (u) saddharmasya bhāvanāyai| yaḥ saddharmāduparamate tasya mārgo na bhavati| asati mārge duḥkhādvisaṃyogo na bhavati| yadi kaścit kuśalasya bhāvanāyai na bhunakti| tadā [sa] vadhakaṃ corameva puṣṇāti| dānapateḥ puṇyañca vināśayati| janānāṃ satkārañca modhayati| evaṃ na bhuñjyāt janānāṃ bhojanam| (pṛ) bhojane ca kā mātrā| (u) yathā kāyaṃ yāpayati| sā mātrā| (pṛ) kiṃ bhojanaṃ bhuñjyāt| (u) yat bhojanaṃ śītoṣṇādi vyādhiṃ kāmakrodhādyādhiñca na vardhayati| tat bhuñjyāt| tadapi bhojanaṃ yathākālaṃ bhuñjyāt| bhojanamidamasmin kāle śītoṣṇakāmakrodhādhivyādhiṃ vardhayatīti prajānan na bhuñjyāt|

(pṛ) tīrthikā vadanti-yaḥ pariśuddhamāhāraṃ bhuṅkte sa pariśuddhaṃ puṇyaṃ vindate| yat yatheṣṭhamabhimatarūparasagandhasparśavat approkṣitamabhinimantritaṃ bhuñjyate tat pariśuddhamityucyate| kathamidam| (u) bhojane nāsti pratiniyatā pariśuddhiḥ| kasmāt| yadi paribhogenāhāro'pariśuddho bhavati| sarva āhārā nāparibhojyāḥ| yathā stanyaṃ vatsaparibhuktam| madhu makṣikāparibhuktam| āpaḥ krimiparibhuktāḥ| kusumaṃ bhramaparibhuktam| phalaṃ pakṣiparibhuktam ityādi| kiñcāyaṃ kāyo'śucisambhūtaḥ| kāyasvabhāvo'śuciḥ aśuciparipūrṇaḥ| āhāraḥ pūrvamevāśuciḥ paścādapi kāyaṃ praviṣṭo naikadhā'śucirbhavati| doṣaviparyayeṇa paraṃ śuciriti mithyā vadanti| (pṛ) yadyatyantamaśuciḥ [kāyaḥ]| tadā caṇḍālādibhiḥ ko viśeṣaḥ| (u) prāṇātipātādviratiradattādānādviratirmithyā jīvādviratirityādinā anurūpamāhāraṃ labdhvā āhāre ca pratikūlasaṃjñāṃ dṛṣṭvā prajñājalaprokṣitamatha tāvadbhuṅkte| na kevalaṃ jalaprokṣitaṃ punaḥ śucirbhavati|

(5) rātrya ādyāntimabhāge jāgaraṇateti| yogī prajānāti vyavasāyādhīnā kāryasiddhiriti| ato na nidrāti| paśyati na middhaṃ vṛthā, nānena kiñcillabhyata iti| yadi bhavān middhaṃ sukhaṃ manyate| tat sukhamatyalpaṃ dṛṣṭañca apāryapravacanam| kiñca yogī kleśaiḥ samamekatra nābhiramate| yathā kaściccoraiḥ saha vāse nābhiramate| kathaṃ kaścit loke corāṇāṃ raṇabhūmau nidrāsyati| ato na nidrāti|

(pṛ) middhaṃ gāḍhamāgataṃ kathaṃ niruṇaddhi| (u) ayaṃ bhagavacchāsanāsvādane'dhicittaṃ prītiñca labdhvā niruṇaddhi| saṃsāre ca jarāvyādhimaraṇadoṣānanusmarataścittaṃ bibhyati| ato na nidrāti| kiñca yogī paśyati-manuṣyakāyo labdhaḥ samagrāṇīndriyāṇi, prāptaṃ buddhaśāsanamanargham, sādhvasādhuviveko'tiduṣkaraḥ, idānīṃ taraṇaṃ nānviṣyāmi, kadā vimokṣiṣya iti| ato middhaṃ tiraskartuṃ vīryamārabhate|

samādhipariṣkāreṣu ādyapañcasamādhipariṣkāravarga ekāśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

182 akuśalavitarkavargaḥ

kuśalavitarkasampannateti| yadi kaścidanidrannapi akuśalavitarkānutpādayati yaduta kāmavitarko vyāpādavitarko vihiṃsāvitarko jātivitarko janapadavitarko'maraṇavitarkaḥ parānugrahavitarkaḥ parāvamanyanāvitarka ityādayaḥ| varaṃ middham, naiṣāmakuśalānāṃ vitarkāṇāmutpādaḥ| naiṣkramyādikuśalavitarkān samyaganusmaret yaduta naiṣkramyavirtarko'vyāpādāvihiṃsāvitarko'ṣṭamahāpuruṣavitarkaḥ|

kāmavitarka iti| yat kāmaṃ niśritya pañcakāmaguṇeṣūtpannavitarkaḥ paśyati hitaṃ sukhamiti| ayaṃ kāmavitarkaḥ| sattvānāṃ vihiṃsārtho[vitarko] vyāpādavitarko vihiṃsāvitarkaḥ| yogī nānusmaredimāṃstrīn vitarkān| kasmāt| tānanusmaran hi gurutaraṃ pāpaṃ vindate| pūrvamukta eva kāmādīnāmādīnavaḥ| teṣāmādīnavatvānnānusmaret|

(pṛ) mohavitarkaḥ kasmānnoktaḥ| (u) ime trayo'kuśalavitarkāḥ kramikāḥ| anye kleśāstu naivaṃ bhavanti| yogī kadācitpañcakāmaguṇānusmaraṇātkāmavitarkamutpādayati| kāmitālābhāvdyāpādo bhavati| vyāpādasaṃsiddhā vihiṃsā| ato nokto mohādiḥ| mohasaṃsiddhameva phalaṃ yaduta vyāpādaḥ| yadi vyāpādādakuśalaḥ karmānto bhavati| te trayo vitarkā akuśalakarmahetavo bhavanti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-ayaṃ valmīko rātrau dhūmāyati| divā prajvalati| [yatkhalu bhikṣo divā karmāntānārabhya rātrā] vanuvitarkayati [anuvicārayati] idaṃ [rātrau] dhūmāyanam| [yatkhalu bhikṣo rātrāvanuvitarkayitvā divā] karmāntān [prayojayati kāyena vācā manasā| idaṃ [divā] prajvalanam|

jñātivitarka iti| jñātivaśādutpadyante'nusmaraṇāni| jñātiḥ kṣemakhukhaṃ vindatu itīcchati| tasya vināśavihiṃsāmanusmarataḥ śoka utpadyate| yat jñātibhirekakāryāṇyanusmarati [ayaṃ] jñātivitarkaḥ| yogī nānusmaredimaṃ vitarkam| kasmāt| pūrvameva hi pravrajyākāle jñātīn tyaktavān| idānīṃ tadvikarmāśrayaṇaṃ nānurūpaṃ bhavati| yadi pravrajitaḥ imaṃ jñātivitarkamanusmarati| tadā gṛhaparivāraparityāgo vṛthā'kiñcitsādhanaḥ| jñātisnehādadhyavasānaṃ bhavati| adhyavasānādārakṣā| ārakṣāpratyayaṃ daṇḍādānaśastrādānādikarmā'nukramaṃ pravartate| ato notpādayet jñātivitarkam| jñātisamāgame ca kuśaladharmaṃ na vardhayati| yoginā smartavyaṃ sarveṣu sattveṣu jananamaraṇapravāhapravṛtteṣu nāsti jñātirajñātiḥ| kasmāt paryāsajyate iti| saṃsāre jñātyarthameva śokakaruṇaparidevāśrūṇi mahāsāgaranirvartanāni bhavanti| idānīṃ punaradhyavasāne duḥkhamanavasthameva| sattvāśca kāryanimittaṃ hi mithaḥ snihyanti| nāsti tu kutracit snehanaiyatyam| jñātīnāmanusmaraṇamidaṃ mohalakṣaṇam| laukikā mūḍhāḥ svahitavihīnāḥ parahitaṃ kāmayante| jñātimanusmarataḥ svahitamatyalpaṃ bhavati| ityebhiḥ [kāraṇaiḥ] yogī na jñātivitarkamutpādayet|

janapadavitarka iti| yogī [kaścit] cintayati-amuko janapadaḥ sukhaḥ kṣemaḥ śivaḥ, tatra gatvā nibhṛtaṃ sukhaṃ lapsya iti| cittañca capalaṃ sarvatra bhramaṇadarśanakāṃkṣīti| yogī nedṛśaṃ vitarkamutpādayet| kasmāt| sarveṣu hi janapadeṣu asti kaściddoṣaḥ| kaścijjanapado'tiśītaḥ| kaścidatyuṣṇaḥ| kaścit kṣāmabahalaḥ| kaściccorabahulaḥ| evamādayo vividhā doṣāḥ santītyato na cintayet| yaścapalaḥ sa dhyānasamādheḥ parihīyate| yatrābhirataḥ kuśaladharmaṃ vardhayati ayaṃ ramaṇīya ityucyate| ka upayogo janapadānāṃ paryālokanena| sarvo janapado dūrata eva śrāvyo nāvaśyaṃ gatvā ślāghanīyaḥ| laukikā bahudhā duṣṭā iti vacanāt| janapadeṣu bhramaṇī nānāduḥkhānyanubhavati| kāyo'yaṃ duḥkhahetuḥ| duḥkhahetumimaṃ kāyaṃ dhṛtvā yatra yatra gacchati tatra tatra duḥkhānyanubhavati| sukhaduḥkhavedanā karmakāraṇādhīnā| sudūraṃ gacchato'pi nāsti kaścanopakāraḥ| ato na janapadavitarkamutpādayet|

amaraṇavitarka iti| yogī cintayatyevam-mārgo mayā paścādbhāvayitavyaḥ| ādau sūtravinayābhidharmakṣudrakapiṭakabodhisattvapiṭakānyadhyetavyāni| bāhyagranthāśca suvistaramabhyasitavyāḥ| bahavaḥ śiṣyā ārjayitavyāḥ| kalyāṇamitramupasthāya caturastūpān vanditvā janāna mahādānaṃ kartuṃ protsāhya ca paścānmārgo bhāvayitavya iti| [aya]mamaraṇavitarkaḥ| naivaṃ cintayet yogī| kasmāt| na hi maraṇakālo niyataḥ| na pūrvameva jñeyaḥ| vṛttyantareṣu vyāpṛtena na mārgo bhāvituṃ śakyaḥ| paścānmaraṇakāle samupasthite cittaṃ kaukṛtyena pīḍyate| mayā'yaṃ kāyo vṛthā poṣitaḥ na kiñcillabdham| paśubhiḥ samaṃ mriyata iti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-pṛthagjano viṃśatidhā svacittaṃ nigṛhyevaṃ cintayet-vibhinnākāraveṣamātraṃ mama vṛthā [sarvaṃ] na kiñcillabdham, yāvadāmaraṇamadānto bhaviṣyāmīti| paṇḍito na karotyakāryam| yathoktaṃ dharmapade-

[yeṣāñca susamārabdhā nityaṃ kāyagatā smṛtiḥ]
akṛtyaṃ te na sevante nityaṃ sātatyakāriṇaḥ|
smṛtānāṃ samprajānānāmastaṃ gacchanti cāsravāḥ|| iti|

api coktaṃ sūtre-
catussatyeṣvalābhī [yaḥ] kāmān labdhumupāyataḥ|
yatnena vīryamātiṣṭhet bhṛśaṃ tatparipālane|| iti|

ato nāmaraṇavitarkamutpādayet| amaraṇavitarkaśca mūḍhasya prāṇitam| ko jñānī tṛṇāgre'vaśyāyabinduvat jīvitamadhruvaṃ jñātvā kṣaṇamekaṃ jīveyamiti [manyeta]| uktañca sūtre-bhagavānavocat kathaṃ pūnaryūyaṃ bhikṣavo bhāvayatha maraṇasmṛtim| [anyataro bhikṣu] rbhagavantamavocat-[iha mamaivaṃ bhavati-aho vata] ahaṃ sapta varṣāṇi na jīveyamiti| evamapacayo'bhūta yāvanmuhūrtaṃ na [jīveya] miti| anya[taro bhikṣurbhagavantametadavocat] ahaṃ ṣaḍ varṣāṇi na jīveyamiti| evamapacayo'bhūt-yāvanmuhūtamapi [na jīveya] miti| evamukte bhagavān tān bhikṣūnetadavocat-yūyaṃ bhikṣavaḥ pramattā [viharatha, dandhā] maraṇasmṛtiṃ bhāvayatha iti| anyataro bhikṣu [rbhagavanta]mupetyāvocat[mamaivaṃ bhavati aho bata] ahaṃ [tadantaraṃ] na jīveyaṃ yadantaraṃ āśvasitvā praśvasāmi praśvasitvā vā''śvasāmi iti| bhagavānavocat-sādhu sādhu tvaṃ [khalu bhikṣo] bhāvayasi maraṇasmṛtim iti| ato notpādayedamaraṇasaṃjñām|

parānugrahavitarka iti [uad-] bandhāvanugrahaprāpaṇamicchati| yadyevaṃ cintayati- amukaṃ dhanamānasukhānāṃ dānamācarayāmi| amukastu nopaiti iti| yogī nedṛśaṃ vitarkamutpādayet| kasmāt| nānayā smṛtyā parasya sukhaṃ dukhaṃ vā prāpayati| kintu samāhitaṃ cittameva vikṣipati| (pṛ) parasyānugrahacikīrṣā kiṃ karuṇācittaṃ nanu| (u) yogī mārgamarthayan cintayetpāramārthikaṃ hitaṃ yaduta anityatādi| yadyapyatra kiñcitpuṇyamasti tathāpi mārgapratirodhakasya hitamalpaṃ, doṣastu bahulaḥ| samāhitacittasya vikṣepāt| yo vyagracittatayā parasya hitamanusmarati| sa kāmāsaktyā nādīnavaṃ paśyati| ato nānucintayet|

parāvamanyanāvitarka iti| yadyogī cintayati-gotravaṃśākṛtirūpadhanamānanaipuṇyeṣu śīlatīkṣṇendriyatvadhyānasamādhiprajñādiṣu ca nāyaṃ matsama iti| nedṛśaṃ yogī vitarkamutpādayet| kasmāt| sarveṣāṃ vastunāmanityatvāt| ya uttamo'dhama iti| teṣu ko viśeṣo'sti| eṣāṃ kāyakeśaromanakhadantaṃ sarvamaśuci, samaṃ bhavati na viṣamam| jarāvyādhimaraṇādivipadapi samā| sarveṣāṃ sattvānāmadhyātmaṃ bahirdhā ca duḥkhavihiṃsā'pi samā na viṣamā| pṛthagjanānāṃ dhanasamṛddhiḥ pāpapratyayā| dhanasamṛddhiśca na dīrghakālikī| [ataḥ] punardaridro bhavati| ato na parāvamanyanāvitarkamutpādayet| ayaṃ māno'vidyāṅgam| vidvān kathamimaṃ vitarkamutpādayiṣyati||

akuśalavitarkavargo dvyaśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

183 kuśalavitarkavargaḥ|

naiṣkramyavitarka iti pravivekābhilāṣicittatā| yat pañcakāmaguṇebhyo rūpārūpyadhātubhyaśca pravivekaḥ| asmin praviveke'bhilāṣo naiṣkramyavitarkaḥ| pravivekābhilāṣādasmā dduḥkhānāmasambhavāt| kāmāsaktivaśāddhi duḥkhaṃ bhavati| asatyāṃ kāmāsaktau sukhaṃ bhavati|

vitarkeṣu dvau vitarkau sukhaṃ yadutāvyāpadavitarko'vihiṃsāvitarkaḥ| kasmāt| dvau hīmau vitarkau kṣemavitarkau| yathoktaṃ tathāgatavarge-tathāgatasya khalu dvau vitarkau nityamupatiṣṭhato yaduta yogakṣemavitarkaḥ pravivekavitarkaśca iti| yogakṣemavitarkaḥ avyāpādāvihiṃsāvitarka eva| pravivekavitarko naiṣkramyavitarkaḥ| trīnimān vitarkayataḥ puṇyaṃ vardhate| samāhitacittattāpi sidhyati| cittaṃ viśudhyate ca| trīnimān vitarkān vitarkayan paryutthānāni pratihanti| paryutthānānāṃ samucchedāt prahāṇaṃ sākṣātkaroti| kiñca yogī pravivekāmilāṣayā bahūnāṃ kuśaladharmāṇāmupacayādāśu vimucyate|

aṣṭamahāpuruṣavitarka iti alpecchasyāyaṃ dharmo nā[yaṃ dharmo] mahecchasya| santuṣṭasyā[yaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmo'santuṣṭasya]| praviviktasya [ayaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmaḥ saṅgaṇikārāmasya]| ārabdhavīryasya [ayaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmaḥ kusīdasya]| upasthitasmṛtikasya [ayaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmo muṣṭasmṛtikasya]| samāhitasya [ayaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmo'samāhitasya]| prajñāvato['yaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmo duṣprajñasya]| niṣprapañcārāmasyāyaṃ dharmo nāyaṃ dharmaḥ prapañcārāmasya itīme'ṣṭau|

alpeccho yogī yo mārgaṃ bhāvayitumapekṣitamicchati| na bahu prārthayate anyadanupayuktam| ayamalpecchaḥ| santuṣṭa iti| kaścit [kenacit] kāraṇena vā śīlāya vā parasya cittaprasādanāya vālpaṃ gṛhṇāti na tu santuṣṭacitto bhavati| yo'lpaṃ gṛhītvā santuṣṭacitto bhavati| ayaṃ santuṣṭaḥ| kaścidalpaṃ gṛhītvā'pi ramaṇīyaṃ kāmayate| ayamalpeccho na santuṣṭaḥ| yo'lpalābhena tṛpyati sa santuṣṭaḥ| (pṛ) yadyapekṣitagrāhī alpeccha iti| sarve sattvā alpecchā bhaveyuḥ| eṣāṃ pratyekamapekṣitatvāt| (u) yogī anāsaktattittatayā gṛhṇāti upayogārthamātraṃ, na bahu gṛhṇāti| na tu yathā laukikā yaśomaṇḍanavardhanāya bahu gṛhṇānti| (pṛ) yogī kasmādalpecchayaḥ santuṣṭo bhavati| (u) [sa] hi paripālanādāvādīnavaṃ paśyati| anupayuktadravyasaṅgrahaḥ sammūḍhasya lakṣaṇam| pravrajito na bahu sañcinvannavadātavasanaiḥ samo bhavet| tādṛśadoṣasattvādalpecchaḥ santuṣṭo bhavati| yogī yadi nālpecchaḥ santuṣṭaḥ, tadā kāmacittaṃ kramaśo vardheta| dhanalābhitvādaprārthanīyaṃ prārthayīta| dhanalābhābhilāṣaśca naiva saṃśāmyati| [tatra] adhyavasāyitvāt| pravivekasukhāya pravrajito dhanakāmitayā tatkaraṇīyaṃ vismarati| kleśānapi na prajahāti| kasmāt| bāhyapadārthāneva na prajahāti| kaḥ punarvāda ādhyātmikān dharmān prajahātīti| lābhadṛṣṭirvipattivihiṃsāhetuḥ| yathā karakavṛṣṭiḥ sasyāni vināśayati| ataḥ satatamalpecchasantuṣṭatāṃ bhāvayet|

dṛśyate ca deyasya padārthasya pratyarpaṇaṃ duṣkaram| yaṭhā ṛṇī [ṛṇa]mapratyarpayan paścāttadduḥkhaṃ vyathāmanubhavati iti| lābhasatkāradṛṣṭiḥ buddhādibhiḥ sajjānaistyaktā| yathāha bhagavān-nāhaṃ lābhasatkāramanuprāpnomi mā lābhasatkāro māmanuprāpnotviti| ayañca yogī saddharmasantuṣṭatvāllābhasatkāraṃ prajahāti| yathāha bhagavān-devā na pratilabhante naiṣkramyasukhaṃ pravivekasukhamupaśamasukhaṃ yathā mayā pratilabdham| ato lābhasatkāraṃ prajahāmi iti| yathāha śāriputraḥ-

animittaṃ bhāvayitvā cāhaṃ śūnyasamādhinā|
samīkṣe sarvavastūni kheṭapiṇḍān yathā bahiḥ|| iti|

kiñca yogī paśyati na kāmopabhogena tṛptirbhavati| yathā lavaṇodakaṃ piban na tarṣaṇamapanayati iti prajñāṃ prarthayānastṛpto bhavati|

mahecchaḥ sadā prārthanāmutpādayan bahu prārthayitvā'lpaṃ vindate| ataḥ sadā khidyate| paśyāmaśca bhikṣārthī janairavamanyate na satkriyate yathā'lpecchaḥ| pravrajito mahatprārthayata ityakāryametat| janairdattasyāgrahaṇantu yuktarūpam| ato'lpecchāsantuṣṭimācaret|

pravivikta iti yat gṛhasthapravrajitayoḥ kāyikapravivekasamācāraḥ kleśeṣu mānasapravivekasamācāraḥ ayaṃ pravivekaḥ| (pṛ) yogī kasmātpravivikto bhavati| (u) pravrajitā apratilabdhamārgā api pravivekārāmā bhavanti| avadātavasanādayaḥ tatsthānagatastrīrūpavikṣepāvakṛṣṭā na tatra kadācitsukhino bhavanti| praviveke tu cittaṃ sūpaśamaṃ bhavati| yathā salilamanāvilaṃ prakṛtitaḥ svaccham| ataḥ praviveke carati| pravivekadharmo'yaṃ gaṅgānadīvālukāsamairbuddhairabhisaṃstutaḥ| kenedaṃ jñāyate| bhagavān grāmopakaṇṭhe niṣaṇṇaṃ bhikṣuṃ dṛṣṭvā aprītamanasko bhavati| śūnyāyatane ca śayānaṃ bhikṣuṃ dṛṣṭvā bhagavān prītamanasko bhavati| tatkasya hetoḥ| grāmopakaṇṭhe niṣṣaṇṇasya bhikṣorbahubhiḥ kāraṇaiḥ samāhitacittavikṣepe labdhavyaṃ na labhyate sākṣātkartavyaṃ na sākṣātkriyate| śūnyāyatane śayānasya kiñcitkausīdye satyapi samādhyāśāsambhave cittaṃ parigṛhyate| parigṛhītaṃ cittaṃ vimucyate| nimittodgrahamupādāya ca kāmādayaḥ kleśāḥ samudbhavanti| śūnyāyatane na rūpādīni nimittāni santīti kleśāḥ suprahāṇāḥ| yathā'gnirasatīndhane svataḥ śāmyati| uktañcasūtre-yo bhikṣuḥ saṅgaṇikāvihārarataḥ sambhāṣyarataḥ[sa] gaṇādavivikta ityataḥ sāmayikīmeva vimuktiṃ na pratilabhate| kaḥ punarvādaḥ akopyāṃ vimuktiṃ pratilabhata iti| praviviktavihārī punarubhayaṃ sākṣātkurute| iti| yathā pradīpo vātaviviktaḥ prakāśate| evaṃ yogī pravivekavihāritayā tattvajñānaṃ vindate|

ārabdhavīrya iti| yogī yadi samyakpradhānamācaran akuśaladharmān prajahāti kuśaladharmāṃśca sañcinoti| [tadā] tatra samyakpradhānāmācaratīti ārabdhavīrya ityucyate| evañca bhagavacchāsane hitaṃ pratilabhate| tatkasya hetoḥ| [sa hi] kuśaladharmasañcayena pratidinamabhivardhate| yathotpalapadmādīni yathāsalilamabhivardhante| kausīdyacārī punaḥ kāṣṭhamusalavat prathamābhinirvartanādārabhya pratidīnamapacīyate| ārabdhavīryasya arthapratilābhitayā cittaṃ sadā pramudyate| kausīdyacārī tu akuśaladharmanivṛttacittaḥ satataṃ duḥkhopadravamanubadhnāti| ārabdhavīryasya ca kṣaṇe kṣaṇe kuśaladharmo nityamabhivardhate, nāpacīyate| vīryaprakṛṣṭamācarannāpnoti prakṛṣṭaṃ sthānaṃ yaduta buddhānāṃ gatim| yathoktaṃ sūtre bhagavatā ānandaṃ prati prakṛṣṭaṃ vīryamabhyasan buddhagatiṃ yātīti| ārabdhavīryasya cittasamādhīḥ sulabhaḥ| mandendriya ārabdhavīryaḥ saṃsārādevāśu mucyate| tīṣṇendriyaḥ kusīdastu na vimucyate| yadasti kiñcidaihikamāmuṣmikaṃ laukikaṃ lokottaraṃ hitaṃ, tat sarvaṃ vīryamupādāya bhavati| sarveṣāṃ lokānāṃ yadasti alābhavyasanaṃ, tat sarvaṃ kausīdyamupādāya bhavati| evaṃ kusīdasya doṣamārabdhavīryasya guṇaṃ dṛṣṭvā vīryamanusmarati|

upasthitasmṛtika iti| kāyavedanācittadharmeṣu sadā smṛtiṃ samupasthāpayati| (pṛ) eṣāṃ caturṇāṃ dharmāṇāṃ smṛtyā kīdṛśaṃ hitaṃ vindate| (u) pāpakā akuśalā dharmā na cittamāgacchanti| yathā surakṣite na pāpakaḥ puruṣo'vatarati| yathā ca ghaṭaḥ pūrṇo na punarudakamādatte| evamasya puruṣasya kuśaladharmasampūrṇasya na pāpakāni prasajyante| yo bhāvitasamyaksmṛtikaḥ sa vimuktibhāgīyān sarvān kuśaladharmān saṅgṛhṇāti| yathā samudrāmbupāyinaḥ sarvāṇi strotāṃsi pītāni bhavanti| sarveṣāmudakānāṃ samudravartitvāt| asyāḥ smṛterbhāvayitā svatantracaryāsthāne viharatītyucyate| kleśamāro na kiñcidākopayati kākolūkadṛṣṭāntavat| asya ca cittaṃ supratiṣṭhitaṃ duṣkampanaṃ bhavati| yathā vṛtto ghaṭaḥśikyamadhiniviśyate| sa cāciramevārthaṃ lapsyate| yathoktaṃ bhikṣuṇīsūtre-bhikṣuṇya ānandametadavocan-iha bhadanta [ānanda] vayaṃ catṛṣu smṛtyupasthāneṣu supratiṣṭhitacittā viharantya [udāraṃ] pūrveṇāparaṃ viśeṣaṃ samprajānāma iti| ānando'vocat-evametat bhaginya evametat bhaginya iti|

samāhita iti| cittasamādhiṃ bhāvayataḥ pravaro'rtho bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre- samāhito yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti iti| anena manuṣyakāyenātimānuṣadharmo bhavati yaduta kāyenodakarmamagniñcā[vagāhya] nirgacchati| vihāyasā gamane ca svatantra ityādi| kiñcāsya sukhaṃ bhavati yat yāvaddevāḥ sahāṃpatibrahmādayo'pi nāpnuvanti| ayaṃ yat kartavyaṃ tat karotītyucyate| yadakartavyaṃ na tat karoti| samāhitasya saddharmaḥ sadā vardhate samāhitasya cittaṃ nānutapyate| ayaṃpravrajyāphalabhāgbhavati tathāgataśāsanānuyāyī ca| nānyapuruṣavat vṛthā satkāraṃ svīkaroti| ayameva dānapuṇyaṃ vipācayati nānye| ayañca samāhitadharmo buddhairāryaiśca niṣevitaḥ| sarveṣāṃ kuśaladharmāṇāṃ samārjanāya yogyaśca bhavati| yadi samāhitasya siddhirbhavati tadā āryamārgasya pratilābho bhavati| yadi na siddhiḥ, tadā śubhadeveṣūpapadyate yaduta rūpārūpyadhātau| tatkasya hetoḥ| na hi dānādinā īdṛśaṃ kāryaṃ pratilabhate yadekāntataḥ pāpakānāmakaraṇam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yo daharo yuvā ājanma maitrīṃ bhāvayati| sa kiṃ pāpakaṃ cittamutpādayet| pāpakaṃ vā cintayet| no hīdaṃ bhagavan| [tatkasya hetoḥ] [tatsamādhiprabhāva eṣaḥ| iti| cittasamādhiśca tattvajñānasya pratyayaḥ| tattvaprajñā sarvān saṃskārān kṣapayati| saṃskārāṇāṃ kṣayāt sarve duḥkhopāyāsāḥ śāmyanti| yogī sarvāṇi laukikāni lokottarāṇi smaranneva kuryāt na klamathena kāryaṃ prayojayan| anye pudgalāstena labdhaṃ pramātuṃ cittameva notpādayanti| ata āha-samāhito'rthamāpnotīti|

prajñāvāniti| prajñāvataścitte kleśā na sambhavanti| yadi sambhavanti, tadaiva nirudhyante yathā taptāyaḥpātre patitā jalakaṇikā| prajñāvataścitte saṃjñā nāvirbhavanti| yadyāvirbhavanti, tadaiva nirudhyante yathā tṛṇāgre'vaśyāyabinduḥ sūrya uditamātre śuṣyati| yaḥ prajñācakṣuṣkaḥ sa buddhadharmaṃ paśyati| yathā cakṣuṣmataḥ sūrya upayogāya kalpate| prajñāvān buddhasya dharmadāyabhāgityucyate| yathā jātaḥ putraḥ pitrordhanabhāgbhavati| prajñāvāneva sa jīva ityucyate| anye mṛtā iti| prajñāvān tattvamārgikaḥ, mārgasya parijñānāt| prajñāvāneva bhagavataḥ śāsanā[mṛta]rasaṃ vetti| yathā avipariṇatajihvendriyaḥ pañcarasān vivecayati| prajñāvān bhagavacchāsane samāhito na kampate tadyathā śailo na vāyunā kampyate| prajñāvān śrāddha ityucyate| catuḥ śraddhālābhitayā parānanuyāyitatvāt| āryaprajñendriyapratilābhī jinauraso bhavati| anye bāhyāḥ pṛthagjanāḥ| ata ucyate prajñāvānarthaṃ vindata iti|

niṣprapañcārāma iti| yadekānekatvavādaḥ sa prapañcaḥ| yathā ānandaḥ śāriputraṃ pṛcchati-ṣaṇṇām [āyuṣman] sparśāyatanānāmaśeṣavirāganirodhādasti anyatkiñcit| śāriputraḥ pratyāha[mā hyevamāyuṣman]| ṣaṇṇā[māyuṣman] sparśāyatanānā maśeṣavirāganirodhādastyanyatkiñciditi vadan aprapañcaṃ prapañcayasi| nāsti kiñciditi, asti ca nāsti cānyaditi, naivāsti no ca naivāstyanyaditi ca praśne prativacanamapi tathā syāt|

(pṛ) kasmādidamaprapañcam| (u) ayaṃ vastuta ātmadharmapraśnaḥ yadyekaḥ yadi vāneka iti| ato na pratyuvāca| ātmā ca na niyataḥ| pañcaskandheṣu kevalaṃ prajñaptyā'bhidhīyate| yadyasti kiñciditi| yadi vā nāsti kiñciditi pratibrūyāt, tadā śāśvatocchedapātaḥ syāt| yat pratītyasamudenātmavyavahāraḥ sa niṣprapañcaḥ| yadi paśyati sattvaṃ śūnyaṃ dharmāśca śūnyā iti sa niṣprapañcārāmaḥ| ato niṣprapañcārāmā bhagavacchāsane'rthaṃ vindante| iyaṃ kuśalavitarkasampadā|

kuśalavitarkavargastryaśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

184 antimapañcasamādhipariṣkāravargaḥ

(7) kalyāṇādhimuktisampaditi| yogī yat nirvāṇe'bhiramaṇaḥ saṃsāraṃ vidveṣayati| iyaṃ kalyāṇādhimuktiḥ| evamadhimuktaḥ kṣipraṃ vimuktibhāgbhavati| nirvāṇābhiratasya cittaṃ na kutracidabhiniviśate| nirvāṇābhiratasya nāsti bhayam| yadi pṛthagjanasya cittaṃ nirvāṇamanusmarati| tadaiva santrāso bhavati-ahamatyantaṃ nakṣyāmīti|

(pṛ) kena pratyayena nirvāṇe'dhimucyate| (u) yogī lokamanityaṃ duḥkhaṃ śūnyamanātmakaṃ dṛṣṭvā nirvāṇe upaśamasaṃjñāmutpādayati| pudgalo'yaṃ svābhāvikakleśapratanubhūto nirvāṇabhāṇakaṃ śṛṇoti| tadā [tasya] cittaṃ tatrādhimucyate| yadi vā kalyāṇamitrāt yadi vā sūtrādhyayanāt saṃsāra ādīnavaṃ śṛṇoti| yathā anavarāgrasūtre pañcadevadūtasūtre coktam| tadā saṃsārānnirviṇṇo nirvāṇe'dhimucyate|

(8) pradhānīyāṅgasampaditi| yathoktaṃ sūtre-pañca pradhānīyāṅgāni| katamāni [pañca]| iha [bhikṣavo] bhikṣuḥ śrāddho bhavati| aśaṭho bhavati| alpābādho bhavati| ārabdhavīryo bhavati| prajñāvān bhavatīti| śraddhāvān nāma[yaḥ] triṣu ratneṣu caturṣu satyeṣu ca vigatavicikitso bhavati| vigatavicikitsatvāt kṣipraṃ samādhiḥ sidhyati| śraddhāvataḥ prītibahulatvācca kṣipraṃ samādhiḥ sidhyati| śraddhāvān susamāhito dāntaśca bhavati| ato'pi sahasā samādhiṃ vindate| (pṛ) yadi samādhinā prajñotpadyate| atha vicikitsāṃ prajahāti| kathamidānīṃ samādheḥ pūrvamevocyate vigatavicikitsa iti| (u) bahuśrutatvāt kiñcidvicikitsāṃ prajahāti| na samādhilābhāt| adhimuktakulotpannaḥ śrāddhena sahavṛttikaḥ sadādhimukticittaṃ bhāvayan apratilabdhasamādhirapi vicikitsāṃ na karoti| evamādi|

aśaṭha iti| ṛjucittasya nāsti kiñcidgopanīyam| sadapi sutīrṇaṃ bhavati| yathā kaścidbhiṣajamupetya vyādhisvarūpamuktvā sucikitso bhavati| alpābādha iti| sa pūrvarātre'pararātre ca vyavasyati, na viramati| yadyābādhābahulaḥ, tanmārgacaryāyā antarāyo bhavati| ārabdhavīrya iti| mārgārthitvāt sadā viryamārabhate| ato'gniṃ manthāno na viramamāṇo sahasāgniṃ vindate| prajñāvāniti| prajñāvattvena caturṇāmaṅgānāṃ phalaṃ bhavati yaduta mārgaphalam|

(pṛ) smṛtyupasthānadharmā api pradhānīyāṅgāni| kasmāt kevalamete pañca dharmā uktāḥ| (u) yadyapi sakalamaṅgam| tathāpīme dharmā mukhyatamāḥ yogibhirapyapekṣyante| ata ime kevalamuktāḥ| sarveṣāṃ pāpakānāṃ parivarjanaṃ sarveṣāṃ kuśalānāṃ sañcayaśca yogino'ṅgam| yathā......... sūtre varṇitam|

(9) vimuktyāyatanasampaditi yat pañcavimuktyāyatanāni| ihaśāstā [anyataro vā] gurusthānīyaḥ [sa brahmacārī] bhikṣūnāṃ dharmaṃ deśayati| yathā yathā dharmaṃ deśayati| tathā tathā [tasmin dharme] arthapratisaṃvedī ca dharmapratisaṃvedī ca bhavati| [tasyārtha] pratisaṃvedino dharmapratisaṃvedinaḥ prītirjāyate| prītamanasaḥ kāyaḥ praśrabhyate| praśrabdhakāyaḥ sukhaṃ vedayate| sukhinaścittaṃ samādhīyate| idaṃ prathamaṃ vimuktyāyatanam| yatra bhikṣo [rapramattasyātāpinaḥ] prahitātmano viharato['vimuktaṃ] cittaṃ vimucyate| [aparikṣīṇā] vā āsravāḥ parikṣayaṃ gacchanti| [ananuprāptaṃ] vā anuttaraṃ yogakṣemamanuprāpnoti| dvitīyaṃ [vimuktyāyatanaṃ] vistareṇa sūtrādhyayanam| tṛtīyaṃ pareṣāṃ dharmadeśanā| caturthaṃ vimukte sthāne dharmāṇāmanuvitarkaḥ anuvicāraḥ| pañcamaṃ samādhinimittasya sugrahaṇaṃ yaduta navanimittādīni yathāpūrvamuktāni|

(pṛ) śāstā [anyataro] vā gurusthānīyaḥ sabrahmacārī kasmāt bhikṣūṇāṃ dharmaṃ deśayati| (u) dharmasamāpādānena mahāntamarthamāpnoti| ityato deśanāṃ karoti| sabrahmacāryayaḥ śāstāramupādāya pravrajitaḥ| indriyāṇāṃ paripācanāya dharmaṃ deśayati| gurusthānīyaḥ sabrahmacārī samānakarmatvācca dharmadeśanāṃ karoti| bhikṣavo'vaśyaṃ dharmaṃ śṛṇvantītyataśca [dharma]deśanāṃ karoti| ime pudgalā viśuddhaśīlādiguṇasampannāḥ tadyathā subhājanaṃ samṛddhiṃ samādātuṃ bhavyam ityato dharmadeśanāṃ karoti|

imāstisraḥ prajñāḥ dharmapratisaṃvedo bahuśrutamayī prajñā| arthapratisaṃvedaścintāmayī prajñā| abhābhyāmubhābhyāṃ jāyate prītiḥ yāvatsamāhitasya yathābhūtajñānaṃ jāyate| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| āsāṃ trisṛṇāṃ prajñānāṃ trīṇi phalāni bhavanti yaduta nirvedo vairāgyaṃ vimuktiḥ| dharmaṃ śrutvā'dhītya ca pareṣāṃ dharmaṃ deśayati| iyaṃ bahuśrutamayī prajñā| dharmānanuvitarkayati anuvicārayati| iyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| samādhinimittaṃ sugṛhṇāti| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā|

(pṛ) yā cittavimuktiḥ [yaśca] āśravakṣayaḥ| anayoḥ ko bhedaḥ| (u) samādhinā kleśānāṃ vyāvṛttiścittavimuktiḥ| kleśānāmatyantaprahāṇamāsravakṣayaḥ| (pṛ) śīlādayo dharmā api vimuktyāyatanam| yathoktaṃ-śīlavataścittaṃ na vipratisarati| avipratisāriṇaḥ prītirjāyata ityādi| kadācit dānadihetorapi vimuktirbhavati| kasmādime pañcaiva dharmā uktāḥ| (u)prādhānyātta evoktāḥ| (pṛ) eṣāṃ dharmāṇāṃ kiṃ prādhānyam| (u) vimukteḥ sannikṛṣṭo hetuḥ| śīlādayastu viprakṛṣṭāḥ| (pṛ) kathaṃ jñāyate sannikṛṣṭo heturiti| (u) yogī dharmaṃ śrutvā prajānāti skandhāyatanadhātūn| taddharmakalāpamātre nāstyātmeti| ataḥ prajñaptirbhajyate| tatprajñaptibhaṅga eva vimuktirityākhyāyate| ataḥ sannikṛṣṭo hetuḥ| uktañca sūtre-bahuśrutasyāniśaṃsā yaduta paraśāsanaṃ nānuvartate, cittaṃ susamādhīyate ityādi| anenāpi jñāyate sannikṛṣṭo heturiti| tathāgataśāsane mahān lābho'sti, kleśān nirodhayati, nirvāṇañca yātītyādi| asminnupaśamadharme śrotā vā adhyetā vā anuvicintayitā vā kṣipraṃ vimucyate| ataḥ sannikṛṣṭo hetuḥ| dānena mahatpuṇyaṃ vindate| śīlena gauravam| bāhuśrutyena prajñām| prajñayā āsravāṇāṃ kṣayaṃ vindate na puṇyaṃ gauravaṃ vā| ato jñāyate sannikṛṣṭo heturiti| śāriputrādayo mahāprājñā iti kīrtyante| [tat] sarvaṃ bahuśrutyāt|

(pṛ) yadi bāhuśrutyena cittaṃ susamādhīyate| ānandaḥ kasmāt prathame'ntime ca yāme vimuktiṃ nālabhata| (u) ānando na yāvanmastakamupadhāne nyadhatta tāvadeva vimuktimalabhata| ato'sadadbhutadharme'vartata| kasmānna kṣipram| ānandasyatasmin samaye vīryaṃ kiñcidduṣṭamāsīt| atimātraklāntatvānnālabhata vimuktim| ānando'smin yāma āsravāṇāṃ kṣayamanuprāpnomīti praṇidadhyau| yathā ca bodhisattvo bodhimaṇḍe praṇihitavān| kastādṛśabalo yathā ānandaḥ| sarvamidaṃ bāhuśrutyabalam|

(10) anāvaraṇateti-yāni trīṇyāvaraṇāni karmāvaraṇaṃ, vipākāvaraṇaṃ kleśāvaraṇamiti| yasyemānyāvaraṇāni na santi| na sa duḥsthāne patati| yo'kṣaṇebhyomuktaḥ sa mārgaṃ samādātuṃ bhavyo bhavati| sa caturbhiścakraiḥ sampanna ityucyate| [tāni] pratirūpadeśavāsaḥ satpuruṣopāśrayaḥ ātmasamyakpraṇidhiḥ pūrve ca kṛtapuṇyatā iti| [sa] catvāri srotaāpattyaṅgāni ca sādhayati yaduta satpuruṣasaṃvāsaḥ saddharmaśravaṇaṃ, yoniśomanaskāro dharmānudharmapratipattiḥ| rāgādīn trīn dharmānapi samutsṛjati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-trīn dharmānaprahāya na jarāvyādhimaraṇāni santarati| iti|

(11) anāsaktateti| “nāvaratīramupagacchati| na pāratīramupagacchati| na madhye saṃsīdati| na sthala utsīdiṣyati| na manuṣyagrāho bhaviṣyati| nāmanuṣyagrāho bhaviṣyati| nāvartagrāho bhaviṣyati| nāntaḥpūtī bhaviṣyati”| avaratīramiti ṣaṇṇāmādhyātmikānāmāyatanāmadhivacanam| pāratīramīti ṣaṇṇāṃ bāhyānāmāyatanānāmadhivacanam| madhye saṃsīdati iti nandirāgasyādhivacanam| sthala utsāda iti asmimānasyādhivacanam| katamo manuṣyagrāhaḥ| [iha] bhikṣurgṛhisaṃsṛṣṭo viharati| [katamo]'manuṣyagrāhaḥ| [iha bhikṣurekatya ekatyo]'nyataraṃ devanikāyaṃ praṇidhāya brahmacaryaṃ carati| ayamucyate'manuṣyagrāha iti| āvartagrāha iti pañcānāṃ kāmaguṇānamadhivacanam| [katamaśca] antaḥpūtibhāvaḥ| iha bhikṣurekatyo duśśīlo bhavati| pāpadharmā aśuciḥ śaṅkāsmarasamācāro'brahmacārī| ayamucyate'ntaḥpūtibhāva iti|

yasyāsti ādhyātmikāyataneṣu ātmagrahaḥ| tasya bāhyāyataneṣu ātmiyagrahaḥ| ādhyātmikabāhyāyatanebhyo nandirāgo bhavati| atastatraiva nimajjate| tebhyastu ahaṅkāro jāyate| kasmāt| yadi kaścitkāyāsaktaḥ sukhī bhavatītyato['paraḥ] kaścidāgatya laghu nindati| tadā [tasya]māno jāyate| evamātmīyanandirāgāhaṅkārāstaccittaṃ vikṣepayanto'nyānapi nirvartayanti|

(pṛ) dṛṣṭānte'smin kiṃ stroto bhavati| yadyāryo'ṣṭāṅgikamārgaḥ strotaḥ| tadā ṣaḍādhyātmikabāhyāyatanāni pārau na syuḥ| nandirāgādayo madhyaugha āvartaḥ pūtibhāvo'pi ca na syuḥ| yadi kāmatṛṣṇā strotaḥ| kathamimānanuvartya nirvāṇamanuprāpnoti| (u) āryo'ṣṭāṅgikamārga eva strotaḥ| dṛṣṭānto nāvaśyaṃ sarvākāraiḥ samāno bhavati| yathāyaṃ dāruskandho'ṣṭākṣaṇavinirmukto mahārṇavaṃ gacchati| evaṃ bhikṣurogho'kṣaṇairvinirmukta āryāṣṭāṅgikamārgaṃ stroto'nuvartyaṃ nirvāṇa[mahārṇava]mavatarati| yathā kumbhasadṛśaṃ stanamiti vacanaṃ tadākāramātraṃ gṛhṇāti na kāṭhinyaṃ mārdavaṃ vā| yathā ca candropamaṃ vadanamiti vacanaṃ śobhā pauṣkalyaṃ gṛhṇāti na tadākāram| kiñca yogī āryamārganirgato'dhyātmabahirdhāyataneṣvāsajyate| na tu yathāyaṃ dāruskandhaḥ strotomadhyagatastasmin pāre'smin vā āsajyate pūtībhavati vā| ityādi|

śāstrācārya āha-yathā gaṅgāstroto niyamena mahārṇavaṃ prāpnoti| evamāryāṣṭāṅgikamārgastroto niyamena nirvāṇaṃ prāpnoti|

evaṃ saṃkṣipyaikādaśamādhipariṣkārā uktāḥ, yeṣu satsu niyamena samādhirlabhyate||

antimapañcasamādhipariṣkāravargaścaturaśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ

185 ānāpānavargaḥ

ānāpānasya ṣoḍaśākārā yaduta sasmṛta evāśvasiti smṛta eva praśvasiti| dīrghaṃ vā āśvasan dīrghamāśvasimīti prajānāti dīrghaṃ vā praśvasan dīrghaṃ praśvasimīti prajānāti|| hrasvaṃ vā āśvasan hrasvamāśvasimīti prajānāti| hrasvaṃ praśvasan hrasvaṃ praśvasimīti prajānāti|| sarvakāyapratisaṃvedī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| sarvakāyapratisaṃvedī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| praśrambhayan kāyasaṃskāramāśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| praśrambhayan kāyasaṃskāraṃ praśvasiṣyamīti śikṣate|| prītipratisaṃvedī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| prītipratisaṃvedī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| sukhapratisaṃvedī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| sukhapratisaṃvedī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| cittasaṃskārapratisaṃvedī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| cittasaṃskārapratisaṃvedī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| prasrambhayan cittasaṃskāramāśvasiṣyāmiti śikṣate| praśrambhayan cittasaṃskāraṃ praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| cittapratisaṃvedī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| cittapratisaṃvedī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| abhipramodayan cittamāśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| abhipramodayan cittaṃ praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| samādadhan cittamāśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| samādadhan cittaṃ praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| vimocayan cittamāśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| vimocayan cittaṃ praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| anityānudarśī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| anityānudarśī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| virāgānudarśī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| virāgānudarśī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| nirodhānudarśī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| nirodhānudarśī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|| pratinissargānudarśī āśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate| pratinissargānudarśī praśvasiṣyāmīti śikṣate|

(pṛ) kathamānāpānasya dīrghaṃ hrasvaṃ vā bhavati| (u) yathā kaścitparvatamārohati| yadi vā [vā] bhāraṃ vahati| [tadā] klāntaḥ hrasvaṃ śvasati| tathā yogyapi audārike citte pravṛtte hrasvaṃ [śvasati]| audārikacittamiti capalaṃ rogavikṣiptaṃ cittam| dīrghaṃ śvasatīti yadi yogī sūkṣmacitte sthitaḥ, [tadā] tasyāśvāsapraśvāsā dīrghā bhavanti| kasmāt| sūkṣmacittānuvartina āśvāsapraśvāsā api sūkṣmā anupatanti| yathā tasyaiva klāntasya viśrāntasya āśrāsapraśvāsā sūkṣmā anupatanti| tasmin samaye dīrghā aśvāsa praśvāsā bhavanti|

sarvakāya[pratisaṃvedī]ti| yogī kāye tucchādhimuktaḥ sarvaromakūpeṣu vāyumantarbahiścāriṇaṃ paśyati| praśrambhayan kāyasaṃskāramiti| dhātubalalābhino vyupaśāntacittasya yogina audārikā āśvāsapraśvāsā vyupaśāntā bhavanti| tadā yogī kāyammṛtyupasthānasamanvito bhavati| prītipratisaṃvedīti| asmātsamādhidharmādasya citte mahatī prītirbhavati| prakṛtito vidyamānā'pi naivaṃ bhavati| asmin samaye prītipratisaṃvedītyākhyāyate| sukhapratisaṃvedīti| prīteḥ sukhaṃ jāyate| kasmāt| prītamanasaḥ kāyaḥ praśrabhyate, praśrabdhakāyaḥ sukhaṃ vindate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-prītamanasaḥ kāyaḥ praśramyate| praśrabdhakāyaḥ sukhaṃ vedayate| iti|

cittasaṃskārapratisaṃvedīti| yogī prītāvādīnavaṃ paśyati| rāgajanakatvāt| rāgo'yaṃ cittasaṃskāraḥ cittādutpannatvāt| vedanāyāṃ rāgo jāyata ityato vedanāṃ cittasaṃskāraṃ paśyati| praśrambhayan cittasaṃskāramiti| yogī paśyati vedanāto rāgo jāyate| tat praśrambhayataścittamupaśāmyati| audārikavedanāmapi praśrambhayatīti praśrambhayan cittasaṃskāramityucyate| cittapratisaṃvedīti| yogī praśrambhayan vedanāsvādaṃ paśyati cittaṃ śāntaṃ na līnaṃ noddhatam| cittamidaṃ kasmiṃścitsamaye punarlīnaṃ bhavati| tasmin samaye'bhipramodayati| yadi punaruddhatam| tasmin samaye samādadhāti| yadyubhayadharmavinirmuktam| tasmin samaye samutsṛjet| ata ucyate vimocayan cittamiti| evaṃ yogī samāhito'nityākāramutpādayati| anityākāreṇa kleśān prajahāti| ayaṃ nirodhākaraḥ| kleśānāṃ prahāṇāccittaṃ nirvidyate| ayaṃ virāgākāraḥ| viraktacittatayā sarveṣāṃ pratinissargamanuprāpnoti| ayaṃ prati nissargākāraḥ| evamanupūrvaṃ vimuktimanuprāpnotīti ṣoḍaśākārā ānāpānasmṛterbhavanti|

(pṛ) kasmādānāpānasmṛtirāryavihāra iti divyavihāra iti brahmavihāra iti śaikṣavihāra iti aśaikṣavihāra iti cocyate| (u) vāyurākāśe viharati| ākāśalakṣaṇaṃ rūpalakṣaṇaṃ prakaṭayati| rūpalakṣaṇamidaṃ śūnyameva| śūnyataivāryavihāra ityāryavihāro bhavati| śubhadeveṣūtpatyarthatvāt divyavihāraḥ| upaśamaprāpaṇārthatvāt brahmavihāraḥ| śaikṣadharmapratilābhārthatvāt śaikṣavihāraḥ| aśaikṣārthatvādaśaikṣavihāraḥ|

(pṛ) yadyaśubhabhāvanayā kāyādvirakto vimuktimanuprāpnoti| ka upayoga ebhiḥ ṣoḍaśabhirākāraiḥ| (u) aśubhabhāvanayā alabdhavairāgyasya ātmadurviṇṇasya kāyacitte vyāmohite syātām| yathā duṣṭamauṣadhaṃ sevamānasya vyādhiḥ punarbhavati| evamaśubhabhāvanayā durnivedo bhavati| yathā valgumuttitīrṣayā bhikṣavo'śubhabhāvanayā atīva nirviṇṇā viṣapānabhṛgupatanādibhirvividhairātmānaṃ dhnanti sma| na tathā ime ṣoḍaśākārā vairāgyaprāpakā api na durnivedajanakā bhavantītyato viśiṣyante| kiñca ayamākāraḥ sulabhaḥ svakāyāvalambitvāt| aśubhā[kārastu] suvināśaḥ| ayamākāraḥ sūkṣmaḥ svakāyavipariṇāmakatvāt| aśubhākāra audārikaḥ| asthikaṅkālavipariṇāmaduṣṭaḥ| ayamākāraḥ sarveṣāṃ kleśānāṃ bhedakaḥ| aśubhākārastu maithunarāgamātrasya kasmāt| sarve hi kleśā vitarkaṃ pratītya jāyante| ānāpānasmṛteśca sarvavitarkopacchedārthatvāt|

(pṛ) anāpānaṃ kiṃ kāyānubandhi kiṃ cittānubandhi| (u) kāyānubandhi cittānubandhi ca| kasmāt| garbhāśayagatasyābhāvāt jñāyate kāyādhīnamiti| caturthadhyānādikasyācittakasya cābhāvāt jñāyate cittānubandhīti| (pṛ) āśvāsapraśvāso'bhūtvotpannaścittādhīno na syāt| kasmāt| sa na manaso vaśādutpadyate| yathā anyadvastu smarati citte sadā āśvāsapraśvāsā bhavanti| yathā [bhukta] āhāraḥ svayaṃ paripacyate| yathā ca pratibimbaṃ svayaṃ pravartate na puruṣaḥ karoti|

(u) āśvāsapraśvāso'bhūtvotpadyate na smṛtivaśāt| kintu pratyayasāmagryotpadyate| sacittasyāsti acittakasya punarnāsti| ato jñāyate cittādhīna iti| yathācittañca bhidyate| audārikacittasya hrasvaḥ| sūkṣmacittasya dīrghaḥ| ānāpānaṃ bhūmyadhīnaṃ cittādhīnam| ānāpāna(bhūmi)gatasya ānāpānabhūmirapyasti| [tasya] tasmin samaye cittamapyasti| ānāpānabhūmirnāma kāmadhātu strīṇi dhyānāni ca| ya ānāpānabhūmigataḥ [tasya] asti tu ānāpānabhūmi-cittam| acittakasya tasmin samaye [tadbhūmi-] cittamapi nāsti| ānāpānavihīnabhūmigatasya tasmin samaye [tadbhūmi ścitta] mapi nāsti|

(pṛ) śvāsa utpadyamāna kiṃ pūrvamāśvasati| kiṃ vā pūrvaṃ praśvasati| (u) upapattikāle pūrvamāśvasati| maraṇakāle'nte praśvasati| evaṃ caturthadhyāne nirgamanapraveśāvapi| (pṛ) ānāpānasmṛtiriyaṃ kathaṃ paripūrṇā bhavati| (u) yogī yadi ṣoḍaśākārān pratilabhate| tasmin samaye paripūrṇā bhavati| kecicchāstācāryā vadanti-ṣaḍibhaḥ pratyayaiḥ paripūrṇeti| [ṣaṭ pratyayā] yaduta gaṇanā anubandhanā śamatho vipaśyanā vivartanaṃ pariśuddhiḥ| gaṇanā ānāpānagaṇanā ekata ārabhya yāvaddaśa| triprakārā gaṇanā samā vā atiriktā vā nyūnā vā| samā nāma daśasu satsu daśeti gaṇayati| atiriktā nāma ekādaśasu daśeti gaṇayati| nyūnā nāma navasu daśeti gaṇayati| anubandhanaṃ nāma yoginaścittamānāpānamanubadhnāti| vipaśyanā nāma yogī āśvāsapraśvāsān kāyānubaddhān maṇiṣu sūtravatpaśyati| śamatho nāma cittasyānāpāne pratiṣṭhāpanam| vivartanaṃ nāma cittaṃ pratītya kāyasya pravṛttiḥ, cittaṃ pratītya ca vedanāyāḥ| pratyutpannacittadharmo'pyevam| pariśuddhirnāma yogini sarvakleśaiḥ sarvākṣaṇaiśca vimukte cittaṃ pariśudhyati|

neme'vaśyaniyatāḥ| kasmāt| ākāreṣu gaṇānubandhanarūpayo dvayodharmayornāvaśyamupayogo bhavati| yato yogī kevalamānāpāne cittaṃ pratiṣṭhāpayan sarvān vitarkānupacchedayati| yaḥ ṣoḍaśavidhamācarituṃ samarthaḥ sa paripūrṇa ityucyate| idaṃ paripūrṇalakṣaṇañcāniyatam| mṛdvindriyācaritaṃ tīkṣṇendriyasyāparipūrṇam|

(pṛ) ānāpānasūtre'smin kasmāduktam-āhārāya bhavatīti| (u) ānāpānastimitasya kāyaḥ sukhī bhavati| yathā madhurānnabhujaḥ kāyaḥ prahlādyate| ataḥ āhārāya bhavatītyucyate| (pṛ) eṣu ṣoḍaśākāreṣu kimānāpānaṃ saṃsmarati| (u) asya puruṣeṇa pañcaskandhān nirākartumupāya ityākhyā| pañcaskandheṣu nirākṛteṣu prajñaptirnirākṛteti kaḥ punarupayoga ānāpānasmṛtyā| idameva kāyānusmṛtirityucyate| caturdhā kāyamanusmaratīti kāyānusmṛtiḥ|

(pṛ) smṛtiratītālambanā| āśvāsapraśvāsāḥ pratyutpannāḥ| kasmāt tat smṛtirbhavati| (u) idaṃ prajñaptibhedakaṃ jñānamanusmṛtināmnocyate| caitasikadharmāṇāmanyonyaṃ nāma bhavati| yathā daśasaṃjñādayaḥ smṛtipūrvaṃ kriyamāṇatvāt anusmṛtirityucyate | dīrghahrasvādīnāṃ nāryavihāra ityabhidhānam| kathaṃ vihāravirhīnaṃ smṛtyupasthānamityākhyāyate| uktañca sūtre yogī ānāpānaṃ śikṣamāṇaḥ dīrgha[māśvasan] vā [śikṣate] hrasvaṃ vā sarvakāyapratisaṃvedī vā praśrambhayan kāyasaṃskāraṃ vā [śikṣate]| tasmin samaye kāyasmṛtyupasthānaṃ bhavati|

ayamādya upāyamārgaḥ| viśuddhaye bhavatītyato'nte prahāṇamārrga ityucyate| atra anityādyākāro'sti| asminsūtre paraṃ noktam| anyasmin sūtretūktam-yogī ānāpāne [sthitaḥ] kāye samudayadharmānudarśī vyayadharmānudarśī, samudayavyayadharmānudarśī viharatīti| āha-kāyamanityaṃ paśyatītyādi| caturthe paramanityādyākāraḥ paripūrṇatvāduktaḥ||

ānāpānavargaḥ pañcāśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

186 samādhyapakṣāla vargaḥ

samādhirayaṃ tatpratibandhibhirapakṣālairvinirmuktaḥ san mahaddhitaṃ sādhayati| samādhyapakṣālamiti yaduta audārikī prītiḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-mamaudārikaṃ prītiprāmodyaṃ cittasya dūṣaṇamabhūt iti| yogī notpādayedidamaudārikaṃ prītipramodyam| rāgādidoṣāṇāṃ samāhita cittavikṣepakatvāt|

(pṛ) dharmādutpadyamānaṃ prītiprāmodyaṃ kathaṃ notpādayet| (u) yoginaḥ śūnya tāmanusmarato na prītipramodyaṃ jāyate| asti sattva iti saṃjñayā hi prītiprāmodyaṃ jāyate| pañcasu skandheṣu nāsti sattvaḥ, kathaṃ prītiprāmodyaṃ bhaviṣyati| yogī evamanusmaret-hetupratyayai vividhā dharmā jāyate yadutātapālokādayo dharmāḥ| tatra kiṃ prītiprāmodyam| ye prītiprāmodyakarā dharmāḥ te sarve parimārgitā vyagravikṣepakā iti paśyato yogina audārikaṃ prītiprāmodyaṃ nirudhyate| yogī punarmahāntamarthaṃ prārthayate| nātapālokādibhirdharmairayaṃ bhavati| ato na prītiprāmodyaṃ jāyate| yogī nirodhalakṣaṇaṃ lābhaṃ paśyatītyato nātapālokādibhiḥ [tasya] prītiprāmodyaṃ bhavati| ayaṃ yogī upaśamaṃ bhāvayan kleśānāṃ kṣayamicchati| ato na prītiprāmodyamutpādayati| īdṛśaiḥ pratyayairaudārikaṃ prītiprāmodyamupaśamayati|

bhīrutāca samādherapakṣālaḥ| ahaṅkāramālambanaṃ dṛṣṭvā bhīrutāṃ janayati| loke yāni bhairavasthānāni tāni sarvāṇi yogī paśyati| tāni sarvāṇi anityaṃ vikṣepakamiti parīkṣya [tāni] nānuvidadhīta| kasmāt| dhyānaniṣaṇṇadharme'styayaṃ bhairavadarśanasya pratyayaḥ| nānena bhīrutāṃ janayet| sarvamidamabhūtaṃ śūnyaṃ māyāvat| bālānāṃ vañcanamatattvam| evaṃ cintayato bhīrutā viyujyate| dharmān śūnyānupāśrayato nāsti bhīrutā| vihārabalādidaṃ vailakṣaṇyamanubhavāmītyanusmaran na bibhyāt| kiñca kāye śīlaśrutādiguṇasampadasti| na hiṃsāprayogapratyaya ityanusmarato na bhavati bhīrutā| yogyayaṃ mārge paramābhirata ityataḥ kāyajīvite'napekṣo bhavati| kasmāt bibhyāt| kiñcāsya cittaṃ sadā samyaksmṛtau tiṣṭhati| ato bhīrutā nāvakāśaṃ labhate| śūralakṣaṇānusmaraṇācca na bibheti| bhīrutā ceyamabalīnatālakṣaṇam| evamādinā bhīrutāmapasārayati|

adamaḥ samādherapakṣālaḥ| [adamo] yat yogī śītavātādibhirvyādhimān| yadi vātiklāntijarāmaraṇapratyayairadāntakāyo bhavati| rāgatṛṣṇerṣyādibhiḥ kleśairadāntacittasya dhyānasamādhayo naśyanti| ato yogī svakāyacitte saṃrakṣan damayet|

vailakṣaṇyañca samādherapakṣālaḥ| [velakṣaṇyaṃ] yat malinatvalakṣaṇam| kiñcidamalinatālakṣaṇamapi dhyānasamādhīnāṃ vikṣepakam| yathā dānādilakṣaṇam|

vaiṣamyañca samādherapakṣālaḥ| [vaiṣamyaṃ] yat vīryaṃ duṣṭhulaṃ yadi vā'tilīnam| duṣṭhulasya kāyacitte'tiklānte| atilīna[vīryo] na samādhinimittaṃ gṛhṇāti| ubhāvapi samādheścyutau bhavataḥ| yathā vartakāpoto gāḍhaṃ gṛhīto'tilkānto bhavati| śithilaṃ gṛhīto hastādutpatet| yathā vā dāntā vīṇāyāstantryo'tyāyatā vā'tiśithilā vā ubhayathā na svaraṃ sādhayanti| ārabdhavīryaṃ pravegavat tadā duṣaṇāvasānaṃ bhavet| yathā bhagavānanuruddhamāha-atyārabdhavīryasya kausīdyaṃ bhavet iti| kasmāt| atyārabdhavīryo hi vastvaprasādhya kausīdye patet| atilīnavīryo'pi na vastu sādhayati| ato vaiṣamyaṃ samādherapakṣālo bhavati|

amanaskāraḥ samādherapakṣālaḥ| amanaskāro nāma saddharmāmanaskāraḥ| manaskāraprītidharme satyapi nāsti vedayitam (?)| samādhinimittamanaskṛtya bāhyarūpasya manaskāraścāmanaskāraḥ| yogī cittaikāgryeṇārabdhavīryo vedanīyadharmaṃ manasi kuryāt| yathā tailapātramāharet|

vaiparītyañca samādherapakṣālaḥ| [vaiparītyaṃ] yat rāgabahulaḥ karuṇācaritamupādatte| dveṣabahalo'śubhaṃ bhāvayati| imau dvāvapi pratītyasamutpādaṃ bhāvayataḥ| atilīne citte śamathaṃ bhāvayati| atyuddhate citte vīryamārabhate| anayo dvayościttayorupekṣāmācarati| idaṃ vaiparītyam|

abhijalpaḥ samādherapakṣālaḥ| [abhijalpo] yat vitarkavicārabāhulyam| vitarkavicārāṇāmabhijalpahetutvāt| cittañca nālambane sudṛḍhapratibaddhaviharaṇaṃ, nābhiramate|

lakṣaṇagrahaṇañca samādherapakṣālaḥ| lakṣaṇaṃ trividham-yat śamathalakṣaṇamārambhalakṣaṇamupekṣālakṣaṇamiti| punastrividhaṃ samādhau samāpattilakṣaṇaṃ sthitilakṣaṇaṃ vyutthānalakṣaṇam iti| īdṛśalakṣaṇānāṃ pravibhāgākuśalo yogī dhyānācyavate|

mānañcasamādherapakṣālaḥ| yadāha-ahameva samādhimupasampadya viharāmi na tu sa itīdaṃ mānaṃ bhavati| yadāha-sa evopasampadya viharati nāhamitīdaṃ mānakalpaṃ bhavati| yadyapratilabdhasamādhirāha-pratilabdhavāniti| idamadhimānam| apraṇītasamādhau praṇītasaṃjñāmutpādayati idaṃ mithyāmānam|

rāgādidharmā api samādhyapakṣālāḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yo bhikṣurekadharmeṇa samanvitaḥ sa na paśyati cakṣuranityamiti| [katamo'sāvekadharmaḥ] rāgaḥ iti| (pṛ) sarve'vītarāgāḥ sattvā kiṃ na paśyanti cakṣuranityamiti| (u) vacanamidaṃ kiñcit nyūnam| pratyutpanne samutpannarāgo na paśyati cakṣuranityamiti iti vaktavyam| [rāga] samanvite'pi kaścidbhedaḥ| keṣāñcidrāgādayo ghanatarāḥ sadā cittamāviśanti| tadā [teṣāṃ te] samādhiṃ pratibadhnanti| tanubhūtāstu na sadāviśanti| tadā nāpakṣālā bhavanti|

sūtre coktā srayodaśa kṛṣṇadharmāḥ samādhipratikūlāḥ trayodaśa śukladharmāḥ samādhyanukūlāḥ| yadbhagavānāha-trīṇa dharmānaprahāya na jarāvyādhimaraṇaṃ tarati| [katame trayaḥ] rāgadveṣamohāḥ| trīn dharmānaprahāya na samucchedayati rāgadveṣamohān| [katame trayaḥ|] satkāyadṛṣṭiḥ śīlavrataparāmarśo vicikitsā| atha santi trayo dharmāḥ ayoniśomanaskāro duścaritamatilīnacittatā| atha santi trayo dharmā muṣitasmṛtitā, asamprajanyaṃ vikṣiptacittatā iti| atha santi trayo dharmā auddhatyamindriyeṣvaguptadvāratā śīlavipannatā| atha santi trayo dharmāḥ asrāddhyaṃ dauśśīlyaṃ kausīdyamiti| atha santi trayo dharmāḥ sajjane'ratiḥ saddharmaśravaṇe dveṣaḥ paradoṣaprakaṭane prītiḥ| ata santi trayo dharmaḥ agauravatā saṃkathyadūṣaṇaṃ duṣprajñasevanam| trīn dharmānaprahāya na prajahāti asatkāraṃ saṃkathyadūṣaṇaṃ duṣprajñasevanam [katame trayaḥ|] ahrīkyamanapatrāpyaṃ pramādaḥ| ahrīkyamanapatrāpyaṃ pramādaṃ prahāya prajahāti asatkāraṃ saṃkathyadūṣaṇaṃ duṣprajñasevanam| [evaṃ] yāvatsatkāyadṛṣṭiṃ śīlavrataparāmarśaṃ vicikitsāṃ prajahan prajahāti rāgadveṣamohān jarāvyādhimaraṇāni ca tarati|

atra jarāvyādhimaraṇānāṃ taraṇameva yannirupadhiśeṣanirvāṇam| rāgadveṣamohānāṃ samuccheda evārhatphalaṃ sopadhiśeṣanirvāṇam| saktāyadṛṣṭiśīlavrataparāmarśavicikitsānāṃ samuccheda eva yacchrāmaṇyaphalam| ayoniśomanaskāraduścaritātilīnacittānāṃ samuccheda eva yadūṣmagatādinirvedhabhāgīyakuśalamūlam| muṣitasmṛtyasaṃ prajanyavikṣiptacittānāṃ samuccheda eva yat caturṇāṃ smṛtyupasthānānāṃ bhāvanā| auddhatyendriyeṣvaguptadvāratāśīlavipannatānāṃ samuccheda eva yat pravrajitaśīlasamādānam| sajjanāratisaddharmaśravaṇadveṣaparadoṣaprakaṭanaprītināṃ, aśrāddhayadauśśīlyakausīdyānāṃ, asatkārasaṃkathyadūṣaṇaduṣprajñasevanānāṃ, ahrīkyānapatrāpyapramādānāñca samuccheda eva yat gṛhiṇaḥ pariśuddhiḥ|

kasmāt| yat kaścit rahogataḥ pāpakaṃ kṛtvā na lajjate tadāhrīkyam| yat sa pāpakacittapravṛtterūrdhvaṃ saṅghamadhye'pi pāpakaṃ kṛtvā nāpatrapate| tadanapatrāpyam| saddharmamūlātkuśaladharmadvayādbhaṣṭasya sadā'kuśaladharmānuvartanaṃ pramādaḥ| ebhistribhirdharmaiḥ samanvito gurusthānīyenacāryeṇānuśiṣṭhaṃ na samādatte| sā agauravatā| ācāryaśāsanasya viparyayācaraṇaṃ saṃkathyadūṣaṇam| evaṃ sati ācāryaṃ parivarjya ciraṃ durjanopasadanaṃ duṣprajñasevanam| ebhyo'nūtpannamahrīkyamagauravatā| anapatrapādbhavati saṃkathyadūṣaṇam| pramādādbhavati durjanopasadanam| ato'śrāddho bhūtvā dauḥśīlyaṃ samādāya kusīdo bhavati| durjanaṃ sevamānaḥ [ārya]śāsanamaśraddadhāna āha-nāsti duṣkṛtasya vipāka iti| duṣkṛtamācaran vipākaṃ vindata iti śṛṇvanmātro vā kukkaṭaśvādidharmaṃ samādāyātyantikapāpameva kāṅkṣate| taddharmaṃ samādāya na kiñciddhitamavindateti kausīdyamutpādayati| kausīdyāt sajjane'prīto bhavati yat tattvato nāsti samyak caryāvihārīti| saddharmaśravaṇaṃ dviṣan āha samyak caritadharmā mithyādharmāḥ nāsti tataḥ kaścanopakāra iti| cittakaṣāyāt paradoṣaprakaṭane prīta āha-parasya dharmacaryāto matsadṛśaṃ nāsti kiñcilabdhamiti| evaṃ kleśānāmanigṛhītavataścittamuddhataṃ bhavati| auddhatyādindriyāṇāmasamādadhānasya śīlaṃ vipadyate| śīlavipattyā smṛtirmuṣitā bhavati| asamprajanye viharataścittaṃ vikṣipyate| ayoniśomanaskāraśca jāyate| jātāyoniśomanaskāratvāt durmārge carati| durmārge caran nārthaṃ pratilabhate| ataścittaṃ mugdhamatilīnaṃ bhavati| cittasya mohāt na trīṇi saṃyojanāni samucchedayati| asamucchinnatrisaṃyojanatvānna rāgādikleśān prajahati| tato vyādhyādayaḥ sarvā vipattayaśca bhavanti| eṣāṃ viruddhāḥ śukladharmāḥ|

śokaḥ samādherapakṣālaḥ| tasmin varṣe māse ayane samādhimamukaṃ nālabha iti cintayato yoginaḥ śoko jāyate|

prītyāsvādane'bhiniveśo'pi samādhyapakṣālaḥ| anabhiratiśca samādherapakṣālaḥ| pratirūpadeśakalyāṇamitrādipratyayān labdhvā'pi na cittamabhiramate|

kāmādīni nīvaraṇāni samādherapakṣālā bhavanti| saṃkṣipya yāvaccīvarapiṇḍapātādayo dharmāḥ kuśalamūlāpakarṣaḥ akuśalamūlaprakarṣaśca sarvāṇi samādherapakṣālāni bhavanti| iti buddhvā yatnena tānyapanetuṃ paryeṣeta||

samādhyapakṣālavargaḥ ṣaḍaśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

187 śamathavipaśyanāvargaḥ

(pṛ) bhagavān tatra tatra sūtre bhikṣūnāmantryāha-[iha bhikṣuḥ] araṇyagato vāyatanagato vā vṛkṣamūlagato vā śūnyāgāragato vā manasi kuryāt dvau dharmau yaduta śamatho vipaśyanāca iti| yadi sarve dhyānasamadhyādidharmā manasi kartavyāḥ| kasmāt śamathavipaśyanāmātramāha| (u) śamatho nāma samādhiḥ| vipaśyanā prajñā| sarve ca kuśaladharmā bhāvanājātā iti dvāvimau parigṛhītau| vikṣiptacittagatāḥ śrutacintāmayādiprajñā apyatra saṅgṛhītāḥ| ābhyāṃ dvābhyāmeva mārgadharmaṃ karoti| kasmāt| śamatho hi saṃyojanā vyāvartayati| vipaśyanā samucchedayati|

śamathastṛṇagrahopamaḥ vipaśyanā asinā tallavanopamā| śamatho bhūmimārjanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā gomayavikīrṇanopamā| śamatho rajomārjanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā jalena kṣālanopamā| śamatho jale nimajjanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā agnāvuttāpanopamā| śamatho gaṇḍopamaḥ| vipaśyanā śastracikitsopamā| śamathaḥ sirodgamopamaḥ| vipaśyanā raktapāṭanopamā| śamathaścittadamanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā atilīnacittavyutthānopamā| śamathaḥ suvarṇasya culukīkaraṇopamaḥ| vipaśyanā adhidhamanopamā| śamathaḥ sūtrapātopamaḥ| vipaśyanā bhūmisamīkaraṇopamā| śamathaḥ sandaśinyā sandaṃśopamaḥ| vipaśyanā śastreṇa kṛntanopamā| śamathaḥ kavacopamaḥ| vipaśyanā bhaṭānāṃ śastrādānopamā| śamathaḥ samīkriyopamāḥ| vipaśyanā śaṅkuvedhopamā| śamatho medaḥsevanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā auṣadhapradānopamā| śamathaḥ suvarṇakuṭṭanopamaḥ| vipaśyanā bhājanakaraṇopamā|

laukikāḥ sattvāḥ sarve sukhaṃ duḥkhaṃ vā iti dvayorantayoḥ patitāḥ| śamathaḥ sukhaṃ tyajati| vipaśyanā dukhaṃ pariharati| kiñca saptasu viśuddhiṣu śīlaviśuddhiścittaviśuddhiśca śamathaḥ| anyāḥ pañca vipaśyanā| aṣṭamahāpuruṣavitarkeṣu ṣaḍvitarkāḥ śamathaḥ| dvau vipaśyanā| caturṣu smṛtyupasthāneṣu trīṇi śamathaḥ| caturthaṃ vipaśyanā| catvāri ṛddhipādāni śamathaḥ| catvāri samyakpradhānāni vipaśyanā| pañcasu indriyeṣu catvārīndriyāṇi śamathaḥ| prajñendriyaṃ vipaśyanā| evaṃ balamapi| saptasu bodhyaṅgeṣu trīṇi bodhyaṅgāni śamathaḥ| trīṇi bodhyaṅgāni vipaśyanā| smṛtistu ubhayagā| aṣṭasu mārgāṅgeṣu trīṇyaṅgāni śīlam| dve aṅge śamathaḥ| trīṇyaṅgāni vipaśyanā| śīlamapi śamathānubandhi| śamatho rāgaṃ samucchedayati| vipaśyanā avidyāmapanayati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-śamatho bhāvitaścittaṃ bhāvayati| cittaṃ bhāvitaṃ rāgaṃ prajahāti| vipaśyanā bhāvitā prajñāṃ bhāvayati| prajñā bhāvitā avidyāṃ prajahāti iti| kāmaviyuktatvāt cittaṃ vimucyate| avidyāviyuktatvāt prajñā vimucyate| tadubhayavimukti lābhino na punaḥ kiñcidavaśiṣyate| ato dvayamātramuktam|

(pṛ) yadi śamatho vipaśyanā cittaṃ bhāvayati prajñāṃ bhāvayati| cittaprajñābhāvitvāt rāgamavidyāñca prajahāti| kasmānniyama ucyate| śamathaścittaṃ bhāvayan rāgaṃ prajahāti| vipaśyanā prajñāṃ bhāvayantī avidyāṃ prajahātīti| (u) vikṣiptacittakasya cittasantānāni rūpādiṣu samudācaranti| santanyamānamidaṃ cittaṃ śamathaṃ labhate| tacchamanāducyate śamathaścittaṃ bhāvayatīti| śamitāccittājjāyate prajñā| ata ucyate vipaśyanā prajñāṃ bhāvayatīti| utpannavipaśyanasyordhvaṃ yatkiñcidbhāvitaṃ sarvaṃ bhāvitā prajñetyucyate| ādyā prajñā vipaśyanā paścāprajñetyucyate|

yathoktaṃ sūtre-śamatho bhāvito rāgaṃ prajahātīti| idaṃ vidhnībhūtaprahāṇaṃ bhavati| kena tat jñāyate| rūpādiṣu bāhyakāmeṣu rāgo jāyate| śamathauṣadhaṃ labdhavato na punarjāyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogī nirāmiṣāṃ prītiṃ labhamānaḥ sāmiṣāṃ prītiṃ jahāti iti| yaduktamavidyāprahāṇamiti, tadātyantikaprahāṇam| kena tat jñāyate| avidyāprahāṇāddhi rāgādayaḥ kleśāḥ prahīyante nirudhyante nāvaśiṣyante| sūtre'pyuktam-rāgavirāgāt cetovimuktiḥ| idaṃ vighnībhūtaprahāṇaṃ bhavati| avidyāvirāgāt prajñāvimuktiḥ| idamātyantikaprahāṇam| iti| asti ca dvidhā vimuktiḥ sāmayikavimuktiḥ akopyavimuktiriti| sāmayikavimuktirvighnībhūtaprahāṇam| akopyavimuktirātyantikaprahāṇam|

(pṛ) sāmayikī vimuktiḥ pañcavidhānāmarhatāmanāsravā vimuktiḥ| akopyā vimuktiścākopyadharmaṇo'rhato'nāsravā vimuktiḥ| kasmādvidhnībhūtaprahāṇamātramucyate| (u) neyamanāsravā vimuktiḥ| kasmāt| samayavimukto hi yat adhikabalena kañcitkālaṃ saṃyojanāni vighnayati nātyantaṃ prajahāti| paścātpunaḥ [saṃyojanāni]prādurbhavanti| ato nānāsravā[sā] bhavati| vimuktiriyaṃ sāmayikatṛṣṇāvimuktiḥ| kṣīṇāsravasyārhato nāsti kiñcidiṣyamāṇam| (pṛ) tathā ced nāryasyeṣyamāṇaṃ śīlam| (u) śaikṣāṇāmakṣīṇāsravatvāt ātmamatiḥ kadācitprādurbhavati| ataḥ śīle jāyata iṣṭam| nārhato'tyantaprahīṇātmamateḥ|

(pṛ) godhiko'rhan ṣaḍvāraṃ sāmayikavimukteḥ parihiṇaḥ| saptamaparihāṇabhayādasinātmānaṃ jaghāna| yadi sa āsravān vināśitavān, nātmānaṃ hanyāt| ato jñāyate samayavimukto nānāsrava ityucyate| (u) ayaṃ spṛṣṭāt saṃyojanaprahāṇātsamādheḥ parihīṇaḥ| asmātsamādheḥ ṣaṭkṛtva parihīṇaḥ| saptamavāraṃ spṛṣṭvā samādhimimaṃ ātmānaṃ hantumaicchat| tasmin samaye saṃkalpito'rhanmārgamaspṛśat| ato māraḥ śaikṣo vivṛttakāyaskandhaṃ mṛta iti ācaturdigantaṃ tadvijñāpanāya yena bhagavān tenopasaṃkramya bhagavantametadavocat|

śrāvakaste [mahāvīra maraṇaṃ maraṇābhibhūḥ|]
akāṃkṣate cetayate [tanniṣedha dyutendriya]|

atha khalu bhagavān [māra iti viditvā ta] mavocat|
[evaṃ hi dhīrāḥ kurvanti nākāṃkṣante [ca] jīvitam|]
samūlāṃ tṛṣṇāmṛdgṛhya godhikaḥ parinirvṛtaḥ|| iti|

(pṛ) yaḥ kṣīṇarāgaḥ sa vighnībhūtaprahāṇakaḥ| sūtra uktaṃ-rāgāccetovimuktiḥ| dveṣamohābhyāṃ prajñāvimuktiriti| kiñcāha-nandirāgaprahāṇācceto vimuktiriti| āha-kāmāsravāccittaṃ vimucyata iti| evaṃ vighnībhūtavimuktiḥ syāt na pāramārthikavimuktiḥ| (u) atrāpyuktam-avidyā prahīyata iti| ato jñāyata iyamātyantikavimuktiriti| yadi mataṃ rāgaprahāṇaṃ kadācidvidhnībhūtaprahāṇaṃ, kadācidātyantikaprahāṇamiti| anutpannatattvajñānasyedaṃ vidhnībhūtaprahāṇam| tattvajñānānusāriṇa atyantikaprahāṇam| nāsti tu kaścit [kevalaṃ] śamathaṃ spṛṣṭvā rāgamātyantikaṃ prajahātīti| tathā cet tīrthikā api rāgamātyantikaṃ prajahyuḥ| vastutastu na tathā| ato jñāyata idaṃ vighnībhūtaprahāṇamātramiti|

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-śamathena cittaṃ bhāvayati| vipaśyanāmupādāya vimuktiṃ spṛśati| vipaśyanayā cittaṃ bhāvayati| śamathamupādāya vimuktiṃ spṛśatīti| tat katham| (u) yogīyadi samādhiṃ pratītya kṣayamālambya prajñāmutpādayati| tadocyate śamathena cittaṃ bhāvayati| vipaśyanāmupādāya vimuktiṃ spṛśatīti| yadi vikṣiptacittena skandhadhātvāyatanādīni vikalpayati| tatpratītya kṣayamālambya śamathaṃ spṛśati| tadocyate vipaśyanayā cittaṃ bhāvayati| śamathamupādāya vimuktiṃ spṛśatīti| yadi smṛtyupasthānādīni nirvedhabhāgīyāni spṛṣṭvā cittaṃ parigṛhṇāti| tadā śabhathaṃ vipaśyanāṃ yuganaddhaṃ bhāvayatīti| sarve ca yogino dvāvimau dharmau niśritya cittaṃ nirudhya vimuktiṃ spṛśanti||

śamathavipaśyanāvargaḥ saptāśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

188 samādhibhāvanāvargaḥ

(pṛ) bhavānavocat-samādhiṃ bhāvayediti| samādhicittamidaṃ pratiṇakṣamutpannavināśi| tat kathaṃ bhāvayitavyaṃ bhavati| (u) pratyakṣaṃ paśyāmaḥ khalu kāyikaṃ karma pratikṣaṇavināśyapi bhāvanāvaśādvibhinnakauśalaṃ bhavati| bhāvanāvaśāt ciraṃ punaḥ punaḥ pravartyamānaṃ sat sukaraṃ bhavati| tathā vācikaṃ karmāpi| anuvihitāvṛtti āvṛttyā ca praguṇīkṛtaṃ dṛḍhībhūtañca susmaraṇaṃ bhavati yathādhyayanādi| mānasaṃ karma ca kṣaṇikamapi bhāvayitavyamiti jñātavyam| yathāgnirjanyaṃ vikārayati| āpaḥ śilā bhedayanti| vāyuḥ padārthān vidhamati| evaṃ kṣaṇikadharmāṇāṃ sarveṣāṃ saṃhatānāṃ balamasti| kleśā yathāvāsanamanuvardhante| yathā kaścit punaḥ punarmaithunacittaṃ bhāvayan bahūn kāmānabhinirvartayati| tathā dveṣamohāvapi| yathoktaṃ sūtre- yo yadvastucittaṃ manasi karoti sa tatra pratipannaḥ| tadyathā sadā kāmavitarkacittamanusaran kāmāya pratipadyate| evamanyau dvau vitarkāvapi| iti| ato jñāyate cittamidaṃ kṣaṇikamapi bhāvayitavyaṃ bhavatīti|

bhāvanā nāmopacayaḥ| dṛśyante dṛṣṭe sarve dharmāḥ sopacayāḥ| yathoktaṃsūtre-yogī khalu ayoniśo manasikārāt kāmādīnāsravānanutpannānutpādayati| utpannān vivardhayati| yadavarānmadhyamutpādayati| madhyāduttamamutpādayati| tadyathā bījādaṅkuramaṅkurātkāṇḍaṃ kāṇḍānnāḻaṃ nāḻāt patraṃ patrātpuṣpaṃ puṣpātphalamiti pratyakṣato hetuto'nupūrvaṃ vivardhate| samādhisamprajanyādidharmā apyevameva syuḥ| pratyakṣato dṛṣṭaṃ khalu vāsitatilasya gandhaḥ saṃṅgkrātyā vardhata iti| ayaṃ gandhastilañca pratikṣaṇamavidyamānaṃ, tathāpi tadvāsanābalamasti| ato jñāyate kṣaṇikā dharmā api bhāvayitavyā iti|

(pṛ) tilaṃ vartamānadharmaḥ| vāsito gandha āgantukaḥ| avidyamānaṃ cittaṃ kṣaṇikajñānenāgatya bhāvyate| kathaṃ dṛṣṭānto bhavet| (u) nāsti kaścidvidyamānadharmaḥ sarve ca dharmāḥ kṣaṇikā iti pūrvameva sādhitam| ato nāsti dūṣaṇama| yadi dharmā akṣaṇikāḥ, na bhāvayitavyāḥ| svarūpata eva sadāsthitasya bhāvanayā ka upakāraḥ| yadi dharmaḥ pratikṣaṇavināśi, [tadā] avarānmadhyaṃ madhyāduttamamiti dharmasya bhāvanā bhavet| (pṛ) kusumāni tilaṃ prāpya vāsayanti| jñānantu na cittamāpnoti| ato nāsti bhāvanā| (u) pūrvakarmadṛṣṭānte pratipāditamidam| yaduttarabhāvikarma na pūrvabhāvikarma prāpnoti| purvavacanaṃ nottarabhāvivacanamapekṣate| tathāpi kāyikavācikakarmaṇorasti ca bhāvanālakṣaṇam| ato'prāptaṃ na bhāvyata iti tava vacanaṃ na dūṣaṇāya bhavati| pratyakṣato dṛśyate ca hetuphalayorayaugapadye'pi bhavatyeva hetoḥ phalaṃ bhavatīti| evaṃ cittadharmasya kṣaṇikatve'pi bhāvanā'styeva| yathā ca bījaṃ salilasiktamaṅkurādīnaprāpyāpi aṅkurādīnaṅkurayati| evaṃ prajñā pūrvacitaṃ bhāvayati tadurdhvacittamupacitaṃ bhavati|

(pṛ) yadi kṣaṇikāttilāt tilāntaraṃ jāyate| kimidaṃ tilaṃ vāsitaṃ jāyate, avāsitaṃ vā| yadyavāsitaṃ jāyate, naiva bhavedvāsanāvat| yadi vāsitaṃ jāyate| punaḥ ka upayogaściravāsana [kriya]yā| (u) vāsanāhetutvāt| yathā bijātsalilasiktādaṅkuro'ṅkurayate| evaṃ pūrvakusumayogaṃ pratītya tilāntaraṃ jāyate| idaṃ tu vāsitaṃ jāyate| bhavānavocat -ka upayogaścirakālavāsanayeti| yathā bhavatāṃ sūtra uktaṃ-agnisaṃyogādaṇuṣu kṛṣṇavarṇe niruddhe raktavarṇaṃ jāyata iti| yadyādāvagnisaṃyuktadharmasya kṛṣṇavarṇaṃ nirudhyata iti| na syātpunaḥ kṛṣṇavarṇasyotpattiḥ| yadyādāvagnisaṃyuktadharmasya raktavarṇamutpadyata iti punaḥ paścādagnisaṃyuktadharmaḥ kimartham| yadyādāvagnisaṃyogakāle kṛṣṇavarṇamutpadyate| raktavarṇaṃ naivotpadyeta| yadi dvitīyakṣaṇe raktavarṇaṃ jāyate| punaraścirakālāgnisaṃyogaḥ kimartham| yadi bhavatāmabhisandhiḥ raktavarṇaṃ kramaśo jāyata iti| cittamapyevamiti ko doṣaḥ| tathā vipariṇāmādirapi|

sarve dharmā sahetusapratyayā api kramaśo jāyante| yathā garbhādhānādikrameṇa śarīramabhinirvartyate| evaṃ prajñāsamādhyādayo dharmāḥ kṣaṇikā api avaramadhyottamadharmakrameṇa jāyante| bhāvanādharmaḥ sūkṣmo'pi cittasantatimanyathayati| yathā pakṣacchadasyoṣmaṇi mṛdunyapi aṇḍaṃ kramaśo vikriyate| pāṇitalamāṃsamardanāt vāśījaṭā sūkṣmaśaḥ kṣīyate| evaṃ cittamapi| samāhitaprajñā sūkṣmetyataḥ kramaśo bhāvyate| dharmaṃ bhāvayan prāptikāle tāvat jānāti|

yathoktaṃ gāthāyām-
ācāryātsarvamādatte, sarva[tat] mi(mai?)trahetukam|
ātmacetanayā sarva, sarva pāke kālamapekṣate|| iti|

kaścidajasramadhīyāno'pi na pratyeti paripavkakālika iva| yathā bahubhiḥ puṣpairekasmin samaye tilaṃ vāsayati na yathā puṣpālpāni kramaśaściraṃ vāsayanti| medasā paripuṣṭiḥ jale [naukā] nimajjanaṃ bhittinirmāṇaṃ ityādirapi tathā| pratyakṣaṃ khalu [naḥ] bījāṅkurādīnāmupacayo'tisūkṣmaḥ, naiva draṣṭuṃ śakyate| teṣāṃ dainandina upacayaḥ kleśānāṃ gaṇanā| bālakādīnāṃ śarīraṃ stanyapānādinā paripacyata itīdamapi tathā syāt| ato jñāyate dharmabhāvanā sūkṣmā praṇītā duravabodhā ceti|

(pṛ) kadāciddharmo yugapadupacīyate| kaścitpūrvaṃ rūpamadṛṣṭvā'pi taddarśanamātreṇa tatrābhiniviśate| kaścidalpakāle'pi bahu pratisaṃvedī bhavati| kasmāducyate kramikaiva bhāvaneti| (u) sarvasyātītabhāvitvāt| ato jñāyata upacitā bhāvanā kramiketi| idaṃ pratipāditameva| na cittotpādamātreṇa yatkiñcitsādhayati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yaḥ kuśaladharmeṣu na bhāvanāyogamanuyuktaḥ kuśaladharmānanupādāya kevalaṃ praṇidadhāti āsravebhyaścittavimokam| naivāsya cintitaṃ praṇidhānādbhavati| kuśaladharmeṣu bhāvanāyogānanuyuktatvāt iti|

yogī yadi kuśaladharmeṣu bhāvanāyogamanuyukto bhavati| akṛtapraṇidhānasyāpi [tasya] āsravebhyaścittaṃ vimucyate| hetorhi phalaṃ jāyate na praṇidhānāt| tadyathā pakṣiṇāmaṇḍasaṃsparśa āvaśyakaḥ| na praṇidhānāt janturaṇḍānnirgacchati| na ca praṇidhānātpradīpaprakāśaḥ pariśuddho bhavati| kintu pariśuddhatailaṃ pariśuddhavartikāñcobhayamapekṣya [anya] vastusaṃsparśacāñcalyarāhitye ca tatprakāśaḥ pariśuddho bhavati| kiñca na praṇidhānamātreṇa dhānyaṃ labhyate| kintu avaśyaṃ sūkṣetrasadbījartuvṛttisamīkriyākṛṣikarmaṇāṃ sākalye tatpratilābho bhavati| nāpi ca praṇidhānamātrāt deho rūpaṃ balañca labhate| avaśyaṃ vastrauṣadhāhārapoṣaṇādipratyayena tu paripūrṇo bhavati| evaṃ na praṇidhānamātrādāsravāṇāṃ kṣayo bhavati| avaśyaṃ tatvajñānamapekṣya vimucyate| ko jñānī hetoḥ phalaṃ jāyata iti prajānan taddhetumupekṣya anyasmātphalamākāṃkṣeta|

dharma bhāvayan dṛṣṭa eva phalavipākaṃ paśyati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-tiṣṭhantu saptadināni mayā śāsitāḥ śrāvakā muhūrtaṃ tāvatkuśaladharmaṃ bhāvayanto'pramāṇavarṣeṣu nityaṃ sukhāṃ vedanāṃ spṛśanti iti| bhikṣuṇyo bhadantamānandamavocan-vayaṃ smṛtyupasthāneṣu supratiṣṭhitacittā viharantyaḥ pūrveṇāparaṃ viśeṣaṃ samprajānīma iti| sūtre ca bhagavān bhikṣūnāmantryāha- aśaṭhasya māmupasaṅkramato yanmayā prātarupadiṣṭo dharmaḥ tadartha sāyaṃ vindate| yat sāyamupadiṣṭo dharmaḥ prātastaddhitaṃ vindata iti| yaccārhanmārgaṃ spṛśati na tat parapudgalaḥ prayacchati| nānanyapudgalaḥ| kevalaṃ samyagghetubhāvanātastaddhitamāpnoti| anuttaraṃ buddhamārga eva nanu kuśaladharmasyopacitabhāvanayā spṛśati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-bhagavān bhikṣūnāmantryāha-dvau dharmau niśrityāhamanuttaraṃ mārgaṃ samāpannaḥ yat śubhābhiratāvanirvedo mārgabhāvanāyāmaklāntiśca iti| bhagavataḥ kuśaladharmāṇāṃ nāsti sīmā|

bodhisattvāḥ samādhimaspṛśanto'pi na kusīdā bhavanti| kasmāt| kuśale'kṛte na kiñcilabhyate| kuśale kṛte'pi nākāre parivṛttiḥ| kuśalamakurvato naiva kṣaimaṃ bhavati| idaṃ cintayitvā vīryamārabhamāṇaḥ kuśaladharmaṃ bhāvayet| vīryamārabhamāṇasya lābho vā bhavati hānirvā| akṛtavīryasya naivāsti pratyāśā| ato bhāvanāmārabheta mā parikhedo bhūditi| prājñaḥ paryavasāne'vaśyaṃ mucyate| bhāvanāvinirmuktasya na punarastyupāyaḥ| ataḥ prājñena bhāvanārabdhavyā, mā parikhedo janayitavyaḥ| yogī sucaritacaryāyā asti phalavipāka ityanusmṛtya alabhamāno'pi na viṣādaṃ karoti| kiñca yogī manasi kuryāt-mayā bhāvanāyāḥ phalavipāko'nuprāpta eva| pūrvāgataiḥ sattvaiḥ sarveṣāṃ dhyānasamādhīnāṃ [phalavipākasya] anuprāptatvāt| mamedānīṃ samyagbhāvanā'pi phalavipākamanuprāpsyatīti| ato na parikhidyāt|

sucaritaśālini tathāgataḥ pratyakṣaṃ karoti| ahamidānīṃ samyagācarāmītyato jñānamavaśyamanuprāpsyate| ahaṃ mārgasamāpattipratyayasampannaḥ yat manuṣyadehaprāptiravikalendriyatā puṇyapāpavijñātṛtā vimuktāvapi cādhimuktatā abhyāgatasambuddhitā ityetaiḥ pratyayaiḥ samanvitaḥ kathaṃ na bhāvanāphalavipākamanuprāpsye| vīryasamācaraṇamamoghameva| ato na parikhidyate| kleśānāṃ prahāṇamatisūkṣmaṃ dūravabodhaṃ vāśījaṭāyāṃ kramaśaḥ kṣayavat| mama kleśānāmapi bhavetprahāṇam| saukṣmyātparaṃ na sambudhyate| ato jñāyate kuśalaṃ bhāvayituṃ vīryamuttamaṃ bhavatīti| alpīyasī prajñā'pi kleśān vināśayati yathā alpīyān prakāśo'ndhakāramapanayati| evamalpīyasīṃ prajñāṃ labhamānaḥ kṛtakṛtyo bhavati| ato na parikhidyate| dīrghakāye'pi dussādhanā yat samādhisamāpattiḥ| yadi samādhiṃ samāpadyate| tadā'nye guṇā acireṇa bhavanti| ataḥ kṣipramalabhamāno'pi na parikhidyate|

yogī samanucintayet samādhisamāpattiratikṛcchrā yathā purā bodhisattvaḥ puṇyena prajñayā ca ghaniṣṭhaḥ ṣaṭvarṣāṇi vyavasyan ante'nuprāptaḥ| anyeṣāṃ bhikṣūṇāṃ samādhisamāpattirapi kṛcchrā, kiṃ punarmama pṛthagjanasya mandendriyasya vegenānuprāptiriti| evamanucintya na parikhidyeta| yogibhiravaśyaṃ kartavyaṃ yat samādhibhāvanā, nāsti punaḥ karmāntaram| ato'nanuprāptasyānuprāptaye bhāvayitavyam| bhāvayitā samādhimasamāpanno'pi kāyapravivekalābhī bhavati| praviviktakāyasya samādhiḥ sulabho bhavati| samādhibhāvanāmārabhamāṇo bhagavadanugrahasyānṛṇo bhavati| pravivekacāritvāt yogāvacara ityākhyāmapi vindate| dīrghakālaṃ kuśalaṃ bhāvayataḥ kuśalasvabhāvaḥ sidhyati| yāvatkāyapravṛtti kuśalameva sadā'nupatati| ataḥ sujanaiḥ saṅgaccheta| idaṃ mahate'rthāya bhavati| sadā kuśalasya bhāvayitā dṛṣṭa eva kāyena āsravāṇāṃ kṣayaṃ spṛśet| yadi vā maraṇakāle spṛśet yadi vā āyuṣo'nte susthāna upapadya tadantarā spṛśet| iti yathādharmaśravaṇānuśaṃsa uktam|

yogī adhyātmaṃ cittaṃ vīralakṣaṇaṃ puraskṛtyaivaṃ cintayati ahaṃ kleśāvaraṇamaparyādāya na kadācidvṛthā pratinivarta iti| kiñca yogī mānacittamāśrityaivaṃ cintayati-śraddhādīni kuśalendriyāṇi santīti anye samādhiṃ pratipadyante| mamāpīdānīṃ santi| kimarthaṃ na samāpadya iti| yathā purā bodhisattvaḥ arāḍādibhyo munibhyo dharmaṃ śrutvaivamacintayat ime śraddhādikuśalendriyatvāt dharmamanuprāpnuvan| samāpīdānīṃ santi kasmānnānuprāpsyāmīti| yogī prajānāti-kleśā durbalāḥ prajñā balavatī| tatprahāṇaṃ kimiti duṣkaramiti| yathoktaṃ-bhikṣuḥ ṣaḍbhirdharmaiḥ samanvāgato mukhamārutena himavantaṃ [parvatarājamapi] pradalayet| kaḥ punarvādo avidyāmiti|

kiñca yogī cintayati-ahaṃ pūrvādhvani na samādhiṃ bhāvitavān| ata idānīṃ nānuprāpnomi| idānīṃ na prayate paścātpunarnānuprāpsyāmīti| ato bhāvanāmārabhate| sadā samādhibhāvitvāt cittamekatra pratitiṣṭhati| yathā ghaṭasya pravartanamanuparatamavaśyamekatra pratitiṣṭhati| api ca yogī cintayati-yadyahaṃ sadā vīryamārabhe yadi cānanuprāptamanuprāpnomi| tadordhvaṃmavaśyaṃ na vipratisariṣyāmīti| ataścittaikāgryeṇa samādhīn bhāvayitumārabheta||

samādhibhāvanāvargo'ṣṭhāśītyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

189 mārgasatyaskandhe jñānādhikāre
jñānalakṣaṇavargaḥ

tattvasya prajñā jñānamityākhyāyate| tattvaṃ yat śūnyānātmatā| tasya prajñā tattvajñānaṃ bhavati| prajñāptau prajñeti saṃjñā na tu jñānam| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi sūtre-yathā'siḥ parikṛntati| āryaśrāvakāḥ prajñāsinā saṃyojanānubaddhān anuśayaparyavanaddhān sarvān kleśān samucchedayati| nānyadharmeṇeti vadanti| nātattva[jñāne] na kleśān samucchedayati iti| ato jñāyate prajñaiva tattva[jñāna]miti|

(pṛ) yat bhavānāha-prajñaiva kleśān samucchedayatīti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| saṃjñayāpi hi kleśān samucchedayati| yathoktaṃ sūtra-anityasaṃjñā bhāvitā [bahulīkṛtā] sarvaṃ kāmarāgaṃ paryādāti| [sarvaṃ] rūparāgaṃ [sarva] bhavarāgaṃ [sarva]masmimānaṃ [sarvā]mavidyāñca paryādāti| iti| (u) maivam| prajñayā yaḥ kleśānāṃ samucchedaḥ [sa eva] saṃjñayetyucyate| asti bhagavato dvividhaṃ vacanaṃ-paramārthavacanaṃ saṃjñāvacanamiti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-maitrī vyāpādaṃ samucchedayatīti| ayaṃ maitrīdharmaḥ paramārthato na saṃyojanaṃ samucchedayati| jñānamātraṃ samucchedayati| yathoktaṃ-jñānāsiḥ sarvān kleśān samucchedayati iti| ato jñāyate maitrī saṃyojanaṃ samucchedayatīti saṃjñāvacanam| kiñcoktaṃ prajñārthasūtre-vimuktiṃ prajānātīti prajñā| kiṃ vastu vimuktiriti prajānāti| yat anityaṃ rūpaṃ anityamiti yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti| anityā vedanā, saṃjñā, saṃskārā, vijñānamanityamiti yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti| iyaṃ prajñaiveti| kiñcāha-āryaśrāvakāḥ samāhitā yathābhūtaṃ prajānantīti| ato jñāyate paramārtha eva prajñeti| prajñādṛṣṭānte coktam-jñānamasiḥ prajñā iṣurityādi| dṛṣṭānto'yaṃ sarvakleśaprahāṇamupadarśayati| tattvajñānameva kleśān samucchedayatītyataḥ prajñaiva tattva[jñāna]miti jñāyate| uktañca gāthāyām-

yogī paśyati vai loke sarve devāśca mānuṣāḥ|
tattvajñānaparibhraṣṭā nāmarūpe'bhiniviṣṭāḥ|| iti|

laukikā bhūyasā tucchakaṃ nityaṃ sukhaṃ subhamityādi dṛṣṭvā tattvajñānādbhaṣṭā bhavanti| yaḥ paramārthataḥ śūnyamanātma ityādi paśyati, sa tattvajñānī bhavati| ato jñāyate prajñaiva tattva[jñāna]m iti|

āha ca bhagavān sūtre-yasya dhanaṃ vinaṣṭhaṃ, tasyālpīyān lābho vinaṣṭaḥ| yasya prajñā vinaṣṭā, tasya mahīyān lābho vinaṣṭa iti| kiñcāha-lābheṣu dhanamalpīyān lābhaḥ| prajñā tūttamo lābha iti| āhaca-pradyotānāṃ candrasūryapradyota alpīyān prajñāpradyoto'gra iti| yadi prajñā na tattva[jñānaṃ], kasmādevaṃ vadet| uktañca sūtre-prajñendriyamāryasatyasaṅgṛhītamiti| āha ca-duḥkhasamudayajñānādiḥ tattva[jñāna]miti prajānīyāt| paramārthasatyālambaneyaṃ prajñā iti| āha ca-[bodhipakṣika] dharmeṣu prajñā agrā iti| kiñcāha-anuttarā samyuaksambodhiḥ prajñendriyamityabhidhīyate iti| ataḥ sā tattvamiti| bhagavato daśa balāni jñānamayāni| ato jñāyate prajñā vastutaḥ paramārthālambanā bhavatīti| (pṛ) tathā sati prajñā alaukikī bhavet| (u) vastuto'laukikī prajñā| kenedaṃ jñāyate| laukikaṃ cittaṃ prajñaptimavalambate| lokottaraṃ cittaṃ nairātmyaśūnyatāmavalambate| kasmāt| prajñaptirhi loka eva| prajñapteratikrāntaṃ lokottaram|

(pṛ) bhavaduktaṃ na yujyate| kasmāt| uktaṃ hi sūtre-kiṃ vijānāti vijñānam| yaduta rūpaśabdagandharasasparśān vijānāti| yathā skandhadhātvāyatanādīni vijñānena vijānāti| idaṃ vijñānaṃ lokottaraṃ bhavet| iti| ato laukikaṃ cittaṃ prajñaptimātramālambate na tattvamiti bhavadvacanamayuktam| manovijñānamapi tattvālambanam| vedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskārādyālambitvāt| kiñcāha bhagavān-dve samyak dṛṣṭī laukikī lokottareti| puṇyapāpādyastitva [samyak dṛṣṭi]laukikī yadāryaśrāvakāṇāṃ duḥkhasamudayanirodhamārgānālambya anāsravasmṛtyā samprayuktā prajñā lokottarā| uktañca gāthāyām-

laukikottamadṛṣṭīko yātāyāto'pi saṃsṛtau|
adhvanāṃ śatasāhasraṃ na yāvaddurgatau gataḥ|| iti|

uktañca sūtre-mithyācāriṇaḥ susthāne janma bhavati| astya pāpakarmaṇo'nabhinirvṛttau kuśalapratyayaḥ pūrvaṃ vipacyate| kadācinmaraṇakāle samupasthite samyak dṛṣṭisamprayuktaṃ kuśalacittamabhimukhībhavati| ataḥ susthāne jāyate| iti| daśasu kuśala[karma]patheṣvapi samyagdṛṣṭiruktā| kathaṃ bhavānāha lokottaraṃ jñānamiti| āha ca bhagavān-trividhā prajñā śrutamayī prajñā, cintāmayī prajñā, bhāvanāmayī prajñā| śrutamayī prajñā cintāmayī prajñā laukikī| bhāvanāmayī ubhayavidhā iti| kiñca bhagavān [ānāpāna] smṛtiṃ janayāmāsa| rāhulo bhikṣurapariniṣpannāṃ vimuktiprajñāmanuprāpa| āha ca pañcadharmā aparipavkaṃ vimukticittaṃ vipācayanti iti| eṣā sarvā laukikī prajñaiva| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-kecidabhiniṣkramaṇakuśalāḥ, na vipaśyanākuśalāḥ| kecidvipaśyanākuśalāḥ na santaraṇakuśalā iti| laukika jñānalābhitayā abhiniṣkramaṇakuśala ityucyate| catussatyādarśitayā na vipaśyanākuśalaḥ| catussatyāni paśyannapi āsravakṣayālābhitayā na santaraṇakuśalaḥ| bhagavān svayamāha-dharmajñānamanvayajñāna paracittajñānañca laukikaṃ jñānamiti| kiñcāha-pūrvanivāsajñānaṃ cyutyupapattijñānaṃ sāsravamiti| api cāha-dharmāṇāṃ sthitijñānaṃ nirvāṇajñānaṃ bhavati| ityādisūtreṣūktatvāt jñātavyaṃ asti sāsravaṃ jñānamiti|

atra pratibrūmaḥ| yadyasti sāsravā prajñā| idānīṃ vaktavyaṃ sāsravānāsravayoḥ pravibhaktaṃ lakṣaṇam| (pṛ) yo dharmo bhave pātakaḥ sa sāsravaḥ| tadanyo'nāsravaḥ| (u) ko dharmo bhave pātakaḥ| ko vā na bhave pātakaḥ| idaṃ prativaktavyam| apratibrūvāṇasya nāsti sāsravānāsravayorlakṣaṇam| yadbhavatoktam-asti laukikaṃ cittamaprajñaptyavalambanaṃ yadviṣayādīnāṃ vijñānamiti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| āha khalu bhagavān-pṛthagjanāḥ satataṃ prajñaptimanudhāvantīti| asyārthaḥ| sarvapṛthagjanacittaṃ prajñaptiṃ na paryādātītyataḥ sadā asmitālakṣaṇamanudhāvati| naiva tato visaṃyujyate| rūpaṃ paśyato'pi na ghaṭādilakṣaṇādvisaṃyujyate iti| ataḥ pṛthagjana cittaṃ na tattvārthamavalambate| vedanāsaṃjñādīn dharmānavalambamāno'pi ahaṃ mameti paśyati| ato jñāyate sarvaṃ laukikaṃ cittaṃ prajñaptimavalambata iti|

yaduktaṃ bhavatā-laukikī prajñā yaduta dvidhā samyagdṛṣṭirityādi iti| tatredaṃ prativaktavyam-asti cittadvaividhyaṃ mohacittaṃ jñānacittamiti| prajñaptidharmāvalambanaṃ cittaṃ mohacittam| yat śūnyā nātmarūpadharmamātrāvalambanaṃ cittaṃ jñānacittam| yathoktamavidyāvibhaṅgasūtre-avidyā katamā| yat pūrvānte'jñānamaparānte'jñānaṃ pūrvāntāparāntājñānaṃ karmaṇyajñānaṃ karmavipāke'jñānaṃ pūrvāparakarmavipākājñānaṃ ityādi tatra tatra yathābhūtasyājñānamadarśanamanabhisamayaḥ tamaḥ saṃmohaḥ [avidyā]ndhakāraḥ iyamucyate'vidyā iti| yathābhūtasyā jñānamiti yat śūnyānātmā jñānam| idaṃ pṛthagjanacittaṃ sadā prajñaptigataṃ sat prajñaptimavalambate| ato'vidyetyākhyāyate| śūnyālambanaṃ jñānam| idānīṃ yadi sarvaṃ laukikaṃ jñānaṃ prajñaptimavalambate| prajñaptyālambanaṃ cittamavidyā bhavati| kathamucyate asti laukikī prajñā iti|

(pṛ) bhavatoktavat prajñaptyālambanaṃ prajñālakṣaṇamavidyā| idānīmarhato'vidyā bhavet| ghaṭādyālambanacittasya sattvāt| (u) arhato nāsti ghaṭādyālambanaṃ cittam| kasmāt| prathamābhi sambodhikāla eva sarvaprajñaptilakṣaṇānāṃ vidhvastatvāt| kriyārthārya kevalamabhidadhāti| na tatra mānadṛṣṭāvabhiniviśate| santi trayo vādāḥ-(1) dṛṣṭijaḥ, (2) mānajaḥ, (3) kriyārthaja iti| tribhyaḥ kriyārtho bhavati| pṛthagjanā yadvadanti ghaṭa iti pudgala iti| ayaṃ vādo dṛṣṭijaḥ| śaikṣā ātmadṛṣṭivihīnā api samyaksmṛtipramoṣat pañcasu skandheṣu asmimānalakṣaṇena vadanti-ayaṃ pudgalaḥ ayaṃ ghaṭa iti| yathā kṣemakasūtra uktam| kriyārthaja iti yadarhataḥ| yathā mahākāśyapaḥ saṅghāṭiṃ dṛṣṭvā āha-iyaṃ mameti [yat] divyarddhau vicikitsāṃ janayati| bhagavān tadvivṛṇvannāha-ayamatyantasamuddhatamānendriyaḥ pradagdhahetupratyayaḥ kathaṃ sābhimānaḥ syāt| prajñaptyā paraṃ [tathā] vadatīti| ato jñāyate astyarhato ghaṭādicittamiti|

(pṛ) yadyalaukikī prajñā| dve samyagdṛṣṭī ityādī sūtraṃ kathaṃ neyam| (u) idaṃ sarvaṃ saṃjñājñānamiti nāmnocyate| bhagavān dharmāṇāṃ tattvalakṣaṇapratisaṃvedī vineyasattvānanusṛtya vividhaṃ nāma sthāpayati| yathā prajñāmeva vedanādināmnopadiśati| yaduta vedakaḥ sarvadharmebhyo vimucyata iti| api cāha anityādisaṃjñā bhāvitā sarvān kleśān paribhedayatīti| āha ca-caturthamakṛṣṇamaśuklaṃ karma sarvakarmāṇi śaikṣacetanākhyāni kṣapayatīti| kiñcāha-manasā sarvānabhiviveśān prajahātīti| āha ca-

śraddhayā tarati ogham apramādena cārṇavam|
vīryeṇa duḥkhamatyeti prajñayā pariśudhyati || iti|

api cāha-cakṣū rūpadarśanāyecchati iti| cakṣuṣi vastuto'satyāmapīcchāyāṃ cittameva darśanāyecchat cakṣurnāmnocyate|

(pṛ) yadi laukikaṃ jñānaṃ saṃjñā| kasmāt jñānaṃ bhavati| yadi hetupratyayān vinopadiṣṭaṃ jñānam| tadā sarvāḥ saṃjñā jñānaṃ bhavetyuḥ| vaktavyā ca dvividhā saṃjñā lokaṃ pratītya satyaṃ, paramārthaṃ pratītya satyamiti| (u) maivam| saṃjñāyāḥ santi nānāvibhāgāḥ| kācit mohakāṣṭhātmikā saṃjñā yāvat laukikakuśalākuśalāni na vijānāti| kācidavaramohātmikā saṃjñā kuśalākuśalāni vivecayati| kācidalpamohātmikā saṃjñā asthisaṃjñādyālambate| prajñapti mavihāya na skandhalakṣaṇāni vidhamati| itīyaṃ saṃjñā skandhalakṣaṇaparibhedakaṃ jñānamanukūlayatītyato bhagavānupadiśati jñānamiti| iyañca saṃjñā tattvajñānasya hetuṃ karotītyato jñānami tyucyate| asti ca loke kāraṇe kāryopacāraḥ| yathā suvarṇaṃ bhuṅkte| puruṣasya pañcavṛttīrdadāti| strī śīlaṃ malinaṃ karoti| supārā jaladhārā sukhā| dharmavasanaḥ puruṣaḥ sukha iti| saptāsravasūtre ca vacanaprahāṇavṛttiprahāṇādaya āsravahetava āsravā ityucyante| āhuśca āhāro jīvitaṃ paśavastṛṇānīti| api cāhuḥ-annavasrādīni bāhyajīvitam, yat parasvāpaharaṇaṃ tadeva parajīvitāpaharaṇam iti| idaṃ sarvaṃ hetumeva phalatayā vadanti| evaṃ jñānahetureva jñānamityucyate| ato'navadyam|

(pṛ) smṛtyupasthāneṣu uṣmādiṣu ca gataṃ cittaṃ tattvadharmamālambate| kimidamanāsravam| (u) yadanāsravaṃ cittaṃ tat prajñaptiṃ vidhamati| ato yatra prajñaptividhamanaṃ cittaṃ tadanu samāgataṃ cittamanāsravaṃ bhavati| (pṛ) kutra cittaṃ prajñaptiṃ yugapat vidhamati | (u) yatra pañcānāṃ skandhānāmudayavyayānudarśanasampanno bhavati| tadā [teṣā] manityasaṃjñāmanuprāpnoti| anityasaṃjñā ca yogino'nātmasaṃjñāṃ sampādayati| yathoktam-āryaśrāvakāṇāmanityasaṃjñayā cittaṃ bhāvayatāmanātmasaṃjñā pratitiṣṭhati| anātmasaṃjñayā cittaṃ bhāvayatāṃ kṣipraṃ rāgadveṣamohebhyo vimucyate ityādi| kasmāt| anātmasaṃjñayā hi cittaṃ bhāvayatāṃ duḥkhasaṃjñā pratitiṣṭhati| ātmasaṃjñitvāt duḥkhamapi pratibudhyate| ato yo dharmo'nityo'nātmā, sa duḥkho'pi iti prajānan akuśalānnirvidyate| ato'nātmasaṃjñā duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ sampādayati|

(pṛ) kasmādbhavānāha [anyathā] vidhanakramam| sūtre tūktam-yadanityaṃ tadduḥkham| yadduḥkhaṃ tadānātma iti| ato'nityasaṃjñā duḥkhasaṃjñā sampādayati| duḥkhasaṃjñā'nātmasaṃjñāṃ sampādayati|

(u) sūtra uktam-anityasaṃjñābhāvitaṃ śrāvakāṇāṃ cittamanātmasaṃjñāyāṃ pratitiṣṭhati iti| ato'nityasaṃjñā anātmasaṃjñāṃ sampādayati| evaṃ vadato'pi asti mārganayaḥ| kasmāt| ātmavādī hi paralokasādhanāyāha-ātmā nitya iti| ataḥ pañcaskandhā anityā iti paśyan anātmāna iti prajānāti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-cakṣurātmeti yo vadet| tat nopapadyate| cakṣuṣa utpādopi vyayo'pi prajñāyate| yasya khalu punarutpādo'pi vyayo'pi prajñāyate| ātmā ma utpadyate vyeti cetyasyāgataṃ bhavati| iti|

(pṛ) sūtradvayamidaṃ kathaṃ pratisaṃvedanīyam| (u) duḥkhalakṣaṇaṃ dvividham-anityasaṃjñotthitaṃ vipariṇāmaduḥkhalakṣaṇam| anātmasaṃjñotthitaṃ saṃskāraduḥkhalakṣaṇama| ataḥ sūtradvayamapyaviruddham| (pṛ) tathā cet smṛtyupasthānoṣmādāvastyanityasaṃjñā| ayaṃ dharmo'nāsravaḥ syāt| (u)smṛtyupasthānādau yadīyamanāsravā, ko doṣo'sti| (pṛ) pṛthagjanānāṃ citte na syādiyamanāsravā| pṛthagjanānāṃ citte'pyasti abhūtasmṛtyupasthānam| kathamidanāsravaṃ bhavet| (u) pudgalo'yaṃ na vastutaḥ pṛthagjanaḥ| ayaṃ strotaāpattiphalapratipannaka ityucyate| (pṛ) ayaṃ strotaāpattiphalapratipannakaḥ satyadarśanamārge vartate| smṛtyupasthānādidharmāśca na satyadarśanā bhavanti| (u) strotaāpattiphalapratipannakaḥ sannikṛṣṭo viprakṛṣṭaśca bhavati| smṛtyupasthānādigato viprakṛṣṭaḥ pratipannakaḥ satyadarśanagatastu sannikṛṣṭaḥ| kenedaṃ jñāyate| uktaṃ hi bhagavatā vāśījaṭopamasūtre-jānataḥ paśyata āsravāṇāṃ kṣayaṃ vadāmi| kiṃ jānataḥ kiṃ paśyata āsravāṇāṃ kṣayo bhavati| iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpasya samudayaḥ| iti rūpasyāstaṅgamaḥ| iti vedanā saṃjñāsaṃskāravijñānāni yāvadastaṅgamaḥ| mārgamabhāvayato nāsravāṇāṃ kṣayo bhavati| bhāvayatastu bhavati| tadyathā [kukkuṭyā] aṇḍāni samyagadhiśayitāni| evameva bhāvanānuyogamanuyuktasya bhikṣornaivaṃ jñānaṃ bhavati etāvatko bata me'dyāsravāṇāṃ kṣīṇam| etāvatko hayaḥ etāvatkaḥ paramiti| atha khalvasya kṣīṇe kṣīṇānta eva jñānaṃ bhavati| tadyathā vāśījaṭāyāṃ [dṛśyante'ṅgulipadāni]| saptatriṃśa[vdodhya]ṅga bhāvanānuyogamanuyuktasya bhikṣoralpakṛcchreṇaiva saṃyojanāni pratipraśrabhyante| pūtikāni bhavanti| tadyathā sāmudrikayānāno[rbandhanāni]| ato jñāyate smṛtyupasthānādigato mārgāṅgabhāvanānuyogamanuktaḥ strotaāpattiphalapratipannaka iti| yadyekasmin kṣaṇe yadi vā pañcadaśasu kṣaṇeṣu na bhāvanānuyogaṃ vindate| [tadā] jñātavyamayaṃ viprakṛṣṭaḥ strotaāpattipratipannaka iti|

(pṛ) iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpasya samudayaḥ iti rūpasyāstaṅgamaḥ, iti vedanā iti jñānamiti prathamamuktamādyaphalasya mārgaḥ| anantarāsrayo dṛṣṭāntāsrayāṇāṃ phalānāṃ mārgāḥ| ato nādyaphalapratipannaka ityucyate| (u) yadyaṇḍāni na samyagadhiśayitāni| tadā vinaśyanti| samyagadhiśayatāni saṃsidhyanti| evaṃ smṛtyupasthānādārabhya prathamaṃ bhāvanāmārabhate| sa yadi na sādhayati| na sa pratipannako bhavati| sādhayanstu śaikṣajano'timātrapūtivedaka ityucyate| ataḥ smṛtyupasthānādau pūtibhūtaḥ san pṛthagjano bhavati| yaḥ saṃsiddhabhāvanaḥ sa ādyaphalapratipannako bhavati| tadyathā aṇḍāntargata| aṇḍābdahirgataḥ strotaāpanno bhavati| ato jñāyate smṛtyupasthānādigataḥ viprakṛṣṭaḥ pratipannaka ityucyate| kiñcogreṇa saṅghe nimantrite devatā upasaṅkramya ārocayanti-amuko gṛhapate arhan yāvadamuka ādyaphalapratipannaka iti| yadi sa satyadarśanamārgagataḥ| kathamārocayeyuḥ| jñātavyaṃ sa viprakṛṣṭaḥ pratipannaka iti|

kiñcoktaṃ bhagavatā sūtre-yasya [khalu bhikṣava imāni] pañcendriyāṇi (śraddhādīni) na santi| tamahaṃ bāhyaḥ pṛthagjanapakṣe sthita iti vadāmīti| asyārthaḥ-asti bāhya ābhyantaraśca pṛthagjanaḥ| yasya nirvedhabhāgīyāni kuśalendriyāṇi na santi| sa bāhyaḥ pṛthagjana iti| yasya santi sa ābhyantara iti| ayamābhyantaraḥ pṛthagjana ārya ityupyucyate pṛthagjana ityapyucyate| bāhyaṃ pṛthagjanamupādāya āryaḥ| satyadarśanamārgamupādāya pṛthagjanaḥ| yathā''nandaśchannamāmantryāha-pṛthagjano nānusmarati rūpaṃ śūnyamanātmā, vedanā, saṃjñā saṃskārā vijñānaṃ śūnyamanātmā| sarve saṃskārā anityāḥ| sarve dharmā anātmānaḥ| teṣāṃ nirodho nirvāṇamiti| atha ca [tatra] channasya [cittaṃ] na dharmaniyāme praskandati| nāpi pṛthagjanasyaivaṃ bhavati ityāha|

(pṛ) sannikṛṣṭo viprakṛṣṭo vā, ubhāvapi pratipannakau| kaḥ pravibhāgastayoḥ| (u) yo nirodhaṃ paśyati sa tattvataḥ pratipannakaḥ| yo dūrabhāgīyakuśalendriyagataḥ paśyati pañcaskandhā anityāḥ duḥkhā śūnyā anātmāna iti| na tu nirodhaṃ paśyati| sa saṃjñāpratipannakaḥ| kasmāt| yathoktaṃ sūtre-bhikṣavo bhagavantaṃ pṛcchanti-kathaṃ dharmaṃ paśyema iti| bhagavānāha-cakṣuḥ pratītya rūpañca cakṣurvijñānamutpadyate| tatsahabhuvo vedanāsaṃjñā cetanādayaḥ sarve [dharmā] anityā vipariṇāmadharmāṇaḥ aśraddheyāḥ| yo dharmo'nityaḥ, tad duḥkham| duḥkhasyāsya samudayo'pi duḥkham| sthitirapi duḥkham| punaḥ punarbhavalakṣaṇamapi duḥkham| evaṃ yāvanmano dharmā api| yadīdaṃ duḥkhaṃ nirudhyate| anyāni duḥkhāni na sambhavanti| na punaḥ santāno bhavati| yoginaścitta evaṃ bhavati-idaṃ praṇītamupaśamapadaṃ yat sarveṣāṃ mṛṣābhūtānāṃ kāmatṛṣṇānāmapagamaḥ kṣayo virāgo nirodho nirvāṇam| yadasmin dharme cittaṃ praskandati adhimucyate neñjate na parāvartate na śocate na paritrāsate| tato nidānaṃ dharmaṃ paśyeyam iti| ato jñāyate yogī anityādyākāraiḥ pañcaskandhānavalokayan viprakṛṣṭaḥ pratipannaka ityucyate| teṣāṃ nirodhaṃ paśyan sannikṛṣṭaḥ pratipannaka iti| yathā channaḥ sthavirān prativadati-mamāpyevaṃ bhavati-rūpamanityaṃ [vijñānamanityaṃ rūpamanātmā, vijñānamanātmā, sarve saṃskārā anityāḥ, sarve dharmā anātmāna iti| atha ca punarme] sarvasaṃskārasamarthe tṛṣṇākṣaye nirodhe nirvāṇe cittaṃ na praskandati, na prasīdati, na vimucyate [paritarṣaṇā| upādānamutpadyate| pratyudāvartate mānasam| atha kastarhi ma ātmeti|] na khalvimaṃ dharmaṃ paśyato bhavati| iti|

kiñcāha-yogī yadasmin dharme mṛduprajñayā kṣāntiṃ śraddadhate sa śraddhā[nusārī] pratipannakaḥ| pṛthagjanamatītya dharmaniyāmamavatāryādyaphalamalabdhvā na deveṣu bhavati| yastīkṣṇaprajñayā kṣāntiṃ śraddadhate sa dharmā[nusārī] pratipannakaḥ| [yo] dharmamimaṃ paśyan trīṇi saṃyojanāni samucchedayati| na strotaāpannaḥ yo niravaśeṣa[kṣayā]bhijñaḥ so'rhan| ato jñāyate nirodhaṃ paśyan sannikṛṣṭaḥ pratipannako bhavatīti|

(pṛ) yogī kasmānnātyantaṃ nirodhaṃ paśyati| (u) sūtra uktam-dharmā nissvabhāvāḥ pratītyasamutpannāḥ| ayaṃ dharmaḥ paramagambhīraḥ| sarvatṛṣṇākṣaya upaśamo nirodho nirvāṇam| idaṃ padamatidurdarśam| bhagavān dvādaśanidānānāṃ nirodhaṃ dṛṣṭvā anuttaramabhisambuddho'bhūt iti| dharmamudrāyāñcoktam-pañcaskandhānanityān vipralopān mṛṣābhūtānasārān śūnyāṃśca paśyato yogino jñānadarśanamaviśuddhaṃ bhavati iti| sūtramidamanta āha-yogina evaṃ bhavati-yanmayā dṛśyate śrūyate ājighryate rasyate spṛśyate manyate tat sarvaṃ pratītyasamutpannaṃ vijñānam| yadasya vijñānasya hetupratyayā nityā vā anityā vā iti| tadanityajñānam| anityebhyo hetupratyayebhya utpannaṃ vijñānaṃ kathaṃ nityaṃ bhavet| ataḥ sarve pañcaskandhā anityāḥ pratītyasamutpannāḥ kṣayalakṣaṇāḥ vipariṇāmalakṣaṇā viyogalakṣaṇā nirodhalakṣaṇā iti paśyati| tadā yogino viśuddhaṃ jñānadarśanaṃ bhavati| ātyantikanirodha ityanena viśuddhaṃ jñānadarśanamucyate| ato nirodhajñānadarśanameva āryasatyadarśanaṃ bhavati| ādau ca dharmasthititājñānamante nirvāṇajñānaṃ bhavati| ato nirodhasatyadarśanamevāryamārgalābho bhavati|

jñānalakṣaṇavarga ekonanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

190 ekasatyadarśanavargaḥ

(pṛ) yadbhavānāha-nirodhaṃ paśyanneva phalapratipannaka iti| tadayuktam| kasmāt| sūtre hi bhagavatoktam-caturṇāmaryasatyānāṃ yathābhūtamananubodhāt evamidaṃ dīrghamadhvānaṃ [sandhāvitaṃ] saṃsaritaṃ mama ca yuṣmākañca idānīmimāni catvāri satyānyanubaddhāni| tato nidānañca samucchinnaṃ saṃsaritam| na punaḥ kāyasya vedanā bhavati| iti| jñātavyaṃ catussatyadarśanāt phalapratipannako bhavati iti| na nirodhamātradarśanāt| kiñcāha bhagavānuttamadharmo yaduta catvāryāryasatyāni iti| ato yogī sarvāṇi [satyāni] jānīyāt paśyecca| āha ca-ye hi kecit dharmakañcukā ninditakāyāḥ samyakpravrajyāṃ śraddadhante| sarve te caturṇāmāryasatyānāṃ yathābhūtamabhisamayāya| ye hi kecit strotaāpattiṃ sakṛdāgāmitāmanāgāmitāñca lipsanti| sarve te caturṇāmāryasatyānābhisambuddhatvāt| ye hi kecit arhatāṃ pratyekabuddhatāṃ buddhamārgañca lipsanti| sarve te caturṇāmāryasatyānāmabhisambuddhatvāt| ato jñāyate na nirodhasatyadarśanamātramārgamārga iti| āha ca bhagavān-catvāryāryasatyānyanupūrveṇānuprāpnotīti| dharmacakrapravartane coktam-idaṃ duḥkhamayaṃ duḥkhasamudayaḥ ayaṃ duḥkhanirodhaḥ iyaṃ duḥkhanirodhagāminī pratipaditi paśyato mama teṣu cakṣurudapadyata jñānamudapadyata vidyodapadyata bodhirudapadyata iti, evaṃ triparivartaṃ catvāryāryasatyānyavocat| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-avadātavasane hrade prakṣipte sati rūpaṃ [yathā] vedayate| evamayaṃ puruṣa ekatra niṣaṇṇaścatvāri satyāni paśyati iti| kiñcāha pariśuddhacittaḥ samyak bhāvayati-duḥkhasatyaṃ yāvanmārgasatyam| evaṃ paśyataḥ kāmāsravāt bhavāsravādavidyāsravāt cittaṃ vimucyate| iti| yatra yatra sūtra uktamāryasatyam| tatra sarvatra catvāri satyānyuktāni| na nirodhasatyamātrama| bhagavānāha catvāri jñānāni duḥkhajñānaṃ samudayajñānaṃ nirodhajñānaṃ mārgajñānamiti| tāni caturṇāmāryasatyānāmarthāya bhavanti iti| yogī dharmaśaḥ paripaśyet catvāri satyāni| yathā bhiṣak rogaṃ jñātvā roganidānaṃ rogavināśaṃ rogavināśauṣadhañca jānīyāt| evaṃ yogī duḥkhānāṃ nissaraṇamicchan duḥkhaṃ duḥkhanidānaṃ duḥkhanirodhaṃ duḥkhanirodhagāminīṃ pratipadañca jānīyāt| yadi na jānāti duḥkhaṃ kena jñāsyati duḥkhanidānaṃ duḥkhanirodhaṃ duḥkhanirodhagāminīṃ pratipadañca| ato jñāyate na nirodhadarśanamātra[māryasatyam] iti|

atrocyate| yat keṣāñciduktaṃ-catussatyānāṃ pratilābha iti| sarvaṃ [tat] skandhadhātvāyatanādiṣūktam-yadidaṃ rūpaṃ ityādi ayaṃ rūpasya samudaya ityādi ayaṃ rūpasya vyaya ityādi prajānata āsravāḥ kṣīyanta iti| kiñcāha bhagavān-rūpādīnāṃ skandhānāṃ yathābhūtamāsvādamādīnavaṃ nissaraṇaptaprajñāyānuttaraṃ mārgamaspṛśamiti na vadāmi| yathābhūtaṃ prajānanstu mārgamaspṛśamiti prajānāmīti| nagaropamasūtre coktam-yadā mama na jñānamabhūt-[iti] jarāmaraṇaṃ jarāmaraṇasamudayo jarāmaraṇanirodho jarāmaraṇanirodhagāminī pratipat| yāvat saṃskārāḥ saṃskārasamudayaḥ saṃskāranirodhaḥ saṃskāranirodhagāminī pratipat iti| na tadā vadāmi-adhigato mārga iti| iti| evamādi [vacanāni] dṛṣṭvā yadi [vadāmaḥ] ayameva darśanamārgādhigama iti| tadā ṣoḍaśacitta[kṣaṇā] na mārgādhigamaḥ syuḥ|

(pṛ) nāhaṃ vadāmi-ayamucyate darśanamārgādhigama iti; kintu ayaṃ sammarśana kālīna iti| (u) caturṣu satyeṣvapyevamucyate| vaktavyañcedaṃ sammarśanakālīnamiti| tathā no cet nidānaṃ vaktavyaṃ-catussatyadarśanaṃ mārgādhigamakālīnaṃ pañcaskandhādidarśanaṃ sammarśanakālīnamiti| (pṛ) kleśānāṃ prahāṇajñāṃna mārgādhigamo bhavati| pañcaskandhādīnāṃ sammarśanaṃ na kleśānāṃ prahāṇāya bhavati| (u) pūrvamevoktamasmābhiḥ-pañcaskandhādijñānamapi kleśānāṃ prahāṇāya bhavatīti| yathoktam-rūpādijñānadarśanādāsravāḥ kṣīyanta iti| āha ca-lokasamudayaṃ samanupaśyato nāstitādṛṣṭirnirudhyate| lokanirodhaṃ samanupaśyato'stitādṛṣṭirnirudhyata iti| bhagavān svayaṃ nidānānyavalokayan mārgamadhijagāma| kiṃśuko [pama] sūtre coktā nānāmārgādhigamapratyayāḥ| kecit pañcaskandhān paśyanto mārgamadhigacchanti| kecit dvādaśāyatanāni vā aṣṭādaśadhātūn vā dvādaśanidānāni vā anyāni vā paśyanto mārgamadhigacchanti iti| ato jñāyate na catussatya[darśana]mātreṇa mārgādhima iti| yadi bhavato mataṃ satyapyasmin vacane naitaddarśanena kleśān prajahātīti| catussatyadarśanenāpi na kleśān prajahatīti vaktavyam| satya[darśane-]na na mārgamadhigacchatīti avaśyaṃ vaktavyamiti| catussatyavibhaṅga uktam-jātirapi duḥkhaṃ jarāpi duḥkhaṃ vyādhirapi duḥkhaṃ maraṇamapi duḥkhaṃ vipriyasaṃyogo duḥkhaṃ priyaviyogo duḥkhaṃ yadiṣṭaṃ na labhyate tadapi duḥkhaṃ saṃkṣepeṇa pañcopādānaskandhā duḥkhamiti| kiñcāha duḥkhasamudayo yeyaṃ tṛṣṇā paunarbhavikī tatra tatrābhinandinī iti| evamādidarśanena nāsravāṇāṃ kṣayaḥ syāt| idaṃ sarvaṃ lokasatyaṃ na tu paramārthasatyam|

(pṛ) yadyapi jātimaraṇādi paśyato nāsravakṣayaḥ syāt| tathāpi pañcopādānaskandhā duḥkhamityuktam| teṣāṃ parijñātuḥ kleśā bhidyante| (u) anyāni trīṇi satyāni kathaṃ bhavanti| ato jñāyate [tat] bhavataḥ svasaṃjñānusmaraṇavikalpa iti| pañcopādānaskandhā duḥkhamiti paśyataścittameva vikṣipyate na mārgo'dhigamyate| (pṛ) yadi caturbhiḥ satyaurna mārgamadhigacchati| kena dharmeṇādhigacchet| (u) ekenasatyenādhigacchati yo'yaṃ nirodhaḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-mṛṣā nāma anṛtam| satyaṃ tadviparītam| sarve saṃskṛtadharmā anṛtamṛṣāgrahā iti| ato jñāyate yogī cittata eva saṃskṛtadharme vartate na paramārthata iti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-saṃskṛtadharmā anṛtā māyopamā jvālopamā svapnopamā ṛṇopamā iti| yathoktaṃ dharmapade-

abhūtabaddho loko'yaṃ suniścitavat prabhāsate|
asat dṛṣṭaṃ sadābhāsaṃ asadvai parayā dhiyā|| iti|

strī puruṣa iti dharmo yathābhūtaṃ nāsti| pañcaskandhānāṃ kalāpamātre strī puruṣa iti sudṛḍhaṃ kīrtayantaḥ pṛthagjanā viparyayamugdhā vadanti| sa vastuto nāsti| iti| yogī tu ime pañcaskandhāḥ śūnyā anātmāna iti bhāvayati| ato na punastaṃ paśyati| yathoktaṃ dharmamudrāsūtre-yogī bhāvayati rūpamanityaṃ śūnyaṃ viyogalakṣaṇamiti| iti| anityamiti yat rūpaṃ svarūpato'nityam| śūnyamiti yathā ghaṭe jale'sati śūnyo ghaṭa iti vadanti| evaṃ pañcaskandheṣu nāstyātmā ityataḥ śūnyā bhavanti| evaṃ bhāvayitā'pi śūnyaḥ| [tasya] jñānadarśanamapi aviśuddham pañcaskandhānāṃ nirodhādarśatvāt| ante tu nirodhaṃ paśyati yaduta yogina evaṃ bhavati yanmayā dṛṣṭaṃ śrutamityādi| ato jñāyate nirodhaṃ paśyata eva kleśāḥ kṣīyanta iti|

(pṛ) kasmānnirodhaṃ paśyataḥ kleśāḥ kṣīyante nānyasatyāni| (u) yoginastasmin samaye duḥkhasaṃjñā vyavasthitā bhavati| nirodhalakṣaṇasākṣātkurvatastu saṃskṛteṣu duḥkhasaṃjñā na vyavasthitā bhavati| yathā kasyacit prathamadhyāne prītisukhamalabdhavato na pañcakāmaguṇeṣu nirvedasaṃjñā jāyate| yathā ca avitarkāvicārasamādhimalabdhvā na savitarkasavicārasamādhau doṣaṃ manyate| tathā yogyapi nirvāṇamupaśamalakṣaṇamanadhigamya na saṃskāraduḥkhamadhigacchati| ato jñātavyaṃ nirodhasatyaṃ paśyata eva duḥkhasaṃjñā sampannā bhavati| duḥkhasaṃjñāsampannatvāt tṛṣṇādīni saṃyojanāni prahīyante iti|

(pṛ) yadi nirodhasatyadarśanāt duḥkhasaṃjñā sampannā bhavati| nirodhasatyaṃ paśyet paścāt kleśāḥ prahīyeran| kasmāt| nirodhasatyaṃ dṛṣṭavat eva duḥkhasaṃjñāyāḥ sampannatvāt| (u) na paścātprahīyeran| yasmin samaye nirodhasya nirodhalakṣaṇamadhigatam, tasminneva samaye duḥkhasaṃjñā sampadyate| paścāttu abhimukhībhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogī [yat] samudayalakṣaṇaṃ tat nirodhalakṣaṇamiti prajānan suviśuddhaṃ dharmacakṣuranuprāpnoti| iti| skandheṣu ca sadāsti ātmamatiḥ| skandhā anityā duḥkhā iti paśyannapi na nirodhamanuprāpnoti| nirodhasatyaṃ paśyatastu asallakṣaṇatvādātmamatiratyantaṃ nirudhyate| (pṛ) yadi nirodhasatyaṃ paśyata ātmamatiḥ kṣīyate| kasmāt bhagavān pudgalaḥ sukumāramatirityādi dṛṣṭvā catussatyānyudeśayati, na tu nirodhasatyamātram| (u) tatrāsti mārgānulomyena caritam| kimiti| anityasaṃjñayā anātmasaṃjñāsampannatvāt idaṃ duḥkhamiti darśanamanuprāpnoti| idaṃ mārgasya sannikṛṣṭamityato militvā vadati|

(pṛ) mārgalābhasamaya eva yadi satkāyadṛṣṭiḥ prahīyata iti| kasmāt punarāha śīlavrataparāmarśo vicikitsā iti| (u) yogī mārgamanuprāpya dharmāḥ śūnyā anātmāna iti dṛṣṭataḥ paśyan na punarvicikitsate| na pṛthagjanānāṃ śrutacintādidarśanaiḥ samāno bhavati| mārgasatyaṃ paśyan prajānāti idamekameva tattvaṃ nānyadastīti| atastrīṇyāha| (pṛ) yadi mārgalābhakāla eva satyadarśanapraheyāḥ kleśāḥ kṣīyante| kasmāt trayāṇāṃ saṃyojanānāmeva kṣayamāha| (u) sarve kleśāḥ satkāyadṛṣṭimūlakāḥ| yathā bhagavān bhīkṣūn pṛcchati-kena vastunā kiṃ vastūpādāya kiṃ vastvabhiniviśya īdṛśī dṛṣṭirbhavati| asmin kāye mriyamāṇa eva īdṛśādayaḥ sarvā dṛṣṭayo nirudhyante| bhikṣava āhuḥ-bhagavanmūlā hi no bhagavan dharmāḥ| bhagavantameva prārthayāmahe vyākaraṇāyeti| bhagavānāha-rūpe khalu sati rūpamupādāya rūpamabhiniviśya saktāyadṛṣṭirbhavati| yāvadvijñānamapyevam| iti|

ato jñātavyaṃ satkāyadṛṣṭimupādāya sarve kleśāḥ sambhavantīti| kasmāt| satyāṃ hi satkāyadṛṣṭau vadanti-ayamātmā nityo vā'nityo veti| nitya iti paśyataḥ śāśvatadṛṣṭiḥ| anitya iti paśyata ucchedadṛṣṭiḥ| yadyātmā nityaḥ| tadā na karma, na vipākaḥ, duḥkhavimokṣaḥ| na mārgabhāvanayā nirvāṇamanuprāpnoti| yadasyā dṛṣṭeḥ prādhānyam| sa eva dṛṣṭiparāmarśaḥ| [tasyā eva] yatprakarṣalābhaḥ| sa eva śīlavrataparāmarśaḥ| ātmadṛṣṭau tṛṣṇā| paradṛṣṭau dveṣaḥ| ātmana uccadarśanameva mānaḥ| yathābhūtājñānāt yatsaṃyojanānāṃ prādurbhāvaḥ| saivāvidyā| ataḥ satkāyadṛṣṭisamucchedātsatyadarśanena saṃyojanaprahāṇaṃ bhavati|

(pṛ) yadi satkāyadṛṣṭisamucchedādanyānyapi prahīyante| kasmādviśiṣyāha śīlavrataparāmarśaṃ vicikitsāñca| (u) tayoḥ prādhanyāt| dharmalakṣaṇaṃ sākṣātkurvato yogino na vicikitsā bhavati| vicikitseyamastyātmā nāstyātmeti vicikitsate| mārgo viśuddhiṃ prāpayati navetyapi vicikitsate| idānīṃ duḥkhasatyaṃ paśyata ātmadṛṣṭiḥ prahīyate| ayameva mārgo na punaranyo'stītyapi prajānāti| ata ucyate satkāyadṛṣṭiprahāṇameva vastuto duḥkhadarśanam| śīlavratasamucchedāt mārgaṃ prayujya jñāne jñeyadharmeṣu ca na vicikitsate| yaḥ samyakjñānena jñeyadharmān prajānāti| sa eva samudayaṃ prahāya nirodhamadhigacchan catussatyasampanna ityucyate| ata eṣāṃ trayāṇāṃ vacanameva nirvicikitsālakṣaṇaṃ pradarśayati| vicikitseyamātmani mārge ca bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-ādyābhisambodhilakṣaṇaṃ yaduta dharmaṃ paśyati dharmaṃ pratilabhate dharmaṃ prajānāti dharmaṃ pratisaṃvedayate| vicikitsājālaṃ vitīrya paraśāsanaṃ nānuvartate| bhagavacchāsane ca vaiśāradyabalamanuprāpya phale supratitiṣṭhati| iti||

ekasatyadarśanavargo navatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

191 sarvālambanavargaḥ

(pṛ) kasmāt jñānaṃ sarvālambanaṃ bhavati| (u) yat jñānaṃ dhātvāyatanādigocaraṃ tat sarvālambanamityucyate| kasmāt| āyataneṣu dhātuṣu cokteṣu padārthā ālambanāni viṣayā jñeyā ityādayaḥ sarve dharmā bhavanti| [tān] yat jñānamālambate tat sarvālambanamityucyate|

(pṛ) jñānamidaṃ na samprayuktasahabhvādidharmān jānāti| (u) jānāti yadyāyatanādyālambanaṃ, tatsāmānyalakṣaṇajñānaṃ bhavati| sāmānyalakṣaṇajñānatvāt sarvamālambate| kasmāt| dvādaśāyatanānīti vadato nānyaḥ punardharmo'sti| ato jñāyate jñānamidamapi svātmānamālambata iti| (pṛ) uktaṃ hi sūtre-dvābhyāṃ pratyayābhyāṃ vijñānamutpadyata iti| ato na svātmālambanaṃ jñānaṃ syāt| jñānānāṃ dṛṣṭāntān pratītya nāsti svātmālambanam| tadyathā-aṅgulyagraṃ nātmānaṃ spṛśati| na cakṣuḥ svātmānaṃ paśyati| (u) yat bhavānāha-dvābhyāṃ pratyayābhyāṃ vijñānamutpadyata iti| na tat niyamena bhavati| ālambanaṃ vināpi jñāmutpadyate| na hi sarvaṃ dvābhyāṃ pratyayābhyāmutpadyate| kiñcit ṣaṣṭhasya vijñānasya svakalāpe sarvathā asadālambanaṃ bhavati| dṛṣṭadharmā[lambana] tvāt| vijñānasyāsya rūpādidharmānālambanatvāt| yadyālambate andho'pi rūpaṃ paśyet| puruṣasyāsya tasmin samaye cittacaittā atītānāgatagatāḥ| atītānāgatāśca asaddharmāḥ, kasyālambanāni syuḥ| ātmādhyavasānamātrasya pratiṣedhādevamucyate| yadi vijñānāni bhavanti| tāni sarvāṇi ābhyāṃ dvābhyāmeva bhavanti| na caturbhiḥ pratyayaiḥ| kiñcit vijñānaṃ dvau pratyayau vinotpadyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-ṣaḍāyatanapratyayaḥ sparśa iti| na vastutaḥ sparśasya ṣaḍāyatanāni pratyayā bhavanti| utpadyamānaṃ na ṣaḍāyatanebhyo bhavati| saptamāyātanasya pratiṣedhāt| evaṃ caturaḥ pratyayān pratiṣidhyāha bhagavān dve āyatane iti|

atītānāgatākāśakāladigādīnāñca jñānamutpadyate| te dharmāśca na vastusantaḥ| idamevānālambanaṃ jñānaṃ bhavati| (pṛ) anenaiva hetunā atītānāgatādayoḥ dharmāḥ santaḥ syuḥ| yadyasantaḥ, kiṃ tajjñānamutpādayati| śaśaśṛṅgakūrmaromāhipadādiṣu na jātu jñānamutpadyate| (u) kāritre jñānamutpadyate| evaṃ puruṣadarśane'tīte tadatītakālaṃ smarati| puruṣaṃ bhāṣamāṇaṃ śṛṇvan tadbhāṣaṇakālaṃ smarati| evamatītādidharmāṇāṃ nāsti kāritramityato'yuktam| (pṛ) idānīmatīte kiṃ kṛtvā smaryate| (u) smaraṇasya nāsti ko'pi dharmaḥ| bhavānāha-śaśaśṛṅgādi kasmānna smaratīti| yo dharma utpadya niruddhaḥ sa smaraṇīyaḥ| yaḥ prakṛtito'san| kiṃ smaryeta yathā dharmaḥ pūrvaṃ sattvākhya idānīmatīto'pi sattvākhyaḥ| evaṃ tasmin dharme pūrvaṃ smṛtyutpādāt tadeva cittaṃ punaḥ smaryate| na tu cittāntaram| anena puruṣeṇa pūrvaṃ taddharmanimittamupāttam| tasmin dharme niruddhe'pi tatsaṃjñānusmaraṇamutpādya [taṃ dharmaṃ] vikalpayati| yo dharmastasya citte jāyate sa dharmo vinaṣṭaḥ| paścāt [ta]nmanovijñānaṃ tat vastu vijānāti ida[meva] nimittālambanaṃ vijñānamityākhyayate| nimittamidaṃ pāścātyanimittālambanavijñānasya pratyayaṃ karoti| śaśaśṛṅgādivijñānantu animittahetukamityato notpadyate| śaśaśṛṅgādi pratītyāpi vijñānaṃ bhavet| yadi na bhavati| kathaṃ vaktuṃ prabhavet|

(pṛ) śaśaviṣāṇasvabhāvo na vijñeyaḥ| kasmāt| tasya hrasvatvadīrghatvaśuklatvakṛṣṇatvādismṛtirhi na jātu jāyate| tathā'tītadharmo'pi| kasmāt| nahyasmākamatītadharma idānīmabhimukhībhavati| yathā āryā anāgataṃ vastu jñātvā vadanti-idaṃ vastu tathā syāt, idaṃ vastu tathā na syāditi| (u) āryajñānabalaṃ hi tathā dharmamasantamapi prāk prajānāti| yathā āryāḥ pāṣaṇabhittiṃ bhittvā apratihatamunmajjanti nimajjanti ca| tathedamapi vastu asadapi jānanti| smṛtibalācca jānanti| yathā cakṣurvijñānaṃ na strīti puruṣa iti vā vikalpayati| yadi cakṣurvijñānaṃ na vikalpayati| manovijñānamapi na vikalpayet| vastutastu manovijñānaṃ vikalpayati| tathedamapi syāt| yathā cāsmākamanubhūtaniruddhe jñānamutpadyate| tathāryāṇāmapi asati dharme jñānamutpadyate| yathā devadatta iti vacane naikaṃ vijñānaṃ catvāryakṣarāṇi vijānāti| tathāpi [tāni] vijānāti| yathā ca saṃkhyāparimāṇapṛthaktvasaṃyogavibhāgaparatvāparatvādayaḥ| te dharmā adṛṣṭā api [sva] vijñānamutpādayanti| yathā ca puruṣasya svarūpaṃ naikakṣaṇena parijñeyamam| nāpi pratyaṅgavijñānena| asatyapi pratyaṅgaṃ puruṣajñāne ekakṣaṇaṃ [ta]jjñāne puruṣajñānamutpadyate| idamapi tathā syāt|

bhavānavādīḥ-dṛṣṭāntaṃ pratītya nāsti kiñcit svātmālambanaṃ jñānamiti| tatrāsti vacanaṃ manaḥ svātmānaṃ vijānātīti| yogī cittavipaśyanāmanusarati atīte'nāgate tu cittaṃ nāsti iti vacanāt| yathā pratyutpannacittena pratyutpannacittamālambate| no cet na jātu kaścitpratyutpannacittasamprayukta dharmaṃ vijānāti| (pṛ) sūtra uktam-

sarve dharmā anātmānaḥ prajñayā yadi paśyati|
atha nirvindate duḥkhe eṣa mārgo viśuddhaye|| iti|

iyaṃ prajñā ātmānaṃ sahabhūdharmānanyāni sarvadharmālambanāni cāpanayati| (u) jñānamidaṃ sāsravālambanameva, natvanāsrava[ālambana]m| kasmāt| tasyāṃ hi gāthāyāmuktam-atha nirvindate duḥkha iti| ato jñāyate tat duḥkhasatyālambanameveti| ātmadṛṣṭipraṇāśāya ca anātmabhāvanā| ātmadṛṣṭiḥ pañcopādānaskandhālambinī| jñātavyamanātma[dṛṣṭi]rapi pañcaskandhānālambata iti| pañcaskandhā anityatvādanātmānaḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yadanityaṃ tadanātmā| yadānātmā tadduḥkham iti| bhagavānāha yadbhikṣavo yuṣmākaṃ tatprajahata iti| bhikṣava āhuḥ-ājñaptaṃ bhagavan| bhagavānāha-kathaṃ yuṣmābhirājñaptam| rūpaṃ bhagavan [anātmā] anātmīyam| vedanā, saṃjñā, saṃskārā, vijñāna[manātmā] anātmīyam| tadasmābhiḥ-prahātavya] miti| bhagavānāha-sādhu sādhu khalu bhikṣava iti| [ato] jñātavyamupādānaskandheṣveva anātmabuddhirbhavatīti| uktañca sūtre-yatkiñcit [bhikṣavo] rūpamatītamanāgataṃ pratyutpannamādhyātmikaṃ vā bahirdhā vā audārikaṃ vā sūkṣmaṃ vā [hīnaṃ vā praṇītaṃ vā] yaddūre'ntike vā sarvaṃ jānāti nātmā nātmīyamiti| evaṃ yathābhūtaṃ samyak prajñayā paśyati iti| āha ca-rūpaṃ nātmā, vedanā, saṃjñā, saṃskārā vijñānañca nātmā iti paśyati| rūpamanityaṃ tucchaṃ māyāvat bālālāpanaṃ vadhakaṃ steyakamanātmā anātmīyamiti| kiñcāha bhagavān-atra niṣaṇṇaḥ kaścinmūḍho'vidyāṇḍagato'vidyāndhībhūtaḥ parityajya buddhaśāsanamimāṃ mithyādṛṣṭimutpādayati-yadi rūpaṃ nātmā, vedanā, saṃjñā, saṃskārā, vijñānañcanātmā| kathamanātmā karma kṛtvā ātmanā anubhavati iti| ato jñāyata upādānaskandhālambanameva nairātmyamiti| sūtre ca anātmajñānaṃ sarvadharmanālambata iti vacanasthānaṃ na kiñcanāsti| tatra tatra sarvatroktaṃ pañcaskandhānālambata iti|

(pṛ) bhagavān svayamāha-sarvadharmā anātmāna iti| ato jñāyate saṃskṛto'saṃskṛtaścaitajjñānasyālambanam| na tu pañcopādānaskandhamātramiti| āha ca-daśa śūnyatāḥ sarvadharmālambanā iti| yā śūnyatā tadeva nairātmyam| kiñcāha-sarve saṃskārā anityā duḥkhā, sarve dharmā anātmāna iti| yadanātmajñānaṃ tad duḥkhasatyālambanameva| kasmānnāha-sarvasaṃskārā anātmāna iti| sarve dharmā anātmāna ityuktatvāt jñātavyaṃ yat saṃskārā iti vacanaṃ tat saṃskṛtābhidhāyakam| yat dharmā iti vacanaṃ tat sarvā[bhidhāyaka]miti| āha ca-ka ekalakṣaṇadharmaṃ lakṣaṇāntaradharmañcābhimukhaṃ samprajānāti yathā vidyācakṣuṣā rūpaṃ paśyati| kevalaṃ buddhā bhagavantaḥ samyak sambuddhā vimuktilābhina ekalakṣaṇadharmaṃ lakṣaṇāntaradharmañcābhimukhaṃ samprajānanti yathā vidyācakṣuṣā rūpaṃ paśyanti iti| anātmalakṣaṇena hi sarvadharmā ekalakṣaṇāḥ| ato jñāyate anātma[jñānaṃ] sarvadharmānālambate| na tu duḥkhamātram iti|

ucyate| sarva[miti] dvividhaṃ sarvasaṅgrāhakamekadeśagrāhakamiti| sarvasaṅgrāhakamiti yathā bhagavānāha-aśaṃ sarvajña iti| [atra] sarvaṃ nāma dvādaśāyatanāni| ekadeśagrāhakamiti yathāha-sarvamādīptamiti| anāsravamasaṃskṛtantu nādīptamupalabhyate| yathā ca tathāgatavarge uktam-tathāgataḥ sarvatyāgī sarvajayī iti| śīlādayo dharmā na tyājyāḥ| kintu akuśaladharmānuddiśyāha-sarvatyāgīti| ajeyyā anye buddhāḥ| anyān sattvānuddiśyāparamāha-sarvajayīti| kiñcāha-katamo bhikṣuḥ sarvajñaḥ| yaḥ ṣaṭsparśāyatanānāmutpādaṃ nirodhañca yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti| ayamucyate sāmānyalakṣaṇajñaḥ sarvadharmāṇāṃ, na tu viśeṣalakṣaṇajña iti| bhagavāṃstu sāmānyaviśeṣajñaḥ sarvajña ityucyate| bhikṣurayaṃ sāmānyena sarve dharmā anityā iti prajānātītyataḥ sarvajño bhavati| tasya nāmasāmye'pi vastuto'sti bhedaḥ| [tat] ekadeśasaṅgrāhakaṃ nāma|

āha ca bhagavān-yatsūtre'vatarati| vinaye ca sandṛśyate| dharmatāñca na vilomayati| sa dharma upādeya iti| kiñcāha-ya āha idaṃ buddhavacanamiti| sa suvyañjanaḥ| na svarthaḥ| vidvān tatra svarthaṃ suvyañjanaṃ brūyāt| yenārthena bhikṣorasya vyañjanaṃ praśasyaṃ bhavati| punarasti kaścidvaktā svarthasya, na suvyañjanasya| svarthaṃ suvyañjanena prakṣipet| ityevamādisūtre bhagavān sarvaṃ tat saṃśrāvayati| asti ca nītārthaṃ neyārthañca sūtram| idantu neyārthaṃ sūtram| kasmādekasmin vastuni sarvamiti vacanaṃ bhavati| tasyābhisandhi rjñātavyā'sti| laukikā api vadanti ekasmin sarvamiti| yathā vadanti-sarvatyāgaṃ karoti| sarveṣāñca bhojanaṃ prayacchati| ayaṃ sarvabhuk iti| ato jñāyate sarvamanātmeti vacane satyapi pañcopādānaskandhāna[bhisandhāya] uktaṃ, na tu sarvadharmāniti draṣṭavyam|

yaduktaṃ bhavatā-daśa śūnyatā iti| tatrāsaṃskṛtaṃ śūnyamiti nopalabhyate| kasmāt| na hi kaścidasaṃskṛta ātmasaṃjñāmutpādayati| tadanyasmin śūnye'pi na kācitkṣatiḥ| bhavānapi duḥkhajñānena śūnyaṃ saṃyojayati| ataḥ śūnyatā na sarvadharmālambinī| (pṛ) laukikī śūnyatā sarvadharmānālambate na tu anāsravaśūnyatā| (u)nāsti tu laukikī śūnyatā| sarvā śūnyatā anāsravā| (pṛ) uktaṃ hi dharmamudrāsūtre-śūnyatā laukikī śūnyateti| (u) iyaṃ lokottaraśūnyatā na tu laukikī śūnyatā| (pṛ) atroktaṃ jñānadarśanasyāviśuddhatvāt jñāyata iyaṃ laukikī śūnyateti| (u) uktantu prāgasmābhiḥ-anāsravaṃ cittaṃ prajñaptividāraṇamiti| ataḥ prajñaptividāraṇādāgatamanāsravaṃ cittam| paścānnirodhasatyaṃ dṛṣṭvā abhimānaṃ vihāya jñānadarśanaṃ viśuddhaṃ bhavati| ato na laukikī śūnyatā|

yadbhavānāha-sarve saṃskārā anityāḥ sarve dharmā anātmāna iti| evaṃ hi syāt-yogī yadā nairātmyasaṃjñāsamanvitaḥ tadā dharmasaṃjñāsamanvitatvāt nairātmye dharma iti sa saṃjñocyate| yathoktaṃ darśanavarge-yo duḥkhaṃ na paśyati, sa ātmadarśī bhavati| yo yathābhūtaṃ duḥkhaṃ paśyati, na sa punarātmānaṃ paśyati| iti| yathābhūtamiti yadanātmadarśanam| ataḥ sarve dharmā anātmāna iti vacanaṃ duḥkhasatyamātramālambya anātmā saṃskāra ityabhidadhāti| yadbhavānavocat-buddhā [bhagavantaḥ] ekalakṣaṇaṃ lakṣaṇāntarañcābhimukhaṃ paśyantīti| tadapi dhātvāyatanādīnāmekatvādekalakṣaṇamityucyate iti syāt| ko doṣaḥ||

sarvālambanavarga ekanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

192 āryavihāravargaḥ

asti dvividho vihāraḥ śūnyavihāra anātmavihāra iti| pañcaskandheṣu nāsti sattva iti darśanaṃ śūnyavihāraḥ| pañcaskandhā api na santīti darśanamanātmavihāraḥ| kenedaṃ jñāyate| uktaṃ hi sūtre- rūpaṃ niskhabhāvaṃ paśyati [yāvat] vedanāṃ saṃjñāṃ saṃskārān vijñānaṃ niḥskhabhāvaṃ paśyatīti| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-niḥskhabhāvamupādāya vimucyata iti| ato jñāyate rūpasvabhāvo na vastusan yāvadvedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskāravijñānasvabhāvā na vastusanta iti| api coktaṃ sūtre-pañcaskandhāḥ śūnyā māyāvat iti| na hi māyā vastusatīti nirvācyā| yadi māyā vastusatī, na māyeti bhavati| nāstītyapi na nirvaktuṃ sambhavati| avastutvādeva [bālā]lāpanaṃ karoti| ayañca yogī sarvaṃ śūnyaṃ paśyati| ato jñāyate pañcaskandhā na vastusanta iti| yathā ekalakṣaṇavidhamanādbhittyādireko['pi] dharmo nāsti| tathā pañcaskandhā api, naikaḥ [tādṛśaḥ] paramārthiko dharmo'sti|

(pṛ) yadi rūpādayo dharmā api avastusantaḥ| tadā ekaṃ lokasatyameva syāt| (u) nirodhaḥ paramārthasatyatvādasti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-mṛṣā nāma yat tucchakam| satyaṃ nāma yathābhūtamiti| nirodhaḥ sa niyataṃ yathābhūta ityataḥ paramārthasan iti| (pṛ) yadbhavatoktaṃ pañcaskandheṣu nāsti sattva iti darśanaṃ [śūnyavihāra] iti| kena hetunā pañcaskandhāḥ sattva ityucyante| [sa] kiṃ sāsrava utānāsravaḥ| (u) sāsravo'nāsravaśca (pṛ) sūtra uktam-yaḥ sattvaṃ paśyati sa pañcopādānaskandhān paśyati iti| (u) anāsravadharmo'pi sattvākhye vartate nāsattvākhye tarupāṣāṇādau| ato jñāyate anāsravān skandhānupādāyāpi sattva ityucyante| yadācāryo'nāsravacittagataḥ| tasmin samaye'pyasti cittaṃ sattva iti| ato'nāsravacittamapi sattvo bhavati| sarve skandhā upādānaskandhā ityucyante| upādānādutpannatvāt|

(pṛ) kathaṃ jñāyate sarve upādānādutpadyanta iti| (u) anāsravadharmo dānaśīlasamādhibhāvanā karmacittādutpadyate| asati tu [tasmin] notpadyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-avidyānivṛtatṛṣṇāsaṃyojanayā pratibaddho mūḍha imaṃ kāyamanuprāpnoti| evaṃ vidvānapi iti| kāya evopādānaskandhaḥ| (pṛ) yadi sarve skandhā upādānaskandhāḥ| sāsravo'nāsrava iti skandhānāṃ pravibhāgaḥ katham| (u) sarve skandhā upādānādutpannā ityata upādānaskandhā ityucyante| naiva punarbhavamupādadata ityato'nāsravāḥ| ityayaṃ pravibhāgaḥ| skandhā upādānaskandhaiḥ sahopādānādutpannā ityata upādānaskandhā ityabhidhīyante| idaṃ sūtraṃ na virudhyate|

imau dvau vihārau yatkiñcidabhāvamālambete| yadrūpādaye dharmāḥ śūnyāḥ svabhāvaniruddhā iti| ayameva yatkiñcidabhāvaḥ| (pṛ) imau dvau pañcaskandhānālambete| uktaṃ hi sūtre-rūpaṃ paśyati śūnyamanātmā vedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskārān vijñānañca paśyati śūnyamanātmā iti| (u) skandhānupādāya paśyati śūnyamanātmeti| kasmāt| sattvakāraṇe sattvaśūnyaṃ paśyati| rūpādīnāṃ dharmāṇāmapi nirodhaṃ paśyati| (pṛ) evañcobhayālambanam| yadyogī skandhāṃśca śūnyānanusmarati| tadeva skandhān yatkiñcidabhāvañcālambate| (u) yogī sattvakāraṇe na sattvaṃ paśyatītyata eva śūnyacittamutpādya tataḥ śūnyaṃ paśyati| pañcaskandhānāṃ nirodhe ca na paśyati rūpasvabhāvaṃ vedanāsaṃjñāsaṃskāravijñānasvabhāvam| ato jñāyate imau dvau yatkiñcidabhāvālambanāviti||

āryavihāravargo dvinavattyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

193 jñānadarśanavargaḥ

(pṛ) samyagdarśanasya samyagjñānasya ca ko viśeṣaḥ| (u) ubhayamekātmakameva| nāsti kaścidviśeṣaḥ| samyagdarśanaṃ dvividhaṃ laukikaṃ lokottaramiti| laukikaṃ yadasti puṇyaṃ pāpamityādi| lokottaraṃ yat duḥkhādīnāṃ satyānāṃ pratisaṃvedaḥ| tathā samyak jñānamapi||

(pṛ) bhavatoktaṃ jñānadarśanayornedṛśaṃ lakṣaṇam| kasmāt kṣāntayo darśanamātraṃ na jñānam| kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānaṃ, pañcavijñānasamprayuktā ca prajñā jñānameva ca darśanam| (u) kasmāt kṣāntayo na jñānam| (pṛ) ājñātamājñāsyāmītyata ājñāsyāmīndriyam| yadi duḥkhe dharmakṣāntirjñānam| duḥkhe dharmakṣāntirjñātaiva duḥkhe dharmajñānamājñendriyaṃ syāt| nājñāsyāmīndriyam| ato kṣāntirna jñānam| uktañca sūtre-yat dharmeṣu dharmān parīttaṃ prajñayā vipaśyati| kṣānti[riyaṃ vipaśyanā] apariniṣpannā| pariniṣpannā tu jñānam iti| yā kṣāntiḥ, apariniṣpannā vipaśyanā [sā] | prathamā cānāsravā prajñā prāthamikaṃ darśanaṃ kṣāntiḥ| na prāthamikaṃ darśanaṃ jñānaṃ bhavet| kṣāntikāle ca na viniścayo bhavati| jñānakāle tu viniścayo'vaśyaṃ bhavati| kṣāntyutpattikāle vicikitsā punaranuvartate| ataḥ kṣāntirna jñānam| (u) yā kṣāntistadeva jñānam| kasmāt| chandaḥ abhiratiḥ kṣāntiḥ sarvamekārthakam| yogī pūrvaṃ duḥkhaṃ jñātvā paścāt [tat-] kṣāntāvabhiramate| yadi pūrvameva nāsti jñānam| kṣantavye kā'bhiratiḥ| parīttavacane ca kevalamuktaṃ vipaśyanā kṣāntiriti na jñānam| tathā cet pratipattiphalavedako jñānarahitaḥ syāt| yadi manyase yogino jñānavata eva kṣāntirbhavatīti| tadā kṣāntivedanameva jñānaṃ bhavati| uktañca sūtre-[evaṃ] jānan paśyan āsravādvimucyata iti| āha ca-jñānaṃ darśanañcaikārthakamiti| kiñca bhagavānāha-duḥkhajñānaṃ samudaya[jñānaṃ] nirodha[jñānaṃ] mārgajñānam iti| na tvāha kṣāntiriti| ato jñāyate jñānameva kṣāntiriti|

bhagavān vimuktyarthamāha-yathābhūtaṃ prajānātīti jñānam iti| kṣāntirapi yathābhūtaṃ prajānātīti na [jñānā]danyā syāt| yadi bhavat ājñāta[mājñāsyāmī]ndriyameva kṣāntiriti| tadayuktam| na vayaṃ vadāmaḥ pūrvaṃ kṣāntiḥ paścāt jñānamiti| ekasyaiva cittasya kṣāntiḥ jñānamityākhyā bhavati| ayaṃ sūtrārtho'siddhaḥ| bhavataḥ kathamasiddhena lakṣaṇasiddhirbhavati| bhavānāha-kṣāntipariniṣpanneti| pratyuktamidaṃ mayā yat jñānapūrvikā kṣāntiriti| [ataḥ] pariniṣpannaiva kṣāntiriti draṣṭavyam| yadi pariniṣpattiṃ na jānāti| kathaṃ kṣamate| bhavānavocat-kṣāntikāle na viniścayo'stīti| bhavatāṃ śāsanekṣāntyā saṃyojanaṃ prajahāti| evamaniścitaṃ kiṃ saṃyojanaṃ prajahāti| bhavānavocat-kṣāntikāle vicikitsā'nuvartate iti| tathā cet mārgasatyadarśane'pi vicikitsā'nuvartamānā bhavati| tatra jñānamutpadyamānamapi ajñānaṃ syāt| na savikalpikeyaṃ kṣāntiḥ idaṃ jñānaṃ bhavati| yathā laukikī vipaśyanā catussatyānusāriṇī kṣāntirityapyucyate jñānamityapyucyate| anāsravā kṣāntirjñānañca tathā syāt|

(pṛ) kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānañca jñānamātraṃ na dṛṣṭiḥ| (u) kiṃ kāraṇam| (pṛ) sūtre hi pṛthugucyate samyagdṛṣṭiḥ samyak jñānamiti| ato jñānaṃ na dṛṣṭiḥ| (u) tathā cet samyagdṛṣṭirna samyag jñānaṃ bhavati| yadi bhavato mataṃ samyag dṛṣṭiḥ samyag jñānamiti| samyag jñānamapi samyag dṛṣṭiḥ syāt| pañcāṅgadharmakāye prajñāskandhāt pṛthaguktaṃ vimuktijñānadarśanaṃ na prajñā bhavet| tathā ca kṣayajñānamamutpādajñānamapi na prajñā bhavati| idānīṃ samyagdṛṣṭireva bhinnalakṣaṇatayā samyag jñānamityucyate| yaduta sarvakleśānāṃ kṣayo'rhataścitte samutpadyata ityata [stata] samyag jñānamityucyate|

(pṛ) yadi samyag jñānameva samyagdṛṣṭiḥ| tadā arhanna daśāṅgasampannaḥ syāt| (u) ekasyaiva nāmāntaram| yathā dharmajñānaṃ duḥkhajñānamiti| āha ca-arhan aṣṭaguṇapuṇyakṣetrasampaditi| ataḥ samyag jñānameva samyagdṛṣṭiḥ| ṣaṭsu sāmīcīṣu ṣaṣṭhī sāmīcī samatādṛṣṭirityucyate| yadi bhavatoktavat bhavati| tadā kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānaṃ na sāmīcī bhavati| kiñca samyagvipaśyatīti samyagdṛṣṭiḥ| kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānañca samyagvipaśyatītyato'pi samyagdṛṣṭiḥ|

(pṛ) pañcavijñānasamprayuktā prajñā jñānamātraṃ na dṛṣṭiḥ| (u) kasmānna dṛṣṭiḥ| (pṛ) pañcavijñānāni nirvikalpakāni| prathamata ālambanagatatvāt| dṛṣṭirnāma sañcityopanidhyānam| pañcavijñānāni ca pratyutpannamālambante| ato na dṛṣṭiḥ| (u) tatra vitarkavicārābhāvāt na vikalpayanti| prathamata ālambanagatatvāt na dṛṣṭiriti yadi matam| tadayuktam| kasmāt| bhavatāṃ hi śāsanaṃ cakṣurvijñānaṃ santānālambanaṃ yathā manovijñānamiti| ato na vaktavyaṃ prathamata ālambanagatamiti| tathā cenmanovijñānamapi na dṛṣṭirbhavet| bhavān punarāha-pratyutpannālambanatvānna dṛṣṭiriti| idamapi na yuktam| paracittajñānamapi pratyutpannālambanam| idamapi na dṛṣṭiḥ syāt| pañcavijñāneṣu nāsti yathābhūtajñānam| pratipattyabhāvāt| sadā prajñaptyanuvartanācca| dṛṣṭiḥ jñānaṃ prajñā ityādi sarvaṃ nāsti| kiṃ punardṛṣṭimātraṃ nāstīti|

kecidāhuḥ- cakṣurindriyaṃ dṛṣṭiriti| kathamidam| (u) na cakṣurindriyaṃ dṛṣṭiḥ| cakṣurvijñānaṃ [viṣayā]lambanaṃ bhavati| lokavyavahāramanusṛtya cakṣurdṛṣṭirityucyate| (pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-santyaṣṭadṛṣṭayo yaduta pañcamithyādṛṣṭayo laukikī samyagdṛṣṭiḥ śaikṣadṛṣṭiraśaikṣadṛṣṭiḥ| etā aṣṭadṛṣṭirvarjayitvā anyā prajñā na dṛṣṭirityucyata iti| kathamidam| (u) jñānadarśanaṃ vimuktilābhaḥ pratisaṃvedanaṃ sākṣātkāra itīdaṃ sarvamekārthakam| iyaṃ dṛṣṭiriyaṃ na dṛṣṭiriti yat vacanam| sarvaṃ tat svasaṃjñāvikalpitaṃ vacanam| (pṛ) uktaṃ nanu sūtre-jānan paśyan āsravādvimucyata iti| kathamasti pravibhāgaḥ| (u) yat jñātvā ādau prajñaptiṃ vidārayati tat jñānamityucyate| dharmasthitāyāmavataraṇaṃ darśanam| ādyavipaśyanā jñānam| [tat]pratisaṃvedanaṃ darśanam| ityevamasti pravibhāgaḥ||

jñānadarśanavargastrinavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

194 trividhaprajñāvargaḥ

tisraḥ prajñā, śrutamayī prajñā, cintāmayī prajñā, bhāvanāmayī prajñeti| sūtrādi dvādaśāṅgapravacanādutpannā śrutamayī| idamanāsravāṃ prajñāṃ janayatīti prajñā| yathoktaṃ sūtre-rāhulo bhikṣurvimuktiprāpiṇīṃ prajñāṃ sampādayati iti| vedādīn vyāvahārikagranthān śṛṇvannapi nānāsravāṃ prajñāmutpādayatītyato na [sā] śrutamayī prajñā bhavati| yat sūtrāṇāmarthaṃ cintayati sā cintāmayī prajñā| yathocyate-yogī dharmaṃ śrutvā tadarthagatiṃ cintayati| iti| api cāha-yogī dharmaṃ śrutvā tadarthaṃ cintayan sadā pratipadamanuvartata iti| yat jñānadarśanamabhimukhībhavati sā bhāvanāmayī prajñā| yathocyate-yogī samāhitacitte pañcaskandhānutpādaniruddhān paśyatīti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yūyaṃ bhikṣavo dhyānasamādhiṃ bhāvayanto yathābhūtajñānadarśanamabhimukhaṃ labhadhve| iti| kiñcoktaṃ saptasamyagjñānasūtre-yat bhikṣu dharmaṃ prajānāti| [iyaṃ] śrutamayī prajñā| yadarthaṃ prajānāti [iyaṃ] cintāmayī prajñā| yat kālādīn prajānāti| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| iti| yathā ca rāhulaḥ pañcopādānaskandhanikāyādīnadhīte| iyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| yadviviktadeśe tadarthaṃ cintayati| iyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| paścātsambodhikāle bhāvanāmayī prajñā| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-trīṇyāyudhāni śrutāyudhaṃ vivekāyudhaṃ prajñāyudhamiti| śrutāyudhaṃ nāma śrutamayī prajñā| vivekāyudhaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| prajñāyudhaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| api coktaṃ sūtre-pañcānuśaṃsādharmaśravaṇe| katamāḥ pañca| aśrutaṃ śṛṇoti| śrutaṃ paryādāpayati| kāṃkṣāṃ vihanti| dṛṣṭiṃ ṛju karoti| cittamasya prasīdati| iti| aśrutaṃ śṛṇoti| śrutaṃ paryādāpayati itīyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| kāṃkṣāṃ vihanti| dṛṣṭiṃ ṛjukaroti itīyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| cittamasya prasīdati itīyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| dharmaśravaṇānuśaṃsāyāñcoktam-śrotreṇa dharmaṃ śṛṇoti| vācā dharmamadhīte| iyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| manasā mīmāṃsate| iyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| paśyan abhisameti| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā iti| caturṣu śrotaāpattyaṅgeṣu saddharmaśravaṇaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| yoniśomanaskāraścintāmayī prajñā| dharmānudharmapratipattirbhāvanāmayī prajñā| pañcavimuktidvāreṣu [yadanyatarasmāt] gurusthānīyāt dharmaṃ śrṛṇoti| iyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| [tasmin dharme] yadarthapratisaṃvedī bhavati| iyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| tasya yat pramodyādi jāyate| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā|

api coktaṃ sūtre-bhagavān dharmamupadiśati ādau kalyāṇaṃ madhye kalyāṇamante kalyāṇamityādi| taṃ dharmaṃ śṛṇoti satpuruṣastaruṇo vṛddho vā| śruttvā pratisañcikṣati-sambādho gṛhāvāso'bhyavakāśā pravrajyā| nedaṃ su karamagāramadhyāvasatā [ekāntapariśuddhaṃ] saddharmaṃ caritumiti| tadaiva bhogaskandhaṃ prahāya jñātiparivṛttaṃ prahāya agārādanāgāraṃ pravrajati| śīlaṃ dhatte| indriyāṇi rakṣati| iryāpatheṣu samprajanyakārī bhavati| viviktadeśe cintayati| pañca nīvaraṇāni prahāya prathamadhyānādīnupasampadya viharati| yāvadāsravakṣayamanuprāpnoti| iti| tatra yat dharmaṃ śṛṇoti taruṇo vā vṛddho vā iti| iyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| śrutvā yat pratisañcikṣati-sambādho gṛhāvāso'bhyavakāśā pravrajyeti| iyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| pañca nīvaraṇāni prahāya yāvadāsravakṣayamanuprāpnoti| iyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-dvābhyāṃ pratyayābhyāṃ samyagdṛṣṭirutpadyate| [katamābhyāṃ dvābhyām]| parato dharmaśravaṇaṃ yoniśomanaskāra iti| parato dharmaśravaṇaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| yoniśomanaskāraścintāmayī prajñā| samyagdṛṣṭisamutpādo bhāvanāmayī prajñā| uktañca gāthāyām-

niṣevya santaṃ puruṣaṃ saddharmamupaśrutya ca|
viviktadeśābhirataḥ taccittaṃ vinayetpunaḥ|| iti|

tatra niṣevya santaṃ puruṣaṃ saddharmamupaśrutya cetīyaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| viviktadeśābhirata itīyaṃ cintamayī prajñā| taccittaṃ vinayetpunaritīyaṃ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| kiñca bhagavān bhikṣūnanuśāsti-yatkiñcidbhāṣamāṇairyuṣmābhiścatussatyāni bhāṣayitavyāni| yatkiñciccintayadbhiścatussatyāni cintayitavyāni iti| tatra catussatyabhāṣaṇaṃ śrutamayī prajñā| catussatyacintanaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| catussatyānāṃ lābhaḥ bhāvanāmayī prajñā| evamādinā tatra tatra sutre bhagavān trividhāṃ prajñāmavocat|

(pṛ) tisṛṣu prajñāsu kati kāmadhātau| kati rūpadhātau| kati ārūpyadhātau bhavanti| (u) kāmadhātau sarvā bhavanti| yathā hastaka upāsako'tapyaddeveṣūpapadya tatra dharmaṃ deśayati| dharmaṃ deśayan avaśyaṃ tadarthaṃ cintayati| ato jñāyate rūmadhātāvapyasti cintāmayī prajñeti| ārūpyadhātāvasti bhāvanāmayī prajñā| (pṛ) kecidāhuḥ kāmadhātau nāsti bhāvanāmayī prajñā| rūpadhātau nāsti cintāmayī prajñeti| kathamidam| (u) kena pratyayena kāmadhātau nāsti bhāvanāmayī prajñā| (pṛ) na kāmadhātukamārgeṇa sarvāṇi nīvaraṇāni sarvāṇi paryavasthānāni prajahāti yena kāmadhātukaparyavasthānaṃ nābhimukhībhavet| (u) bhavatāṃ śāsane nedaṃ vacanamasti yat na kāmadhātukamārgeṇa nīvaraṇāni paryavasthānāni prajahāti yena kāmadhātukaparyavasthānaṃ nābhimukhībhavediti| āha ca kāmadhātukamārgeṇa kleśāna paribhedayatīti| kimiti| kāmadhātāvasti aśubhādibhāvanā| yathoktaṃ sūtre-aśubhabhāvanāṃ bhāvayan kāmarāgaṃ samūhanti iti| tathā karuṇādāvapi| (pṛ) kāmadhātāvaśubhādibhāvanā nātyantaṃ kleśān samucchedayati| (u) rūpadhātukāśubhādibhāvanāpi nātyantaṃ kleśān samucchindyāt| (pṛ) dauṣṭhulyādyākāraiḥ kleśān prajahāti| nāśubhādinā| (u) dauṣṭhulyādinā kleśān prajahāti nāśubhādinā iti nāsti kiñcana sūtravacanam| uktaṃ hi sūtre-aśubhādinā kleśān samūhanti iti| dauṣṭhulyādīnāṃ kimasti balaṃ kleśānāṃ samucchedakam| [yat] nāstyaśubhādīnām| yadi kāmadhātau dauṣṭhulyādyākāro'sti| anenākāreṇa kleśān samucchindyāt| yadi nāsti, vaktavyaṃ kāraṇaṃ kasmādasti aśubhādiḥ, na dauṣṭhulyādiriti| yadi sannapi na kleśān samucchedayati| rūpadhātau sannapi na samucchindyāt| atrāpi kāraṇaṃ vaktavyaṃ kasmāt kāmadhātau na samucchedayati| rūpadhātau paraṃ samucchedayatīti|

kāmadhātau sannapi dauṣṭhulyādirna kleśān samucchedayati| asti vikṣepadhātutvāt| vikṣiptacitto na kiñcitsamucchedayati| yayoktaṃ sūtre-cittasamādhānaṃ mārgaḥ cittavikṣepo'mārga iti| (u) kāraṇaṃ vaktavyaṃ kasmāt kāmadhāturvikṣepadhāturiti| tatrāsti aśubhādibhāvanā yadyayaṃ vikṣepadhātuḥ| kathaṃ kaṅkālādi vilakṣaṇaṃ paśyati| rūpadhātau ca cittasamādhāne kasya vailakṣaṇyamasti| kāmadhāto tu nāsti| (pṛ) rūpadhātukamārgeṇa vairāgyamanuprāpya tadantarā mriyamāṇo rūpadhātāvutpadyate| yathā āṇirāṇiṃ nissārayati| (u) kiṃ nāma vairāgyam| (pṛ) kleśaprahāṇaṃ vairāgyam| rūpadhātukarmārgeṇa kleśān prajahāti| na kāmadhātukena| (u) tīrthikāḥ prahīṇasaṃyojanā api punaḥ kāmadhātau samutpadyante| ataḥ [te] prākṛtā na prahīṇasaṃyojanā ityucyante| yadi [saṃyojanāni] prahāya punarutpadyate| tadā anāsravaḥ kṣīṇasaṃyojano'pi punarutpadyeta| tattu na sambhavati|

api coktaṃ sūtre- kṣīṇatrisaṃyojanastrīṇi viṣāṇi samūhantīti| prākṛto na trīṇi saṃyojanāni kṣapayatītyato na vītarāgo bhavati| prākṛtasya nityamasti ātmadṛṣṭiḥ| yataḥ sa na satkāyadṛṣṭyādīn kṣapayati| yadi prākato vairāgyakuśalaḥ, sarve'pi kleśā na syuḥ| kasmāt| sarve hi kleśāḥ pratītyasiddhāḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-pratyayebhya ātmā sidhyatīti| yadi pṛthagjanasyāsya kāmadhātukapañcaskandheṣu satkāyadṛṣṭirnodbhavati| urdhvadhātukaskandheṣu punarna bhavet| tadā tu pṛthagjanasya na satkāyadṛṣṭirbhavet| ityastīdṛśo doṣaḥ| evaṃ kleśairatyantakṣīṇairbhavitavyam| pṛthagjano'yamarhan syāt| vastutastu [tasya] kleśā naikāntaṃ kṣīṇāḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-dvāvimau bhikṣavaḥ aśanyā phalantyā na santrasataḥ| [katamau dvau] bhikṣuśca kṣīṇāsravo rājā ca cakravartī iti| idānīmayaṃ pṛthagjano'pi na santraset| arhan nābhinandati jīvitaṃ, nābhisantrasati maraṇam| ayaṃ [pṛthagjano]'pi evaṃ syāt| yathā upaseno'rhan āśīviṣadaṣṭo jīvitānte'virūpendriyo'vikṛtarūpaśca babhūva| tathā'yamapi syāt| arhato'ṣṭau lokadharmā na cittamavapātayanti| tathā syādayamapi| vītarāgatvāt| vastutastu pṛthagjanasya vītarāga iti kathyamānasyāpi nedaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ syāt| ato jñāyate na kṣīṇakleśo['ya]miti|

(pṛ) pṛthagjanaḥ saṃyojanāni prahāya atrāyuṣo'nte rūpadhātāvutpadyate| yadi saṃyojanāni na prajahāti| kathaṃ tatrotpadyeta| sūtre'pyuktam-asti vītarāgastīrthika iti| āha ca arāḍaḥ kalāma udrako rāmaputro rūpe vītarāga ārūpya utpadyata iti| kiñcāha-rūpeṇa kāmaṃ vijahāti| arūpeṇa rūpaṃ vijahāti| nirodhena smṛtyupasthānāni vijahātīti| ato [yat]bhavatoktaṃ pṛthagjanaḥ kṣīṇakleśo'pi punarutpadyata ityato na kṣīṇa[kleśa] iti| tanna yujyate| bhavānapyāha-pṛthagjanasya sarvāṇi vidyamānāni prahīṇānīti idaṃ vastutaḥ pratiṣiddhamityataḥ kṣīṇo vīta ityucyate| yathoktaṃ gāthāyām-

ahaṃ mameti yā cintā mriyamāṇo jahāti tām

ayameva vītarāgo nāma| tīrthikānāṃ prahāṇantu maraṇaprahāṇādanyat| maraṇaprahīṇo na rūpārūpyadhātāvutpadyate| yo bālaḥ svabhūmiṃ tyajati taṃ satkṛtavatāmapi nāsti mahāvipākaḥ| yadi vītarāgaṃ tīrthikaṃ satkaroti, mahāvipākaṃ vindate| vacane samāne'pi tadarthastu vibhinnaḥ| ato jñāyate pṛthagjano vastutaḥ prahīṇa[kleśo] vīta[rāga] iti|

(u) pratiṣedhe'sti pravibhāgaḥ| yadi gabhīrakleśavyāvartakaḥ tadā rūpārūpadhātāvutpadyate| yadi satkāyadṛṣṭiṃ vyāvṛttavān tadā pūrvokto doṣaḥ| yadi kāmadhātukasatkāyadṛṣṭiṃ na vyāvṛttavān| kathaṃ rūṇarūpyadhātāvutpadyate| vyāvṛttarāgapratighamātrasya rūpadhātāvutpādaḥ| na vyāvṛttasatkāyadṛṣṭikasya| ataḥ pṛthagjano na vastutaḥ prahīṇasaṃyojana iti jñāyate| kāmadhātukasaddharmo'pi kleśavyāvartako'sti| ato jñāyate kāmadhātāvapi bhāvanāmayī prajñā'stīti| sūtre'pyuktam-saptaniścayānatikramya sambodhiṃ vindata iti| ato jñāyate kāmadhātuniśritaḥ samādhistattvajñānajanaka iti|

(pṛ) pugdalo'yaṃ prathamadhyānasyāsannabhūmiṃ niścityārhanmārgamanuprāpnoti| na kāmadhātukasamādhim| (u) na yuktam| atikramya saptaniśrayāniti vacanena prathamadhyānaṃ tadāsannabhūmiścātikrāntaiva| na tatrāsti kāraṇamāsannabhūmiṃ niśrayate na kāmadhātukasamādhimiti| yadyayaṃ yogī āsannabhūmimupasannaḥ| kasmānna prathamadhyānamupasampadyate| asyāpi nāsti kāraṇam| susīmasūtre coktam-pūrvaṃ khalu dharmasthitijñānaṃ pañcānnirvāṇajñānamiti| asyārthaḥ nāvaśyaṃ dhyānasamādhiprāptipūrvaka āsravakṣayaḥ| kintu dharmasthitijñānamavaśyaṃ pūrvaṃ kṛtvā paścādāsravakṣayo bhavatīti| ato jñāyate sarvān dhyānasamādhīnatikrāmatīti| dhyānasamādhisamatikramāya sūsīmasūtramāha| yadyāsannabhūmiṃ vedayate| sa eva dhyānasamānadoṣaḥ| sūtre cāsannabhūmiriti vacanaṃ nāsti| svasaṃjñānusmaraṇavikalpo'yam|

(pṛ) pūrvamukto mayā āṇidṛṣṭāntaḥ| ato jñāyate anyabhūmikamārgeṇānyabhūmikasaṃyojanaṃ prajahātīti| yathā sūkṣmayāṇyā sthūlāṇiṃ nissārayati| evaṃ rūpadhātukamārgeṇa kāmadhātuṃ prajahāti| yogī yadi pūrvaṃ kāmamakuśaladharmāṃśca prajahāti| taduttaraṃ prathamadhyāne'vatarati| ato jñāyate'vaśyamastyāsannabhūmiḥ yayā kāmaṃ prajahāti| āha ca-rūpamupādāya kāmamatikrāmatīti| yadi nāstyāsannabhūmiḥ| kathaṃ rūpamupādadyāt| uktañca sūtre-yogī śubhaṃ pratilabhamāno'śubhaṃ tyajati tadyathā nandaḥ apsaratṛṣṇāmupādāya pūrvatanakāmaṃ jahau iti| yaśca prathamadhyāne nopaśamarasamanuvindate, na sa pañcakāmaguṇeṣu mahāvadyamatiṃ karoti| ato jñāyate pūrvaṃ prathamadhyānasyāsannabhūmimanuprāpya kāmadhātumutsṛjatīti|

ucyate| kāmadhātau śubhamanuprāpyāśubhaṃ prajahati| tadyathāha-pañcanissaraṇasvabhāvā iti| yadyāryaśrāvakaḥ kadācit pañcakāmaguṇā na prītisaumanasyajanakā ityanusmarati| tadā taccittaṃ nābhiramate sirāpakṣadāhavat| yadi [te] nissaraṇadharmā ityanusmarati| tadā cittamabhiramate| āha ca-yogino yadā'kuśalavitarko bhavati| tadā kuśalavitarkeṇa taṃ nirodhayati| tasmādbhavadukta āṇidṛṣṭānto'pi kāmadhātau sambhavati| yat bhavānāharūpamupādāya kāmamatikrāmatīti| idaṃ caramabhavikam| yogī yadi kāmadhātukamārgeṇa kleśān prajahāti| tadanukramaśo yāvadrūpadhātukakuśaladharmān pratilabhate| tasmin samaye kāmadhātoratyantaprahāṇaṃ nāma rūpadhātukadharmapratilābhaḥ| bhavānāha-nirodhasamāpattiṃ pratilabhata iti| arhannapi samādhīn pratilabhate| kintu taccaramabhavikamityucyate| yadbhavatoktaṃ-śubhaṃ praṇītaṃ pramodamupaśamarasañca pratilabhamāna iti| tatsarvaṃ sāmānyataḥ pratyuktam|

yadi ca kāmadhātau nāsti samādhiḥ| kathaṃ vyagracittena rūpadhātukakuśalaṃ sākṣātkaroti| (pṛ) prajñāvimuktasyārhato nāsti samādhiḥ| prajñā paramasti| (u) tatra dhyānasamādhimātrasya niṣedhaḥ| avaśyaṃ bhavitavyamalpakālaṃ samāhitacittena yāvadekaṃ kṣaṇam| yathā sūtre bhagavānāha-bhikṣūṇāṃ cīvaraṃ gṛhṇatāṃ triṣu [kleśa] viṣeṣu satsvapi cīvarāsaṅgo niruddha eveti| vyagracittasya tattvajñānamutpadyata iti na kiñcitsūtramāha| sarvathāha-samāhito yathābhūtaṃ prajānātīti||

trividhaprajñāvargaścaturvanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

195 catuḥ pratisaṃvidvargaḥ

(pṛ) asti dharmasthiteḥ pratyāsannaṃ laukikaṃ jñānam| katamadidam| (u) idaṃ ūṣmādidharme prajñaptividārakaṃ jñānam| jñānamidaṃ sāṃvṛtasatyadarśana[rūpa]tvāt laukikam| āryamārgasya pratyāsannatvāt dharmasthiteḥ pratyāsannamityucyate| (pṛ) idaṃ satyadarśanamārge anāgatabhāvanādīnāṃ jñānam| (u) anāgatabhāvanādīnāṃ jñānaṃ nāstīti paścādvakṣyate| kasmāt| dharmalakṣaṇavidāraṇe hi nāsti prajñapticittam| ataḥ satyadarśanamārge na laukikaṃ jñānaṃ bhāvayati|

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-catasraḥ pratisaṃvida iti| katamā imāḥ| (u) akṣareṣu, yā pratisaṃvit| iyaṃ dharmapratisaṃvit| ruteṣu pratisaṃvit niruktipratisaṃvit| yaduta [nānā] digantaravyavahṛtarutaviśeṣa[jñāna]m| yathoktaṃ sūtre-janapadaniruktau nābhiniveśeta yogī iti| rutasyāprayoge'rtho duradhigamaḥ| akṣarābhāve'rtho na prakāśyo bhavati| iyameva niruktirakuṇṭhā akṣayā asandigdhaṃ subhāṣitamityucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-santi catvāro bhāṣitadharmāḥ kiñcidbhāṣitaṃ sārthagati nākṣayakaram| kiñcidakṣayakaraṃ na sārthagati| kiñcidubhayavat iti| kiñcinnobhayavat iti| idaṃ trividhaṃ jñānaṃ niruktyupāyaḥ| nāmapadajñāne yadarthapratisaṃvedanam, iyamarthapratisaṃvit| yathāha-santi catvāro bhāṣitadharmāḥ kaścidarthopāyaḥ na vyañjanopāyaḥ| kaścidvayañjanopāyo nārthopāyaḥ| kaścidubhayopāyaḥ| kaścinnobhayopāyaḥ| ya etaccatuḥpratisaṃvitprāptaḥ sa upāyasampanno duṣpradhṛṣyo duradhigamyo dharmabhāṣaṇe| [tasya] subhāṣitamakṣaya[kara]mapi sārthagati| prajñā'navasannā vacananiruktiścā pratihatā bhavati|

(pṛ) pratisaṃvidiyaṃ kathaṃ pratilabdhavyā bhavati| (u) pūrvādhvanīnakarmapratyayāt| yadi pratyadhva prajñāpratyayaṃ skandhādyupāyañca samyagbhāvayati| tadā tadbhāvanābalādihaivādhvani aśikṣitākṣarasūtrādhyayano'pi [tatra] jñānaṃ vindate| yathā divyacakṣurabhijñādiṣu| (pṛ) katamaḥ pudgalaḥ pratilabhate| (u) āryapudgala eva pratilabhate| kecidāhuḥ-arhanneva pratilabhate| na śaikṣajanā iti| nāyaṃ tathā niyamaḥ| śaikṣā api aṣṭavimokṣān vindate| kasmānna pratilabhanta idaṃ jñānam|

(pṛ) catasra imāḥ pratisaṃvidaḥ kasmin dhātau vartante| (u) kāmadhātau rūpadhātau ca sarvā bhavanti| ārūpyadhātau kevalamarthapratisaṃvidasti| pratisaṃvid dvividhā bhavati sāsravā anāsraveti| śaikṣāṇāṃ dvividhā ca bhavati| aśaikṣāṇāṃ kevalamanāsravā| pratilābhe tu sarvā yugapadvindate| striyo'pi pratilabhante yathā dharmadinnādayo bhikṣuṇyaḥ||

catuḥpratisaṃvidvargaḥ pañcanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

196 pañcajñānavargaḥ

pañca jñānāni-dharmasthitijñānaṃ, nirvāṇajñānaṃ araṇājñānaṃ praṇidhijñānaṃ prāntakoṭikajñānamiti| tatra dharmāṇāmutpādajñānaṃ dharmasthitijñānam| yathā jātipratyayaṃ jarāmaraṇaṃ yāvadavidyāpratyayāḥ saṃskārā iti| asti vā tathāgato nāsti vā tathāgataḥ| eṣāṃ svabhāvaḥ sadā sthita ityato dharmasthitijñānamityucyate| eṣāṃ dharmāṇāṃ nirodho nirvāṇajñānam| yathā jātinirodhe jarāmaraṇanirodhaḥ| yāvadavidyānirodhe saṃskāranirodha iti|

(pṛ) tathā cet nirvāṇajñānamapi dharmasthitijñānaṃ bhavati| kasmāt| yataḥ asti vā tathāgato nāsti vā tathāgataḥ| asya svabhāvo'pi sadā sthitaḥ| (u) dharmāṇāṃ kṣayanirodho nirvāṇamityākhyāyate| asmin kṣayanirodhe ko dharmaḥ sthitaḥ| (pṛ) nirvāṇaṃ kimadravyamasat| (u) skandhānāmaśeṣanirodho nirvāṇamiti kīrtyate| tatra kimasti [avaśiṣṭam]| (pṛ) dravyasat nirvāṇam| tat kena jñāyate| nirodhasatyaṃ hi nirvāṇam| duḥkhādīnāṃ satyānāṃ vastusattvāt nirvāṇamapi vastusat| kiñca nirvāṇasya jñānaṃ nirodhajñānaṃ bhavati| yadyasan dharmaḥ| kasya dharmasya jñānamutpadyate| sūtre ca bhagavānavocat-asti, bhikṣavaḥ kṛtako jāto bhūtaḥ saṃskṛtadharmaḥ| asti [bhikṣavaḥ] akṛtako'jāto'bhūto'saṃskṛtadharma iti| api coktam-santi dvidhaiva dharmāḥ saṃskṛto'saṃskṛta iti| saṃskṛtadharma iti utpādasthitivyayavikṛtaḥ| asaṃskṛta anutpādasthitivyayavikṛtaḥ| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-ye vidyante saṃskṛtā vā asaṃskṛtā vā nirodho nirvāṇaṃ teṣāmagramākhyāyate iti| āha ca-rūpamanityam| rūpanirodhe nirvāṇaṃ nityam| evaṃ yāvadvijñānamapi| sūtre coktam-nirodhaḥ sākṣātkartavya iti| yadyasan dharmaḥ| katamaḥ sākṣātkartavyaḥ| bhagavān bahudhātukasūtra āha-vidvān saṃskṛtadhātumasaṃskṛtādhātuñca yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti| iti| yo'saṃskṛtadhātuḥ tadeva nirvāṇam| yathābhūtajñātaṃ kathamabhāva ityucyate| sarveṣu sūtreṣu nāsti kiñcinniyataṃ vacanaṃ nirvāṇamasaddharma iti| ato jñāyate yannirvāṇamasaditi tat bhavataḥ svasaṃjñāvikalpa eveti|

ucyate| yadi skandhānāṃ viyoge'pi punarasti dharmāntaraṃ nirvāṇamiti| tadā dharmāṇāmaśeṣanirodho nirvāṇamiti na syāt| yadi nirvāṇaṃ sat| tadā vaktavyaḥ asti svabhāvaḥ ko'yamiti| nirvāṇālambanaḥ samādhiranimitta ityākhyāyate| yadi dharmalakṣaṇamapi sajīvam| kimasallakṣaṇaṃ bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogī rūpalakṣaṇaṃ prahīṇaṃ paśyati yāvaddharmalakṣaṇaṃ prahīṇaṃ paśyati iti| sūtre ca tatra tatroktam-sarve dharmā anityāḥ sarve dharmā anātmānaḥ| teṣāṃ vyupaśamo nirvāṇamiti| tatrātmā sarvadharmāṇāṃ svabhāvaḥ| yat sarvadharmāṇāṃ svabhāvādarśanam| tadā anātmadarśanaṃ bhavati| yadi nirvāṇaṃ dharmaḥ tadā nāsti svabhāva iti darśanaṃ nopalabdhuṃ śakyate| asya dharmasya nirodhābhāvāt| yathā yatra ghaṭo'sti| na tatra ghaṭasya vināśadharmo'sti| ghaṭe vinaṣṭe tu ghaṭo vinaṣṭa iti vaktuṃ śakyate| vṛkṣacchede'pyevam| evaṃ saṃskārā athāpi vartante| tadā na nirvāṇamityākhyāyate| saṃskārāṇāṃ nirodhe tu nirvāṇamityākhyā bhavati|

duḥkhanirodhaśca na punardharmāntaraṃ bhavati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yadidaṃ bhikṣavo duḥkhaṃ nirudhyate anyadduḥkhaṃ notpadyate na punastatsantatirasti| idaṃ sthānaṃ paramaṃ śāntaṃ śiva yaduta sarvapratinissargaḥ kāyikacaitasikarāgātyantavisaṃyogo nirodho nirvāṇamiti| tatredaṃ duḥkhaṃ nirudhyate| anyaddaḥkhaṃ notpadyata iti vacane ko dharmo nirvāṇādanyo bhavati| nāpyasti punaḥ pṛthak kṣayadharmaḥ| utpannamātrā tṛṣṇā nirudhyate, ajātā na jāyate| tasmin samaye kṣayo nāma| ko dharmaḥ punarasti kṣaya ityabhidhīyamānaḥ| dravyato nābhidhātuṃ śakyate|

atha sattā dharmasya nāmāntaram| pañcaskandhānāmabhāvo nirvāṇamityucyate| tatrābhāvo vidyamānaḥ san sattetyucyeta| itīdantu na sambhavati| aśeṣanirodhe nirvāṇamityabhidhīyate| tadyathā cīvarakṣayaḥ punarna dharmāntaramasti| tathā no cet cīvarakṣayādirapi pṛthak dharmaḥ syāt|

bhavānavocat-asti nirodhajñānamiti| tadapyabādhitam| tadyathā vṛkṣacchedādau [vṛkṣaccheda] jñānamutpadyate| na cāsti pṛthak chedadharmaḥ| saṃskāravaśāttatra jñānamutpadyate| yat sarvasaṃskārāṇāmabhāvaḥ| [tat] nirvāṇaṃ bhavati| yathā yatra yannāsti tatra tena śūnyamiti jñānam| (pṛ) kimidānīṃ nāsti nirvāṇam| (u) na nāsti nirvāṇamiti| kintu nāsti dravyadharma[rūpam]| yadi nāsti nirvāṇam| tadā sadā sarvatra jātimaraṇamasti| na kadācinmokṣasamayaḥ| yathā asti ghaṭabhaṅgaḥ vṛkṣasamucchedaḥ| paraṃ tu nāsti dravyato dharmāntaramastīti| [anena] anyasatyādivacanamapi pratyuktam| kasmāt| asti duḥkhanirodha ityato'styajāto'bhūto'kṛtako'saṃskṛta ityādivacanaṃ sarvamapratihatam|

araṇājñānamiti| yena jñānena na raṇāyate pareṇa saha| idamaraṇā [jñāna]m| kecidāhuḥ-maitrīcittamidamiti| maitrīcittānna sattvānupahanti| anye kecidāhuḥ-śūnyatāvihāro'yamiti| anena śūnyatāvihāreṇa na vastunā raṇāyate| kecidvadantinirvāṇābhirucicittamidamiti| nirvāṇābhirucyā hi na raṇāspadamasti| kecidvadanti-caturthadhyānagataṃ [kiñcidida] miti| nedaṃ niyamena tathā| etajjñānabhāvitacittasyārhato nāsti [raṇāspadaṃ] kiñcit|

praṇidhijñānamiti| dharmeṣu apratihataṃ praṇidhijñānamityucyate| (pṛ) tathā cet bhagavato buddhasya kevalamidaṃ jñānaṃ syāt| (u) evameva| buddho bhagavānevaitajjñānasampannaḥ| anye [ta]dbalādhiṣṭhitā apratihata[jñānaṃ] vindante|

prāntakoṭikajñānamiti| yat yogī prakṛṣṭamuttamaṃ jñānaṃ sarvadhyānasamādhibhiḥ paribhāvitaṃ parivardhitaṃ pratilabhya [sva]jīvitasya bṛddhau hrāse vaśitāṃ vindate| idaṃ prāntakoṭikajñānamityucyate||

pañcajñānavargaḥ ṣaṇṇavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

197 ṣaḍabhijñājñānavargaḥ

asti ṣaḍabhijñājñānam| ṣaḍabhijñāḥ-kāyarddhiḥ dviyacakṣuḥ divyaśrotraṃ paracittajñānaṃ pūrvanivāsānusmṛtirāsravakṣaya[jñāna]miti| kāyarddhiriti| yogī svakāyādapo'gniñcāviṣkaroti| vihāyasā gacchati| āvirbhavati| tirobhavati| sūryācandramasau parāmṛśati| brahmāṇamīśvaraṃ nānānirmitāṃścādhigacchati| īdṛśaṃ karma kāyarddhiḥ| (pṛ) kathamidaṃ setsyati| (u) yogī dhyānasamādhīnāṃ samyak bhāvanayā vindate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-dhyānasamādhānasya balamacintyamiti| kecidāhuḥ-nirmāṇacittamavyākṛtamiti| idamayuktam| yadyayaṃ yogī parahitāya nānānirmitaṃ pradarśayati| kasmāttadavyākṛtaṃ bhavet| kecidāhuḥ-kāmadhātukacittena kāmadhātukanirmitaṃ karoti| rūpadhātukacittena rūpadhātukanirmitaṃ karotīti| tadapyayuktam| cakṣurādyapi evaṃ syāt| kāmadhātukavijñānena kāmadhātukarūpameva paśyedityādi| yadi rūpadhātukacittaṃ kāmadhātukacittaṃ karoti| ko doṣo'sti| kecidāhuḥ-prathamadhyānābhijñayā brahmalokaṃ gacchati yāvaccaturthadhyānābhijñayā rūpaparyantaṃ gacchatīti| idamapyayuktam| indriyabalavaśāt yatra kutracit gacchati| yadi tīkṣṇendriyaḥ, prathamadhyānābhijñayā caturthadhyānamanuprāpnoti| mṛdvindriyo dvitiyadhyānābhijñayā'pi na prathamadhyānamupayojayati| yathā mahābrahmā [sahāṃ] patiḥ dhyānasyāntaramanuprāptaḥ| na tatrāsti [tasyā]bhijñā| prathamadhyānabalena anyān brahmadevānanuprāpnoti| naiva tu prathamadhyānena brahmāvāsaṃ prajānāti| bhagavān pūrvanivāsena ārūpyamanusmarati| yathoktaṃ sūtre rūpe vā ārūpye vā pūrvatanīnamupapattyāyatanaṃ bhagavān sarvaṃ prajānāti| ato nāsti niyamaḥ|

kecidāhuḥ-divyacakṣuḥ prajñāsvabhāvamiti| tadapyayuktam| divyacakṣurālokavaśena siddham| prajñā tu naivam| (pṛ) sūtra uktam-ālokalakṣaṇaṃ bhāvayan jñānadarśanaṃ sādhayati iti| jñānadarśanameva divyacakṣuḥ| (u) maivam| api cāha-divyaśrotraṃ na prajñāsvabhāvamiti| tat śrotramityākhyāyate iti| ato na prajñāsvabhāvam| divyacakṣuḥ pratyutpannaṃ rūpamālambate| na tathā manovijñānam| divyacakṣurvibhaṅge coktam-jñānaṃ sattvakarmavipāka[bhūta]m| cakṣurvijñānasya nāsti balamidam| kintu manovijñānasya jñānaṃ cakṣurvijñānaprayogakāle samutpadyate| ato dhyānasamādhibhya utpannaṃ rūpaṃ divyacakṣurityucyate| (pṛ) divyacakṣuṣaḥ saṃsthānaṃ kiṃ mahat kiṃ vālpam| (u) tārakāpramāṇasadṛśam| (pṛ) andhasya katham| (u) cakṣurāyatanena sahaiva bhavati| (pṛ) kiṃ divyacakṣurekaṃ uta dve| (u) dve bhavataḥ| (pṛ) yāṃ kāñciddiśamanupaśyati| (u) sarvā diśo vyāpya paśyati| (pṛ) kiṃ nirmite'pyasti| (u) nāsti| nirmāturasti| divyaśrotravādo'pyevam|

yogī tat paracittaṃ vetti| yat paracittajñānam|(pṛ) kasmānnocyate paracaitasikajñānam| (u) asmādeva kāraṇānnāsti pṛthak caitasikam| parakīyasaṃjñāvedanādīnāṃ jñānamapi paracittajñānameva| kecidāhuḥ-jñānamidaṃ sajātīyālambanam| yathā sāsraveṇa sāsravaṃ jānāti anāsraveṇa anāsravaṃ jānāti iti| tadayuktam| neme vadanti kāraṇaniyamam-anena kāraṇena sajātīyamevālambanaṃ jānātīti| kecidvadanti-pratyutpannamātrālambanamiti| tadapyayuktam| kiñcidanāgatālambanam| yathā kaścidavitarkasamādhimupasampannaḥ prajānāti asmāt samādhervyutthite evamevaṃ vitarko bhaviṣyatīti| kecidvadanti-jñānamidaṃ na mārgasatyaṃ prajānātīti| tadayuktam| yadi prajānāti| ko doṣaḥ| āha ca-pratyekabuddho mārgasatyadarśanagatatṛtīyacittaṃ jñāsyāmīti saptamaṃ cittameva paśyati| śrāvakastṛtīyacittaṃ jñāsyāmīti ṣoḍaśaṃ cittameva paśyati| kimayaṃ na mārgasatyadarśanaṃ prajānāti| kecidāhuḥ-jñānamidaṃ na prajānāti ūrdhvabhūmimūrdhva[bhūmi] pudgalamūrdhvamindriyamiti| idamapyaniyatam| devā api prajānānti bhagavataścittam| tadyathā bhagavānekadā pariṣadaṃ vihāya punargrahaṇecchāmanvasmarat| tat sarvaṃ brahmā prājānat| kiñcaikasmin samaye manasyacintayat-rājā bhūtvā yathādharmaṃ lokaṃ vineṣyāmīti| mārastadeva jñātvā samāgatyāyācata| devā api jānanti-ayamarhan yāvadayaṃ strotaāpattipratipannaka iti| bhikṣavo'pi prajānanti bhagavataścittam| tadyathā bhagavati parinirvāṇābhimukhe sati anirūddho bhagavatopasampannān dhyānasamādhīn yathākramamajānīt| kecidāhuḥ-jñānamidaṃ nārūpyaṃ prajānātīti| ida mayuktam| bhagavān hi pūrvanivāsā[nusmṛtyā] ārūpyaṃ prajānāti| paracittajñānenāpi tathā jñāne ko doṣaḥ|

(pṛ) kathaṃ paricittaṃ jānāti| (u) ālambane sati jānāti| yadi cittaṃ rūpāvacaraṃ, rūpālambanaṃ cittaṃ bhavati| ityādi| (pṛ) tathā cet paracittaṃ sarvadharmālambanaṃ syāt| (u) evameva [syāt]| yadi na jānātyālambanaṃ, katamat cittaṃ jānīyāt| yathoktaṃ sūtre-bhavataścittamevamevamiti prajānāmi iti| idameva rūpādyālambanam|

paracittajñānaṃ trividham-nimittajñānaṃ, vipākapratilabdhaṃ, bhāvanāpratilabdhamiti| nimittajñānamiti yathā aṅgamantrādinā jānāti| vipākaprāptamiti yathā asurādīnām| bhāvanāpratilabdhamiti dhyānasamādhibhāvanābalapratilabdhaṃ paracittajñānam| idameva ṣaḍabhijñāsu bhāvanāpratilabdhamityucyate|

yadatītādhvanīskandhānāmanusmaraṇaṃ [tat] pūrvanivāsānusmaraṇam| (pṛ) keṣāṃ skandhānāmanusmaraṇaṃ karoti| (u) svaskandhān paraskandhānasattvaskandhāṃścānusmarati| jinānāṃ skandhānanuramarannapi teṣāṃ śīlādīn dharmānanusmarati| kena tat jñāyate| yathā śāriputraḥ bhagavantaṃ pratyāha-ahamatītānāgatānāṃ tathāgatānāṃ cittamajānannapi teṣāṃ dharmaṃ jānāmīti| śuddhāvāsā devāstathāgatacittaṃ jānantītyato bhagavantamupasampadyāhuḥ-atītatathāgatānāṃ bhagavan iryāpatho'pyevamiti|

(pṛ) pūrvanivāsā[nusmṛti] vibhaṅge kasmāduktaṃ saha nimittena saha jātyeti| (u) anusmṛtirviśadetyata evaṃ nimittasaṃjñāmavocat amukaḥ pudgalaḥ ityādi| vastuvijñānena nimittamityucyate| jātirnāma gotram| yathāhuḥ-idaṃ tava kulaṃ iyaṃ tava jātiriti| jātiṃ nimittañca militvā vadatītyato jñānadarśanaṃ viśuddham| (pṛ) kasmādviśadānusmaraṇaṃ bhavati| (u) atītadharmā niruddhā na nimittāni| athāpi tān jñātuṃ prabhavatīdamadbhutam| kaścinnimittābhyuhena jānan na viśadaṃ jānāti| yajjinaurasāḥ [te]'pi punarevam| ato jātiṃ nimittaṃ militvoktam|

kaścit pūrvanivāsajñānaṃ prayojayati| kadācit samārgayā cintāmayaprajñayā prajānātyatītamadhvānam| yathā saṃskārapratyayaṃ vijñānam| anayordvayościntāmayī prajñā viśiṣyate| kasmāt| asti hi pudgalasya aṣṭamahāsahasrakalpān jānato'pi nāstīyaṃ cintāmayī prajñā| ato mithyādṛṣṭirutpadyate| yadi ta āgataṃ jarāmaraṇaṃ bhavati| tadatītya na punarasti [iti]| samārgacintāmayaprajñasya naivāsti taccittam|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-jñānamidamatītaṃ kramaśo'nusmaratīti| tadayuktam| yadi kṣaṇakrameṇānusmarati| ekasminneva kalpe vastu durvijñeyaṃ sarvataḥ| kiṃ punarapramāṇakalpe (pṛ) sūtre kasmāduktam-ahamekanavatikalpānāgatya nāpaśyaṃ [kimapi] dānamapacīyamānaṃ vinā vipākena iti| (u) bhagavānatra saptabuddhān sākṣīcakāra| dīrghāyuṣkāḥ śuddhāvāsā api buddhairna samadarśinaḥ| bhagavān yathābhūtajñānaṃ pratilabdhavānityataḥ pariśuddhaguṇaḥ| yadi satkaroti [tathāgataṃ] sa ubhayorlokayoḥ puṇyamanuprāpnoti| ata etadubhayamuktam|

kecidāhuḥ-jñānamidaṃ nordhvabhūmiṃ prajānātīti| tadayuktam| ūrdhva[bhūmika] kāyarddhyādau pratyuktameva| (pṛ) yadi smṛtisvabhāvamidam| kuto jñānamityucyate| (u) smṛtirnimittamanusambhavati| atītaṃ na nimittam| athāpyanusmarati| prajñāviśeṣameva smṛtiriti brūmaḥ|

pūrvanivāsānusmṛtistrividhā-pūrvanivāsajñānaprayogiṇī, vipākapratilabdhā, punarātmasmṛtisañjananīti| pūrvanivāsajñānaṃ bhāvanāpratilabdham|

vipākapratilabdhamiti yathā'surādīnām| punarātmasmṛtisañjananī yanmanuṣyagatau bhavati| (pṛ) kena karmaṇā punarātmasañjananī bhavati| (u) sattvānāmavihiṃsanena karmaṇā pratilabhate| kasmāt| maraṇakāla upapattikāle ca duḥkhābhihatatvānmuṣitasmṛtirbhavati| tatrāmoṣaṇaṃ durlabham| ataḥ kuśalaṃ karmāpekṣyate| kecidvadanti-idamatītaṃ saptādhvaparamamanusmaratīti| nāyaṃ niyamaḥ| kaścit pratyadhvamavihiṃsanadharmasubhāvitatvāt suciraṃ viprakṛṣṭañcānusmarati|

āsravakṣayajñānasākṣātkārābhijñeti| vajropamasamādhirayam| vajropamasamādhirayamāsravakṣayarūpaḥ anāvaraṇamārgaḥ| āsravakṣayaḥ aśaikṣajñānamityucyate| vajropamasamādhinā āsravāṇāṃ nirodhaḥ kṣayaḥ| [sa] āsravakṣayajñānasākṣātkārābhijñetyucyate| (pṛ) anye ṛddhi [pādā] api vaktavyāḥ; kena dharmeṇa sākṣātkaroti| (u) uktameva pūrvaṃ dhyānasamādhīn gabhīraṃ bhāvayan ṛddhipādān sākṣātkarotīti| yatprayojanamanusṛtya sākṣātkāraḥ sākṣātkṛtaṃ vastu, [sa] sarva ṛddhipādaḥ|

kecidāhuḥ-sarva āryamārgā asravakṣayasyopāyāḥ| yathoktaṃ sūtre-tathāgate loka utpanne supuruṣā dharmaṃ śrutvā pravrajitāḥ śīlaṃ samādadānā apanītapañca nīvaraṇāḥ samādhiṃ bhāvayantaḥ satyaṃ paśyanti ityādi sarvamāsravakṣayasyopāyāḥ| kecidāhuḥ-dānādayaḥ kuśaladharmā api āsravakṣayasya nidānāni| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yogino dānaṃ kṣīṇāsravaśūnyānātmajñānaṃ sādhayatīti| idamucyate tattvata āsravakṣayasākṣātkārābhijñā iti| asyaiva dharmasya nāmāntaraṃ vajropamasamādhiriti| nimittāni samūhantīti vajratvam| tīrthikāḥ pañcābhijñā bhavanti| tairasya tattvajñānasyāpratilabdhatvāt|

(pṛ) anātmajñānena ātmadṛṣṭiṃ bhindyāt| kathamanena kāmapratighādi prajahāti| (u) anātmajñānena sarvāṇi nimittāni nirundhe| nimittābhāvātsarve kleśā nirudhyante| (pṛ) adyena anātmajñānena nimittāni nirundhe| dvitīyajñānādinā ka upayogaḥ (u) nimittāni niruddhānyapi punarutpadyante| ato dvitīyādyapekṣate| (pṛ) yadi niruddhaṃ punarutpadyate| tadā anavasthaṃ nimittaṃ bhavati| tathā sati nārhanmārgaḥ| (u) astyavasthā| yathā paśyāmaḥ stanyaṃ śuṣyat punaḥ prasravati| asti kaścit kālaḥ [yadā] stanyaṃ pratiruddhapayaḥprasūti bhavati| tadā avadhirbhavati| nimittamapyeyam| yathā ca tapte'yasi kṛṣṇalakṣaṇaṃ niruddhaṃ punarutpadyate| yāvallohitalakṣaṇamutpadyate| sa samayo'vadhirityucyate| kalalādayo dṛṣṭāntā apyevam| yasmin samaye nimittāni niruddhāni na punarutpadyante| sa samayo'rhanmārgapratilambhaḥ| (pṛ) kimarhato'tyantābhāvarūpāṇi nimittāni| (u) yadā asamāhitacittasthaḥ, tasmin samaye santyapi rūpādinimittāni| kintu na doṣajanakāni| yadi kiścit cakṣuṣā rūpāṇi dṛṣṭvā mithyāmanaskāreṇa mithyā vikalpayati| tadā doṣājanakāni bhavanti|

(pṛ) kimanātmaśūnyajñānam| (u) yadyogī pañcasu skandheṣu prajñaptaṃ sattvaṃ na paśyati| dharmaśūnyatvāt rūpakāyanirodhaṃ yāvadvijñānanirodhaṃ paśyati| idamucyate anātmaśūnyajñānam| (pṛ) prajñaptikṛtā dharmā nityavartinaḥ| [teṣu] tṛṣṇādayaḥ kleśā api praheyāḥ| yathoktam-padārthā nityasthāyinaḥ| vyavasāyī tu [tatra] kāmatṛṣṇāṃ prajahāti iti| kiṃ nirodhalakṣaṇamapekṣate| (u) sūtra uktam-yatkiñcitsamudayadharma, tatsarvaṃ nirodhadharma| teṣu dharmeṣu virajo dharmacakṣuḥ pratilabhata iti| yo nirodhena prahāṇaṃ tadatyantaprahāṇam| kaścidyogī rūpeṣu vītarāgaḥ kāmapratighaṃ kṣapayati| tadarthaṃ bhāgavānīdṛśīṃ gāthāmavocat| kiñcāha-saṃskārāḥ svabhāvaśūnyā māyāvat| prākṛtā ajñā vadanti-te vastusanta iti| śaikṣāḥ punaḥ prajānanti-te tucchā riktā māyāvaditi| arhannapi māyāṃ [kiṃ] na paśyati| ato jñāyate yayā prajñayā dharmāṇāṃ nirodhaṃ sākṣātkaroti iyamāsravakṣayajñānasākṣātkriyābhijñeti||

ṣaḍabhijñāvargaḥ saptanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

198 jñānakṣāntivargaḥ

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-yo yogī saptabhirupāyaistribhirarthāvalokanaiḥ samanvitaḥ so'smin dharme kṣipramāsravakṣayamanuprāpnotīti| kimidaṃ jñānam| (u) saptopāyā nāma śrutamayī prajñā cintāmayī prajñā ca| kasmāt| asamāhitacitta evaṃ vicārayati-yadidaṃ rūpam, ayaṃ rūpasamudayaḥ ayaṃ rūpanirodhaḥ iyaṃ rūpanirodhagāminī pratipat, [ayaṃ] rūpāsvādaḥ, [ayaṃ] rūpādīnavaḥ idaṃ rūpanissaraṇaṃ iti| (pṛ) yadīyaṃ śrutamayī cintāmayī prajñā| kasmādāha-kṣipramāsravakṣayamanuprāpnotīti| (u) yadyapīyaṃ śrutamayī cintāmayī prajñā tathāpyevaṃ pañcaskandhān vikalpayan ātmamatiṃ vibhedayati| ata āha-kṣipramāsravakṣayamanuprāpnotīti| trividhāvalokanajñānaṃ yaduta saṃskārā anityā duḥkhā anātmāna iti| skandhadhātvāyatanamukhena saṃskārān paśyato nāstyartho hitaṃ vā| (pṛ) tathā cet pūrvamādīnava uktameva-anityā duḥkhā iti| nissaraṇe coktam-anātmāna iti| kasmātpunarucyate trividhamidamavalokanamiti| (u) trividhāḥ śikṣate-pūrvaṃ śrutamayīṃ cintāmayīṃ prajñām| paścāt bhāvanāmayīṃ prajñām| pūrvaṃ śrutamayyāṃ cintāmayyāṃ prajñāyāmuktāḥ sapta prakārāḥ| paścādbhāvanāmayyāṃ prajñāyāṃ trayaḥ prakārāḥ| kasmāt| yadanityaṃ tat duḥkhamiti lakṣaṇasya bhaṅgo nāma anityasya bhaṅgaḥ nānityasaṃskārāṇāṃ bhaṅgaḥ| pūrvaṃ kāmakaṣāyotsarga ukte'pi noktaṃ kathamutsṛjatīti| paścāttābaduktaṃ trividhamarthāvalokanam|

(pṛ) katamā aṣṭa kṣāntayaḥ| (u) yatkiñcit jñānaṃ prajñaptividāraṇam, iyaṃ kṣāntirityucyate| kṣāntiriyamūṣmamurdhakṣāntilaukikāgradharmeṣva[sti]| (pṛ) yogino'pi buddhe dharme saṅghe śīladiṣu kṣāntirasti| kasmāduktamaṣṭāviti| (u) prādhānyāduktam| prādhānyaṃ mārgapratyāsannatā| yathā duḥkhe dharmajñānāya duḥkhe dharmakṣāntirityevamādi| kasmāt| pūrvaṃ hi mārgānukūlāṃ cintāmayīṃ prajñāṃ prayujya paścātpratyakṣajñānamanuprāpnoti| yathā hastipakaḥ pūrvaṃ hastipadaṃ dṛṣṭvā tena jñānena prajānāti-atra vartata iti| paścādabhimukhīkaroti| tathā yogyapi pūrvaṃ kṣāntyā'nvayajñāne na nirvāṇamabhyūhya paścāt tena jñānenābhimukhīkaroti| ataḥ sūtra uktam-[evaṃ] jānan[evaṃ] paśyan āsravakṣayamanuprāpnotīti||

jñānakṣāntivargo'ṣṭanavatyuttaraśatatamaḥ

199 navajñānavargaḥ

(pṛ) kecidābhidharmikā vadanti arhan kṣayajñānaṃ sākṣātkurvan sāṃvṛtāni nava jñānāni prāpnoti yaduta kāmadhātupratisaṃyuktaṃ kuśalamavyākṛtaṃ [jñānaṃ] yāvannaivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatanapratisaṃyuktaṃ kuśalamavyākṛtaṃ [jñāna]m| kathamidam| (u) na sarvo'rhan sarvān dhyānasamādhīn prāpnoti| kathaṃ nava jñānāni prāpnuyāt| (pṛ) sarvo'rhan dhyānasamādhīn prāpnoti| na tu sarvaḥ samāpattimabhimukhīkaroti| (u) yadi samāpattiṃ nābhimukhīkaroti| katamā prāptirnāma| yathā kaścidāha-granthaṃ jānāmi, tadakṣaramekantu na vijānāmīti| tathedamapyasti| (pṛ) yo vītarāgaḥ san na prathamadhyānasamāpattiṃ nādyāpi pratyakṣīkṛtavān| sa āyuṣo'nte['pi] na tāmutpādayati| (u) sūtre tūktam-asminnantarāle samāpadya paścāttāṃ samutpādayediti| idānīṃ kathamasminnantarāle'samāpannastāṃ samutpādayati| (pṛ) yadi rāgādvirajyamānasyātītānāgatāni sarvāṇi dhyānāni mūlataḥ prāpnāni| tadvipākena [ta]dutpattiṃ prāpnoti| (u) anāgataṃ karma akṛtamabhūtaṃ na vipākaṃ prāpayati| atītāni dhyānāni citta utpannacarāṇi yadi vipākaṃ prayacchanti| tadā avidyamānatāhāniḥ| kiñca nānāgatakarmāṇi prāpnuyāt| yadi prāpyamiti, anāgataṃ sarvaṃ prāpyaṃ syāt| kasya pratibandhāt prāptyaprāptī staḥ|

(pṛ) yadyanāgato dharmo na prāpya iti| śaikṣo nāṣṭabhiraṅgaiḥ samanvitaḥ syāt| aśaikṣo'pi daśabhiraṅgaiḥ samanvitaḥ| kasmāt| yasya dvitīyadhyānādi niśritya samyak dharmaniyāmāvakrāntirbhavati| so'nāgate samyaksaṅkalpaṃ prāpnoti| yadi yogī kṣayajñānamabhimuravīkaroti| tadā'nāgate'dhvani samy dṛṣṭiṃ prāpnoti kaścidārūpyasamādhiṃ niśrityārhatphalaṃ prāpnoti| ayamanāgate samyaksaṅkalpaṃ samyagvācaṃ samyakkarmāntaṃ samyagājīvaṃ prāpnoti| yadi tṛtīyadhyānādi niśrityāryamārgaṃ prāpnoti| so'nāgate prītiṃ prāpnoti| evamādayo dharmāstadā na syuḥ| ato jñāyate astyanāgato dharma iti| yadi ca nāsti anāgata [dharmaḥ] kathaṃ bhāvako phalāni dhyānasamādhyādīnanuprāpsyati| yogī yadā mārgānvayajñāne vartate| prathamaphalasaṅgṛhītāni sarvāṇi jñānāni samādhīṃśca sarvathā'nuprāpnoti| tathā no cet phalāni gaṇayitvā gaṇayitvā'nuprāpnuyāt| kasmāt| phalāni sarvāṇyabhimukhīkāle prāpnuyāditīdaṃ na sambhavati| ato jñāyate bhavedanāgate bhāvaneti|

ucyate| yat bhavatoktam-aṅgaiḥ samanvita iti| idamabādhitam| kasmāt| śīlādyaṅgāni kramaśaḥ prāpyante naikakālamiti brūmaḥ| ato nāsti dūṣaṇam| yaduktaṃ bhavatā keṣāñcitprāptistajjātīyātā[mapi]| yoginaḥ [kutracit] duḥkhajñānaprāptāvanyaduḥkhajñānajātiḥ prāptā bhavati| yathā manuṣyajātiḥ prāptetyato manuṣyalakṣaṇaṃ prāptaṃ bhavati| nāpi pratikṣaṇaṃ kramaśo manuṣyalakṣaṇaṃ prāptamiti| tathedamapi| (pṛ) yogino vidyamānaduḥkhādīnāṃ jñānāni kramikāṇīti sarvaṃ parihṛtameva| strotaāpattiphalasaṅgṛhītānāṃ jñānānāṃ prāptiḥ punaraikakālikī| (u) anāsravajñānāni prāptāni tu na parihīyante| (pṛ) yadi pūrvaṃ prāptāni na parihīyante| tadā prāptiḥ prayoga iti nāsti bhedaḥ| kasmāt| prāptaphala eva yogī ityādidoṣaḥ| (u) yadi nāsti viśeṣaḥ| kimavadyaṃ bhavati| yathā sampannaphalo'pi yogītyucyate| tathedamapi| pudgalo'yaṃ punarviśiṣṭaṃ dharmaṃ prāpnotītyato'sti pravibhāgaḥ| ato nāsti doṣaḥ| yathā samāpattapañcaśīlaḥ punaḥ pravrajyāsaṃvaramanuprāpnuvannapi na maulikaśīlebhyaḥ parihīyate| prāptaphalasya ca mārgādarśanādasti pravibhāgaḥ| yathā kaścidādau vastu jānannapi viśiṣṭavastu[darśanāya yatata] iti pravibhāgo'sti| tathe damapi| ato jñāyate nāstyanāgatasya prāptiriti| kiñca yogī śūnyānātmajñāne viharati| tasmin samaye kathamanuprāpnoti laukikaṃ dharmam| ato jñāyate kṣayajñānaprāptau na laukikajñānamanuprāpnotīti|

(pṛ) imāni laukikajñānāni kṣayajñānena sahārhataḥ samādhisamāpattivyutthānacittakriyāṃ prāpayanti| (u) arhataścittaṃ santānena pravartamānaṃ pratikṣaṇaṃ viśuddham| yadi punarnavajñānāni prāpnoti| cakṣurādi sarvaṃ punaḥ prāpyeta| tathā no cet na navajñānāni prāpnuyāt| uktañca-anāgatabhāvanāyā nāsti hetuḥ pratyayo vā iti| kasmāt| ete hi vadanti-satyadarśanamārge kevalaṃ nimittābhāsaṃ jñānaṃ bhāvayati| cintanāmārge'pi nimittābhāsamanimittābhāsañca bhāvayati| satyadarśanamārge nordhvabhūmiṃ bhāvayati| cintanāmārge tu bhāvayati| mārgānvayajñāne na sāṃvṛtaṃ kuśalaṃ bhāvayati| anyasmin jñāne tu bhāvayati| ānantaryamārge na paracittajñānaṃ bhāvayati| śraddhāvibhukto darśanaprāptatvena parivartamānaḥ sarvasminnānantaryavimuktimārge na sāṃvṛtaṃ mārgaṃ bhāvayati| samayavimuktaḥ akopyavimuktatayā parivartamāno navānantarya[mārgeṣu] aṣṭavimokṣamārgeṣu saṃvṛtaṃ mārgaṃ na bhāvayati| navame vimuktimārge [tu] bhāvayati| sūkṣmacitte na bhāvayati sarvamanāsravam| etyevamādīnāṃ sarveṣāṃ nāsti kāraṇam| ato bhavān yadi vā samyagdyetuṃ brūyāt yadi vā śraddhāpayet| kiñca śaikṣabhāvanayā bhāvanā bhavati| ūṣma[gatā]diṣu sthitikāle uttamāni sarvāṇi kuśalamūlāni bhāvayati| sarvathā prakarṣakaraṇārthatvāt| yathā sūtramadhīyānasya sarvathā vaiśadyopakāro bhavati| ata ūṣmagatādidharmakālāt yāvat kṣayajñānaṃ sarveṣāṃ bhāvanā bhavati| tathā no cet saddheturvaktavyaḥ||

navajñānavarga ekonadviśatatamaḥ|

200 daśajñānavargaḥ

daśa jñānāni-dharmajñānaṃ anvayajñānaṃ, paracittajñānaṃ saṃvṛtijñānaṃ, catvāri satyajñānāni, kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānamiti| pratyutpannadharmajñānameva dharmajñānamityucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-bhagavānānandamāmantryāha-asmin dharme evaṃ jñānena dṛṣṭvā evaṃ pratibudhyasva| atīte'nāgate'pyevaṃ jānīhīti| vaktavyaṃ pratyutpannadharmajñānamiti| idānīṃ pratyutpannamanuktvā kevalamucyate dharmajñānamiti| yathoktaṃ sūtre-bālaḥ pratyutpannaṃ dharmaṃ bahumanyate| jñānī anāgataṃ bahumanyata iti| kiñcāha-pratyutpannāḥ kāmā anāgatāḥ kāmāśca mārasenā māradheyā mārabandhanā ityādau sarvatrocyate pratyutpannavādaḥ| idaṃ saṃkṣipyavacanāt kevalaṃ dharmajñānamityucyate|

avaśiṣṭadharmajñānamanvayajñānamiti vadanti| avaśiṣṭā iti yadutātītā anāgatā dharmāḥ| pratyutpannadharmānanu paścāt jānātīti anvayajñānam| kasmāt| dṛṣṭadharmajñānapūrvakaṃ hi anvayajñānam| dharmajñānaṃ nāma dṛṣṭajñānamityucyate| etaddharmajñānamanusṛtya vitarkitaṃ jñānamanvayajñānamityucyate| (pṛ) anvayajñānamidamanāsravaṃ jñānam| anāsravaṃ jñānaṃ kathamanvayajñānaṃ bhavati| (u) loke'pyastyanvayajñānam| kasmāt| dharmajñānamanvayajñānaṃ paracittajñānaṃ duḥkhajñānaṃ samudayajñānaṃ nirodhajñānaṃ mārgajñānañca sarvaṃ sāsravamanāsravamasti| imāni jñānāni ūṣmagatādidharmeṣu sāsravāṇi niyāmāvakrāntiprāpyāṇi anāsravāṇi|

(pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-kāma [sampratiyukteṣu] saṃskāreṣu [yadanāsravaṃ] jñānaṃ [kāmasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ] hetau [yadanāsravaṃ] jñānaṃ [kāmasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ] nirodhe [yadanāsravaṃ] jñānaṃ [kāmasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ] prahāṇāya mārge [yadanāsravaṃ] jñānam, idamucyate dharmajñānam| rūpārūpyasampratiyukteṣu saṃskāreṣu yadanāsravaṃ jñānaṃ rūpārūpyasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ hetau yadanāsravaṃ jñānaṃ rūpārūpyasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ nirodhe yadanāsravaṃ jñānaṃ rūpārūpyasampratiyuktānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ prahāṇāya mārge yadanāsravaṃ jñānam, idamucyate'nvayajñānam iti| kathamidam| (u) uktaṃ hi sūtre-bhagavānānandamāmantryāha-atītae'nāgate caivaṃ prajānīhīti| na kiñcitsūtramāha-rūpārūpyasampratiyukteṣu saṃskāreṣu jñānamanvayajñānamiti| kiñcoktaṃ sūtre-yogī anusmaret-ahamidānīṃ dṛṣṭarūpeṇopadruto bhavāmi| atīte'pi rūpeṇopadruto'bhavam, anāgate'pi rūpeṇopadruto bhaviṣyāmīti| api coktaṃ sūtre-jātipratyayaṃ jarāmaraṇam| atīte'nāgate'pyevaṃ syāditi| tathāvocadaśvaghoṣabodhisattvo gāthām-

pratyakṣamālokya ca janma duḥkhaṃ duḥkhaṃ tathātītamapīti viddhi|
yathā ca tat duḥkhamidañca duḥkhaṃ tathānāgatamapyavehi|
[bījasvabhāvo hi yatheha dṛṣṭo bhūto'pi bhavyo'pi tathānumeyaḥ|]
patyakṣataśca jvalano yathoṣṇo bhūto'pi bhavyo'pi tathoṣṇa eva|| iti|

evamādi duḥkhaṃ mahāvaibhāṣikā api vadanti|

atītānāgatādhvanīnadharmajñānamevānvayajñānam| asya ca yuktirasti| kasmāt| yogī hi atīte'nāgāmini pratyutpanne ca duḥkhe nirvidyate| nirveda eva eṣu dharmeṣu tattvajñānaprādurbhāvaḥ| yathā pratyutpannāḥ saṃskārā duḥkham| tathātītā anāgatāḥ saṃskārā api duḥkham| kena jñānena atītānāgatān dharmān jānāti| yadīdaṃ dharmajñānam| rūpārūpyasampratiyuktāḥ saṃskārā api santyatītā anāgatāḥ| teṣāṃ jñānamapi dharmajñānaṃ syāt| tathā ca dharmajñānameva nānvayajñānamasti| yadi rūpārūpyasampratiyukteṣu atītānāgateṣu saṃskāreṣu jñānāntaramastīti| kāmasampratiyukteṣvatītānāgateṣu saṃskāreṣu ca jñānāntaraṃ bhavet| tadarthameva ābhidharmikā āhuḥ-asti prāptiraprāptirityato'nupūrveṇa satyaṃ paśyatīti| kāmadhātusampratisaṃyuktaṃ duḥkhaṃ prāptiḥ| rūpārūpyasampratiyuktaṃ duḥkhamaprāptiḥ| ata ekasmin samaya ubhayajñānaṃ na sambhavati| yadyaprāptirduḥkhamanvayajñānena jñāyate| idānīṃ kāmadhātāvaprāptirduḥkhamapi anvayajñānena jñāyeta|

(pṛ) kena jñānena saṃyojanaprahāṇamārgo bhavati| (u) [tatra] dharmajñānamātramupayujyate| anvayajñānamupāyamārge vartate| (pṛ) kiṃ dharmajñānamupayujyate| (u) duḥkhe dharmajñānaṃ nirodhe dharmajñānañcopayujyate| kasmāt| yogī anityaṃ duḥkhamiti paśyan śūnyamanātmeti paśyati| tasmin samaye saṃskārāṇāṃ nirodhaṃ sākṣātkaroti| anyat jñānaṃ sarvamupāyaḥ| (pṛ) kiṃ duḥkhaṃ dṛṣṭvā nirodho bhavati| (u) vedanāḥ dukhaṃ paśyati| tatrātmamatirutpadyate| atastāsāmapi nirodhaṃ paśyati| yathoktam-adhyātmavimuktatvāt tṛṣṇāyāḥ kṣaye nirodhe svata evārhan prāpta ityucyate| iti| (pṛ) nanu sūtre kiṃ noktaṃ sarvasaṃskārāṇāṃ prahāṇaṃ prahāṇalakṣaṇamiti| (u) ayaṃ yogī adhyātmanirodhaṃ sākṣātkṛrvan sarvatra nirviṇṇaḥ| kiñca yogī adhyātmanirodhamavaśyaṃ sākṣātkuryāt| nānyadavaśyaniyatam|

(pṛ) satyeṣu kathaṃ jñānaṃ bhavati| (u) jātirduḥkhamityādi jñānaṃ bhavati| (pṛ) idamasamāhitaṃ cittam, kathaṃ jñānaṃ janayati| (u) evaṃ darśane sati skandhānāmanityatādidoṣamapi dṛṣṭvā duḥkhanātmasaṃjñāṃ janayati| yathoktaṃ sūtre-[yat] duḥkhaṃ tadanityam, yadanityaṃ tadānātma iti| kasmāt| cakṣurādīnāmindriyāṇāmutpādo'sti vyayo'sti| yadyayamātmā, ātmana utpādo vyayaḥ syādityato jñāyate anātmeti| idañca cakṣurādyutpadyamānaṃ na kutaścidāgacchati| kṛtakamastītyato'nātmetyucyate| sūtre coktaṃ-nāsti kāraka iti| ato jñāyate yadanityaṃ tadanātmeti| evaṃ yoginaḥ samyak anityamanātma ca bhāvayataḥ kāyacittamupaśāmyati| sarvasaṃskāreṣu samutpanneṣu teṣāṃ vihiṃsāmanubhavato duḥkhasaṃjñā samutpadyate| niścarmaṇyā yathā gāva alpasparśe['pi] vyathā'nubhūyate| tathā yogī anātmasaṃjñāvaśāduttamāṃ duḥkhasaṃjñāṃ sādhayati| mūḍhastu ātmasaṃjñāvaśātsatyapi mahati duḥkhe na tadupāyāsamanubhavati| idamucyate duḥkhajñānam| saṃskārāṇāmutpādadarśanaṃ hetujñānam| saṃskārāṇāṃ vyayadarśanaṃ nirodhajñānam| mārgasyāvarāgrānusaraṇaṃ mārgajñānam|

(pṛ) kimucyate kṣayajñānam| (u) sarvāṇi nimittāni kṣapayatīti kṣayajñānam| kasmāt| śaikṣasya nimittaṃ prahīṇaṃ punarutpadyate| idantu atyantaṃ kṣapayatīti kṣayajñānam| yathoktaṃ sūtre-abhūtanimittamidamabhūtaṃ saṃjñāmātramiti prajānato duḥkhāni kṣīyanta iti| śaikṣāḥ prajānanti| abhūtaṃ saṃjñāmātramātmeti| taccittamatyantaṃ prahīṇamiti kṣayajñānamityucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-kaścidarhan tathāgatasya purato vyākaroti-bhagavatā deśitāni na santi mama| nāhameṣu saṃyojaneṣu punarvicikitse| sadā mama samāhitaikāgrasya samyak caryāmanusmarataḥ kāmādīnyakuśalāni na cittasyāsravā bhavanti iti| tatra nimittaṃ gṛhṇātītyataḥ saṃyojanāni bhavanti| prahīṇanimittasya tu saṃyojanāni nirudhyante| śaikṣā nimitte'nimittamiti viharanti| ata ātmamatiḥ kadācidāvirbhavati| yathā sthāṇuṃ dṛṣṭvā ayaṃ puruṣa iti saṃśerate| ato'rhataḥ kevalaṃ nirvicikitsasya prāptiḥ| sadā animittavihāricittatvāt pūrvaṃ sattvaśūnyatāṃ dṛṣṭvā pañcasu skandheṣu na paśyatyātmānam| paścāt dharmaśūnyatvānna paśyati rūpasvabhāvaṃ yāvadvijñānasvabhāvañca| ato jñāyate sarvanimittakṣayaḥ kṣayajñānamiti|

sarvanimittānāmanutpādaṃ jānātītyanutpādajñānam| śaikṣasya prahīṇanimittasya punarutpādaḥ kṣīṇaḥ| aśaikṣasya nimittaṃ kṣīṇaṃ na punarutpadyate| sarvanimittānāṃ kṣaye nirodhe yatpunaranutpādaḥ tadanutpādajñānam| (pṛ) śaikṣo'pi jānāti asti[mama]kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānamiti| yathānusmarati-parikṣīṇatrisaṃyojano na punarutpatsya iti| kasmānnāha daśāṅgasamanvita iti| (u) śaikṣo na sarvasaṃjñāḥ prajahāti| ato nāha-asti [mama] kṣayajñānamanutpādajñānamiti| yathā kaścit tatra tatra pratibaddha ekasmānmukto'pi na vimukta ityucyate| asti cāyamarthaḥ śāriputro'nāthapiṇḍadasya daśāṅgasamanvāgamamavocat iti| arhan vaśitābalaprāptatvāt prajānāti-kṣīṇāni [me] saṃyojanāni, na punarutpatsya iti| tathā śaikṣo'pi| arhan aśaikṣamārgaṃ prāpto[yat]prajānāti kṣīṇā[me]jātiriti| tat kṣayajñānamityucyate| uṣitaṃ brahmacaryamiti śaikṣacaryāparityāga ucyate| kṛtaṃ karaṇīyamiti karaṇīyāni sarvāṇi kṛtvā prajānāti-asmādbhavāt nāsti bhavāntaramiti| ato jñāyate arhanneva sarveṣu karaṇīyeṣu vaśitāṃ prāptaḥ kṣayajñānenānutpādajñānena ca samanvitaḥ syāt, na tu śaikṣā iti| yathā kaścit jvarārto[jvarā]nudgamakāle'pi jvarītyucyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-

sarvatra vihatā nandiḥ tamaskandhaḥ pradālitaḥ|
jitvā mṛtyorhi senāñca viharāmi anāsravaḥ|| iti|

paracittajñānaṃ yathā ṣaḍabhijñāsūktam| pañcaskandhakalāpaḥ sattvaḥ| tatra jñānaṃ saṃvṛtijñānam| anāsravaṃ jñānaṃ tattvajñānam| idamanāsravābhāsaṃ jñānākhyāṃ prāpnotītyataḥ saṃvṛtijñānamiti vadanti| (pṛ) kecidāhuḥ-sarve sattvāḥ samaṃ jñānasamanvitā iti| kathamidam| (u) yo jinauraso jānāti dharmāḥ pratītyasamutpannā iti| sa prāpnoti nānyaḥ sattvaḥ| jñānākhyāyāḥ prāpitvāt| sarve sattvāḥ saṃjñāprayogamātraṃ vijānanti| yadi prāpnuvantīdaṃ jñānam| [tadā] ābhyantarapṛthagjana ityucyante|

daśajñānavargo dviśatatamaḥ|

201 catuścatvāriṃśajjñānavargaḥ

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-catuścattvāriṃśat jñānāni yaduta jarāmaraṇe jñānaṃ, jarāmaraṇasamudaye jñānaṃ, jarāmaraṇanirodhe jñānaṃ, jarāmaraṇanirodhamārge jñānaṃ, jātibhavopādānatṛṣṇāvedanāsparśaṣaḍāyatananāmarūpavijñānasaṃskāreṣvapyevam| kasmādidamucyate| (u) nirvāṇetattvaratne vividhairdvārairavatarati| kaścitpañcaskandhamukhenāvatarati| kaścit dhātvāyatananidānadvāraiḥ, [kaścit] satyaiḥ evamādibhirdvārairnirvāṇamanuprāpnoti| kenedaṃ jñāyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-[tadyathā] nagarasvāmī nagare niṣaṇṇaḥ syāt| [tatra] kiñcit dūtayugamekasmāt dvārādāgatyopasṛtya nagarasvāmino yathābhūtaṃ vacanaṃ niryātya [yathāgatamārgaṃ] pratipadyeta| tathā [anyadūtayugamanyebhyo] dvārebhyo'pi| tatra nagarasvāmyupamo yogī| dvārāṇīti skandhadhātvāyatanādīnāṃ bhāvanāyā adhivacanam| dūtayugaṃ śamathavipaśyanopamam| yathābhūtaṃ vacanaṃ nirvāṇasyādhivacanam| iti| dūtā nānādvārebhya āgatā api ekameva sthānamupasarpanti| evaṃ skandhadhātvāyatanādīnāṃ bhāvanā nānādvārāṇyupāyā nirvāṇe'vataraṇasya| yathā rāhula ekānte niṣaṇṇo dharmaṃ cintayan evaṃ prajānāti-īdṛśo dharma parikīrtitaṃ nirvāṇaṃ prati anuprayātīti|

kiñca bhagavān dharmasyāniśaṃsāyāmāha-dharmo'yaṃ sarvān kleśāgnīna nirodhayatīti nirodha ityucyate| yoginaścittaṃ praśamayatīti praśamaḥ| yoginaḥ samyak parijñānaṃ parāyayatīti parāyaṇam| ityādayo'rthā nirvāṇasyāniśaṃsāḥ| brahmacaryamaṣṭāṅgamārga ucyate| aṣṭāṅgamārge ca samyagjñānamevoktam| asya samyagjñānasyaiva phalaṃ yaducyate nirvāṇamiti| bhagavatopradiṣṭaṃ śāsanaṃ sarvaṃ nirvāṇāya bhavati| ato jñāyate pañcaskandhādayo dvārāṇi nirvāṇaparāyaṇāni bhavanti|

(pṛ) kecidābhidharmikā āhuḥ-jarāmaraṇajñānaṃ duḥkhajñānamiti| kathamidam| (u) na [yuktam]| kasmāt| na tatrocyate duḥkhākāraḥ| ato na[tat] duḥkhajñānam| (pṛ) idaṃ kasya jñānaṃ bhavati| (u) tat jarāmaraṇasvabhāvajñānam| (pṛ) ucyate ca jarāmaraṇasamudayaḥ jarāmaraṇanirodho jarāmaraṇanirodhamārga ityādi| ato jñāyate idaṃ duḥkhajñānameva syāditi| (u) tat nidānadvāraṃ bhavati, na satyadvāram| ato na tasya duḥkhākāro vaktavyaḥ| [evaṃ] samudayādau vaktavyaḥ| lakṣaṇasāmyāt| (pṛ) atra kuto nocyate āsvādādīnavanissaraṇādīnāṃ jñānāni| (u) sarvāṇīmāni atra parigṛhītāni| kintu saṅgītikāraḥ saṃkṣipan na [vistaraśa] uvāca||

catuścatvāriṃśajjñānavarga ekottaradviśatatamaḥ|

202 saptasaptatijñānavargaḥ

(pṛ) sūtra uktam-saptasaptatijñānāni yaduta jātipratyayaṃ jarāmaraṇamiti [jñānam]| asatyāṃ jātau nāsti jarāmaraṇamiti[jñānam]| evamatīte'nāgate'dhvanyapi| yadasya dharmasthitijñānam| [tadapi] anityaṃ saṃskṛtaṃ kṛtakaṃ pratītyasamutpannaṃ kṣayadharma, vipariṇāmadharma, viyogadharma, vyayadharma iti jñānam| yāvadavidyāpratyayāḥ saṃskārā ityapyevam iti| tatra kasmānnoktaṃ-jarāmaraṇasya svabhāvo nirodho mārga ityādi| (u) hitajñasya kṛta evamuktaṃ tasya dvāratvamātramaviṣkaroti| anyadapyevaṃ jñeyam|

tīrthikā bahavo nidāne bhrāntā vadanti-laukikānāṃ padārthānāṃ heturlokātmaka ityādi| ato bhagavān teṣāṃ nidānamātramāha| (pṛ) jātipratyayaṃ jarāmaraṇamityuktvā kasmātpunarāha-asatyāṃ [jātā]viti| (u) niyamārtham| yathā dānaṃ puṇyasya hetuḥ| śīlenāpi puṇyaṃ vindate| yathoktam-dhṛtaśīlo deveṣūtpadyata iti| kecinmanyante-jarā-maraṇapratyayā jātiriti| kecidahetukā jātiriti| ato niyama ucyate| (pṛ) kasmādatīte'nāgate'dhvani punarniyama ucyate| (u) pratyutpannamatītādhvanaḥ kadācidbhinnadharma bhavati yadutātītānāṃ sattvānāmāyurapramāṇaṃ prabhāvaśca devatulya ityevamādi| āyurādi bhinnaṃ jarāmaraṇapratyayo'pi bhinno bhavediti janā vadeyuriti bhītyā niyama ucyate| anāgate'pyevaṃ [vaktavyam]|

idaṃ ṣaḍvidhaṃ dharmasthitijñānam| anyannāma nirvāṇajñānam| jarāmaraṇasantānakaratvāducyate-anityaṃ saṃskṛtaṃ kṛtakaṃ pratītyasamutpannam| kṣayadharma vipariṇāmadharma ityanityākāraḥ| viyogadharma iti duḥkhākāraḥ| vyayadharma iti anātmaśūnyākāraḥ|

kasmāt tatra rūpasya svarūpaṃ nirodhaḥ vedanāyāḥ saṃjñāyāḥ saṃskārāṇāṃ vijñānasya ca svarūpaṃ nirodhaḥ| ayaṃ trividhavipaśyanānāmartha ityākhyāyate| yathoktaṃ sūtre-yo bhikṣavaḥ saptabhiḥ sthānopāyaiḥ tribhirvipaśyanārthaiśca samanvitaḥ sa kṣipramāsravāṇāṃ kṣayamanuprāpnoti| idameva nirvāṇajñānaṃ bhavatīti| ityādi nidānajñānāni apramāṇaśatasahasrāṇi santi yaduta cakṣurvijñānamityādi| yathoktaṃ sūtre-cakṣuṣa karma pratyayaḥ| karmaṇaḥ tṛṣṇā pratyayaḥ| tṛṣṇāyā avidyā pratyayaḥ| avidyāyā ayoniśomanaskāraḥ pratyayaḥ| ayoniśomanaskārasya cakṣūrūpaṃ pratyayaḥ| āsravāṇāmayoniśo mananaṃ pratyayaḥ| āhārāṇāṃ tṛṣṇā pratyayaḥ| pañcakāmaguṇānāṃ kabalīkārāhārādayaḥ pratyayāḥ| narakasyālpāyuṣaśca prāṇātipātādayaḥ pratyayāḥ| yadidānīntanaṃ duḥkhaṃ pūrvatanīnañca duḥkhaṃ, sarvasyābhūtasaṃjñā pratyayaḥ| abhūtasaṃjñāyāḥ kāyacittayoḥ priyāpriye pratyayaḥ| priyāpriyayoḥ kāmarāgaḥ pratyayaḥ| kāmarāgasya mithyāvitarkaḥ pratyayaḥ ityevamādipratyayānāṃ jñānamapramāṇamanavadhi svayamevonnetavyam||

saptasaptatijñānavargo dvyuttaraśatatamaḥ|

[mārgasatyaskandhaḥ samāptaḥ]
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