Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

Mārgajñatādhikāraḥ dvitīyaḥ

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2004
  • Proof Reader:
    Miroj Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
mārgajñatādhikāraḥ dvitīyaḥ

1-dhyāmīkaraṇatādīni



sarvākārajñatādhigamo na vinā mārgajñatāparijñāneneti mārgajñatāmāha-



dhyāmīkaraṇatā bhābhirdevānāṃ yogyatāṃ prati |

viṣayo niyato vyāptiḥ svabhāvastasya karma ca ||1||



mārgajñatotpattiṃ prati yogyatāpādanāya devādīnāṃ svakarmajaprabhāyāstathāgataprakṛtiprabhābhirmalinīkaraṇatā nihatamānasantāne'dhigama utpadyata iti jñāpanāya kṛtā, ato vakroktyādhāraḥ kathitaḥ | sa cotpāditabodhicitta eveti viṣayapratiniyato bhavati| triyānavyavasthānamābhiprāyikam, na lākṣaṇikamiti nyāyādanuttarasamyaksambodhiparyavasāna eva sarvo jana ityato vītarāgetarayogināpi buddhatvaprāptaye mārgajñatā bhāvanīyeti vyāptirbhavati| sattvārthakaraṇapravṛttatvenotpāditabodhicittasya sarvathā kleśāprahāṇamiti svabhāvo bhavati | tādṛśasvabhāvasya bhūtakoṭerasākṣātkaraṇena prayopāyakauśalena cāparigṛhītasattvasya parigrahaṇādineti kāritram |



2-śrāvakamārgaḥ



ādhārādikamevamamidhāya mārgajñatādhikāre sarve mārgāḥ paripūrayitavyā iti śrāvakamārgamāha-



caturṇāmāyasatyānāmākārānupalambhataḥ |

śrāvakāṇāmayaṃ mārgo jñeyo mārgajñatānaye ||2||



iti| tatra duḥkhasatyasyānukrameṇa anityaṃ duḥkhaṃ śūnyamanātmetyetāni catvāri śāntākāralakṣaṇāni |



samudayasatyasya hetu-samudaya-prabhava-pratyayarūpatvena roga- gaṇḍa- śalya- aghākārāḥ |



nirvide virāgāya nirodhāya ca pratipanno bhavatītyatastayoḥ duḥkhasamudayayoḥ pratyekaḥ para-pralopadharmasvarūpau nirvidākārau, cala-prabhaṅgurasvarūpau virāgākārau; bhaya-upasarga-upadravasvarūpā nirodhākārāḥ | nirodhasatyasya nirodharūpa-nirātma-śānta-praṇītarūpavivikta-niryāṇarūpaśūnyānimittāpraṇihitānabhisaṃskārā nirodhasatyākārāḥ |



mārgasatyasya mārga-nyāya-pratipatti-nairyāṇikā iti mārgasatyākārāḥ | tataścaiṣāṃ svabhāvānupalambhabhāvanayā mārgajñatādhikāre śrāvakāṇāṃ mārgo bodhisatvenaivaṃ parijñeyaḥ |



nirvedhabhāgīyādhigamapūrvakaṃ catuḥsatvaparijñānamiti mārgamamidhāya nirvedhabhāgīyamāha-



rūpādiskandhaśūnyatvācchūnyatānāmabhedataḥ |

ūṣmāṇo'nupalambhena teṣāṃ mūrdhagataṃ matam ||3||



kṣāntayasteṣu nityādigosthānaniṣedhataḥ |

daśa bhūmīḥ samārabhya vistarāsthānadeśanāt||4||



agradharmagataṃ proktamāryaśrāvakavartmani|

tatkasya hetorbuddhena buddhvā dharmāsamīkṣaṇāt||5||



rūpādiskandhānāṃ svasvarūpaśūnyatvācchūnyatānāmabhedena, rūpādīnāṃ pūrvavadanupambhena, evaṃ rūpādīnāṃ 'na nityaṃ nānityam' ityupalambhayogataḥ sthānaniṣedhena, yasmāt tathāgatena bodhimabhisambudhya dharmā na samīkṣitā iti pramāṇapuruṣādarśanakāraṇopapattyā pramuditabhūmyādau vistarāsthānadeśanayā ceti ebhirākārairyathākramaṃ satyānāmupalabdhau nirvedhabhāgīyā utpadyante|



3-pratyekabuddhamārgaḥ



śrāvakamārgānantaraṃ pratyekabuddhānāṃ mārgābhidhāne nyāyaprāpte'pi śrāvakebhyaḥ kathaṃ prativiśiṣṭāste yena teṣāṃ mārgabheda ityāśaṅkya vaiśiṣṭyapratipādanārthaṃ tāvadāha-



paropadeśavaiyarthyaṃ svayambodhāt svayambhuvām |

gambhīratā ca jñānasya khaḍgānāmabhidhīyate||6||



iti| śrāvakāḥ paropadeśasāpekṣāḥ svabodhiṃ budhyante; sālāpadharmadeśanayā ca parānapi kuśale pravartayantītyāgamaḥ| pratyekabuddhāḥ punaḥ svayaṃ pūrvaśrutādyabhisaṃskāreṇa paropadeśaṃ pratyanapekṣāḥ svabodhisamadhigacchantyatasteṣāṃ buddhādyupadeśanairarthakyamityekaṃ vaiśiṣṭyam| śabdoccāraṇadharmadeśanayā śrotṛbhiḥ kriyate vaktṛjñānasāmarthyāvabodhaḥ | te (pratyekabuddhāḥ) punaḥ aśabdoccāraṇadharmadeśanayā svādhigatajñānādisāmarthyena parān daśakuśalādau pravartayantyatasteṣāṃ jñānasyānavabodhatayā dvitīyaṃ vaiśiṣṭyamiti|



kathamaśabdoccāraṇadharmadeśanetyāśaṃkyāha-



śuśrūṣā yasya yasyārthe yatra yatra yathā yathā |

sa so'rthaḥ khyātyaśabdo'pi tasya tasya tathā tathā||7||



iti| nāvitarkya nāvicārya vācaṃ bhāṣata ityālāpo vikṣepaḥ | sa ca santānakṣobhamādadhātīti yathā yathā bodhisattvena 'buddho bhūtvā ālāpamantareṇa dharmadeśanāṃ kuryām' iti praṇidhānaṃ pravartitam, tathā buddhatvasāmyāt pratyekabuddhāvasthāyāñca praṇidhānādisāmarthyena yasminnarthe yena prakāreṇa yasya śravaṇecchā, tasya vijñāne tenaiva prakāreṇa aśabdo'pi so'rthaḥ pratibhātītyaśabdadharmadeśanocyate| ityevaṃ vakṣyamāṇadharmasya śrotṛvijñāne sunirmāṇamutpādaścetyayaṃ bhavati dharmadeśanā śabdārthaḥ |



vaiśiṣṭyamevamabhidhāya viśiṣṭānāṃ viśiṣṭa eva mārga iti prakṛtapratyekabuddhamārgamāha-



grāhyārthakalpanāhānād grāhakasyāprahāṇataḥ |

ādhārataśca vijñeyaḥ khaḍgamārgasya saṅgrahaḥ ||8||



ityuktam | pratyekabuddhasya mārgaḥ yathoktasatyabhāvanayā eva, yathāavastu pratītyasamutpādabhāvanayā ca | grāhyagrāhakārthavikalpayoryathākramaṃ prahāṇāprahāṇe pratyekabuddhayānasaṅgṛhītādhāradharmavastuno viśeṣaviśiṣṭadharmādhigamaśca bodhisattvena parijñeyo na sarvākārajñāneneti pratyekabuddhamārgaḥ |



nirvedhabhāgīyādhigame sati yathoktamārga utpadyata iti nirvedhabhāgīyamāha-



prajñapteravirodhena dharmatāsūcanākṛtiḥ |

ūṣmagaṃ mūrdhaṃgaṃ rūpādyahānādiprabhāvitam||9||



adhyātmaśūnyatādyābhī rūpāderaparigrahāt|

kṣāntī rūpādyanutpādādyākārairagradharmatā||10||



iti| rūpādisāṅketikadharmaprajñapteravirodhena dharmatāyāḥ pratipādanenaḥ, rūpādeḥ paramārthato na hānivṛddhyādyarthaṃ śikṣaṇena, svabhāvaśūnyatvāt rūpāderadhyātmabahirdhādiśūnyatayā aparigrahaṇena, rūpāderanutpādānirodhādyākāraiśca yathākramaṃ catuḥsatyālambane nirvedhabhāgīyo bhavati|



4-bodhisattvamārgaḥ



pratyekabuddhamārgānantaraṃ bodhisattvamārgamāha-



kṣāntijñānakṣaṇaiḥ satyaṃ satyaṃ prati caturvidhaiḥ|

mārgajñatāyāṃ dṛṅmārgaḥ sānuśaṃso'yamucyate||11||



iti| mārgajñatādhikāre bodhisattvena dharmajñānakṣāntirdharmajñānamanvayajñānakṣāntiranvayajñānaṃ ceti catvāraḥ kṣāntijñānakṣaṇāḥ pratyekaṃ duḥkhādisatyasambandhayuktā aihikāmutrikairguṇairyuktā vimāvanīyā iti darśanamārgo mahānuśaṃsa ityucyate |



kathamākāro bhāvanīya ityāha -



ādhārādheyatābhāvāttathatābuddhayormithaḥ|

paryāyeṇānanujñānaṃ mahattā sā'pramāṇatā ||12||



parimāṇāntatābhāvo rūpāderavadhāraṇam|

tasyāṃ sthitasya buddhatve'nudgrahātyāgatādayaḥ||13||



maitryādi śūnyatāprāptirbuddhatvasya parigrahaḥ |

sarvasya vyavadānasya sarvādhivyādhiśātanam||14||



nirvāṇagrāhaśāntatvaṃ buddhebhyo rakṣaṇādikam|

aprāṇivadhamārabhya sarvākārajñatānaye||15||



svayaṃ sthitasya sattvānāṃ sthāpanaṃ pariṇāmanam |



dānādīnāñca sambodhāviti mārgajñatākṣaṇāḥ ||16||



paramārthataḥ tathatābuddhayorādhārādheyabhāvo na vidyata ityatastayoḥ paryāyeṇāvasthiterananujñānam| rūpādīnāṃ dharmadhātusvabhāvatayā mahattā tathaiva teṣāmapramāṇatā| pūrvavadākāśāparimāṇatayā teṣāmaparimāṇatetyevaṃ duḥkhasatyākārā bhavanti |



rūpādīnāṃ niḥsvabhāvatvena śāśvatocchedādyantābhāvaḥ| prajñāpāramitāyāṃ sthitasya dharmadhātusvabhāvatayā rūpādīnāṃ tathāgatatvāvadhāraṇam| tathaiva tasyāṃ sthitasya sarvadharmāṇāṃ nodgrahatyāgabhāvanādikam| niḥsvabhāvādhimokṣapūrvakaṃ caturapramāṇaṃ vibhāvanīyamityevaṃ samudayasatyākārā bhavanti|



rūpādernijarūpā prakṛtyaiva śūnyatā | dharmadhātupariṇāmitakuśalamūlānāṃ phalaṃ tathāgatatvasya prāpaṇam| prajñāpāramitayā sarvākārapratipakṣāṇāṃ saṃgrahaḥ| tayaiva bāhyābhyantaropadravapraśamanamityevaṃ nirodhasatyākārā bhavanti|



niḥsvabhāvatābhāvanayaiva rūpādinirvāṇābhiniveśasya śāntiḥ | prajñopāyakauśalapravṛttasya buddhebhyo rakṣāvaraṇaguptayo bhavanti| buddhatvābhilāṣiṇā svayaṃ prāṇātipātaviratyādipūrvakaṃ sarvākārajñatāyāṃ sthitvā tatraiva pareṣāṃ sthāpanam | dānādīnāmakṣayaṃ kartumicchatā samyaksambodhau pariṇāmanamityevaṃ mārgasatyasyākārā bhavanti| ityevameva mārgajñatāyāḥ kṣaṇā bhavanti|



kecidiha kārikārthopalakṣaṇapareṇa granthena ākārārthamanuktvā darśanamārgaṣoḍaśakṣaṇopalakṣaṇameva kevalamanukṛtamiti varṇayanti, evamuktānuktanirvedhabhāgīyādyarthakārikāsvapi draṣṭavyamiti| tairbhāvanānukramādyanirdeśāt kācidabhisamayānupūrvī na pratipāditā| 'ālambanamanityādi satyādhāraṃ tadākṛtiḥ' ityādikārikārthaśca kathaṃ vyākhyeya ityapare |



5-bhāvanāmārgakāritram



darśanamārgānantaraṃ bhāvanāmārgābhidhāne sati svalpavaktatvena phalanimnatvena ca vineyapravṛtteḥ tatkāritraṃ tāvat-



sarvato damanaṃ nāa sarvataḥ kleśanirjayaḥ |

upakramāviṣahyatvaṃ bodhirādhārapūjyatā||17||



ityuktam| sarvaprakāracittasvavidheyīkaraṇam, kalyāṇamitrādisarvajananamanam, rāgādyabhibhavaḥ, parakṛtāghātānanupratipatteḥ aviṣahyatvam, samyaksambodhipratipattiḥ, ādhāraviṣayapūjyatākāritrañceti ṣaḍvidhameva kāritram|



sāsravo bhāvanāmārgaḥ



6- bhāvanāmārgādhimuktiḥ



kāritrānantaraṃ bhāvanāmārgaḥ| sa ca sāsravānāsravabhedena dvividhaḥ | ataḥ sāsravabhāvanāmārgādhimuktipariṇāmanānumodanāmanaskāreṣu prathamaṃ bhāvanāmārgādhimuktimanaskāramāha-



adhimuktistridhā jñeyā svārthā ca svaparārthikā |

parārthikaivetyeṣā ca pratyekaṃ trividheṣyate||18||



mṛdvī madhyādhimātrā ca mṛdumṛdvādibhedataḥ |

sā punastrividhetyevaṃ saptaviṃśatidhā matā||19||



iti| svobhayaparārthopalambhatayā yathādhimokṣaṃ dṛṣṭakuśaladharmadhiṣṭhānā bhāvanāmārgādhikārādādau asākṣātkriyārūpādhimuktiḥ trividhā satī pratyekaṃ mṛdvādibhedena trividhā | evameṣāpi pratyekaṃ mṛdumṛdvādibhedena trividhā | evaṃ navabhistribhiradhimuktiḥ saptaviṃśatiprakārā bhavati |



7- bhāvanāmārgādhimuktasya stutiḥ stobhaḥ praśaṃsā ca



tadbhāvakabodhisattvasyotsāhavardhanāya tadadhimokṣasya styutyādayo buddhādibhiḥ kriyanta iti stutiṃ, stobhaṃ praśaṃsāñcāha-



stutiḥ stobhaḥ praśaṃsā ca prajñāpāramitāṃ prati|

adhimokṣasya mātrāṇāṃ navakaistribhiriṣyate||20||



iti| yathādhimokṣadṛṣṭadharmalakṣaṇāṃ prajñāpāramitāṃ prati pravṛttasyādhimokṣamanaskārasya prathamadvitrinavāvasthānāṃ pratyekaṃ navabhiḥ prakārairuttarottarābhinandanaṃ stutiḥ stobhaḥ praśaṃsā ca iṣyate| ataste stutyādayo yathābhūtārthādhigamamātralakṣaṇā nārthavādarūpāḥ |



8-pariṇāmanā



evamadhimokṣasya pariṇāmanāsambhavād dvitīyaṃ pariṇāmanāmanaskāramāha-



viśeṣaḥ pariṇāmastu tasya kāritramuttamam|

nopalambhākṛtiścāsāvaviparyāsalakṣaṇaḥ||21||



vivikto buddhapuṇyaughasvabhāvasmṛtigocaraḥ|

sopāyaścānimittaśca buddhairabhyanumoditaḥ||22||



traidhārukāprapannaśca pariṇāmo'parastridhā|

mṛdurmadhyo'dhimātraśca mahāpuṇyodayātmakaḥ||23||



iti| yathokto viśeṣādhimokṣaḥ, anupalambhaḥ, aviparyāsaḥ, viviktaḥ, tathāgatakuśalamūlaudhasvabhāvasmṛtiḥ, sopāyakauśalaḥ, animittaḥ, buddhānujñātaḥ, traidhātukāprapannaḥ, mṛdumadhyādhimātraśca mahāpuṇyodaya ityevamadhyāropitamanaskārā yathākramamanuttarasamyaksambodhiḥ śīlādiskandha-pariṇāmanācitta- ātmādiyuktavastu- trikālabuddhakuśala-dānādi-nimitta- sarvamārga- kāmādidhātu-daśakuśalakarmapatha-srota- āpannādyanuttarasambodhiprasthitānāmanupalabdhānāmupalambhā iti triyānavineyasattvānāṃ mārgopadeśahetubhāvavyāpārayuktaiḥ sarvasattvārthamakṣayāya cānuttarasamyaksambodhau dvādaśa pariṇāmanāḥ kriyante|



9-anumodanā



evaṃ pariṇāmayitavastu abhivardhayitavyamiti tṛtīyamanumodanāmanaskāramāha-



upāyānupalambhābhyāṃ śubhamūlānumodanā|

anumode manaskārabhāvaneha vidhīyate||24||



iti| saṃvṛtyupāyena kuśalamūlānyupalabhya pramuditacittena paramārthato'nupalambhatayānumodanīyānīti|



tatrāyaṃ samāsārthaḥ-ākarānniṣkṛṣṭaḥ svarṇapiṇḍa ivādhimokṣamanaskāraḥ, svarṇakāreṇa tato'laṅkārakaraṇamiva samyaksambodheraṅgakaraṇaṃ pariṇāmanāmanaskāraḥ, svaparapuṇyasamatāprāpti anumodanāmanaskāra iti |



anāsravo bhāvanāmārgaḥ



10-abhinirhāraḥ



sāsravānantaramanāsravo bhāvanāmārgaḥ| sa ca dvividha iti prathamamabhinirhāralakṣaṇaṃ bhāvanāmārgamāha-



svabhāvaḥ śreṣṭhatā tasya sarvasyānabhisaṃskṛtiḥ |

nopalambhena dharmāṇāmarpaṇā ca mahārthatā ||25||



iti| rūpādyaviparītadarśanaṃ svabhāvaḥ| nānyathā buddhatvasaṃprāptiriti śreṣṭhatā | sarvadharmaviśeṣānutpādanena adhigamaprayogo'nabhisaṃskāraḥ | tādṛśasvabhāvādiyuktamārgadharmāṇāmanupalambhatayā yogisantāne samutpādanamarpaṇā | buddhatvamahārthasādhanānmahārthatā |



11-atyantaviśuddhiḥ

tadanantaraṃ yaḥ parigrahatyāgena prāpsyamānaḥ kastasyotpādānutpādaheturiti ākāṃkṣānirāsadvāreṇa dvitīyamatyantaviśuddhilakṣaṇamāha-



buddhasevā ca dānādirupāye yacca kauśalam |

hetavo'trādhimokṣasya dharmavyasanahetavaḥ ||26||



mārādhiṣṭhānagambhīradharmatānadhimuktate |

skandhādyabhiniveśaśca pāpamitraparigrahaḥ||27||



iti| buddhasamārādhanam, dānādipāramitāparipūraṇam, śamathakauśalañceti utpādahetavaḥ|



mārabādhitam, gambhīradharmānadhimokṣaḥ, bhāvagrahaḥ, pāpamitrasaṃgatiriti anutpādahetavaḥ |



adhigamānadhigamahetūnevamuktvā prakṛtasya sāmānyena viśuddhimāha-



phalaśuddhiśca rūpādiśuddhireva tayordvayoḥ |

abhinnācchinnatā yasmāditi śuddhirūdīritā ||28||



iti| āryapudgalasya yat śrāmaṇyatāphalaṃ tasya sarvavipakṣarahitatvena yā viśuddhiḥ saiva rūpādiviśuddhiḥ, phalarūpādiviśuddhiḥ rūpāderātmābhiniveśādivigamāt| prabhedatvena yasmāt tadviśuddhiḥ abhinnā acchinnā tasmāt svasāmānyalakṣaṇanānātvavirahād evaṃ viśuddhirabhidhīyate |



sāmānyena viśuddhimevamabhidhāya viśeṣeṇāha-



kleśajñeyatrimārgasya śiṣyakhaḍgajinaurasām|

hānādviśuddhirātyantikī tu buddhasya sarvathā||29||



iti| rāgādikleśaprahāṇāt, etasya jñeyāvaraṇaikadeśagrāhyavikalpasya ca prahāṇāt, yānatrayamārgāvaraṇaprahāṇād yathākramaṃ śrāvaka-pratyekabuddha-bodhisattvānāṃ śuddhirbhavati| sarvathā savāsanakleśajñeyāvaraṇaprahāṇāt dharmadhātūdbhavānuttarabuddhānāṃ viśuddhiriṣyate|



mārgajñatādhikāre viśuddikathanaprasaṅgādātyantikī cetarā ca buddhānāṃ śrāvakādīnāṃ ca yathākramaṃ viśuddhiḥ| saḥ kathamityāha-



mṛdumṛdvādiko mārgaḥ śuddhirnavasu bhūmiṣu|

adhimātrādhimātrādermalasya pratipakṣataḥ ||30||



iti| kāradhātudhyānārūpyasamāpattaya iti navabhūmiṣvadhimātrādinavaprakāravipakṣasya pratipakṣabhāvena mṛdumṛdvādimārgo yathākramaṃ navaprakāraḥ| sarvathānyathā ca viśuddhihetutvādātyantikī cetarā ca viśuddhiriti|



kathamātyantikītyāha-



tridhātupratipakṣatvaṃ samatā mānameyayoḥ |

mārgasya ceṣyate tasya codyasya parihārataḥ ||31||



iti| tatrādhimātrādhimātrādiḥ pratipakṣo mṛdumṛdvādirvipakṣa iti bhavitavyamiticodyasya vastraliptasūkṣmamalāpakaṣarṇe rajakamahāyatnodāharaṇena parihārataḥ yathānirdiṣṭabhāvanāmārgasyātyantikī | traidhātukākārajñānajñeyānupalambhād yā samatā saiva samastapratipakṣatvādātyantikī viśuddhirbuddhasya vyavasthāpyata iti ||



abhisamayālaṅkāre nāma prajñāpāramitopadeśaśāstre dvitīyādhikāravṛttiḥ
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