Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

Pañcamaṃ prakaraṇam

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2008
  • Proof Reader:
    Milan Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
Parallel Devanāgarī version

पञ्चमं प्रकरणम्

dhātuparīkṣā pañcamaṃ prakaraṇam ||

atrāha - dhātavaḥ santi pratiṣedhābhāvāt | uktaṃ ca bhagavatā- ṣaḍdhāturayaṃ mahārāja puruṣapudgala ityādi | tataśca pravacanapāṭhāddhātuvatskandhāyatanānyeva santīti | ucyate | syuḥ skandhāyatanāni yadi dhātava eva syuḥ | kathamityāha-

nākāśaṃ vidyate kiṃcitpūrvamākāśalakṣaṇāt |
alakṣaṇaṃ prasajyeta syātpūrvaṃ yadi lakṣaṇāt ||1||

tatra ṣaḍ dhātava uktāḥ pṛthivyaptejovāyvākāśavijñānākhyāḥ | tatrākāśamadhikṛtyocyate dūṣaṇaṃ svarūpanirūpaṇāt | ihākāśasyānāvaraṇaṃ lakṣaṇamucyate | yad yasmātpūrvamākāśamanāvaraṇa lakṣaṇāllakṣyaṃ syāt, tatra lakṣaṇapravartanādanāvaraṇalakṣaṇātpūrvaṃ nākāśaṃ lakṣyarūpamiti | yadā caivam -

nākāśaṃ vidyate kiṃcitpūrvamākāśalakṣaṇāt |
alakṣaṇaṃ prasajyeta syātpūrvaṃ yadi lakṣaṇāt ||

tathāhi alakṣaṇaṃ pravartatām | tadabhāve khapuṣpavannāstyākāśamityāha -

alakṣaṇo na kaścicca bhāvaḥ saṃvidyate kkacit |

iti | atrāha - lakṣaṇapravṛttirlakṣye bhavet , tatsadbhāvāllakṣyamapyastīti | etadapi nāsti | yasmāt -
asatyalakṣaṇe bhāve kramatāṃ kuha lakṣaṇam ||2||

lakṣaṇātpūrvamalakṣaṇo bhāvo nāstītyuktam | tataśca asati asaṃvidyamāne alakṣaṇe lakṣaṇarahite bhāve kuha idānīṃ lakṣaṇaṃpravartatāmiti nāsti lakṣaṇapravṛttiḥ ||2||

api ca | idaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ pravartamānaṃ salakṣaṇe vā pravarteta alakṣaṇe vā? ubhayathā ca nopapadyata ityāha -

nālakṣaṇe lakṣaṇasya pravṛttirna salakṣaṇe |
salakṣaṇālakṣaṇābhyāṃ nāpyanyatra pravartate ||3||

tatra alakṣaṇe kharaviṣāṇavanna lakṣaṇapravṛttiḥ | salakṣaṇe'pi bhāve na lakṣaṇapravṛttirūpapadyate prayojanābhāvāt | kiṃ hi lakṣaṇavataḥ prasiddhasya bhāvasya punarlakṣaṇakṛtyaṃ syāt? ityanavasthā atiprasaṅgaścaivaṃ syāt | na hyasau kadācinna salakṣaṇaḥ syāditi sadaiva lakṣaṇapravṛttiḥ prasajyeta | na caitadiṣṭam | tasmātsalakṣaṇe'pi bhāve na lakṣaṇapravṛttiparupadyate prayojanābhāvāt | tatraivaṃ syāt - salakṣaṇālakṣaṇābhyāmanyatra pravartiṣyata iti | ucyate -

salakṣaṇālakṣaṇābhyāṃ nāpyanyatra pravartate |

kiṃ kāraṇam ? asadbhāvāt | yadi salakṣaṇo nālakṣaṇaḥ, athālakṣaṇo na salakṣaṇaḥ | ataḥ salakṣaṇaśca alakṣaṇaśceti vipratiṣiddhametat | na ca vipratiṣiddhaṃ saṃbhavati | tasmādasaṃbhavādeva salakṣaṇe cālakṣaṇe ca lakṣaṇapravṛttirnopapadyate iti ||3||

athāpi syāt - yadyapi na lakṣaṇapravṛttiḥ , tathāpi lakṣyamastīti etadapi nāsti | yasmāt -

lakṣaṇāsaṃpravṛttau ca na lakṣyamupapadyate |

yadā lakṣaṇapravṛttireva nāsti tadā kathaṃ lakṣyaṃ syāt? naiva saṃbhavatītyabhiprāyaḥ |

atrāha- lakṣaṇapravṛttistvayā niṣiddhā na tu lakṣaṇam, tataśca vidyate lakṣyam, lakṣaṇa sadbhāvāt | ucyate-

lakṣyasyānupapattau ca lakṣaṇasyāpyasaṃbhavaḥ ||4||

lakṣaṇāsaṃpravṛttau ca na lakṣyamupapadyate iti pratipāditam | tadā
lakṣyasyānupapattau ca lakṣaṇasyāpyasaṃbhavaḥ |
nirāśrayatvāt ||4||

yadā caivaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ nāsti, tadā lakṣaṇasadbhāvādvidyate lakṣyamiti yaduktaṃ tanna yataścaitadevam -

tasmānna vidyate lakṣyaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ naiva vidyate |

iti nigamanam ||

atrāha -yadyāpi lakṣyalakṣaṇe na staḥ, tathā (pyā)kāśamasti, bhāvarūpaṃ ca bhavadākāśa lakṣyaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ vā syāt | tasmāllakṣyalakṣaṇe api ṣṭa iti | etadapyayuktamityāha -

lakṣyalakṣaṇanirmukto naiva bhāvo'pi vidyate ||5||

lakṣyalakṣaṇe yathā na staḥ, tathoktaṃ prāk | yadā anayorabhāvaḥ, tadā lakṣyalakṣaṇarahita tvādākāśakusumavannāstyākāśam ||5||

yadyākāśaṃ bhāvo na bhavati, abhāvastarhi astu? etadapi nāsti | yasmāt -

avidyamāne bhāve ca kasyābhāvo bhaviṣyati |

yadā ākāśaṃ bhāvo na bhavati, tadā bhāvasyāsattve kasyābhāvaḥ kalpyatām? vakṣyati hi -
bhāvasya cedaprasiddhirabhāvo naiva sidhyati |
bhāvasya hyanyathābhāvamabhāvaṃ bruvate janāḥ ||iti |

tasmād bhāvābhāvādabhāvo'pyākāśaṃ na saṃbhavati | rūpābhāvaścākāśamiti vyavasthāpyate | yadyapi rūpaṃ syāttadā rūpābhāva ākāśamiti syāt | yadā ca yathoktena nyāyena rūpameva nāsti, tadā kasyābhāva ākāśaṃ syāt?

atrāha - vidyete eva bhāvābhāvau, tatparīkṣakasadbhāvāt | asti ca bhavān bhāvābhāvayoḥ parīkṣakaḥ, ya evāha -

avidyamāne bhāve ca kasyābhāvo bhaviṣyati |

iti | tasmād bhavato bhāvābhāvaparīkṣakasya sadbhāvāt parīkṣyāvapi bhāvābhāvau vidyete iti | ucyate | etadapyayuktam | yasmāt -

bhāvābhāvavidharmā ca bhāvābhāvamavaiti kaḥ ||6||

syātāṃ bhāvābhāvau yadi, tadā tayoḥ parīkṣako bhāvo va syādabhāvo vā | yadi bhāva iṣyate, tasya

lakṣyalakṣaṇanirmukto naiva bhāvo'pi vidyate |

ityuktaṃ dūṣaṇam | atha abhāvaḥ,

avidyamāne bhāve ca kasyābhāvo bhaviṣyati |

ityatroktametadduṣaṇam | na ca bhāvābhāvavisadṛśadharmā kaścit tṛtīyaḥ padārtho'sti, yo'nayoravagamaka iti nāsti bhāvābhāvayoḥ parīkṣakaḥ | ata evoktaṃ bhagavatā -

bhāvānabhāvāniti yaḥ prajānati
sa sarvabhāveṣu na jātu sajjate |
yaḥ sarvabhāveṣu na jātu sajjate
sa ānimittaṃ bhajate samādhim ||iti |

tathā -
yo'pi ca cintayi śūnyakadharmān
so'pi kumārgapapannaku balaḥ |
akṣara kīrtita śūnyaka dharmāḥ
te ca anakṣara akṣara uktāḥ ||
śānta paśānta ya cintayi dharmān
so'pi ca cinta na jātu na bhūtaḥ |
cittavitarkaṇa sarvi papañcāḥ
sūkṣma acintiya budhyatha dharmān ||

iti vistaraḥ ||6||

idānīṃ pratipāditamarthaṃ nigamayannāha -

tasmānna bhāvo nābhāvo na lakṣyaṃ nāpi lakṣaṇam |
ākāśam

iti | yathā cākāśam, evam -

ākāśasamā dhātavaḥ pañca ye pare ||7||

pṛthivyādidhātavo ye pañca pare'vaśiṣyante, te'pi ākāśavad bhāvābhāvalakṣyalakṣaṇaparikalpasvarūparahitāḥ parijñeyā ityarthaḥ ||7||

tadevaṃ padārthānāṃ svabhāve vyavasthite avidyātimiropahatamatinayanatayā anādisaṃsārābhyasta tayā bhāvābhāvādiviparītadarśanā nirvāṇānugāmyaviparītanaiḥsvabhāvyadarśanasanmārgaparibhraṣṭāḥ

astitvaṃ ye tu paśyanti nāstitvaṃ cālpabuddhayaḥ |
bhāvānāṃ te na paśyanti draṣṭavyopaśamaṃ śivam ||8||

draṣṭavyopaśamaṃ śivalakṣaṇaṃ sarvakalpanājālarahitaṃ jñānajñeyanivṛttisvabhāvaṃ śivaṃ paramārtha svabhāvam | paramārthamajaramamaramaprapañcaṃ nirvāṇaṃ śūnyatāsvabhāvaṃ te na paśyanti mandabuddhitayā astitvaṃ nāstitvaṃ cābhiniviṣṭāḥ santa iti | yathoktamāryaratnāvalyām -

nāstiko durgatiṃ yāti sugatiṃ yātyanāstikaḥ |
yathābhūtaparijñānānmokṣamadvayaniśritaḥ ||iti ||

āryasamādhirāje coktaṃ bhagavatā -
astīti nāstīti ume'pi antā
śuddhī aśuddhīti ime'pi antā |
tasmādume anta vivarjayitvā
madhye'pi sthānaṃ na karoti paṇḍitaḥ ||
astīti nāstīti vivāda eṣaḥ
śuddhī aśuddhīti ayaṃ vivādaḥ |
vivādaprāptyā na dukhaṃ praśāmyate
avivādaprāptyā ca duḥkhaṃ nirudhyate ||iti |

tasmādasaṃbhava eva yatsāṃsārikeṇa mārgeṇa nirvāṇamadhigamyata iti ||8||

ityācāryacandrakīrtipādoparacitāyāṃ prasannapadāyāṃ madhyamakavṛttau

dhātuparīkṣā nāma pañcamaṃ prakaraṇam ||
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