Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

Caturtha prakaraṇam

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2008
  • Proof Reader:
    Milan Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
Parallel Devanāgarī version

चतुर्थ प्रकरणम्

skandhaparīkṣā caturtha prakaraṇam |

atrāha- yadyevaṃ cakṣurādīnīndriyāṇi na santi , na skandhāḥ, apratiṣedhāt tadantargatāni cendriyāṇi, atastānyapi bhaviṣyantīti | ucyate | syureva, yadi skandhāḥ syuḥ tatra rūpaskandhamadhikṛtyāha -

rūpakāraṇanirmuktaṃ na rūpamupalabhyate |
rūpeṇāpi na nirmuktaṃ dṛśyate rūpakāraṇam ||1||

tatra rūpaṃ bhautikam | tasya kāraṇaṃ catvāri mahābhūtāni | tadvayatiriktaṃ pṛthagbhūtaṃ rūpaṃ rūpaśabdagandharasaspraṣṭavyākhyaṃ nopalabhyate ghaṭādiva paṭaḥ | rūpeṇāpi na nirmuktaṃ rūpātpṛthagbhūtaṃ rūpakāraṇamupalabhyate ||1||

tadetatpratijñādvayaṃ prasādhayitukāma āha -

rūpakāraṇanirmukte rūpe rūpaṃ prasajyate |
āhetukaṃ, na cāstyarthaḥ kaścidāhetukaḥ kkacit ||2||

yathā ghaṭādarthāntarabhūtaḥ paṭo na ghaṭahetukaḥ, evaṃ rūpakāraṇacaturmahābhūtavyatirikta bhautikaṃ rūpamiṣyamāṇaṃ na bhūtahetukaṃ syāt | na cāstyarthaḥ kaścidāhetukaḥ kkacit | tasmādahetukatva doṣaprasaṅgānna rūpakāraṇanirmuktaṃ rūpamabhyupetavyamiti ||2||

idānīṃ rūpeṇāpi vinirmuktaṃ yathā rūpakāraṇaṃ nāsti, tathā pratipādayannāha -
rūpeṇa tu vinirmuktaṃ yadi syādrūpakāraṇam |

yadi kāryarūpavinirmuktaṃ rūpakāraṇaṃ syāt, tadā, yathā ghaṭātkuṇḍaṃ pṛthaksiddhaṃ ghaṭahetukaṃ na bhavati, evaṃ kāryātpṛthagbhūtaṃ kāraṇamiṣyamāṇam-

akāryakaṃ kāraṇaṃ syāt

nirhetukaṃ syāt | kāraṇasya hi kāraṇatve kāryapravṛttirhetuḥ, kāryanirapekṣācca kāraṇāt pṛthaksiddhā nāsti kāryapravṛttiḥ | yaccākāryakaṃ kāraṇaṃ tannirhetukatvānnaroragaturagaviṣāṇavannāstyevetyāha -
nāstyakāryaṃ ca kāraṇam ||3||

iti ||3||

atha cedaṃ rūpasya kāraṇamiṣyamāṇaṃ sati vā rūpe kāraṇatveneṣyate'sati vā? ubhayathā ca nopapadyata ityāha -
rūpe satyeva rūpasya kāraṇaṃ nopapadyate |
rūpe'satyeva rūpasya kāraṇaṃ nopapadyate ||4||

sati vā saṃvidyamāne rūpe kiṃ rūpakāraṇena prayojanam? asati asaṃvidyamāne rūpe kiṃ kiṃ rūpakāraṇena prayojanam, kasya vā tatkāraṇaṃ parikalpyate? tasmādasatyapi rūpe rūpakāraṇaṃ nopapadyate ||4||

atha syāt - yadyapi evaṃ rūpakāraṇaṃ na saṃbhavati, tathāpi kāryaṃ rūpaṃ saṃvidyate, sadbhāvāt kāraṇamapi bhaviṣyatīti | syādevam , yadi kāryaṃ rūpaṃ syāt | na tvasti | ysmāt -

niṣkāraṇaṃ punā rūpaṃ naiva naivopapadyate |

rūpakāraṇaṃ yathā nāsti tathoktam | asati kāraṇe kuto nirhetukaṃ kāryaṃ rūpaṃ bhavet? naiva naivetyanena sāvadhāraṇena pratiṣedhadvayena ahetukatvādasyātyaniṣṭatāṃ darśayati | yataścaivaṃ rūpaṃ sarvathā vicāryamāṇaṃ na saṃbhavati,
tasmāt

tattvadarśī yogī

rūpagatān kāṃścinna vikalpān vikalpayet ||5||

sapratighāpratighasanidarśanānidarśanātītānāgatanīlapītādivikalpān rūpālambanānna kāṃścitparikalpayitumarhatītyarthaḥ ||5||

api ca | idaṃ rūpakāraṇamiṣyamāṇaṃ sadṛśaṃ kāryaṃ niṣpādayedasadṛśaṃ vā? ubhayathā ca nopapadyate ityāha -

na kāraṇasya sadṛśaṃ kāryamityupapadyate |
na kāraṇasyāsadṛśaṃ kāryamityupapadyate ||6||

tatra rūpakāraṇaṃ kaṭhinadravoṣṇataralasvabhāvam | bhautikaṃ tu cakṣurādhyātmikaṃ pañcacakṣurvijñānādyāśrayakarūpaprasādātmakam | bāhyaṃ tu rūpādyāyatanādikaṃ cakṣurvijñānādigrāhyalakṣaṇaṃ na mahābhūtasvabhāvamiti | ato bhinnalakṣaṇatvānnirvāṇavatkāryakāraṇayoḥ sādṛśyameva nāstīti
na kāraṇasya sadṛśaṃ kāryamityupapadyate |

na cāpi sadṛśānāṃ śālibījādīnāṃ parasparakāryakāraṇabhāvo dṛṣṭaḥ, ityataḥ
na kāraṇasya sadṛśaṃ kāryamityupapadyate |

tathāpi
na kāraṇasyāsadṛśaṃ kāryamityupapadyate |

bhinnalakṣaṇatvānnirvāṇavadevetyabhiprāyaḥ ||6||

yathā cedaṃ rūpaṃ vicāryamāṇaṃ sarvathā nopapadyate, evaṃ vedanādayo'pi, ityatidiśannāha -

vedanācittasaṃjñānāṃ saṃskārāṇāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ |
sarveṣāmeva bhāvānāṃ rūpeṇaiva samaḥ kramaḥ ||7||

vedanādikamapi sarvaṃ rūpavicāreṇaiva samaṃ yojyam | yathaiva hyekasya dharmasya śūnyatā pratipādayitumiṣṭā mādhyamikena, tathaiva sarvadharmāṇāmapīti ||7||

ataḥ -
vigrahe yaḥ parīhāraṃ kṛte śūnyatayā vadet |
sarvaṃ tasyāparihṛtaṃ samaṃ sādhyena jāyate ||8||

tatra parapakṣadūṣaṇaṃ vigrahaḥ | śūnyatayā kāraṇabhūtayā rūpaṃ niḥsvabhāvamityevaṃ sasvabhāvavāde pratiṣiddhe, yadi paraḥ parihāraṃ brūyāt - vedanādayastāvatsanti, tadvadrūpamapyastīti, tadetatsarva tasyāpari hṛtaṃ bhavati | yasmādvedanādīnāmapi sadbhāvaḥ sādhyena rūpasadbhāvena samo veditavyaḥ | yathā rūpaṃ svakāraṇāttattvānyatvena vicāryamāṇamasat, evaṃ sparśapratyayā vedanā, vijñānasahajā saṃjñā, avidyāpratyayāḥ saṃskārāḥ, saṃskārapratyayaṃ ca vijñānaṃ svakāraṇātsparśādeḥ tattvānyatvādinā vicāryamāṇaṃ nāstīti sarvametatsādhyasamaṃ bhavati | yathā vedanādayaḥ sādhyasamāḥ, evaṃ lakṣyalakṣaṇa kāryakāraṇāvayavyavayavādayo'pi sarva eva padārthāḥ rūpeṇa sādhyena samā iti kutaḥ parasya parīhāra saṃbhavet? sarvaṃ vacanamasya sādhyasamaṃ bhavatīti sarvatra śāstre parīhāreṇa sādhyasamatvaṃ mādhyamikenā grāhaṇīyamityācāryaḥ śikṣayati ||8||

yathā ca parapakṣadūṣaṇe vihi'toyaṃ vidhiḥ, evaṃ vyākhyānakāle'pītyāha -

vyākhyāne ya upālambhaṃ kṛte śūnyatayā vadet |
sarvaṃ tasyānupālabdhaṃ samaṃ sādhyena jāyate ||9||

vyākhyānakāle'pi yaḥ śiṣyadeśīyaścodyamupālambhaṃ kuryāt, tasyāpi taccodyamupālambhākhyaṃ pūrvavatsādhyasamaṃ veditavyam | yathoktam -

bhāvasyaikasya yo draṣṭā draṣṭā sarvasya sa smṛtaḥ |
ekasya śūnyatā yaiva saiva sarvasya śūnyatā || iti |

āryagaganagañjasamādhisūtre'pi -
ekena dharmeṇa tu sarvadharmān
anugacchate māyamarīcisādṛśān |
agrāhyatucchānalikānaśāśvatān
so bodhimaṇḍaṃ nacireṇa gacchati || iti ||

samādhirājasūtre'pi -

yatha ñāta tayātmasaṃjña tathaiva sarvatra peṣitā buddhiḥ |
sarve ca tatsvabhāvā dharma viśuddhā gaganakalpāḥ ||

ekena sarvaṃ jānāti sarvamekena paśyati |
kiyadbahu pi bhāvetvā na tasyotpadyate madaḥ ||iti |

ityācāryacandrakīrtipādoparacittāyāṃ prasannapadāyāṃ madhyamakavṛttau skandhaparīkṣā nāma caturtha prakaraṇam ||
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