Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon

20 śreṣṭhi-jātakam

Technical Details
  • Text Version:
    Romanized
  • Input Personnel:
    DSBC Staff
  • Input Date:
    2005
  • Proof Reader:
    Miroj Shakya
  • Supplier:
    Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods
  • Sponsor:
    University of the West
20. śreṣṭhi-jātakam



abhūtaguṇasaṃbhāvanā pratodasaṃcodaneva bhavati sādhūnāmiti guṇasaṃpādane prayatitavyam| tadyathānuśrūyate-



bodhisattvaḥ kila śrutakulavinayamahānakṣudranipuṇamatiraviṣamavyavahāraratiranekaśāstrābhyāsādālakṣitavacanasauṣṭhabaḥ karuṇānuvṛttyā samantato visyandamānadhanasamṛddhirmahāpradānairmahādhanatvād gṛhapatiratnasaṃmato'nyatamasya rājñaḥ śreṣṭhī babhūva|



sa prakṛtyaiva dharmātmā śrutādiguṇabhūṣaṇaḥ|

abhūtprāyeṇa lokasya bahumānaikabhājanam||1||



atha kadācittasminmahāsattve rājakulamabhigate kenacideva karaṇīyena tasya śvaśrūrduhitaramavalokayituṃ tadgṛhamabhijagāma| kṛtābhyāgamanasatkārā ca saṃkathāprastāvāgataṃ svāṃ duhitaraṃ bodhisattvabhāryāṃ rahasi kuśalaparipraśnapūrvakaṃ paryapṛcchatkaccittvāṃ tāta bhartā nāvamanyate| kaccidvā vetti paricaryāguṇam| na vā duḥkhaśīlatayā prabādhata iti| sā vrīḍāvanatavadanā lajjā'pragalbhaṃ śanakairuvāca-yādṛśo'yaṃ śīlaguṇasamudācāreṇa, pravrajito'pi durlabhaḥ ka idānīṃ tādṛśaḥ| atha sā tasyā mātā jaropahataśrutismṛtitvāllajjāsaṃkucitākṣaraṃ tanayayā tadvacanamabhidhīyamānaṃ na samyagupadhārayāmāta| pravrajitasaṃkīrtanāttu pravrajito me jāmāteti niścayamupajagāma| sā sasvaramabhiruditā svāṃ duhitaramanuśocantī duḥkhāvegavaśātparidevanaparā babhūva| kīdṛśastasya śīlaguṇasamudācāro ya evamanuraktaṃ svaṃ janamapahāya pravrajitaḥ ? kiṃ vā tasya pravrajyayā ?



taruṇasya vapuṣmataḥ sataḥ sukumārasya sukhocitātmanaḥ|

kṣitipābhimatasya tasya vai vanavāse praṇatā matiḥ katham||2||



svajanādanavāpya vipriyaṃ jarayā vopahṛtāṃ virūpatām|

kathamekapade rujaṃ vinā vibhavodgāri gṛhaṃ sa muktavān||3||



vinayābharaṇena dhīmatā priyadharmeṇa parānukampinā|

kathamabhyupapannamīdṛśaṃ svajane niṣkaruṇatvacāpalam||4||



śramaṇadvijamitrasaṃśritānsvajanaṃ dīnajanaṃ ca mānayan|

śuciśīladhanaḥ kimāpnuyānna sa geheṣu vane yadīpsati||5||



aparādhavivarjitāṃ tyajannanukūlāṃ sahadharmacāriṇīm|

yatidharmaparaḥ sa nekṣate kimimaṃ dharmapathavyatikramam||6||



dhigaho bata daivadurnayādyadi bhaktaṃ janamevamujjhatām|

na ghṛṇāpathameti mānasaṃ yadi vā dharmalavo'pi sidhyati||7||



atha sā bodhisattvasya patnī tena mātuḥ karuṇenākṛtakena paridevitena patipravrajyābhisaṃbandhena strīsvabhāvād vyathitahṛdayā sasaṃbhramā viṣādaviklavamukhī śokaduḥkhābhinipātasaṃkṣobhādvismṛtakathāprastāvasaṃbandhā pravrajito me bharteti madvyavasthāpanārthamambā gṛhamidamabhigatā vipriyaśravaṇāditi niścayamupetya saparidevitaṃ sasvaraṃ rudatī mohamupajagāma bālā| tadupaśrutya gṛhajanaḥ parijanavargaśca śokaduḥkhāvegādākrandanaṃ cakāra| tacchrutvā prātiveśyamitrasvajanabandhuvargaḥ saṃśritajano brāhmaṇagṛhapatayaśca tasya gṛhapateranurāgavaśānugāḥ prāyaśaśca paurāstadgṛhamabhijagmuḥ|



prāyeṇa lokasya babhūva yasmāttulyakramo'sau sukhaduḥkhayoge|

ato'sya loko'pyanuśikṣayeva tulyakramo'bhūtsukhaduḥkhayoge||8||



atha bodhisattvo rājakulāt svabhavanasamīpamupagataḥ sākrandaśabdaṃ svabhavanamavetya mahataśca janakāyasya saṃnipātaṃ svaṃ puruṣamanvādideśa jñāyatāṃ kimetaditi| sa taṃ vṛttāntamupalabhya samupetyāsmai nivedayāmāsa-



utsṛjya bhavanaṃ sphītamāryaḥ pravrajitaḥ kila|

iti śrutvā kuto'pyeṣa snehādevaṃgato janaḥ||9||



atha sa mahāsattvaḥ prakṛtyā śuddhāśayaḥ pratyādiṣṭa iva tena vacasā samupajātavrīḍasaṃvegaścintāmāpede | bhadrā bata mayi janasya saṃbhāvanā|



ślāghanīyāmavāpyaitāṃ guṇasaṃbhāvanāṃ janāt|

gṛhābhimukha eva syāṃ yadi kiṃ mama pauruṣam||10||



syāddoṣabhaktiḥ prathitā mayaivaṃ guṇeṣvavajñāvirasā ca vṛttiḥ|

yāyāmataḥ sādhujane laghutvaṃ ki jīvitaṃ syācca tathāvidhasya||11||



saṃbhāvanāmasya janasya tasmātkriyāguṇena pratipūjayāmi|

asatparikleśamayaṃ vimuñcaṃstapovanapremaguṇena geham||12||



iti vicintya sa mahātmā tata eva pratinivṛtya rājñaḥ pratihārayāmāsa-śreṣṭhī punardraṣṭumicchati devamiti| kṛtābhyanujñaśca praviśya yathopacāraṃ rājasamīpamupajagāma| kimidamiti ca rājñā paryanuyukto'bravīt-icchāmi pravrajitum, tadabhyanujñātumarhati māṃ deva iti|



athainaṃ sa rājā sasaṃbhramāvegaḥ snehādityuvāca-

mayi sthite bandhusuhṛdviśiṣṭe tvaṃ kena duḥkhena vanaṃ prayāsi|

yannāpahartuṃ prabhutā mama syāddhanena nītyā balasaṃpadā vā||13||



artho dhanairyadi gṛhāṇa dhanāni mattaḥ

pīḍā kutaścidatha tāṃ pratiṣedhayāmi|

māṃ yācamānamiti bandhujanaṃ ca hitvā

kiṃ vā tvamanyadabhivīkṣya vanaṃ prayāsi||14||



iti sa mahātmā sasnehabahumānamabhihito rājñā sānunayamenamuvāca-

pīḍā kutastvadbhujasaṃśritānāṃ dhanodayāvekṣaṇadīnatā vā|

ato na duḥkhena vanaṃ prayāmi yamarthamuddiśya tu taṃ nibodha||15||



dīkṣāmupāśrita iti prathito'smi deva

śokāśrudurdinamukhena mahājanena|

icchāmi tena vijaneṣu vaneṣu vastuṃ

śraddheyatāmupagato'smi guṇābhipattau||16||



rājovāca-nārhati bhavāñjanapravādamātrakeṇāsmān parityaktum| na hi bhavadvidhānāṃ janapravādasaṃpādanābhirādhyā guṇavibhūtistadasaṃpādanavirādhyā vā|



svecchāvikalpagrathitāśca tāstā niraṅkuśā lokakathā bhramanti|

kurvīta yastā hṛdaye'pi tāvatsyātso'pahāsyaḥ kimuta prapattā||17||



bodhisattva uvāca-mā maivaṃ mahārāja| na hi kalyāṇo janapravādo nānuvidheyaḥ| paśyatu devaḥ,



kalyāṇadharmeti yadā narendra saṃbhāvanāmeti manuṣyadharmā|

tasyā na hīyeta naraḥ sadharmā hriyāpi tāvaddhuramudvahettām||18||



saṃbhāvanāyāṃ guṇabhāvanāyāṃ saṃdṛśyamāno hi yathā tathā vā|

viśeṣato bhāti yaśaḥprasiddhyā syāttvanyathā śuṣka ivodapānaḥ||19||



guṇapravādairayathārthavṛddhairvimarśapātākulitaiḥ patadbhiḥ|

vicūrṇitā kīrtitanurnarāṇāṃ duḥkhena śaknoti punaḥ prasartum||20||



tadvarjanīyānparivarjayantaṃ parigrahānvigrahahetubhūtān|

krodhocchiraskāniva kṛṣṇasarpānyukto'si māṃ deva na saṃniṣeddhum||21||



snehena bhaktijñatayā ca kāmaṃ yukto vidhirbhṛtyajane tavāyam|

vittena tu pravrajitasya kiṃ me parigrahakleśaparigraheṇa||22||



ityanunīya sa mahātmā taṃ rājānaṃ kṛtābhyanujñastena tata eva vanāya pratasthe| athainaṃ suhṛdo jñātayaḥ saṃśritāścābhigamya śokāśrupariplutanayanāḥ pādayoḥ saṃpariṣvajya nivārayitumīṣuḥ| kecidañjalipragrahapuraḥsaraṃ mārgamasyāvṛtya samavātiṣṭhanta| sapariṣvaṅgasaṃgatānunayamapare gṛhābhimukhamenaṃ netumīṣuḥ| yatkiñcanakāritākṣepakarkaśākṣaramanye praṇayādenamūcuḥ| mitrasvajanāpekṣākāruṇyapradarśanamapare'sya pracakruḥ| gṛhāśrama eva puṇyatama ityevamanye śrutiyuktisaṃgrathitaṃ grāhayitumīhāṃ cakrire| tapovanavāsaduḥkhatāsaṃkīrtanaiḥ kāryaśeṣaparisamāptyā yācñayā paralokaphalasaṃdehakathābhistaistaiśca vārttāviśeṣairnivartayitumenaṃ vyāyacchanta| tasya tān pravrajyāśrayavimukhān vanagamananivāraṇadhīramukhān nayanajalārdramukhān suhṛdo'bhivīkṣya vyaktamiti cintā babhūva-



suhṛtpratijñaiḥ suhṛdi pramatte nyāyyaṃ hitaṃ rūkṣamapi prayoktum|

rūḍhaḥ satāmeṣa hi dharmamārgaḥ prāgeva rūcyaṃ ca hitaṃ ca yatsyāt||23||



vanād gṛhaṃ śreya idaṃ tvamīṣāṃ svastheṣu citteṣu kathaṃ nu ruḍham|

yannirviśaṅkā vanasaṃśrāyānmāṃ pāpaprasaṅgādiva vārayanti||24||



mṛto mariṣyannapi vā manuṣyaścyutaśca dharmāditi roditavyam|

kayā nu buddhyā vanavāsakāmaṃ māmeva jīvantamamī rudanti||25||



madviprayogastvatha śokaheturmayā samaṃ kiṃ na vane vasanti|

gehāni cetkāntatarāṇi mattaḥ ko nvādaro bāṣpaparivyayena||26||



atha tvidānīṃ svajanānurāgaḥ karoti naiṣāṃ tapase'bhyanujñām|

sāmarthyamāsītkathamasya naiva byūḍheṣvanīkeṣvapi tatra tatra||27||



dṛṣṭāvadāno vyasanodayeṣu bāṣpodgamānmūrta ivopalabdha|

saṃrūḍhamūlo'pi suhṛtsvabhāvaḥ śāṭhyaṃ prayātyatra vinānuvṛttyā||28||



nivāraṇārthāni sagadgadāni vākyāni sāśrūṇi ca locanāni|

praṇāmalolāni śirāṃsi caiṣāṃ mānaṃ samānasya yathā karoti||29||



snehastathaivārhati kartumeṣāṃ ślādhyāmanupravrajane'pi buddhim|

mā bhūnnaṭānāmiva vṛttametad vrīḍākaraṃ sajjanamānasānām||30||



dvitrāṇi mitrāṇi bhavantyavaśyamāpadgatasyāpi sunirguṇasya|

sahāya eko'pyatidurlabhastu guṇoditasyāpi vanaprayāṇe||31||



ye me haranti sma puraḥsaratvaṃ raṇeṣu mattadvipasaṃkaṭeṣu|

nānuvrajantyadya vanāya te māṃ kiṃsvitsa evāsmi ta eva ceme||32||



smarāmi naiṣāṃ viguṇaṃ prayātuṃ snehasya yatsaṃkṣayakāraṇaṃ syāt|

suhṛjjanasyaivamiyaṃ sthitirme kaccidbhavetsvastinimittato'smāt||33||



mamaiva vā nirguṃṇabhāva eṣa nānuvrajantyadya vanāya yanmām|

guṇāvabaddhāni hi mānasāni kasyāsti viśleṣayituṃ prabhutvam||34||



ye vā prakāśānapi gehadoṣānguṇānna paśyanti tapovane vā|

nimīlitajñānavilocanāṃstānkimanyathāhaṃ paritarkayāmi||35||



paratra caiveha ca duḥkhahetūnkāmānvihātuṃ na samutsahante|

tapovanaṃ tadviparītamete tyajanti māṃ cādya dhigastu moham||36||



yairvipralabdhāḥ suhṛdo mamaite na yānti śāntiṃ nikhilāśca lokāḥ|

tapovanopārjitasatprabhāvastāneva doṣānprasabhaṃ nihanmi||37||



iti sa parigaṇayya niścitātmā praṇayamayāni suhṛdviceṣṭitāni|

anunayamadhurākṣarairvacobhirviśadamapāsya tapovanaṃ jagāma||38||



tadevamabhūtaguṇasaṃbhāvanā pratodasaṃcodaneva bhavati sādhūnāmiti guṇasaṃpādane prayatitavyam| yato bhikṣurityupāsaka iti guṇataḥ saṃbhāvyamānena sādhunā tadbhāvasādhubhirguṇairabhyalaṃkartavya evātmā| evaṃ durlabhā dharmapratipattisahāyā ityevamapyunneyam|



||iti śreṣṭhi-jātakaṃ viṃśatitamam||
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